Impact Study: Non-Formal Education


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On May 21, 2011, Matthew Morton, a researcher from Oxford University, gave a presentation at the Ministry of Education about the impact of Questscope's non-formal education programs in Jordan.

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Impact Study: Non-Formal Education

  1. 1. DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL POLICY & INTERVENTIONImpact StudyNon-Formal Education
  2. 2. Presentation aims1.  Impacts of NFE for youth2.  Factors that influence program impacts3.  Ways to strengthen impacts on youth outcomes Impacts of non-formal education Page 2
  3. 3. What’s the problem?  Economic cost of youth exclusion: 7.3% GDP ($1.5 billion) in Jordan  Dropouts at higher risk:   Problem behaviors   Lower emotional wellbeing   Exploitive work   Abuse   Lower lifetime earnings Impacts of non-formal education Page 3
  4. 4. Why do youth leave school?  Did not like school (28%)  School failure (18%)  Family restrictions—girls (9%)  Household poverty (5%) Jordan Dept of Statistics – Jordan Multipurpose Household Survey 2003 Impacts of non-formal education Page 4
  5. 5. Theory of Change Social Positive Participatory emotional transitions to methodology development adulthood Impacts of non-formal education Page 5
  6. 6. Study sample Impacts of non-formal education Page 6
  7. 7. Randomized study design posttest pretest 4-month NFE (6 centers) Dropout youth (127) Control (waitlist) Qualitative interviews (36) + Empowerment survey (100) Impacts of non-formal education Page 7
  8. 8. Impact on Conduct ProblemsConduct problemspredict futureproblems with:- Relationships- Mental health- Unemploym’t- Partner violence- Illegal behavior Control NFE Impacts of non-formal education Page 8
  9. 9. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCEIMPACTS Impacts of non-formal education Page 9
  10. 10. Factor 1. Feeling Empowered  Centers varied in how empowered youth felt (supported and involved in program planning and implementation)  Key finding: Greater impacts on youth in centers where they felt more empowered (especially for prosocial behavior & social skills)  Makes strong case for Participatory Methodology  Age group difference: Older youth (16-21) felt more empowered by the program than younger youth (13-15) Impacts of non-formal education Page 10
  11. 11. Factor 2: Exposure Attendance & Peer Social Supports Outcome•  52% of youth attended 2+ e ag days per wk k av er ee rw pe ys•  More attendance 2 da an related to more e th or impact m les st ha n2 day sp er we ek ave rag e Pretest Posttest Impacts of non-formal education Page 11
  12. 12. Factor 3: Age group  Data shows more program effect on younger adolescents (13-15)  Younger youth may need more:   Participatory experiences   Positive peer group activities  Older youth may need more:   Challenging leadership roles   Intimate relationships Impacts of non-formal education Page 12
  13. 13. BEST PRACTICES Impacts of non-formal education Page 13
  14. 14. What youth need from facilitatorsTop attributes★ listening (to all)★ making youth feel valuable★ friendship★ patience★ engaging activities Impacts of non-formal education Page 14
  15. 15. What facilitators need from partners/institutions★ Input & roles inprogram priorities★ Communication &coordination★ Professionaldevelopment★ Increased resources foractivities & youth support Impacts of non-formal education Page 15
  16. 16. Concluding recommendations1.  Expand participatory methodologies in schools & communities2.  Develop participatory approaches geared towards different age groups; integrate youth-led projects with adult support3.  Ensure regularity of facilitator development & exchanges4.  High frequency & diversity of engaging activities (led by youth input)5.  On-going evaluation systems of program processes & impacts (not just inputs & outputs) Impacts of non-formal education Page 16
  17. 17. Thank you!Ministry of Education, Questscope, Oxford University, Al-HayatCenter, British CouncilFunded by Open Society Institute Foundation & Questsopeemail: Impacts of non-formal education Page 17