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Les 1000 cares de la Taula Periòdica

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Les 1000 cares de la Taula Periòdica

  1. 1. Les mil cares de la taula periòdica Miquel Duran (@miquelduran) Càtedra de Cultura Científica i Comunicació Digital Institut de Química Computacional i Catàlisi Universitat de Girona Biblioteca Montserrat Abelló, Les Corts, Barcelona Dimecres 13/11/2019 #aitp2019
  2. 2. Rubik's Cube and PT
  3. 3. Les 6 cares del Cub de Rubik de la TP • 3 visibles a la vegada: físico-química, històrica, popular • 1 força visible: matemàtica • 1 cal moure's: lúdica • 1 cal aixecar el cub! Les persones
  4. 4. Les mil cares de la taula periòdica CARA 1: POPULAR
  5. 5. #1TPDia @eduardcremades i @pquimic
  6. 6. ART AND SCIENCE: Dalí
  7. 7. • Hi ha taules periòdiques de tot! La taula periòdica de les confitures, per exemple... • Però no en són, de periòdiques!
  8. 8. Les mil cares de la taula periòdica CARES 2, 3 i 4: FÍSICA, QUÍMICA, MATEMÀTICA
  9. 9. Característiques de la TP • Números atòmics • Noms dels elements químics • Símbols químics • Periodicitat • Forma
  10. 10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 magsci.eu 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 #magsci
  11. 11. 1 2 41 45 39 30 34 31 36 44 10 13 28 42 18 40 29 33 16 23 43 22 25 27 11 7 9 4 5 6 35 12 38 26 14 20 46 21 15 17 32 23 19 37 ···
  12. 12. 1 2 41 45 39 30 34 31 36 44 10 13 28 42 18 40 29 33 16 23 43 22 25 27 11 7 94 5 6 35 12 38 3 8 20 46 21 15 17 32 23 19 37 ···
  13. 13. https://52gamespt.wordpress.com/ #52GamesPT
  14. 14. https://52gamespt.wordpress.com / #52GamesPT
  15. 15. https://52gamespt.wordpress.com/
  16. 16. H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og H Li Be B Na Mg A K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn G Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg T Fr Ra Ac Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn N He B C N O F Ne Al Si P S Cl Ar Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og H Li Be B Na Mg A K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn G Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd I Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg T Fr Ra Ac Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn N
  17. 17. H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe Cs Ba La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Fr Ra Ac Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md Lr Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og Taula Periòdica de Janet
  18. 18. Les mil cares de la taula periòdica CARA 6: DONES I COL·LECTIUS AMAGATS
  19. 19. Teresa Valdés-Solís @tvaldessolis LaTablaPeriódicadelasCientíficas Sy: Maria Sybilla Merian Yw: Rosalyn Yalow St: Marie Stopes La: Hedy Lamarr Hg: Hildegarda de Bingen Bl: Alice Ball Ap: Virginia Apgar Sv: Nettie Stevens Lm: Rita Levi Montalcini Sn: Françoise Barré- Sinoussi Lh: Inge Lehman Ay: Hertha Ayrton Cw: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin Sc: Bodil Schmidt Nielsen T: Trótula de Salerno Wt: Linda Watkins Nu: Christiane Nüsslein- Volhard El: Gertrude B. Elion Ba: Florence Bascom Cr: Josephine Cochrane An: Mary Anning C: Emilie du Châtelet Sm: Mary Sommerville No: Emmy Noether Wk: Maria Winkelmann Fl: Williamina Fleming y las astrónomas de Harvard Py: Cecilia Payne- Gaposchkin Cu: Marie Curie Mt: Lise Meitner Dr: Mildred Dresselhaus Fr: Rosalind Franklin Mg: Lynn Margulis Bw: Elizabeth Blackwell Kl: Frances Oldham Kelsey Br: Elizabeth Blackburn Co: Gerty Cori Mh: Wangari Maathai Ho: Grace Hopper Lk: Mary Leakey Bs: Laura Bassi Ge: Sophie Germain Ko: Sofia Kovalevskaya Hr: Caroline Herschel Lv: Henrietta Swan Leavitt Ru: Vera Rubin Jc: Irène Joliot Curie Gp: Maria Goeppert- Mayer Jk: Shirley Ann Jackson Nd: Ida Noddack Rc: Ellen Richards Ng: Florence Nightingale Ch: Emmanuelle Charpentier Gr: Carol Greider Ck: Barbara McClintock Th: Marie Tharp y Sylvia Earle K: Stephanie Kwolek Gd: Jane Goodall, D. Fossey & B. Galdikas Ag: Maria Agnessi Mz: Maryam Mirzajani H: Hipatia de Alejandría Mi: Maria Mitchell Cn: Annie Jump Cannon Be: Jocelyn Bell Burnell Pe: Margarite Perey Sr: Donna Strickland Tk: Mária Telkes Pz: Marie Anne Paulze Bb: Katharine Burr Blodgett Yn: Ada Yonath Do: Jennifer Doudna Y: Tu Youyou B: Linda Buck Ca: Rachel Carson Ha: Margaret Hamilton Lo: Ada Lovelace Gv: Evelyn Boyd Granville Jh: Katherine Johnson Lp: Nicole-Reine de Lepaute Z: Wang Zhenyi Rm: Nancy G. Roman Ti: Beatrice Tinsley W: Chien Shiung Wu Bu: Marietta Blau Fy: Joan Feynman Pc: Agnes Pockels Ln: Kathleen Lonsdale Al: Frances H. Arnold Me: Marie Meurdrac & Jane Marcet Bt: Patricia Bath Ms: May Britt Moser Cb: Pilar Carbonero Cs: M. Andrea Casamayor Wo: María Wonenburger F: Fátima de Madrid Ct: M. Assumpció Català Yz: Josefa Yzuel Mb: Felisa Martín Bravo Bn: Dorotea Barnés Ju: Manuela Juárez Sl: Margarita Salas Bc: María Blasco Zn: Isabel Zendal Mo: Gabriela Morreale Av: Ángeles Alvariño Rr: Ángela Ruiz Robles Cl: M. Antonia Canals By: Pilar Bayer Fe: Antonia Ferrín Rd: Teresa Rodrigo Mr: Susana Marcos Si: Alicia Sintes Fu: Gertrudis de la Fuente Mn: Rosa M. Menéndez Vr: María Vallet Regí Ni: Ángela Nieto Bd: Lina Badimón Ma: María Martinón Torres Cv: Josefina Castellví CIENCIAS NATURALES MATEMÁTICAS QUÍMICAS INVENTORAS/INGENIERAS ASTRÓNOMAS BIOQUÍMICA/MEDICINA PALEONTÓLOGAS PRIMATÓLOGAS FÍSICAS
  20. 20. http://shethoughtit.ilcml.com/tag/women-scientists/
  21. 21. Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867 – 1934) 1903 - Premi Nobel Radioactivitat 1911 – Premi Nobel Po (Z=84), Ra (Z=88) Curi – en honor seu
  22. 22. Ida Noddack (Alemanya, 1896-1978) Ida i Walter Noddack treballaven en la descoberta de Z=75 i Z=43 Z=75 Rhenium (Rhine) 1925 Z=43 Tecneci (masurim) 1925 (1937 Perrier and Segre) 1934 – Suggereix que el nucli es pot partir
  23. 23. Lisa Meitner (Viena, 1878-1968) Amb Otto Hahn varen descobrir l’element Z=91 proactini (Pr) Professora al Kaiser Wilhem Institute for Chemistry Fisió Nuclear (Premi Nobel a Otto Hahn, 1944, sol) Meitneri Z=109
  24. 24. Margueritte Perey (França, 1909-1975) 1939 - Descobreix el Franci (Fr, Z=87) mentre purificava actini. El franci és l’últim element descobert a la naturalesa
  25. 25. Iuliia Vsevolodovna Lermontova (1947-1919) Va aïllar elements com Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir I Pt, per tal de determinar-ne el seu pes atòmic, I així situar-los a la taula proposada per Mendeleive (1869-1891).
  26. 26. Harriet Brooks (Canadà, 1876-1933) Determina que la eminisió del Th no eren ni partícules alfa, ni beta, ni radiació gamma, si no que es tractava de un nou element, el Radó. (1901) Rutherford s’emporta tot el crèdit
  27. 27. Margaret Todd (Escòcia, 1859-1918) Introdueix la paraula “isòtop”, després de que F. Soddy li parlés d’elements que tenen propietats químiques idèntiques però diferent massa atòmica. (1913)
  28. 28. Stefanie Horovitz (Polònia, 1877-1942) Prova experimental del isòtops (Pb)
  29. 29. Berta Karlik (1904-1990) Prova experimental del isòtops (Pb)
  30. 30. Darleane Christian Hoffman (USA, 1926 ) Dawn Shaughnessy (USA, 1926 ) Participat en la descoberta dels elements del 113 al 118
  31. 31. Biaix en el procés de publicació de la recerca feta per dones Informe de la Royal Society of Chemistry Biases exist at each step of the publishing profile. Many of these appear minor in isolation, yet their combined effect puts women at a significant disadvantage. Only by recognising the biases introduced at decision points by authors, reviewers, editors and publishers, can we act to reduce them https://www.rsc.org/campaigning-outreach/campaigning/incldiv/gender-bias-in-publishing/
  32. 32. Les dones (negres) amagades de la NASA
  33. 33. Les dones (negres) amagades de la NASA The women who inspired 'Hidden Figures' will now be honored with Congressional Medals The women, who worked at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Virginia, were so-called “human computers” who did the complex calculations that made space travel possible. They played pivotal roles in World War II aircraft testing, supersonic flight research, and sending the Voyager probes to explore the solar system. They also helped land the first man on the moon in 1969. A fifth gold medal was granted in honor of all women who contributed to NASA during the Space Race. https://www.good.is/hidden-figures-women-congressional-medal
  34. 34. http://shethoughtit.ilcml.com/tag/women-scientists/
  35. 35. La proporció de dones investigadores s’ha incrementat en els últims anys Japó
  36. 36. Les dones tendeixen a especialitzar-se en camps més biomèdics mentre que els homes en camps més relacionats en ciències físiques. En general, les dones solen tenir menys mobilitat internacional. També lleugerament menys col·laboracions.
  37. 37. El percentatge de dones depèn molt de l’àrea de recerca. • Ciències de la Salut són les que tenen més representació femenina • Ciències físiques són les que tenen més representació masculina
  38. 38. 40% // 60%
  39. 39. Curs 2017/18
  40. 40. 25% 38% 51%
  41. 41. 83% 85% 19%
  42. 42. Hem d’aconseguir 50% de enginyeres?
  43. 43. Problema d’equilibri. Aquest ha de complir QUOTES? Problema cinètic. Necessitem CATALITZADORS?
  44. 44. Hem de fer que tinguin les mateixes OPORTUNITATS!
  45. 45. Les mil cares de la taula periòdica CARA 5: LÚDICA
  46. 46. Sopa de símbols Noms de científiques #52gamespt
  47. 47. The PT has no unique shape
  48. 48. Els quadrats màgics
  49. 49. I si diguéssim alguna mentida?
  50. 50. https://52gamespt.wordpress.com/
  51. 51. Moltes Gràcies Miquel Duran (@miquelduran)
  52. 52. MOLTES GRÀCIES A TOTHOM! HTTP://MAGSCI.EU

Editor's Notes

  • Jocs no seistes … a nens i a nenes
  • In 1925, the chemist Ida Noddack (1896–1979), together with her husband Walter Noddack and Otto Berg, discovered the element Rhenium (Re)⁸ (p.230). They named the element after the river Rhine and published their discovery in a paper entitled “Die Ekamangan” (Naturwissenschaften 13 [1925]: 567)⁸ (p.230). Rhenium (Re) is one of the rarest elements in the world and was the last natural element to be discovered11 (p.491-492). In the same paper, the three scientists referred to the discovery of the element with atomic number 43, calling it masurium, whose existence was disputed at the time. Technetium (Tc), element with atomic number 43, was eventually officially discovered a decade later, in 1937, by Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segre⁸ (p.230). However, in the 1980s, Technetium (Tc) was found in the ore the Noddacks had studied and in which they reported to have found masurium and it was suggested that they would be considered the real discoverers of Technetium (Tc). A virtual experiment at the US National Institute of Science and Technology further proved that the data published in 1925 by Ida and Walter Noddack are consistent with the amount of the element with atomic number 43 in columbite rock³ (p.58).
  • It was not long after Lise Meitner came to Berlin in early 1907, in order to extend her studies and advance her researches, that she established what was going to be a long-term research partnership with the German chemist Otto Hahn. Together with her associate, with whom she exceptionally collaborated for thirty years, and with her nephew Otto Frisch, Meitner set the theoretical principles of nuclear fission, a concept which she coined herself in her scientific explanation of Hahn’s experiment in 1939. Such finding, which laid the foundation for a variety of later discoveries whose impact is known to this day, almost seven decades later, definitely deserved all the greatest recognitions, such as the Nobel Prize which Otto Hahn received in 1944 “for his discovery of the fission of heavy nuclei”, thus becoming a timeless scientific genius. Meitner’s contribution to the understanding of nuclear fission seemed to have been overlooked by the Swedish scientists, as well as by a large amount of people; she obtained acknowledgments in the following years, yet never equal to Hahn’s.

    Bombardeix de Urani amb neutrons -


  • Once hired, she began work on isolating actinium from uranium ore, a process which led her to discover that her purified actinium was emitting large amounts of radiation. After experimenting on the purified actinium samples and running a number of subsequent tests, Perey soon realized she had discovered a brand new element. Naturally, she bestowed it with a name reminiscent of her home country, and thus the word “francium” was born.

    Úktima element a la naturaleza abans de ser sintentitzat

    Era tècnica de laboratori … un cop descobert, per fer la tesisi va tenir que treure’s la carrera
  • https://books.google.es/books?id=m1RuBwAAQBAJ&pg=PA55&lpg=PA55&dq=Lermontova+and+periodic+table&source=bl&ots=nX22LlQEkr&sig=ACfU3U2f1s0fU4TZY_t5Vu9kjaPk1BTs3Q&hl=ca&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi2pdKF07DgAhW18uAKHcy9Cn4Q6AEwCHoECAMQAQ#v=onepage&q=Lermontova%20and%20periodic%20table&f=false

  • Escriptora I metgesa, I va introduir el concepte de isòtop.
  • ike Meitner, Horovitz was a Jew. She was born in Warsaw in 1887 and moved to Vienna with her family in 1890. In 1913, Hönigschmid approached her when she was a young chemist who had just graduated from the University of Vienna. Wet chemical techniques and the experimental identification of atomic weights were definitely within her capabilities and, by June 1914, Horovitz and Hönigschmid were working closely together. "Miss Horovitz and I," Hönigschmid informed Meitner, "worked like coolies. On this beautiful Sunday, we are still sitting in the laboratory at 6 o'clock."85
    72Horovitz and Hönigschmid purified lead out of 100 kg of lead sulfate from the Joachimsthal pitchblende, a time-consuming and meticulous assignment. The atomic weight of radioactive lead was found to be 206.73, lighter than ordinary lead (207.21). On May 23, 1914, Hönigschmid presented their results at a congress of the Bunsen Geselschaft in Leipzig. Conscious of the importance of their work, they immediately sent their article first to the Monatshefte für Chemie instead of the institute's Mitteilungen and, shortly afterwards, they published a version in the French Comptes rendus. As Badash points out, Hönigschmid and Horovitz offered the most convincing confirmation of the Harvard work. For the next two years, they continued to copublish on the atomic weights of uranium, thorium, and ionium.86 In addition, their research showed that ionium was not a separate element but just an isotope of thorium.
    73Accounts of Hönigschmid's and Horovitz's collaboations always present her as his "protégé," "research student,"87 or simply as his "student"88 who assisted him in determining the atomic weight of radioactive lead. Attempts to address the imbalance reach the other end of the spectrum by references to the results as "hers" even though copublished papers are cited.89 To disentangle the politics of collaboration between men and women who work in partnership proves to be a difficult undertaking. Common publications do not reveal who actually took the lead in each project, who was the assistant, and who was assisted. In the case of the Hönigschmid-Horovitz cooperation, there is no doubt that he was the mature partner and project leader. He introduced Horovitz to experiments of atomic weight determination and welcomed her both to the Radium Institute and, it seems, to his laboratory in Prague. In a letter to his friend Max Lembert, Hönigschmid forwarded Horovitz's greetings: "With best wishes from Fräulein Doctor Horovitz, the beautiful graduate." Without a doubt, Horovitz was more than an able assistant who followed instructions by her mentor.
    74The way Hönigschmid described to Meitner his research project in 1914 is revealing for its emphasis on Horovitz's input in the work. "We now isolate lead from pure Joachimsthal pitchblende . . . We hope that in the next two weeks before the holidays we will analyze these preparations of lead . . ."90 As a chemist, Horovitz brought her expertise from the Chemistry Institute to the neighboring Institute for Radium Research and entered the field of radioactivity as a young researcher instead of a student. In his Nobel lecture in 1922, Frederick Soddy acknowledged Horovitz's presence as Hönigschmid's partner in quite the reverse to the account of Richard's team in Harvard. "Simultaneously, work on lead from uranium minerals by T. W. Richards and his students at Harvard, and by Hönigschmid and Mlle. Horovitz, gave values all below the international figure."91
    75Nevertheless, the end of the First World War also brought an end to the Hönigschmid-Horovitz collaboration. He accepted a position at the University of Munich, and she left the institute to return to her hometown in Poland. Long afterwards, Kasimir Fajans informed Elisabeth Rona that, "Stefanie moved there [to Warzawa] to join her married sister after the First World War, after her parents had died in Vienna. She was not active in chemistry, and she and her sister were liquidated by the Nazis in 1940." Unable to bear the burdens imposed by the Nazis, Hönigschmid and his wife committed suicide on October 14, 1945.92

    http://www.gutenberg-e.org/rentetzi/chapter03.html

    http://acshist.scs.illinois.edu/bulletin_open_access/v25-2/v25-2%20p103-108.pdf

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