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150 Anys de la Taula Periòdica, que ni és cap taula, ni té el període constant

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150 Anys de la Taula Periòdica, que ni és cap taula, ni té el període constant

  1. 1. Abans de res... Una cançó! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljsUVDOc YB0
  2. 2. 150 Anys de la Taula Periòdica... Que ni és cap taula, ni té el període constant Miquel Duran IQCC, C4D, UdG Biblioteca de Palamós 6/11/2019
  3. 3. Micro i mini CV MD: Sóc professor de química física de la Universitat de Girona i investigador en química teòrica i computacional. Des de petit em vaig interessar per l'ús d'Internet a la comunicació científica i la docència, però va ser un curs d'il.lusionisme el que em va obrir un món meravellós per connectar màgia i ciència, i fins i tot per esdevenir mag aficionat. Entre d'altres coses que m'engresquen, organitzo la sèrie d'esdeveniments TEDxUdG, promoc el coneixement obert, em declaro científic amic dels MOOC, i vaig en BTT per conèixer món. Sembla mentida que la meva frase preferida sigui de "Le Petit Prince": “Tu sais, quand on est tellement triste, on aime les couchers de soleil”. De fet, el que és realment estrany és que vagi diguent en públic que "Jo sóc i jo i les meves circumstàncies digitals". Deu ser que Màgia, Ciència i Internet estan ben trabades. JT: Estudiant de grau en química UdG, comunicadora científica: Ciencia en Acción Algeciras 2016, Ermua 2017, YoMoBCN, EspaiCiència, i molts de tallers i actuacions. University professor. Research in Quantum Chemistry. Digital Science Communication, Magic and Science, MOOCs, TEDx events, Open Knowledge @miquelduran Wikipedia usuari:quelet
  4. 4. #magsci #aitp2019
  5. 5. Rubik's Cube and PT
  6. 6. Lego pieces... 118 different ones
  7. 7. #1TPDia @eduardcremades i @pquimic
  8. 8. La TP com a mètode de datació (o no) • Error a Stranger Things, ca. 1984
  9. 9. ART AND SCIENCE: Dalí
  10. 10. The Periodic Table is probably the most compact and meaningful compilation of knowledge that man has yet devised. Astronomer Harlow Shapley, cited in the preface of “The Periodic, a Very Short Introduction”, by Eric R. Scerri, Oxford Univ Press, 2011
  11. 11. The primitive Periodic Table of the Elements...
  12. 12. Lord Kelvin (1867) proposed the idea of atoms being like knots, formed by small vortexes of closed currents made of ether
  13. 13. “Principes de la chimie” 1869 Dmitri Mendeléiev
  14. 14. Dynamic PT(web) • Various versions of the Periodic Table, which may be transformed into each other • http://miquelduran.net/xerrada.html • http://miquelduran.net/janet.html
  15. 15. TP and Physics: 2D: Flatland
  16. 16. TP 2D (with 3D EM laws!)
  17. 17. Numbers. Just Natural Numbers.
  18. 18. TP of atomic numbers
  19. 19. 1 2 41 45 39 30 34 31 36 44 10 13 28 42 18 40 29 33 16 23 43 22 25 27 11 7 9 4 5 6 35 12 38 26 14 20 46 21 15 17 32 23 19 37 ··· @SilviaSimonR @c4dUdG @IQCCUdG @QuimicaUdG
  20. 20. 1 2 41 45 39 30 34 31 36 44 10 13 28 42 18 40 29 33 16 23 43 22 25 27 11 7 94 5 6 35 12 38 3 8 20 46 21 15 17 32 23 19 37 ··· @SilviaSimonR @c4dUdG @IQCCUdG @QuimicaUdG
  21. 21. https://52gamespt.wordpress.com/ #52GamesPT @SilviaSimonR
  22. 22. https://52gamespt.wordpress.com/ @SilviaSimonR
  23. 23. La TP i la intel·ligència Artificial • En aquesta xerrada no es fa cap aproximació històrica a la TP, sinó que se'n fa una aproximació actual com a classificació, ordenació i periodificació dels elements químics. • Un bot va cercar compostos químics per internet... i sense saber-ne res, va generar la Taula Periòdica tal com és • Un investigador UdG (Emili Besalú) va regenera la TP només a partir de semblances entre densitats atòmiquesl • Perquè al final, tot és matemàtiques 
  24. 24. Names. Old and New.
  25. 25. Sun, moon and planets Geographical names Personal names
  26. 26. Teresa Valdés-Solís @tvaldessolis LaTablaPeriódicadelasCientíficas Sy: Maria Sybilla Merian Yw: Rosalyn Yalow St: Marie Stopes La: Hedy Lamarr Hg: Hildegarda de Bingen Bl: Alice Ball Ap: Virginia Apgar Sv: Nettie Stevens Lm: Rita Levi Montalcini Sn: Françoise Barré- Sinoussi Lh: Inge Lehman Ay: Hertha Ayrton Cw: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin Sc: Bodil Schmidt Nielsen T: Trótula de Salerno Wt: Linda Watkins Nu: Christiane Nüsslein- Volhard El: Gertrude B. Elion Ba: Florence Bascom Cr: Josephine Cochrane An: Mary Anning C: Emilie du Châtelet Sm: Mary Sommerville No: Emmy Noether Wk: Maria Winkelmann Fl: Williamina Fleming y las astrónomas de Harvard Py: Cecilia Payne- Gaposchkin Cu: Marie Curie Mt: Lise Meitner Dr: Mildred Dresselhaus Fr: Rosalind Franklin Mg: Lynn Margulis Bw: Elizabeth Blackwell Kl: Frances Oldham Kelsey Br: Elizabeth Blackburn Co: Gerty Cori Mh: Wangari Maathai Ho: Grace Hopper Lk: Mary Leakey Bs: Laura Bassi Ge: Sophie Germain Ko: Sofia Kovalevskaya Hr: Caroline Herschel Lv: Henrietta Swan Leavitt Ru: Vera Rubin Jc: Irène Joliot Curie Gp: Maria Goeppert- Mayer Jk: Shirley Ann Jackson Nd: Ida Noddack Rc: Ellen Richards Ng: Florence Nightingale Ch: Emmanuelle Charpentier Gr: Carol Greider Ck: Barbara McClintock Th: Marie Tharp y Sylvia Earle K: Stephanie Kwolek Gd: Jane Goodall, D. Fossey & B. Galdikas Ag: Maria Agnessi Mz: Maryam Mirzajani H: Hipatia de Alejandría Mi: Maria Mitchell Cn: Annie Jump Cannon Be: Jocelyn Bell Burnell Pe: Margarite Perey Sr: Donna Strickland Tk: Mária Telkes Pz: Marie Anne Paulze Bb: Katharine Burr Blodgett Yn: Ada Yonath Do: Jennifer Doudna Y: Tu Youyou B: Linda Buck Ca: Rachel Carson Ha: Margaret Hamilton Lo: Ada Lovelace Gv: Evelyn Boyd Granville Jh: Katherine Johnson Lp: Nicole-Reine de Lepaute Z: Wang Zhenyi Rm: Nancy G. Roman Ti: Beatrice Tinsley W: Chien Shiung Wu Bu: Marietta Blau Fy: Joan Feynman Pc: Agnes Pockels Ln: Kathleen Lonsdale Al: Frances H. Arnold Me: Marie Meurdrac & Jane Marcet Bt: Patricia Bath Ms: May Britt Moser Cb: Pilar Carbonero Cs: M. Andrea Casamayor Wo: María Wonenburger F: Fátima de Madrid Ct: M. Assumpció Català Yz: Josefa Yzuel Mb: Felisa Martín Bravo Bn: Dorotea Barnés Ju: Manuela Juárez Sl: Margarita Salas Bc: María Blasco Zn: Isabel Zendal Mo: Gabriela Morreale Av: Ángeles Alvariño Rr: Ángela Ruiz Robles Cl: M. Antonia Canals By: Pilar Bayer Fe: Antonia Ferrín Rd: Teresa Rodrigo Mr: Susana Marcos Si: Alicia Sintes Fu: Gertrudis de la Fuente Mn: Rosa M. Menéndez Vr: María Vallet Regí Ni: Ángela Nieto Bd: Lina Badimón Ma: María Martinón Torres Cv: Josefina Castellví CIENCIAS NATURALES MATEMÁTICAS QUÍMICAS INVENTORAS/INGENIERAS ASTRÓNOMAS BIOQUÍMICA/MEDICINA PALEONTÓLOGAS PRIMATÓLOGAS FÍSICAS
  27. 27. Women and PT
  28. 28. Dones i TP • Marie Curie – Cm World-famous Polish physicist who discovered radium (Ra) and polonium (Po) with her husband, Pierre; made history by winning two Nobel Prizes for her work on radiation; and became the namesake of curium (Cm), element 96 • Ida Tacke – Re German physicist and chemist who discovered rhenium (Re) alongside her husband, Walter, and was nominated three times for a Nobel Prize, but never won. • Lise Meitner – Mt Noted Austrian physicist and close friend of Karlik’s who discovered nuclear fission; identified an isotope of protactinium (Pa); and later became the namesake of element 109, meitnerium (Mt). • Margueritte Perey – Fr French physicist and student of Marie Curie’s who discovered francium (Fr), a highly unstable radioactive metal. • Iulia Lermontova – Rh took up the challenge — probably at Mendeleev’s behest — to refine the separation processes for the platinum-group metals (ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium and platinum) • Harriet Brooks – Rn Brooks’s radon contribution was a first, crucial step. She is rarely credited. Although the first paper was authored by both Brooks and Rutherford, the next one in Nature carried only Rutherford’s name — with a credit line that Brooks assisted him
  29. 29. Dones i TP • Margaret Todd – Th Although the British chemist Frederick Soddy introduced the concept of isotopes in 1913, it was the physician Margaret Todd who suggested the term (meaning ‘same place’ in Greek) at a dinner party • Stefanie Horovitz – Pb Working at the Radium Institute in Vienna, she showed that even a common element such as lead can have different atomic weights, depending on whether it stems from the radioactive decay of uranium or thorium • Berta Karlik – At Austrian physicist and contemporary of Curie’s who discovered astatine (At), a radioactive element most commonly used for cancer therapy. • Dawn Shaughnessy – Og Now principal investigator of the heavy- element project (and several others) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, which has helped to discover six new elements (numbers 113–118) • Darleane Christian Hoffman – Fm Made a monumental leap in the early 1970s. She showed that the isotope fermium-257 could split spontaneously — not only after being bombarded with neutrons. The first woman to lead a scientific division at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, Hoffman also uncovered plutonium-244 in nature.
  30. 30. Dones i TP • Reatha King – F first African American female scientist to work at the National Bureau of Standards in Washington DC. In the 1960s, she studied the combustion of gaseous mixtures of fluorine, oxygen and hydrogen • Toshiko Mayeda – O helped to measure the ratio of oxygen isotopes in fossilized shells to deduce the temperatures of prehistoric oceans, and expanded that method to meteorites. • Irène Joliot-Curie – He discovered how to synthesize artificial elements in the lab, useful in many important medical procedures. She went on to direct her mother’s Radium Institute. Like her mother, she died relatively young due to long- term exposure the radiation.
  31. 31. Sopa de símbols Noms de científiques #52gamespt
  32. 32. Symbols. One- and two-lettered
  33. 33. Atomic symbols: one or two- lettered
  34. 34. Periodicity
  35. 35. Form. Is there really a best periodic table?
  36. 36. La Taula Periòdica dels Elements, edició 2017
  37. 37. The PT has no unique shape
  38. 38. The PT has no unique shape
  39. 39. Why? Why Not? What if?
  40. 40. TP configuracions electròniques
  41. 41. Propietas de la TP de Janet Escalons Alçada regular Amplada incremental Relació amb els quadrats dels números sencers
  42. 42. @SilviaSimonR ˆHYi x( )= Ei Yi x( ) Schrödinger - 1913 Yi x( ) 2 Probabilitat de trobar l’electró
  43. 43. @SilviaSimonR Següent element??
  44. 44. Warning! Spoiler ahead!
  45. 45. Pekka Pyykkö, PT – numerical experiments
  46. 46. TP audioactiva (John Conway) (amb elements, però no periòdica)
  47. 47. • Hi ha taules periòdiques de tot! La taula periòdica de les confitures, per exemple... • Però no en són, de periòdiques!
  48. 48. 52 Jocs amb la Taula Periòdica http://52gamespt.wordpress.com
  49. 49. Moltes gràcies a tothom! http://magsci.eu
  50. 50. Recitant els elements... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U2cfju6GTNs
  51. 51. La Taula Periòdica dels Elements, recitada mentre es resol el cub de rubik... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PwzHeRT ofMk
  52. 52. Heu barrejat mai pots de pintura de colors, o de plastilina? http://hesatalentedboy.com/mickey-mouse-chewing-stick/
  53. 53. Què és l’entropia?

Editor's Notes

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