Solar System & Constellation
Overview <ul><li>Solar system refers to the sun (our star) and all objects that travel around its. </li></ul><ul><li>Compo...
Nine planets can classified or grouped different ways: <ul><li>By size :  </li></ul><ul><li>Small planet – Mercury, Venus,...
Sun <ul><li>A gigantic ball of very hot gases. </li></ul><ul><li>Converts 6 million tons of hydrogen into helium every sec...
Sun <ul><li>Diameter : 1.4 million km (870,000 miles),  which is 109 Earth diameters </li></ul><ul><li>Mass : 330,000 time...
Mercury – at the edge of the Sun <ul><li>A dense, rocky planet with a core made of iron and nickel. </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
Mercury   <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 58 million km </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 4880 km(3032 miles) </li></ul><...
 
Venus – cloud-covered inferno <ul><li>Called Earth’s sister planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Hottest world in the Solar system. <...
Venus   <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 108 million km (67 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 12,102 km (75...
 
Earth – the oasis <ul><li>The only planet that can support human. </li></ul><ul><li>The only planet has oceans of liquid w...
Earth   <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 150 million km (93 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 12,756 km (79...
 
Moon – our traveling companion <ul><li>Has no atmosphere and no oceans of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface of Moon is pitt...
Moon <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 384,400 km (238,855 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 3475 km (2160 miles) </...
Mars – the red world <ul><li>The red planet. </li></ul><ul><li>A small rocky planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth planet from ...
Mars <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 228 million km (142 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 6794 km (4221 m...
 
Jupiter – king of planet <ul><li>The largest planet in the Solar system. </li></ul><ul><li>Fifth planet from the Sun. </li...
Jupiter <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 778 million km (483 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 142,984 km (...
 
Saturn – jewel of the Solar System <ul><li>Sixth planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for its dazzling and compli...
Saturn <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 1430 million km (889 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 120,536 km (...
 
Uranus – rolling on its side   <ul><li>A giant gas planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Seventh planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><l...
Uranus <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 2877 million km (1788 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 51,118 km (...
 
Neptune – blue world of the deep <ul><li>The fourth and last giant gas planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Eighth planet from the Su...
Neptune <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 4498 million km (2795 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 49,528 km ...
 
Pluto – baby of the family <ul><li>Smallest planet in Solar System. </li></ul><ul><li>Is icy and rocky, with frozen surfac...
Pluto <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 5919 million km (3675 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 2274 km (141...
 
Solar   System   Uranus Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Neptune Pluto Mercury
Circumpolar Constellations  <ul><li>The constellations near the north celestial pole are visible all year long </li></ul><...
Polaris <ul><li>One special, moderately bright star stays fixed in the sky all the time, day and night, season after seaso...
Draco <ul><li>One of the largest circumpolar constellations, obscure to casual observers on account of its long, winding s...
 
Perseus <ul><li>Perseus is another circumpolar constellation with an elongated, rather complicated shape. </li></ul>
 
Constellations Of Spring <ul><li>There are certain star groups that are Characteristic of the evening sky in spring in the...
Virgo <ul><li>The virgin, is fairly high in the southeastern sky. </li></ul><ul><li>It has an irregular shape, something l...
 
Cancer And Canis Minor <ul><li>Cancer, the crab, stands high in the southwestern sky. </li></ul><ul><li>If you stand facin...
 
Gemini <ul><li>Gemini is moderately in the western sky. </li></ul><ul><li>This constellation has the general shape of a ta...
 
Auriga <ul><li>Just to right of Gemini is the constellation  Auriga. </li></ul><ul><li>It has the shape of an irregular pe...
 
Hercules <ul><li>A complex of star, none of them bright, forming a trapezoid with limbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Representing a ...
 
Constellations Of Summer <ul><li>Appear in the sky in the middle of July. </li></ul><ul><li>New star groups have risen at ...
Sagittarius <ul><li>In the east-southeast sky, to the right and above Capricornus. </li></ul><ul><li>Outline resembles a t...
 
Scorpius <ul><li>Sits in the southen sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Resemblance to the animal or object it represents. </li></ul><...
 
Orhiuchus <ul><li>In the southen sky, centered at the celestial equator. </li></ul><ul><li>Has a meaningless job. </li></ul>
 
Coma Berenices <ul><li>About halfway between the horizon and the zenith in the west-northwest sky, you will see a fuzzy bl...
 
Constellations Of Autumn <ul><li>An evening in the middle of October, a couple of hours of sunset. </li></ul><ul><li>The s...
Pisces <ul><li>High in the southeast you will see  Pisces,  the two fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Legend has it that Pisces were...
 
Pegasus <ul><li>Nearly at the zenith there is a square consisting of four medium- bright stars. </li></ul><ul><li>This is ...
 
Andromeda <ul><li>Toward the northeast,  Andromeda,  representing a princess, rides the horse alongside the Milky Way. </l...
 
Constellations Of Winter <ul><li>They appear from the latitude of Lake Tahoe, Indianapolis, or Washington, D.C. a few hour...
Canis Major <ul><li>The southern portion of winter evening sky is dominated by Canis Major, the big dog. </li></ul><ul><li...
 
Orion <ul><li>Somewhat above and to the right of Sirius you will see another winter landmark, Orion, the hunter. </li></ul...
 
Taurus <ul><li>A few degrees from the zenith in the southern sky on winter evenings, is Taurus, the Bull. </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Constellations Constellations Of Spring Circumpolar Constellations Constellations Of Summer Constellation of Winter Conste...
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Solar system & constellation(g 4)

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Solar system & constellation(g 4)

  1. 1. Solar System & Constellation
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Solar system refers to the sun (our star) and all objects that travel around its. </li></ul><ul><li>Components of the solar system divided into planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets. </li></ul><ul><li>Planets in Solar System are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. </li></ul><ul><li>Planets in Solar System named after figures from Greek and Roman mythology. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nine planets can classified or grouped different ways: <ul><li>By size : </li></ul><ul><li>Small planet – Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and Pluto. </li></ul><ul><li>Giant planet – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. </li></ul><ul><li>By position from Sun : </li></ul><ul><li>Inner planet – Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. </li></ul><ul><li>Outer planet – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and </li></ul><ul><li>Pluto. </li></ul><ul><li>By composition : </li></ul><ul><li>Terrestrial or rocky planet – Mercury, Venus, Earth and </li></ul><ul><li>Mars. </li></ul><ul><li>Gas planet – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sun <ul><li>A gigantic ball of very hot gases. </li></ul><ul><li>Converts 6 million tons of hydrogen into helium every second. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Sun <ul><li>Diameter : 1.4 million km (870,000 miles), which is 109 Earth diameters </li></ul><ul><li>Mass : 330,000 times the mass of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Time to rotate (at equator) : 25 Earth days </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature in central core : 14 million </li></ul><ul><li>Distance from center of our galaxy : 26,000 light years </li></ul><ul><li>Age : 4.5 billion years </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mercury – at the edge of the Sun <ul><li>A dense, rocky planet with a core made of iron and nickel. </li></ul><ul><li>The planet closet to the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Size bigger than Pluto, about the size of Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface is scarred by ancient craters. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures soar to 370 day and night -185. </li></ul><ul><li>Orbit around the Sun, travels 50km/s(30 mile/s) faster than other planet. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Mercury <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 58 million km </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 4880 km(3032 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 0.06 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 88 Earth days </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 59 Earth days </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moons: None </li></ul>
  8. 9. Venus – cloud-covered inferno <ul><li>Called Earth’s sister planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Hottest world in the Solar system. </li></ul><ul><li>Second planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>The size and masses same as the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature on surface 480 (896 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Venus shrouded under a thick blanket of clouds, containing carbon dioxide and sulfuric acid. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Venus <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 108 million km (67 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 12,102 km (7520 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 0.82 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 225 Earth days </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day):243 Earth Days </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: None </li></ul>
  10. 12. Earth – the oasis <ul><li>The only planet that can support human. </li></ul><ul><li>The only planet has oceans of liquid water, plenty of oxygen in its atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Third planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Pretty planet with swirling white clouds, blue oceans and mostly brown continents. </li></ul><ul><li>Earth’s core mostly made up of nickel and iron. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Earth <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 150 million km (93 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 12,756 km (7926 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 6 x 10 24 kilograms </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 365 Earth days </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 23 hours 56 minutes 4 second </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: One </li></ul>
  12. 15. Moon – our traveling companion <ul><li>Has no atmosphere and no oceans of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface of Moon is pitted by numerous craters produced by series of impact about 4 billion years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Surface was strewn with loose rocks, ranging in the size from pebbles to boulders as big as houses. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Moon <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 384,400 km (238,855 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 3475 km (2160 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: Almost 1/100 th of the mass of the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 27 Earth days, 7 hours and 45 minutes, with respect to the stars </li></ul>
  14. 17. Mars – the red world <ul><li>The red planet. </li></ul><ul><li>A small rocky planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Has inspired numerous science fiction tales as a source of hostile alien beings and underground colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller and colder than the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Rock looks red because iron in its surface soil has combined with oxygen to make rust. </li></ul><ul><li>Has two tiny moon called Phobos and Deimos. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures as low as -140 (-220 ) </li></ul>
  15. 18. Mars <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 228 million km (142 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 6794 km (4221 miles ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 0.11 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 687 Earth days (or 1.88 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 24 Earth hours and 43 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: two </li></ul>
  16. 20. Jupiter – king of planet <ul><li>The largest planet in the Solar system. </li></ul><ul><li>Fifth planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Is a gas planet and does not have a solid surface like the Earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere bristles with lightning and huge storm systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Top layers of Jupiter form swirling patterns of cloud, with bands of different color. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures change rapidly., from much hotter to much colder than any other places on Earth. </li></ul>
  17. 21. Jupiter <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 778 million km (483 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 142,984 km (88,846 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 317 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 11.9 Earth yaers </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 9 Earth hours and 51 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: at least 28 </li></ul>
  18. 23. Saturn – jewel of the Solar System <ul><li>Sixth planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for its dazzling and complicated rings. </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn’s ring span about 270,000 km(168,000 miles) from edge to edge. </li></ul><ul><li>The rings are very thin, only a few tens of meters thick. </li></ul><ul><li>Saturn composed of hydrogen and helium. </li></ul><ul><li>No solid surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Has more moon than others planet. </li></ul>
  19. 24. Saturn <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 1430 million km (889 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 120,536 km (74,898 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 95 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 29.5 Earth years </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 10 Earth hours and 48 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: at least 30 </li></ul>
  20. 26. Uranus – rolling on its side <ul><li>A giant gas planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Seventh planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Has cloudy atmosphere made up of hydrogen and helium. </li></ul><ul><li>Spins on its axis in the opposite direction (known as retrograde) to most of the other planet. </li></ul><ul><li>The atmosphere has streaking bands and dark spot. </li></ul><ul><li>Circled by very thin rings which composed of centimeter-sized particles. </li></ul>
  21. 27. Uranus <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 2877 million km (1788 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 51,118 km (31,763 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 14.5 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 84 Earth years </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 17 Erath hours and 17 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: at least 21 </li></ul>
  22. 29. Neptune – blue world of the deep <ul><li>The fourth and last giant gas planet. </li></ul><ul><li>Eighth planet from the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere made up of hydrogen. </li></ul><ul><li>Streaks of white cloud, ranging in width from 50-200km (30-120 miles) cross the atmosphere. </li></ul>
  23. 30. Neptune <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 4498 million km (2795 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 49,528 km (30,775 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 16.7 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 165 Earth years </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 16 Earth hours and 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: at least eight </li></ul>
  24. 32. Pluto – baby of the family <ul><li>Smallest planet in Solar System. </li></ul><ul><li>Is icy and rocky, with frozen surface layers of methane. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller than Earth’s Moon. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature at the surface is about -220 (-365 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Orbit around the Sun is highly elongated (or elliptical) and more tilted than other planet. </li></ul>
  25. 33. Pluto <ul><li>Average distance from the Sun: 5919 million km (3675 million miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Diameter: 2274 km (1413 miles) </li></ul><ul><li>Mass: 0.002 times the Earth’s mass </li></ul><ul><li>Time to orbit the Sun: 249 Earth years </li></ul><ul><li>Rotation time (a day): 6 Earth days and 9 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Moon: One </li></ul>
  26. 35. Solar System Uranus Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Neptune Pluto Mercury
  27. 36. Circumpolar Constellations <ul><li>The constellations near the north celestial pole are visible all year long </li></ul><ul><li>Its phase and brightness affect the number of stars you see even on the most cloud-free, haze-free nights. </li></ul>
  28. 37. Polaris <ul><li>One special, moderately bright star stays fixed in the sky all the time, day and night, season after season, and year after year. </li></ul><ul><li>Polaris always defines the points of the compass. </li></ul>
  29. 38. Draco <ul><li>One of the largest circumpolar constellations, obscure to casual observers on account of its long, winding shape, is Draco , the dragon. </li></ul>
  30. 40. Perseus <ul><li>Perseus is another circumpolar constellation with an elongated, rather complicated shape. </li></ul>
  31. 42. Constellations Of Spring <ul><li>There are certain star groups that are Characteristic of the evening sky in spring in the northern hemisphere. </li></ul><ul><li>The season of spring is 3 month long. </li></ul>
  32. 43. Virgo <ul><li>The virgin, is fairly high in the southeastern sky. </li></ul><ul><li>It has an irregular shape, something like a letter Y with a hooked tail. </li></ul>
  33. 45. Cancer And Canis Minor <ul><li>Cancer, the crab, stands high in the southwestern sky. </li></ul><ul><li>If you stand facing southwest and look up at an elevation about 70 degrees, you’ll see a group of stars that resembles an upside-down Y. </li></ul><ul><li>Next to cancer is Canis Minor , the little dog, which contains the prominent star Procyon. </li></ul>
  34. 47. Gemini <ul><li>Gemini is moderately in the western sky. </li></ul><ul><li>This constellation has the general shape of a tail, thin, squared-off letter U. </li></ul><ul><li>At the top of the U are prominent castor and pollux. </li></ul>
  35. 49. Auriga <ul><li>Just to right of Gemini is the constellation Auriga. </li></ul><ul><li>It has the shape of an irregular pentagon. </li></ul><ul><li>Auriga contains the bright star Capella. </li></ul>
  36. 51. Hercules <ul><li>A complex of star, none of them bright, forming a trapezoid with limbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Representing a man of legendary strength and endurance. </li></ul>
  37. 53. Constellations Of Summer <ul><li>Appear in the sky in the middle of July. </li></ul><ul><li>New star groups have risen at the east, and old ones have set in the west. </li></ul>
  38. 54. Sagittarius <ul><li>In the east-southeast sky, to the right and above Capricornus. </li></ul><ul><li>Outline resembles a teapot. </li></ul><ul><li>Lies in the direction of the densest part of the Milky Way. </li></ul>
  39. 56. Scorpius <ul><li>Sits in the southen sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Resemblance to the animal or object it represents. </li></ul><ul><li>The eye of scorpion is the red giant star Antares, which the brightness. </li></ul>
  40. 58. Orhiuchus <ul><li>In the southen sky, centered at the celestial equator. </li></ul><ul><li>Has a meaningless job. </li></ul>
  41. 60. Coma Berenices <ul><li>About halfway between the horizon and the zenith in the west-northwest sky, you will see a fuzzy blob. </li></ul><ul><li>With binoculars, this resolves into a cluster of stars known as Coma Berenices ( the hair of Berenice ). </li></ul>
  42. 62. Constellations Of Autumn <ul><li>An evening in the middle of October, a couple of hours of sunset. </li></ul><ul><li>The sky looked after by new custodians as the night grow longer. </li></ul>
  43. 63. Pisces <ul><li>High in the southeast you will see Pisces, the two fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Legend has it that Pisces were joined or tied together at their long tails ago, and to this day they are flailing about in that unfortunate condition. </li></ul>
  44. 65. Pegasus <ul><li>Nearly at the zenith there is a square consisting of four medium- bright stars. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a body of Pegasus, the winged horse. </li></ul>
  45. 67. Andromeda <ul><li>Toward the northeast, Andromeda, representing a princess, rides the horse alongside the Milky Way. </li></ul><ul><li>The Ethiopian princess who married Perseus. </li></ul>
  46. 69. Constellations Of Winter <ul><li>They appear from the latitude of Lake Tahoe, Indianapolis, or Washington, D.C. a few hour after suppertime. </li></ul>
  47. 70. Canis Major <ul><li>The southern portion of winter evening sky is dominated by Canis Major, the big dog. </li></ul><ul><li>Canis Major is easy to spot because of brilliant white star, that appears in the south-southeast </li></ul><ul><li>This is the brightest star in the whole sky, and its name in fact means “scorching” because it is contained in Canis Major, Sirius is often called the dog star. </li></ul>
  48. 72. Orion <ul><li>Somewhat above and to the right of Sirius you will see another winter landmark, Orion, the hunter. </li></ul><ul><li>Orion contains two bright stars of its own, Betelgeuse, a red giant, and Rigel, a blue-white star. </li></ul>
  49. 74. Taurus <ul><li>A few degrees from the zenith in the southern sky on winter evenings, is Taurus, the Bull. </li></ul><ul><li>This constellation contains the bright star Aldebaran, which represents the eye of the bull. </li></ul>
  50. 76. Constellations Constellations Of Spring Circumpolar Constellations Constellations Of Summer Constellation of Winter Constellations of Autumn - Polaris, Ursa Minor, Ursa Major , Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Draco , Perseus -Libra, Virgo, Leo, Cancer And Canis Minor , Gemini, Auriga, Hercules, Corona Borealis , Bootes, Canes Venatici, Corvus, Crater, And Hydra - Capricornus, Sagittarius, Scorpius, The Summer Triangle, Ophiuchus And Serpens, Coma Berenices - Pisces And Aries, Cetus, Pegasus And Andromeda, Aquarius, Piscis Austrinus And Grus -Canis Major And Lepus, Orion, Taurus And The Pleiades, Eridanus

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