Chapter 4

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  • Chapter 4

    1. 1. <ul><li>Musculoskeletal System </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter # 4 </li></ul><ul><li>By; Precious Blanton </li></ul>
    2. 2. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomy - is the scientific term for the study of the human body. </li></ul><ul><li>Physiology – is the term for the study of how the body function. </li></ul><ul><li>They both are closely related as form and function, are intertained . </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gives the body shape </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protects internal organs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides for movement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of more than 600 muscles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Three Types of Muscles </li></ul><ul><li>The three types of muscles tissues are: </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiac </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Smooth muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth ( or Visceral ) muscle. </li></ul><ul><li>Form the muscle layers in the walls of the digestive tract, various ducts, bladder, arteries and veins, and other internal organs. </li></ul><ul><li>Smooth muscle cells are elongated and thin, have only one nucleus, and form sheets rather than bundles of muscles. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Skeletal (voluntary) muscle </li></ul><ul><li>Skeletal muscle, is the most abundant tissue in the human body, it produce movement. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Cardiac muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac ( or heart) muscle, a cross between the smooth and striated muscles, makes up the heart tissue. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>Closed fracture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>does not break the skin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open fracture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External wound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nondisplaced fracture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple crack </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Displaced fracture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>deformity </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Signs & symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edema </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible deformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>false motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crepitus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guarding </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment - immobilize, ice, elevate if possible . </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Signs & symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deformity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break in skin and/or exposed bone </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Treatment - dressing , immobilize, ice, & elevate if possible </li></ul>

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