The Land Of Cotton

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Chapter 5, Section 3

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The Land Of Cotton

  1. 1. THE LAND OF COTTON<br />9/22/10<br />
  2. 2. THE SOUTHERN ECONOMY<br />MAIN IDEA:<br />THE COTTON GIN MADE COTTON THE MOST IMPORTANT CASH CROP IN THE SOUTH AND DEEPENED THE REGION’S DEPENDENCY ON ENSLAVED LABOR.<br />
  3. 3. THE SOUTHERN ECONOMY<br />NO CROP PLAYED A GREATER ROLE IN THE SOUTH’S FORTUNES THAN COTTON<br />THE COTTON GIN (SHORT FOR ENGINE)<br />MACHINE DESIGNED TO MAKE PICKING SEEDS OUT OF COTTON EASIER<br />
  4. 4. COTTON BECOMES KING<br />COTTON PRODUCTION MADE SOUTHERNERS RICH, AND STRENGTHENED THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY.<br />CONGRESS OUTLAWED THE FOREIGN SLAVE TRADE IN 1808, BUT THE BIRTHS OF SLAVE CHILDREN MADE POPULATION GROW. <br />INDUSTRY LAGS<br />THE SOUTH DID NOT INDUSTRIALIZE AS MUCH AS THE NORTH, IT REMAINED A REGION OF RURAL VILLAGES AND PLANTATIONS.<br />
  5. 5. SOCIETY IN THE SOUTH<br />MAIN IDEA:<br />IN CONTRAST TO THE NORTH, THE SOUTH HAD A RIGID SOCIAL CLASS SYSTEM.<br />
  6. 6. SOCIETY IN THE SOUTH<br />THE ECONOMY OF THE SOUTH RESULTED IN A RIGID AND CLEARLY DEFINED CLASS STRUCTURE<br />THE PLANTER ELITE<br />PLANTATION OWNERS<br />PEOPLE WHO OWNED 20 OR MORE SLAVES<br />YEOMAN FARMERS<br />ORDINARY FARMERS<br />HELD FOUR OR FEWER SLAVES<br />WHITE RURAL POOR<br />SLAVES<br />ALSO, A SMALL CLASS OF URBAN PROFESSIONALS WHO INVESTED IN SOUTHERN PLANTATIONS.<br />
  7. 7. SLAVERY<br />MAIN IDEA:<br />ENSLAVED AFRICAN AMERICANS HAD NO LEGAL RIGHTS, RESISTANCE AND REBELLION WERE 2 WAYS OF COPING WITH ENSLAVEMENT.<br />
  8. 8. SLAVERY <br />ENSLAVED PEOPLE HAD FEW LEGAL RIGHTS.<br />SLAVE CODES <br />COULD NOT OWN PROPERTY<br />COULD NOT LEAVE PLANTATION WITHOUT PERMISSION<br />COULD NOT BRING A LAWSUIT OR SIGN CONTRACTS<br />COULD NOT OWN FIREARMS<br />COULD NOT TESTIFY AGAINST WHITES IN COURT<br />COULD NOT READ OR WRITE<br />SLAVES WERE TREATED AS PROPERTY<br />
  9. 9. PLANTATION LIFE<br />2 BASIC LABOR SYSTEMS <br />TASK SYSTEM<br />FARMS WITH FEW SLAVES<br />AFTER WORK, THEY WERE ALLOWED TO SPEND THE REST OF THE DAY AS THEY CHOOSE<br />GANG SYSTEM OF LABOR<br />LARGE PLANTATIONS<br />SLAVES ORGANIZED INTO WORK GANGS THAT WORKED FROM SUN UP TO SUN DOWN<br />LED BY A “DRIVER” OR DIRECTOR OF THE WORK GANG<br />
  10. 10. PLANTATION LIFE<br />FREDERICK DOUGLASS<br />ROSE FROM SLAVERY TO BECOME A PROMINENT LEADER OF THE ANTI-SLAVE MOVEMENT<br />“MY NATURAL ELASTICITY WAS CRUSHED; MY INTELLECT LANGUISHED; THE DISPOSITION TO READ DEPARTED; THE CHEERFUL SPARK THAT LINGERED ABOUT MY EYE DIED; THE DARK NIGHT OF SLAVERY DESCENDED UPON ME, AND BEHOLD A MAN TRANSFORMED TO A BRUTE”<br />
  11. 11. ENSLAVED WOMEN AND CHIDLREN<br />WOMEN SERVED AS MAIDS, NANNIES OR COOKS<br />OLDER WOMEN CARED FOR THE BABIES OF OTHER ENSLAVED WOMEN<br />CHILDREN<br />OFTEN PLAYED WITH PLANTATION OWNERS CHILDREN UNTIL THEY WERE OLD ENOUGH TO WORK<br />
  12. 12. FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS<br />BY 1850, 225,000 FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS LIVED IN THE SOUTH<br />SOME WERE DESCENDANTS OF INDENTURED SERVANTS<br />SOME EARNED FREEDOM IN REVOLUTIONARY WAR<br />SOME WHERE HALF WHITE CHILDREN OF SLAVE OWNERS<br />SOME HAD BEEN FREED BY THEIR OWNERS<br />
  13. 13. FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS<br />SOME BECAME SLAVEHOLDERS<br />CECEE MCCARTY (OWNED 32 SLAVES)<br />FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS COULD ORGANIZE THEIR OWN CHURCHES, VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS, AND PUBLISH NEWSPAPERS.<br />JAMES FORTEN<br />STARTED AS AN EXPLOSIVE HANDLER ON SHIPS<br />EVENTUALLY OWNED A SAIL FACTORY AND HAD 40 WORKERS<br />
  14. 14. COPING WITH ENSLAVEMENT<br />AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE<br />SONGS USED TO GET THROUGH WORKDAYS<br />SONGS ALSO PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN RELIGION<br />RELIGIOUS SERVICES CENTERED AROUND THEIR DREAMS OF FREEDOM OR A BETTER LIFE IN THE NEXT WORLD.<br />
  15. 15. RESISTANCE AND REBELLION<br />MANY SLAVES FOUND WAYS TO OPPOSE SLAVERY<br />WORK SLOWDOES, BROKE TOOLS, SET FIRES<br />GABRIEL PROSSER (1800)<br />PLANNED TO CAPTURE RICHMOND, KILL WHITES AND ESTABLISH AN AFRICAN AMERICAN NATION<br />WAS EXPOSED AND LATER HUNG<br />
  16. 16. RESISTANCE & REBELLION<br />DENMARK VESEY (1822)<br />WOODWORKER IN CHARLESTON<br />ACCUSED OF PLANNING AN ARMED REVOLT OF SLAVES<br />NAT TURNER (1831)<br />BELIEVED THAT GOD CHOSE HIM TO FREE PPL<br />KILLED 50 WHITE PPL <br />

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