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PALEGEOGRAPHY AND PALEOZOIC
STRATIGRAPHY OF YEMEN
By:
Abdullah Alqubalee
g201304210@kfupm.edu.sa
KFUPM
Earth Science ...
-142
Outline
• Arabian Plate Paleogeography
• Arabian Plate Paleo-climate
• Major Paleozoic tectonic events on the Arabian...
-143
Compiled by (Johnson, 1998)
West Gondwana
East Gondwana
-144
Compiled by (Johnson, 1998)
-145
Compiled by (Johnson, 1998)
-146
Arabian Plate Paleo-climate
Paleo-Plate Positions
EarlyPalaeozoic
E-W
Late Precambrian
1st Glaciation, N-AP 2nd Glaci...
-147 (Haq & Al-Qahtani, 2005)
Major Paleozoic tectonic events on the Arabian Plate
-149
Basins of Yemen
(As-Saruri et al., 2010)
-1410
Paleozoic Stratigraphy of Yemen
(As-Saruri et al., 2010)
-1411
Formation Wajid Akbarah
Age Cambrian-
Carboniferous?
?Lower Permian
Lithology Mainly Sandstone (Glacial Deposits)
En...
-1412
Formation Dibsiyah Qalibah Khusayyayn Juwayl
Age Cambrian-
Ordovician
Silurian Devonian-
Carboniferous
Upper Carb.
-...
-1413
Conclusion
• Yemen is a part of Arabian plate which was a part of Gondwana.
• Yemen was affected by the second glaci...
-1414
Thank you for listening
Yemen- Jabal an-Nabi Shu'aib, 3670m
15° 16′ 45″ N, 43° 58′ 33″ E
-1415
References
• As-Saruri, M. A., Sorkhabi, R., & Baraba, R. (2013). Sedimentary basins of Yemen: their
tectonic develo...
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PALEGEOGRAPHY AND PALEOZOIC STRATIGRAPHY OF YEMEN

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PALEGEOGRAPHY AND PALEOZOIC STRATIGRAPHY OF YEMEN

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PALEGEOGRAPHY AND PALEOZOIC STRATIGRAPHY OF YEMEN

  1. 1. -141 PALEGEOGRAPHY AND PALEOZOIC STRATIGRAPHY OF YEMEN By: Abdullah Alqubalee g201304210@kfupm.edu.sa KFUPM Earth Science Department Feb. 03, 2015
  2. 2. -142 Outline • Arabian Plate Paleogeography • Arabian Plate Paleo-climate • Major Paleozoic tectonic events on the Arabian Plate • Paleozoic Basins of Yemen • Paleozoic Stratigraphy of Yemen
  3. 3. -143 Compiled by (Johnson, 1998) West Gondwana East Gondwana
  4. 4. -144 Compiled by (Johnson, 1998)
  5. 5. -145 Compiled by (Johnson, 1998)
  6. 6. -146 Arabian Plate Paleo-climate Paleo-Plate Positions EarlyPalaeozoic E-W Late Precambrian 1st Glaciation, N-AP 2nd Glaciation, S-AP Silurian-Late Carboniferous Modified after Konert et.al, 2001
  7. 7. -147 (Haq & Al-Qahtani, 2005) Major Paleozoic tectonic events on the Arabian Plate
  8. 8. -149 Basins of Yemen (As-Saruri et al., 2010)
  9. 9. -1410 Paleozoic Stratigraphy of Yemen (As-Saruri et al., 2010)
  10. 10. -1411 Formation Wajid Akbarah Age Cambrian- Carboniferous? ?Lower Permian Lithology Mainly Sandstone (Glacial Deposits) Environment Fluvial Glacial Similar deposits in South Arabia SW Saudi Arabia: Wajid Sandstone Oman : Alkhalata and Gharif formation Saudi Arabia: Juwayl Member of Wajid Sandstone and Unayzah formation Outcrop Location NW of Sana’a Basin NW of Sana’a Basin Lower contact Uncon. With basement Uncon. With Wajid or Basement. Upper contact Uncon. With Akbarah or or Mesozoic Sediments Uncon. With Mesozoic Sediments (Beydoun, 1998) PaleozoicStratigraphy ofYemen Surface section - North of Yemen Base-Top
  11. 11. -1412 Formation Dibsiyah Qalibah Khusayyayn Juwayl Age Cambrian- Ordovician Silurian Devonian- Carboniferous Upper Carb. - Lower Perm. Lithology Sst, mic-congl, congl, thin Sh interbeds Lower : Qusibah Sh Upper: Sharorah Sd, Slst. Sandstone Samdstone/ Sandy shale / (Glacial Deposits) Environment Fluvial Cycle of Trans. & regression/ Marine Marginal Marine- shoreface/ Fluvial Glaciofluvial Equivalent FM SW Saudi Arabia: Dibsiyah lower part of Wajid Saudi Arabia: Qalibah Gr (Qusibah Fm & Sharorah Fm) Saudi Arabia: Huj Gr. (Tawil, Jawf, Jubah) and Berwath Fm. N Yemen: Akbarah Fm C & N Saudi Arabia: Unayzah Fm PaleozoicStratigraphy ofYemen Subsurface Section- Rub’ Al-Khali (Southern Flank) Base-Top (Beydoun, 1998)
  12. 12. -1413 Conclusion • Yemen is a part of Arabian plate which was a part of Gondwana. • Yemen was affected by the second glaciation on AP, Late Permian. • Wajid and Akbarah FM are only the exposed Paleozoic formations located in Sana’a Basin. • Subsurface Paleozoic formations appeared in the Rub’ Al-Khali Basins include: Dibsiyah, Qalibah, Khusayyayn and Juwayl FMs. • Glacial deposits of late Permian occurred in Akbarah FM, Sana’a Basin, and Jwayal FM in the Rub’ Al-Khali Basin. • Qalibah and Khusayyayn FMs were deposited in marginal marine/marine environment.
  13. 13. -1414 Thank you for listening Yemen- Jabal an-Nabi Shu'aib, 3670m 15° 16′ 45″ N, 43° 58′ 33″ E
  14. 14. -1415 References • As-Saruri, M. A., Sorkhabi, R., & Baraba, R. (2013). Sedimentary basins of Yemen: their tectonic development and lithostratigraphic cover. In Lithosphere Dynamics and Sedimentary Basins: The Arabian Plate and Analogues (pp. 361-373). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. • Beydoun, Z. R. (1998). International lexicon of stratigraphy. Vol. 3. Asia: Fasc. 10b2. Republic of Yemen. Internat. Union of Geological Sciences, Internat. Commission on Stratigraphy. • Johnson, P.S.(1998) Tectonic map of Saudi Arabia and adjacent areas. Deputy Ministry for Mineral Resources. • Konert, G., Afifi, A. M., Al-Hajri, S. A., De Groot, K., Al Naim, A. A., & Droste, H. J. (2001). AAPG Memoir 74, Chapter 24: Paleozoic Stratigraphy and Hydrocarbon Habitat of the Arabian Plate. • Haq, B. U., & Al-Qahtani, A. M. (2005). Phanerozoic cycles of sea-level change on the Arabian Platform. GeoArabia, 10(2), 127-160.

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