España

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España

  1. 1. SPAIN
  2. 2. Basic information Madrid – capital city Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy 1986 - EU accesion; 2002 - Euro zone; in 2010 assumed a rotatingpresidency in EU Spain is the fourth largest European country in terms of area Spain has a population of 44.7 million inhabitants, which is expectedto reach 50 million by 2020 3 other languages are co-officials: Catalan, Basque, Galician Second largest inflow of tourists annually
  3. 3. Monarchy One of 7 monarchies in EU Juan Carlos I constitutional monarchy (1978) symbol of Spains enduring unity and permanence king serves as the head-of- state and commander-in- chief of the Spanish Armed Forces
  4. 4. Legislative branch Bicameral parliament (Cortes Generales)  Congress of Deputies - 350 members (elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation)  Senate - 259 seats (208 are directly elected by popular vote and the other 51 appointed by the regional legislatures)  Four-year terms
  5. 5. Political parties  Multi-party system with two dominant partiesParty Ideology Results Seats (2008)Spanish Socialists Social liberalism, Third Way, social 43.87% 169Workers Party progressivism, centre-left(PSOE)Peoples Party (PP) Conservatism, liberal conservatism, 39.94% 154 Christian democracy, neoliberalismConvergence and Union Catalan nationalism, conservatism, 3.03% 10(CiU) liberal conservatism, Christian democracyBasque Nationalist Basque nationalism, conservatism, 1.19% 6Party (PNV) liberal conservatism, Christian
  6. 6. Executive branch Council of Ministers presided over by Prime Minister (gender equality ratio) nominated and appointed by the monarch; confirmed by the Congress of Deputies following legislative elections
  7. 7. Cohesion country  Spain between 1995 and 2007 narrowed the gap with the rest of EU-27 in terms of gross (has reached 106.8% of the EU average GDP per head)  Successes: 1 200 km of new roads and motorways; 850 km of Spanish high-speed rail network; support for 377 000 people in terms of social/economic activities; renovation of 2 000 km of water pipelines and construction of 600 km of new pipelines; an investment of around €4 billion on R&D and innovation  Beneficiary of EU Solidarity Fund (2002)
  8. 8. State of Autonomies 17 Autonomous Communities and two Autonomous Cities (each with its own parliament and government) The Autonomous Communities are sub- divided into 50 provinces
  9. 9. Terrorism ETA - an armed Basque  Madrid 2004 – train nationalist and separatist bombings; 191 people organization, founded in killed (3 days before 1959 general elections) in 2010 ETA offered an indefinate ceasefire

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