In this context, we will be discussing
1. 3 Main Races in Malaysia and corresponding cultures.
2. Other races of small composition and corresponding
What are the topics we
will be discussing?
1st Main Race in
The Malays (or Melayu)
• Almost all Malays are of Islam
• They pray for up to 5 times a day
so to always remember God, to
always worship God and to be pure.
Malays’ Great Festival
1. Hari Raya Puasa or Hari Raya
Hari Raya Puasa or Ramadan is a festival where
Malays show their gratitude to their God (Allah). The
festival is celebrated in the ninth month of Islamic lunar
calendar. A month before the 1st day of Hari Raya Puasa,
Malays will start their 1-month fasting, which is they are
not allowed to have food and drink from dawn to sunset.
It’s rude if we try to interrupt the fasting “purposely” by
asking them to eat or drink during the fasting period.
So, after 1-month of fasting, on Hari Raya Puasa, what do they
Asking forgiveness from the elders,
visiting friends and relatives. They ask for
forgiveness from their parents, friends
and relatives for the wrongs they have
committed in the past year.
In the morning, a visit is made to the
mosque and a large-scale prayer is
conducted. The prayer is done
to celebrate the end of the month-long
Giving of “Duit Raya”. (Duit
Raya means Raya Money in
Malays’ Great Festival
2. Hari Raya Haji
Malays celebrate Hari Raya Haji to
commemorate the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to
sacrifice his son in the name of God. During the festival,
male volunteers congregate in the mosques to offer their
prayers and reflect upon the sermons that are read out.
After performing the customary Hari Raya Haji prayers,
they then sacrifice sheep, goats and cows. This act
symbolises Prophet Ibrahim's readiness to sacrifice his own
flesh and blood. The meat is then packed and distributed
among the Muslim community, especially to families who are
less fortunate. This day also serves as a reminder to share
one’s wealth with the less fortunate.
2ND MAIN RACE IN MALAYSIA
•Most are descendents of Chinese who arrived
between the early and mid twentieth centuries.
• Second largest ethnic group in Malaysia
• Third largest Chinese community in the world
• Four main dialect groupings
CHINESE NEW YEAR
•Celebrated on the first day in
the Chinese calendar
•Known as Lunar New Year Nian
festival in Chinese
•Celebrated for 15 days
-Giving money in red packets
Char Kway Teow
Stir fried noodles which
is famous in Penang
Hokkien Mee (Prawn
Soup noodles which is
famous in Penang.
Yong Tau Foo
Chinese soup dish
with fish balls, tofu.
Bak Kut Teh
Chinese meat bone
soup with herbs
3rd Main Race in Malaysia
• Most of the Indian are Hindu.
• In Malaysia, they commonly speak in Tamil
and also English.
• It’s popularly known as the “Festival of Light”
and is a five day festival.
• Lighting of small clay clays filled with oil signify
the triumph of good over evil.
• Open houses are held where Hindu welcome
fellow friends on different races and religions to
their house for a scrumptious meal.
• One of the biggest Indian festival and it is
celebrated in grand style in the temple.
• One of the most significant rites performed is
the carrying of Kavadi by the devotees for the
purpose of averting a great calamity.
• Indian cuisine has had a strong influence
on traditional Malay cuisine resulting in the
popularities of curries in Malaysia.
• Mamak restaurants refer to eateries owned
and staffed by Indian Muslims. Mamak is
always the venue of choice for Malaysian to
watch live football matches.
• A flat bread that served with “dal” curry.
• It’s affordable and extremely popular in
• Various improvements on plain roti have
been devised to suit Malaysians.
- Roti telur
- Roti cheese
- Roti planta
- Roti pisang
- Roti tissue
• Nasi Kandar is a popular northem Malaysian
dish which originates from Penang.
• It is a meal of steamed rice which can be plain or
mildly flavoured and served with a variety of
curries and side dishes such as fried chicken,
cubed beef, fried squid, lady finger and etc.