Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?

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Who Was To Blame For The Cold War?

  1. 2. “ Truman has Stalin exactly where he wants him following the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949.” How far do you agree with the statement? [5 marks]
  2. 3. “ Truman has Stalin exactly where he wants him following the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949.” How far do you agree with the statement? Level 1 [ 1 mark ] Describes what is happening in the cartoon – i.e. the chess pieces relate to events post WW2 Level 2 [ 2-3 marks] Agrees or Disagrees with the statement, making reference to the check mate move of the NATO signing by Truman Level 3 [4-5 marks] Balanced answer. Yes, Truman does have Stalin in check-mate, but we know that Stalin can fight back with the Warsaw Pact. Makes reference to the cartoon and places in historical context. HK – Levels 2-3 + 1 mark For detail on NATO signing i.e. Date, countries involved etc
  3. 4. Who was to blame for the Cold War ?
  4. 5. Your task: You will be assigned to a group to study a view point as to who, if anyone , was responsible for the Cold War. The objective is to reflect on the content covered so far, about the Cold War and form a balanced argument .
  5. 6. Rules for the activity. Phase 1 <ul><li>In phase 1 talk only to those in your group. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the Ben Walsh books for the information you’ll need - pages 318 – 335. </li></ul><ul><li>You must collectively come up with 5 facts or pieces of information that support your verdict. </li></ul><ul><li>These 5 facts will then need to be written on the sugar paper given to you by your teacher </li></ul><ul><li>You will get 20 minutes to complete phase 1. </li></ul><ul><li>You are working as a team – this should be a collective effort . ‘NATO style’. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Phase 1. The USA was most to blame. Group 1
  7. 8. Phase 1. The USSR was most to blame. Group 2
  8. 9. Phase 1. Both sides were equally to blame. Group 3
  9. 10. Phase 1. No one was to blame. The Cold War was inevitable. Group 4
  10. 11. Instructions for Phase 2. <ul><li>Using the personal handout sheet ,given to you by the teacher, fill in neatly the verdict section you and your team have been working on. </li></ul><ul><li>i.e. copy out the 5 facts or pieces of information onto your own sheet – you will need this for phase 3. It must be clear and concise. </li></ul><ul><li>You should now be an expert on one of the key verdicts – you are now about to share your knowledge with others. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Instructions for Phase 3. <ul><li>You are now going to re-organise yourselves into different groups. </li></ul><ul><li>These groups should have only 4 people in them. </li></ul><ul><li>They should include: </li></ul><ul><li>1 person from the group that thought the USA was most to blame. </li></ul><ul><li>1 person from the group that thought the USSR was most to blame. </li></ul><ul><li>1 person from the group that thought both sides were equally to blame. </li></ul><ul><li>1 person from the group that thought no one was to blame. </li></ul><ul><li>Each of these new groups must consist of one person from each of the phase 1 groups. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Instructions for Phase 3. <ul><li>Now you must take it in turns to feed back your information to others in your new groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Only one person should be speaking at a time as the other 3 will be filling in their personal info sheet. </li></ul><ul><li>Speak clearly and slowly explaining any points of pieces of information about your verdict. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of this phase everyone should have 4 x 5 pieces of information or facts on their personal verdict sheet. </li></ul><ul><li>You have 20 minutes for this phase. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Instructions for Phase 4. <ul><li>Return the room to normal. </li></ul><ul><li>Return to your desk making sure you have the sheet you’ve been working on. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Timed essay time. <ul><li>Mark scheme. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 – unsupported assertions. E.g. I agree with the statement because the Americans didn’t like the USSR and hated Communism. (1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 – Explains why either the Americans were to blame or were not to blame. (3-4) </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 – Explains why the Americans were to blame but also explains other areas where blame could be laid. (5-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4 – same as for level 3 but with a supported conclusion that considers how far the statement is accurate. (9-10) </li></ul>“ The Americans were wholly to blame for the Cold War”. To what extent do you think this is an accurate statement? 45 mins
  15. 16. Who was to blame for the Cold War starting? No one was to blame. The Cold War was inevitable. Both sides were equally to blame. The USSR was most to blame. The USA was most to blame.
  16. 17. Timed essay time. <ul><li>Mark scheme. </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1 – unsupported assertions. E.g. I agree with the statement because the Americans didn’t like the USSR and hated Communism. (1-2) </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2 – Explains why either the Americans were to blame or were not to blame. (3-4) </li></ul><ul><li>Level 3 – Explains why the Americans were to blame but also explains other areas where blame could be laid. (5-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Level 4 – same as for level 3 but with a supported conclusion that considers how far the statement is accurate. (9-10) </li></ul>“ The Americans were wholly to blame for the Cold War”. To what extent do you think this is an accurate statement?

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