Stalingrad [Enemy at the Gates]


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Stalingrad [Enemy at the Gates]

  1. 1. Stalingrad. A turning point in WW2?
  2. 2. Lesson objectives: <ul><li>To empathise with a Russian Soldier about to enter the City of Stalingrad. </li></ul><ul><li>To think about the battle being a turning point in World War 2. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Turning points FA Cup action over the weekend. A turning point is quite simply the moment when something happens that alters/effects the end outcome. Portsmouth player Sulley Muntari scored the winner from the spot with 12 minutes left after Milan Baros was tripped by United's substitute keeper Tomasz Kuszczak. Kuszczak, who replaced Edwin van der Sar at half-time, was sent off and Rio Ferdinand took over in goal. United had gone close to scoring, when Michael Carrick had a shot cleared off the line. The United full back, Patrice Evra also hit the post. The surprise win took Portsmouth back to Wembley, for the first time since 1942, for the semi-finals and ended United's hopes of winning the trophy. Paul Scholes, Carlos Tevez and Owen Hargreaves all returned to United's starting line-up after the Champions League victory over Lyon - and they met a well-organised Portsmouth midfield. United were understandably furious after six minutes when Cristiano Ronaldo was clearly knocked over by Distin as he raced into the penalty area, but the referee ignored the claims for a penalty. United missed a glorious chance to score after 18 minutes when Tevez and Wayne Rooney led a counter-attack, but the England striker was blocked by defender Sol Campbell. It had been a very good first half for Portsmouth, but United had a problem at half time when Van Der Sar was substituted because he was injured. He was replaced by Kuszczak. On 57 minutes Portsmouth almost went behind when Ronaldo hit a low shot only inches wide. United were taking control, and shot after shot were fired at Portsmouth’s goal only for the ball to be beaten away. Ferguson made a double change after 67 minutes, sending on Anderson and Carrick for Tevez and Hargreaves. United were turning up the heat, with James (portsmouth goalkeeper) stretching to make a superb save from Evra, turning his shot on to the post. After surviving a second-half siege, Portsmouth broke out to take the lead in remarkable style. Kranjcar broke down the right wing and played a ball to Baros, who was tripped by Kuszczak. The United keeper was sent off. Ferdinand went in goal as replacement, but he stood no chance as Muntari blasted the ball past him into the net. Starter task - Using the highlighter provided – highlight all the bits of the match that were turning points.
  4. 4. Enemy At The Gates – interpretation of war in Russia. <ul><li>Director’s input: </li></ul><ul><li>How does the Director try to give the feeling of suspense and tension at the start? </li></ul><ul><li>2) How does the director let us know that Russia is a cold country? </li></ul>3) Feelings of the Russian soldiers: Think of a thought that could be going through the minds of the soldiers, on the train, as they go to war. 4) How are the Russian soldiers treated as the train comes to a stop and they are told to get off? (remember these are their own men. 5) Why do the Russian officers threaten to shoot their own men? 6) Describe the scene as the Russian soldiers get off the boat and into the city of Stalingrad. After retreat. 7) What would you like to say to the officer in charge if you were the Jude Law character at that moment in time? <ul><li>8) Propaganda was often used to try to keep the spirits of soldiers high. Think up 3 propaganda headlines that could go on the top of a leaflet that would be given to all Russian soldiers. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Russians now have the answer to all of Germany’s questions”. </li></ul><ul><li>> </li></ul><ul><li>> </li></ul><ul><li>> </li></ul>
  5. 6. Enemy At The Gates. <ul><li>You’ve all just watched an interpretation of the fighting in the City of Stalingrad during WW2. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think we should be a little wary of basing everything we know, about this battle, on one piece of evidence? </li></ul>
  6. 7. Stalingrad. <ul><li>Until this battle, which lasted 8 months, the Germans had won every battle they’d fought in. </li></ul><ul><li>After this battle they didn’t win another – 3 years later the war would be won and Hitler would be dead. </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans lost ½ million men fighting for this one city alone. The Russians lost over 1million men. </li></ul><ul><li>The City of Stalingrad was completely destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>If Hitler had won this battle he may have reached the oil fields in Southern Europe – this would have helped his war effort. </li></ul><ul><li>The battle was a crushing blow for the Germans but a massive boost for Britain, America and of course Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Are we correct in calling this battle a Turning Point in World War 2? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain your answer with evidence. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Stalingrad.
  8. 9. Task 2 <ul><li>With the person next to you you will produce a news reel interview. </li></ul><ul><li>This will last about 3 minutes in total. </li></ul><ul><li>One of you will take on the role of a Russian soldier (Jude Law character) who has been fighting in Stalingrad for about one month. </li></ul><ul><li>The other person will need to think up questions in an interview style format to ask the Russian soldier. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the guidance sheet for ideas. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Task 2 L.Ab. <ul><li>You will now produce a news reel or report about what fighting is like in Stalingrad.. </li></ul><ul><li>This will last about 3 minutes in total. </li></ul><ul><li>You will need to take on the role of a news reporter working for the BBC that has been sent to Stalingrad to report on the fighting that is taking place. </li></ul><ul><li>Include the following things in your broadcast: </li></ul><ul><li>Explain what and who is fighting at Stalingrad. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain what Russian soldiers have to do each day. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain what the brutal fighting is like. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how your own officers seem not to care if there own men die. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain what the place smells like. </li></ul><ul><li>What sounds you can hear all around you. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the atmosphere and morale of the soldiers like? Etc </li></ul><ul><li>Your newsreel or report needs to be packed with information – make sure it is accurate and not silly and make sure that it lasts about 3 minutes. </li></ul>
  10. 11. homework <ul><li>Find out why the Japanese decided to attack the Americans at Pearl Harbour. </li></ul>