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Urban Search And Rescue ( U& S


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Urban Search And Rescue ( U& S

  1. 1. Urban search-and-rescue (US&R <ul><li>Urban search-and-rescue (US&R) involves the location, rescue (extrication), and initial medical stabilization of victims trapped in confined spaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Urban search-and-rescue is considered a &quot;multi-hazard&quot; discipline, </li></ul>
  2. 2. Urban search-and-rescue (US&R <ul><li>US&R task force, every US&R task force, there are 62 positions, four canines, and a comprehensive equipment cache </li></ul><ul><li>US&R task force members work in four areas of specialization: Search; rescue; technical, medical, </li></ul><ul><li>Totally self-sufficient for the first 72 hours of operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Full equipment cache to support the task force's operations </li></ul>
  3. 3. USAR operation The three phases of a USAR operation Sizeup ,, Search Rescue
  4. 4. STRATEGIC CONSIDERATIONS <ul><li>Rescue Team Composition, Personnel Deployment, Task Force Equipment Cache, Rescue Site Management, Rescue Site Communications ,Non-Task Force Resource Requests </li></ul>
  5. 5. COMPOSITION AND FUNCTIONS <ul><li>Task forces are structured to safely operate on the scene for up to 10 days </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul><ul><li>Composition: Task Force Leader Safety Officer Planning Search Manager Rescue Manager Logistics Medical Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Functions: Provides overall management and coordination of task force operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Search ,Rescue, Medical, Planning, Logistics (Composition, Functions) </li></ul>
  6. 6. CAPABILITIES <ul><li>Capable of round-the-clock search and rescue operations (two 12-hour shifts). </li></ul><ul><li>Capable of search and rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Capable of operating equipment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Transportation <ul><li>Transportation, Communications </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles/aircraft needed for the movement of the task force and cache </li></ul><ul><li>Medical transport required for extricated victims </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuation required for any injured task force member. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Communications <ul><li>The task force's radios are set to frequency </li></ul><ul><li>It would be advantageous to provide the task force with a radio from the host jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting requirements need to be identified (how/when) </li></ul><ul><li>Secure communications with the medical transport and to member evacuation systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Initial strategic/tactical briefing </li></ul><ul><li>If available, copies of past/current/future Incident Action Plans should be provided </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic/tactical assignment clearly identified for the task force. </li></ul><ul><li>Media considerations </li></ul>
  9. 9. SAR Operation <ul><li>Preparedness Phase </li></ul><ul><li>to include the use of cranes and other heavy equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Support Services </li></ul><ul><li>Activation Phase </li></ul><ul><li>In Transit Phase ( Arrival at the Assigned Locality/Jurisdiction) </li></ul><ul><li>Operations Phase </li></ul><ul><li>Composition </li></ul><ul><li>____-person tactical unit for search and rescue operations </li></ul>
  10. 10. Search, <ul><li>search strategy </li></ul><ul><li>search plan </li></ul><ul><li>search operations, </li></ul><ul><li>buddy system or two-in, two-out system </li></ul><ul><li>Initial search, </li></ul><ul><li>Main search </li></ul>
  11. 11. Rescue <ul><li>Rescue operations follow search operations, </li></ul><ul><li>4/6-person rescue squads </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue operations are conducted under the five phases, </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue Strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>Rescue plan </li></ul><ul><li>The triage system </li></ul>
  12. 12. Equipment <ul><li>Electric hammer-drills, preferably battery-operated. If not, a small electric generator, fuel, and cord are required. </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic viewing equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic listening devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Atmospheric monitoring equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Marking materials (orange spray paint/surveyors tape and fire line tape, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Alerting devices (bullhorn for hailing, aerosol horns for emergency signaling). </li></ul><ul><li>Medical gear (physician or paramedic backpack). </li></ul><ul><li>Personal gear (safety equipment, food, water, etc., for each person). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Marking Systems <ul><li>Common identification system: </li></ul><ul><li>Marking. </li></ul><ul><li>Signaling. </li></ul><ul><li>Structure Assessment: </li></ul><ul><li>Go/no go. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Security, <ul><li>Team Management should ensure that: </li></ul><ul><li>The security function is assigned. </li></ul><ul><li>General and specific security issues are identified and included in the initial Team briefing. </li></ul><ul><li>Security procedures are in place for all equipment (personal and team). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Safety <ul><li>The Team Management should ensure that: </li></ul><ul><li>The safety function is assigned. </li></ul><ul><li>General and disaster-specific safety issues are identified and included in the initial Team briefing. </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental conditions at the disaster area are identified </li></ul>
  16. 16. thanks <ul><li>M Qaddafi </li></ul><ul><li>ARC Allai </li></ul>