Simple Ballast Plan

2,927 views

Published on

Simple Ballast handling information for mariners. For detailed planning see other slide show "Ballast Water Management"

Published in: Education

Simple Ballast Plan

  1. 1. M.V. Nombre Barco Ballast Water Management Plan Refer to IMO Publication Resolution A.868(20) Person Incharge: Chief (Operating) Officer Duties: To ensure proper ballast water management and/or treatment procedures are followed and to maintain applicable records. WATER BALLAST Tanks Sampling Points: Individual Sounding Pipes. Where this does COMPARTMENT Volume m³ Location Frame No. not suffice, Manholes for individual tanks. See Fore Peak Tank 352.20 Center 166-F.E. Vessel Plans for locations. No. 1 WBT 402.30 Center 156-169 No. 3 WBT (P+S) 128.80 P/S 77-94 200 - 100 m³/Hr No. 4 WBT (P+S) 106.90 P/S 55-77 Ballast Pump Capacity: Type: Centrifugal After Peak Tank 248.40 Center A.E-17 TOTAL Volume 1238.60 Objectives 1. Minimize risk of introducing harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens & associated sediment from ship's ballast water. 2. Awareness of risk to environment and possibility of contamination due to discharge of ballast water. 3. Training and education in management and treatment and maintenance of appropriate records. 4. Safe, effective procedures for Ballast operations and facilitate environmentally safe disposal of ballast tank sediments. Guidelines Precautionary Practices- 1. Minimize Uptake in- a. Areas known to contain potentially harmful organisms, sediment or pathogens. b. In darkness when bottom-dwelling organisms tend to rise. c. In shallow waters where propellers or strong currents may stir up sediment. 2. Routine cleaning of ballast tanks to remove sediments should be carried out when possible. 3. Avoid unnecessary discharge of Ballast water in ports. Plan ahead. Ballast Water Exchange: 1. Where possible, exchange of ballast water should take place in deep water, open ocean as far as possible from shore. 2. Where above is not possible, requirements developed in regional agreements may be in operation - take note. 3. When flow through method is used, minimum three times the tank volume should be pumped through the tank. 4. When sequential method of exchange is used, all old ballast water should be pumped out until suction is lost. 5. When ballast exchange is not possible, follow other ballast exchange options approved by the state. 6. Keep Ballast Water Exchange Form ready for Port State Authority [Appendix I of IMO Res A.868(20)]. Method: 1. Sequential Exchange Method: Ballast tanks are pumped out and refilled with clean water. See safety below. 2. Flow-through Method: Ballast tanks are simultaneously filled and discharged by pumping in clean water. In this method the tank is over flowed through air pipes and is not recommended on this vessel. 3. Discharge to reception facilities: May be provided by port State and where appropriate can be utilized. 4. New Technology treatments: Filtration, UV disinfecting, chemical or other acceptable treatments. Safety Considerations During Ballast exchange at sea, following should be taken into account- 1. Stability – Keep in mind free surface created during exchange operations. 2. Shear forces, Bending Moments – Permissible seagoing strength limits should never be exceeded. 3. Draft – Minimum, maximum drafts and associated trim condition will change. 4. Weather – in areas of frequent weather changes, cyclones and in heavy icing conditions take allied precautions. a. Ship has bottom for’d strengthening for a minimum draft of 3.8m when slamming is expected. b. Avoid exchange in freezing weather conditions as air pipes and other openings may be frozen. c. Accretion of ice has additional effect on vessel stability. 5. Avoid over- and under-pressurization of tanks. Monitor exchange with regular soundings. 6. Contingencies such as pump failure, loss of power, deteriorating weather. Recording and Reporting All ballast operations to be recorded in “Ballast Operations log”. 1. 2. Details as required on Ballast reporting form for Port State Authority to be maintained. Check Domestic laws, regulations before visiting Ports – Guide to Port Entry, etc. 3. by Capt. P. Kohli
  2. 2. M.V. Nombre Barco Ballast Water Management Plan Accommodation MV Nombre Fresh Water Fore Aft Engine Room Peak 1 Fore Tank Peak Tank No.1 Tank H.F.O.T. 4 P+S Tanks No. 2 H.F.O Tank 3 Ballast P+S Tanks 166 – F.E. A.E. - 17 56 - 77 77-94 156-169 Frames- 248.40 106.90 128.80 402.30 352.20 Capacity (m³)- (m³) 3 Ballast (P) 4 WBT (P) 2 H.F.O.T. (P) Aft Peak No. 3 H.F.O.T No. 4 H.F.O.T 1 H.F.O.T. 1 Fore Fore Peak Tank Tank Tank 2 H.F.O.T. (S) 4 WBT (S) 3 Ballast (S) by Capt. P. Kohli Modified Sampling of Actual Ballast Management Plan created in 1995

×