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Mericio Akara - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009


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Civil Society Successes and Challenges: Stories from the Ground

Mericio Akara, Luta Hamutuk, Timor-Leste

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Mericio Akara - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009

  1. 1. CSO and EITI Process in Timor Leste? <ul><li>MERICIO AKARA </li></ul><ul><li>Luta Hamutuk Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Timor-Leste </li></ul><ul><li>Publish What You Pay International Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Montreal, November 16-18, 2009 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>EITI Process in Timor Leste? </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges? </li></ul><ul><li>Roles of Civil Society and Successes in Timor-Leste </li></ul><ul><li>Closing remark </li></ul>
  3. 3. Fundamental reasons of Timor Leste joining EITI: <ul><li>Consistent with new country’s commitment to transparency and good governance </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforces Government of Timor-Leste’s recognition of the critical importance of proper, accountable management of petroleum revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforces Government of Timor-Leste’s acknowledgement of the important role civil society plays in this regard </li></ul>
  4. 4. EITI – Timor Leste process? <ul><li>2003 Timor-Leste announces its commitment in first EITI Global Conference in London </li></ul><ul><li>2004-05 Establishment of petroleum regime, incl. Petroleum Fund system </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 06 Gov. announces EITI Coordinators (Member of Government Focal Point and Public Servant Focal Point) </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 07 Gov. invites civil society, industry and government members to form EITI National Working Group </li></ul><ul><li>May 07 First working group meeting, monthly meetings follow </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 07 Gov. presents EITI Work Plan and draft ToR to EITI Secretariat </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 07 Working Group agree ToR and deliver revised work plan to EITI Board </li></ul>
  5. 5. EITI – TL Process? <ul><li>Feb 08 Timor-Leste achieved its status an EITI Candidate Country </li></ul><ul><li>Feb-June 09 agreed on a template for EITI Report (disaggregate template) </li></ul><ul><li>Aug- Oct 09 Preparation of 1 st Timor-Leste EITI Report </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 09-Jan10 Disclosure and dissemination of 1 st Timor-Leste EITI Report </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 09-Mar 10 Preparation for a Validation (to complete by March 2010) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Challenges? <ul><li>EITI is a new issue in Timor Leste </li></ul><ul><li>Only few peoples that has knowledge on EITI </li></ul><ul><li>Oil company not really cooperative at the early stage of EITI (Conoco, ENI and Woodside – main operators) </li></ul><ul><li>Week position of the Timor Leste government in front of oil companies when discussing whether aggregate or disaggregate for the first report </li></ul><ul><li>Time constraint for Civil Society to give more feedback on EITI final report as well as for dissemination process </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of means for dissemination process (ex limited access of telecommunication in Timor Leste) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Civil Society Successes <ul><li>Became an active member of EITI Working Group since the early stage of EITI process in Timor Leste </li></ul><ul><li>Has a strong voice at the EITI working group </li></ul><ul><li>Became a central of Media coverage on EITI issues (it was an asset for media advocacy) </li></ul><ul><li>Strong in international networking via PWYP, RWI, CAFOD in doing advocacy (ex. organizing international pressure such a statement toward oil companies in Timor Leste as regard to the disaggregate report demanding. </li></ul><ul><li>CSO has conducted an international workshop on validation and dissemination process in Timor Leste which in cooperation with RWI, PWYP, EITI Regional Secretariat and the Timor Leste government. </li></ul><ul><li>CSO has more progress in implementing EITI work plan then Government and Oil companies in Timor Leste </li></ul>
  8. 8. Closing: <ul><li>CSO’s roles in Timor Leste was important to guaranty a systematic process of EITI so far </li></ul><ul><li>CSO TL became an important bridge between publics/communities voices and the EITI working group </li></ul><ul><li>Considering EITI Working group as a systematic framework for collaboration between government, industry and civil society </li></ul>
  9. 9. In general: <ul><li>By joining EITI the potential negative impacts of mismanaged revenues can be mitigated, and these revenues can instead become an important engine for long-term economic growth that contributes to sustainable development and poverty reduction in TL </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing EITI in Timor-Leste is in line with Timor-Leste’s commitment in transparency and in managing its oil and gas sector </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to promotes accountability, and; </li></ul><ul><li>EITI has been a model as well as a means for communities and Civil Society to hold government accountable. </li></ul>
  10. 10. A LUTA CONTINUA!!! <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OBRIGADU </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TERIMA KASIH </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>