Marie-Ange Kalenga - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009

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Experiences in Establishing a National PWYP Coalition or Campaign

Important things to consider and steps in establishing a coalition (possibilities for scope, structure, approach, sequencing and prioritization, theme).

Marie-Ange Kalenga, PWYP Africa Coordinator

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  • In Africa, started in 2004 after several coalitions were launched One of the main factors of the PWYP coalition’s expansion IN AFRICA is that it has a powerful, core objective that has complemented existing local priorities among civil society activists. Outreach by PWYP to civil society groups on the ground to encourage and support participation in the coalition has been an enduring high priority since day one. It has supported the creation of national coalitions and localizing the campaign’s objectives and act as an advocate representing the interests of their constituencies, as a partner with government in policy planning and as a watchdog over governments.
  • Le travail en réseau au niveau national représente l’une des manières les plus efficaces de promouvoir la transparence et les objectifs de la campagne PCQVP. Le travail en réseau permet l’apprentissage réciproque, la mise en commun des capacités et de l’information, l’innovation et la spécialisation/participation selon les intérêts et les capacités existantes, renforçant ainsi l’efficacité de la campagne. Les actions mentionnées ci-dessous ne sont pas incontournables dans le lancement des coalitions nationales ou la gestion des coalitions existantes. Elles visent à être des outils de soutien qui s’inspirent des expériences et meilleures pratiques des coalitions africaines déjà en place.
  • Le travail en réseau au niveau national représente l’une des manières les plus efficaces de promouvoir la transparence et les objectifs de la campagne PCQVP. Le travail en réseau permet l’apprentissage réciproque, la mise en commun des capacités et de l’information, l’innovation et la spécialisation/participation selon les intérêts et les capacités existantes, renforçant ainsi l’efficacité de la campagne. Les actions mentionnées ci-dessous ne sont pas incontournables dans le lancement des coalitions nationales ou la gestion des coalitions existantes. Elles visent à être des outils de soutien qui s’inspirent des expériences et meilleures pratiques des coalitions africaines déjà en place.
  • Le travail en réseau au niveau national représente l’une des manières les plus efficaces de promouvoir la transparence et les objectifs de la campagne PCQVP. Le travail en réseau permet l’apprentissage réciproque, la mise en commun des capacités et de l’information, l’innovation et la spécialisation/participation selon les intérêts et les capacités existantes, renforçant ainsi l’efficacité de la campagne. Les actions mentionnées ci-dessous ne sont pas incontournables dans le lancement des coalitions nationales ou la gestion des coalitions existantes. Elles visent à être des outils de soutien qui s’inspirent des expériences et meilleures pratiques des coalitions africaines déjà en place.
  • PWYP promotes and values independence and autonomy of action… as long as national coalitions uphold membership principles i.e : Advocate for the mandatory disclosure of payments on a disaggregated and country-by-country basis; Positively and constructively engage with relevant actors; Provide regular updates on activities, strategies and plans related to the campaign; Proactively (…) promote Publish What You Pay (…) Organizations also agree to be listed on the PWYP website and other campaign materials.
  • Il est important d’éviter la duplication des structures car elle pourrait mener à des conflits au sein de la société civile et affaiblir les efforts de promotion de la transparence. Exemple: NACE en Sierra Leone Consultation workshop in Tanzania pour jauger intérêt pour la campagne. Partage des meilleures pratiques, documents de base. Connection avec les coalitions nationales avancées Soutien dans l’organisation d’un atelier de planification ou de lancement Eviter structures bureaucratiques / Développer des règles de fonctionnement clairs. Dans certains pays à forte SC, manuel de procédure, charte, code de conduite. Promouvoir la transparence et la bonne gestion pour éviter les conflits.
  • PWYP promotes and values independence and autonomy of action… as long as national coalitions uphold membership principles i.e : Advocate for the mandatory disclosure of payments on a disaggregated and country-by-country basis; Positively and constructively engage with relevant actors; Provide regular updates on activities, strategies and plans related to the campaign; Proactively (…) promote Publish What You Pay (…) Organizations also agree to be listed on the PWYP website and other campaign materials.
  • PCQVP est une campagne. Une campagne est « une série d’actions articulées sur une certaine période visant à atteindre un but déterminé, social ou politique ». Il est donc prioritaire de se focaliser sur la définition des activités plutôt que des structures (bureaux, positions etc.). Cela est d’autant plus important si l’on considère qu’uniquement une identification exhaustive des défis et des activités prioritaires dans votre contexte national vous permettra de choisir la structure organisationnelle qui se prête le mieux à vos objectifs. Il est important de définir vos activités de manière structurée et articulée et d’éventuellement utiliser un cadre logique ou un plan de travail détaillé (voir l’Annexe I). Cameroun: plan d’action annuel/ Nigeria: pluriannuel.
  • Action 1: Mise en commun de l’expérience, de l’expertise et des forces vives de la société civile; Action 2: Mise en place d’une coalition nationale fonctionnelle; Action 3: Atteinte d’efficacité et d’efficience dans la mise en œuvre du plan d’actions; Action 4: Obtention des moyens de réalisation du plan d’actions.
  • Marie-Ange Kalenga - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009

    1. 1. Setting up PWYP Coalitions in Africa Best Practices **** Mise en place de Coalitions PCQVP en Afrique Meilleures Pratiques Afrique Africa
    2. 2. Overview 1. Introduction 2. Coalition approach: Why? Where? How? 3. Key steps to follow 4. Success and Challenges 5. Questions for group discussion
    3. 3. Key Facts about PWYP Africa Launched in 2004 Now more than 100 members in about 30 countries/19 affiliated national coalitions Members sign up to general appeal and agree to broad membership principles Work as coalition – both nationally and regionally– to pool together collective strengths, resources, contacts and common objectives under one umbrella PWYP is a campaign, not an organization Regional governance structure: national coalitions, regional coordinator supervised by a management committee, multiyear action plan, regular regional and subregional strategy meetings - emphasis on development of national civil society coalitions to ensure local ownership and independence
    4. 4. Objectives of PWYP Overall Objective of Coalition Approach Mobilize local civil society groups for transparent and accountable management of natural resources for sustainable economic and social development
    5. 5. Benefits of working in a national coalition Campaign rooted in local l Mutual learning context l Sharing of information Internalization of conflict and capacities resolution and l Specialization and minimization of divisions participation according Work in a collective to interest and capacity ultimately increases effectiveness, inclusiveness and voice
    6. 6. PWYP Coalitions Worldwide Indonesia Australia Azerbaijan Role Kazakhstan • ADVOCACY Kyrgyz South-East Asia / Aus Republic • NETWORKING United States Georgia Canada •RESEARCH AND INFORMATION DISSEMINATION America Central Asia Chad, Cameroon Congo Brazzaville •CAPACITY-BUILDING PWYP International DR Congo, Ghana Liberia, Mauritania Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Niger France Guinea, Guinea Europe Africa Bissau, Côte Germany Netherlands d’Ivoire, Mali, Norway Mozambique, United Kingdom Burkina Faso, Zambia, Uganda, Gabon
    7. 7. Chronology ✦ 2003: PCQVP Congo Brazzaville ✦ 2004: PWYP Nigeria, PCQVP/PCQVG Tchad, ✦ 2006: Sierra Leone, Cameroon ✦2006: PCQVP RDC, PWYP Ghana, ROTAB Niger, PWYP Liberia, PCQVP Guinée Conakry, PCQVP Mauritanie ✦ 2008: PCQVP Mali, PCQVP Burkina Faso, PWYP Mozambique, PWYP Uganda ✦ 2009: PWYP Zambia
    8. 8. National coalitions: the basis for action • National coalitions are autonomous, independent and broad base platforms that ensure local ownership and local context are taken into account in campaign objectives • National coalitions need to uphold to PWYP membership principles • Each has own unique structure, organisation, leadership, action plan • Act as an ADVOCATE, PARTNER with government, WATCHDOG over government • Some focus on squarely on EITI monitoring, others on broader PWYP objectives, others on broad public finance transparency and management issues • Work on joint international advocacy activities (EITI, IFIs) facilitated by regional/international PWYP Coordinators • Work closely with INGO partners to facilitate capacity building efforts and support advocacy activities of coalitions and members. Member INGOs play a key support role for local coalitions, limited capacity of PWYP staff (4 people)
    9. 9. Useful steps to follow IDENTIFY & MOBILISE DEFINE STRUCTURE AND GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS RELEVANT COS ACTORS -Avoid creating heavy and bureaucratic structures and think about institutional lAvoid duplicating structures sustainability lMap and sensitize local CSO -Agree on rules and working groups and networks procedures that will guide collaboration lOrganise broad and interaction between members consultation/planning meeting (membership criteria, decision making lSeek support from International process, internal and external communications, financial and regional coordinations/Get management, conflict resolution) advice from more advanced coalitions -Establish protection mechanisms for security of campaigners
    10. 10. Variety of structures - PWYP values independence and autonomy of action - Local groups are free to choose a model that fits their needs and context - Best practices can be shared (PWYP guide on coalition building)
    11. 11. National Coalitions - A unique space for collaboration DEFINE PRIORITIES & FUNDING CLEAR OBJECTIVES - International funding: Osiwa, RWI, -Develop a realistic action Swissaid, CRS, Cafod, Oxfam, IFIs, plan bilaterals -Activities need to bring value added and shouldn’t be a burden for members - National funding: Diplomatic missions, local NGOs, members -Regular evaluation of activities - Sustainable fundraising strategy
    12. 12. Expected Results Sharing of experience and expertise to strengthen members Establishment of a functional national coalition Being efficient and effective in implementing national action plan Secure financial means for implementing national action plan
    13. 13. Success & Challenges PWYP members in 25 resource-rich Financial constraints African and 19 established national coalitions PWYP members are monitoring EITI Capacity-building in each of the 21 implementing countries across Africa Security issues NEITI Bill in Nigeria, LEITI Bill introduced in Liberia Support and input to contract review Misconduct of national coalitions processes in DRC, Liberia, Sierra have negative repercussions on the Leone PWYP label (internal conflicts, internal transparency and Research and advocacy efforts to accountability standards) include budget work Broad based donor/INGO support for PWYP coalitions Diversity of the campaign at regional and international level Mentoring, joined-up advocacy efforts and cross-fertilization across platforms (4 regional meetings and 3 subregional summits to date)
    14. 14. Key questions for group discussion What are the key ingredients for an effective network approach and how does PWYP expand to include new countries with restricted CS? Any other models? How do we ensure an inclusive approach that engages with all relevant actors to avoid reactive engagement and stay ahead at country level? Do we need to update coalition membership principles to ensure that national coalitions approve clear conflict resolution and transparency (Practice What You Preach) norms and procedures?
    15. 15. THANK YOU! MERCI! Marie-Ange Kalenga: mkalenga@mac.com, Mkalenga@cm.caro.crs.org www.publishwhatyoupay.org 15

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