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Marie-Ange Kalenga - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009

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Experiences in Establishing a National PWYP Coalition or Campaign

Important things to consider and steps in establishing a coalition (possibilities for scope, structure, approach, sequencing and prioritization, theme).

Marie-Ange Kalenga, PWYP Africa Coordinator

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Marie-Ange Kalenga - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009

  1. 1. Setting up PWYP Coalitions in Africa Best Practices **** Mise en place de Coalitions PCQVP en Afrique Meilleures Pratiques Afrique Africa
  2. 2. Overview 1. Introduction 2. Coalition approach: Why? Where? How? 3. Key steps to follow 4. Success and Challenges 5. Questions for group discussion
  3. 3. Key Facts about PWYP Africa Launched in 2004 Now more than 100 members in about 30 countries/19 affiliated national coalitions Members sign up to general appeal and agree to broad membership principles Work as coalition – both nationally and regionally– to pool together collective strengths, resources, contacts and common objectives under one umbrella PWYP is a campaign, not an organization Regional governance structure: national coalitions, regional coordinator supervised by a management committee, multiyear action plan, regular regional and subregional strategy meetings - emphasis on development of national civil society coalitions to ensure local ownership and independence
  4. 4. Objectives of PWYP Overall Objective of Coalition Approach Mobilize local civil society groups for transparent and accountable management of natural resources for sustainable economic and social development
  5. 5. Benefits of working in a national coalition Campaign rooted in local l Mutual learning context l Sharing of information Internalization of conflict and capacities resolution and l Specialization and minimization of divisions participation according Work in a collective to interest and capacity ultimately increases effectiveness, inclusiveness and voice
  6. 6. PWYP Coalitions Worldwide Indonesia Australia Azerbaijan Role Kazakhstan • ADVOCACY Kyrgyz South-East Asia / Aus Republic • NETWORKING United States Georgia Canada •RESEARCH AND INFORMATION DISSEMINATION America Central Asia Chad, Cameroon Congo Brazzaville •CAPACITY-BUILDING PWYP International DR Congo, Ghana Liberia, Mauritania Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Niger France Guinea, Guinea Europe Africa Bissau, Côte Germany Netherlands d’Ivoire, Mali, Norway Mozambique, United Kingdom Burkina Faso, Zambia, Uganda, Gabon
  7. 7. Chronology ✦ 2003: PCQVP Congo Brazzaville ✦ 2004: PWYP Nigeria, PCQVP/PCQVG Tchad, ✦ 2006: Sierra Leone, Cameroon ✦2006: PCQVP RDC, PWYP Ghana, ROTAB Niger, PWYP Liberia, PCQVP Guinée Conakry, PCQVP Mauritanie ✦ 2008: PCQVP Mali, PCQVP Burkina Faso, PWYP Mozambique, PWYP Uganda ✦ 2009: PWYP Zambia
  8. 8. National coalitions: the basis for action • National coalitions are autonomous, independent and broad base platforms that ensure local ownership and local context are taken into account in campaign objectives • National coalitions need to uphold to PWYP membership principles • Each has own unique structure, organisation, leadership, action plan • Act as an ADVOCATE, PARTNER with government, WATCHDOG over government • Some focus on squarely on EITI monitoring, others on broader PWYP objectives, others on broad public finance transparency and management issues • Work on joint international advocacy activities (EITI, IFIs) facilitated by regional/international PWYP Coordinators • Work closely with INGO partners to facilitate capacity building efforts and support advocacy activities of coalitions and members. Member INGOs play a key support role for local coalitions, limited capacity of PWYP staff (4 people)
  9. 9. Useful steps to follow IDENTIFY & MOBILISE DEFINE STRUCTURE AND GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS RELEVANT COS ACTORS -Avoid creating heavy and bureaucratic structures and think about institutional lAvoid duplicating structures sustainability lMap and sensitize local CSO -Agree on rules and working groups and networks procedures that will guide collaboration lOrganise broad and interaction between members consultation/planning meeting (membership criteria, decision making lSeek support from International process, internal and external communications, financial and regional coordinations/Get management, conflict resolution) advice from more advanced coalitions -Establish protection mechanisms for security of campaigners
  10. 10. Variety of structures - PWYP values independence and autonomy of action - Local groups are free to choose a model that fits their needs and context - Best practices can be shared (PWYP guide on coalition building)
  11. 11. National Coalitions - A unique space for collaboration DEFINE PRIORITIES & FUNDING CLEAR OBJECTIVES - International funding: Osiwa, RWI, -Develop a realistic action Swissaid, CRS, Cafod, Oxfam, IFIs, plan bilaterals -Activities need to bring value added and shouldn’t be a burden for members - National funding: Diplomatic missions, local NGOs, members -Regular evaluation of activities - Sustainable fundraising strategy
  12. 12. Expected Results Sharing of experience and expertise to strengthen members Establishment of a functional national coalition Being efficient and effective in implementing national action plan Secure financial means for implementing national action plan
  13. 13. Success & Challenges PWYP members in 25 resource-rich Financial constraints African and 19 established national coalitions PWYP members are monitoring EITI Capacity-building in each of the 21 implementing countries across Africa Security issues NEITI Bill in Nigeria, LEITI Bill introduced in Liberia Support and input to contract review Misconduct of national coalitions processes in DRC, Liberia, Sierra have negative repercussions on the Leone PWYP label (internal conflicts, internal transparency and Research and advocacy efforts to accountability standards) include budget work Broad based donor/INGO support for PWYP coalitions Diversity of the campaign at regional and international level Mentoring, joined-up advocacy efforts and cross-fertilization across platforms (4 regional meetings and 3 subregional summits to date)
  14. 14. Key questions for group discussion What are the key ingredients for an effective network approach and how does PWYP expand to include new countries with restricted CS? Any other models? How do we ensure an inclusive approach that engages with all relevant actors to avoid reactive engagement and stay ahead at country level? Do we need to update coalition membership principles to ensure that national coalitions approve clear conflict resolution and transparency (Practice What You Preach) norms and procedures?
  15. 15. THANK YOU! MERCI! Marie-Ange Kalenga: mkalenga@mac.com, Mkalenga@cm.caro.crs.org www.publishwhatyoupay.org 15

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