Marie-Ange Kalenga (2) - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009


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Security of civil society activists and response mechanisms

PWYP Africa regional approach and lessons learned

Marie-Ange Kalenga, PWYP Africa Coordinator

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  • Le travail en réseau au niveau national représente l’une des manières les plus efficaces de promouvoir la transparence et les objectifs de la campagne PCQVP. Le travail en réseau permet l’apprentissage réciproque, la mise en commun des capacités et de l’information, l’innovation et la spécialisation/participation selon les intérêts et les capacités existantes, renforçant ainsi l’efficacité de la campagne. Les actions mentionnées ci-dessous ne sont pas incontournables dans le lancement des coalitions nationales ou la gestion des coalitions existantes. Elles visent à être des outils de soutien qui s’inspirent des expériences et meilleures pratiques des coalitions africaines déjà en place.
  • Marie-Ange Kalenga (2) - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009

    1. 1. Security of Activists: Approach and lessons learned from Africa **** Sécurité des Militants: Approche et meilleures pratiques en Afrique Afrique Africa
    2. 2. Overview 1. Context 2. Response mechanisms 3. Lessons Learned 4. PWYP Africa regional strategy
    3. 3. Context CS campaigners across Africa are exposed to risks and threats because of their work (Congo B., DRC, Niger, Gabon, EG, Angola, Guinea, Nigeria) PWYP members have faced increased harassement and intimidation, including: detention, defamation, travel bans, economic and legal sanctions, etc. Hostile environments: closed political space, repressive NGO laws Unlike other networks, absence of institutionnalised protection strategy
    4. 4. Response mechanisms Reactive mechanisms Preventive mechanisms Analysing trends and indicators Protection monitoring • ad hoc response group Protection focal point and coping • political advocacy and strategies at national level diplomacy • action alerts • media alerts • fact finding missions/fiedl visits • legal assistance • small funds for economic/legal assistance
    5. 5. Lessons learned RESPONDING TO SECURITY INCIDENTS ANTICIPATING SECURITY INCIDENTS Need for consistent and coherent Effective and secure means of communication message across Safe transportation and security for a house or Centralise the information that is being sent, including lobby letters, updates office and briefings The more capacities, the lesser the risk) Assess capacity and time Maintaining a list of nternational networks Identify key pressure points (including UN and regional agencies) that need to Support through experienced networks be provided with advocacy alerts when attacks or a system seem possible or imminent. for joint responses when members are Have emergency contacts (someone who won't attacked be arrested/attacked)? Partner with lawyers' networks Availability of small grant funds for legal and economic assistance
    6. 6. Towards regional protection strategy Limbé 2007: Ad hoc protection committee develops roadmap for regional strategy Abuja 2008: National coalitions review draft strategy and call for its effective implemention
    7. 7. Key elements of the strategy • Establishing criteria and procedures for verifying threats • Establishing permanent protection structures internationally and nationally in high risk countries • Identifying legal expertise nationally and internationally and enter framework agreements with lawyers • Establish a permanent protection fund internationally and nationally in high risk countries • Establish a risk barometer to discern which are the high risk countries
    8. 8. Challenges and way forward Operationalising protection fund Setting up functional protection committee Capacity-building for safe advocacy and self-protection Global PWYP strategy
    9. 9. THANK YOU! MERCI! Marie-Ange Kalenga:, 9