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Henry Parham - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009


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Review of PWYP mission, membership and priorities

Presentation of “Publishing What We Learned” report – historical perspective on PWYP

Henry Parham, The Elders

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Henry Parham - PWYP Montreal Conference 2009

  1. 1. Publishing What We LearnedPresentation by Henry ParhamMontreal, 18 November 2009<br />
  2. 2. G’day!<br />
  3. 3. Who we are<br />Mabel van Oranje<br />Director of OSI Brussels (1997-2003)<br />OSI International Advocacy Director (2003-2008)<br />Involved in setting up the coalition<br />Member of management committee<br />
  4. 4. Who we are<br />Henry Parham<br />International Coordinator of PWYP from 2002 until 2007<br />
  5. 5. Who we are<br />Co-authors of the report “Publishing What We Learned”<br />Both now work for The Elders<br />Mabel, CEO<br />Henry, Policy Officer<br /><br />Not here in Montreal representing The Elders – participating in a personal capacity<br />
  6. 6. What am I going to do<br />Launch “Publishing What We Learned”<br />Provide an historical perspective on PWYP’s development – success factors and challenges<br />Summarise main lessons learned from our assessment of PWYP between 2002-2007 in terms of:<br />Policy and advocacy initiatives<br />Operations<br />Potentially going to tell you things you already know!<br />
  7. 7. What I am not going to do<br />Not going to give you the whole history of PWYP<br />Not going to focus on EITI<br />Not going to discuss any one country<br />Not going to tell you which companies or governments were good guys / bad guys<br />Not going to give you recommendations on PWYP’s current advocacy initiatives and operations<br />
  8. 8. Why we wrote this report<br /><ul><li>At first, we thought it would be like this...</li></ul>...a nice and simple historical record of how PWYP came about, who was involved, etc.<br />
  9. 9. Then it turned into this...<br />
  10. 10. But really...<br />
  11. 11. Why we wrote this report<br />Establishment and evolution of PWYP an interesting story<br />Assessment of PWYP’s achievements and progress at the international level<br />Determine what factors contributed to successful foundation and expansion of PWYP<br />Critical analysis of failures and weaknesses – and how we overcame challenges <br />Provide tool for other civil society movements<br />Nothing like this had been done before within the international NGO community<br />
  12. 12. Why we did not write this report<br />Tell history of EITI – NO<br />Assess PWYP at the country level – NO<br />Boast about PWYP’s achievements – NO<br />Give publicity for any one person or coalition member – NO <br />Tell personal stories – NO <br />Answer every question you might have about the foundation and expansion of PWYP – NO<br />
  13. 13. How we did it<br />Interviewed more than 40 individuals – in person, over the phone and by e-mail:<br />PWYP coalition members (north and south) <br />Extractive company representatives<br />Investors<br />Government officials<br />Consulted PWYP members on drafts<br />Independent editor reviewed text<br />OSI provided financial and technical support<br />PWYP London office provided practical support<br />Authors responsible for content and opinions – not PWYP or OSI<br />
  14. 14. What’s in it (#1)<br /> Foreword by Christian Mounzeo<br />
  15. 15. What’s in it (#2)<br /><ul><li>Historical narrative on the establishment and development of PWYP in the years 2002-2007</li></ul>Basic facts<br />How started and why<br />Reactions to launch of PWYP<br />Achievements and progress made <br />Lead up to the establishment of EITI<br />Role of external stakeholders<br />
  16. 16. What’s in it (#3)<br /> Assessment of PWYP on policy and advocacy endeavours:<br /><ul><li>Objectives and strategy
  17. 17. PWYP’s role in EITI
  18. 18. Campaign for mandatory disclosure
  19. 19. Engagement with companies</li></li></ul><li>Success factors – policy & advocacy<br />Niche issue<br />Persuasive moral argument<br />Credible research gave authenticity to policy asks<br />Clear, limited set of objectives – but adapted/expanded over time when necessary<br />Focused advocacy on where could generate most impact<br />Coalition-building in developing countries prioritised from the start<br />
  20. 20. Success factors – policy & advocacy (continued)<br />Extractive Industries Review, Kimberley Process, etc. provided a wider context about impact of natural resources<br />PWYP members successfully positioned themselves at core of EITI from the start<br />Developed good working relationships with companies, governments, investors, etc.<br />External stakeholders also gave revenue transparency a push<br />
  21. 21. Challenges – policy and advocacy<br />Large investment of time and resources on EITI<br />Lost momentum on mandatory campaign?<br />Tangible results?<br />Not enough information internally/externally on:<br />Strategy to achieve mandatory mechanisms<br />Difference between PWYP and EITI<br />Overlooked contract transparency, banks and export credit agencies for long time<br />Little in-house expertise on technical issues (accounting standards, regulation, etc.)<br />Focused too much on oil companies – less on mining<br />Too nice to companies? Co-opted?<br />
  22. 22. Lessons learned – policy and advocacy<br />Use limited human and financial resources on advocacy initiatives where there is greatest scope for change<br />Don’t take no for an answer from governments and companies!<br />Persistence pays off in taking on mandatory disclosure campaign despite technical, complex nature<br />Training and capacity building for members on advocacy activities is crucial<br />Campaign plans should be developed from the bottom up to the greatest possible extent<br />
  23. 23. What’s in it (#4)<br />Assessment of operational aspects:<br /><ul><li>Roles played by individual coalition members
  24. 24. Organisational structures
  25. 25. Communications
  26. 26. Membership dynamics</li></li></ul><li>Success factors – operational issues<br /><ul><li>Individuals were willing to take risks
  27. 27. George Soros opened doors
  28. 28. Catholic Church gave moral credibility
  29. 29. PWYP capitalised on existing work/research
  30. 30. Coordinator role ‘facilitated’ activities rather than dictated
  31. 31. Loose, ad-hoc nature was useful for a specific period of time
  32. 32. Donors provided resources quickly and reliably to support expansion</li></li></ul><li>Challenges – operational issues<br />Democratic deficit: campaign strategies developed by the few rather than the many<br />No action plan for many years<br />Campaign went too fast for some members<br />Lack of access to information and communications technology among developing country partners<br />Website under-utilised for long time<br />
  33. 33. Challenges – operational issues (continued)<br />Too many e-mails<br />Generally too reliant on English to communicate among members<br />Too few resources at the centre to support media and communications <br />Little thought to how to resolve/prevent disputes within membership<br />Inadequate protection of PWYP ‘brand’<br />Some members not active at all or for specific periods of time<br />Threats to partners<br />
  34. 34. Lessons learned – operational issues<br />Successes should be shared<br />Build on and embrace each other’s strengths<br />Define roles and functions clearly<br />Organise around delivering results<br />Rules and structures should be introduced when necessary – and so long as they are adding value<br />Formal organisational structures should be given time and space to develop – and should be regularly reviewed<br />
  35. 35. Lessons learned – operational issues (continued)<br />Develop procedures to prevent competition for money and power struggles among members<br />Sustainable coalition growth is reliant on sufficient human and financial resources<br />Do not rely on one or too few donors<br />Develop clear strategy for dealing with threats to civil society partners<br />
  36. 36. What’s in it (#5)<br /> Future priorities and challenges – to ensure continued progress and improvement<br /><ul><li>Greater ownership of PWYP at the local level
  37. 37. Organise around developing country partners’ priorities
  38. 38. Maintain focus but keep targets mobile
  39. 39. Balance between widening / deepening coalition
  40. 40. Robust strategy needed to overcome vested business and political interests in lack of transparency
  41. 41. Engage Brazil, India, Russia and China
  42. 42. Regularly review progress and do assessment again
  43. 43. Continue to emphasise moral case: how bad does it have to get? </li></li></ul><li>PWYP has gone from this...<br />
  44. 44. this<br />
  45. 45. As a coalition, PWYP has gone from this...<br />
  46. 46. this<br />
  47. 47. On advocacy, PWYP has gone from this...<br />Hello, is that ExxonMobil?<br />
  48. 48. this<br />
  49. 49. Operationally, from this...<br />
  50. 50. this<br />
  51. 51. Conclusion<br /> The main reason why PWYP has made so much progress and been so successful is because of ...<br />
  52. 52. YOU<br />
  53. 53. VOUS<br />
  54. 54. USTEDES<br />
  55. 55. Good luck and keep in touch!<br /> <br />