Session 4 - Implementing Complete Streets: Lessons Learned


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Session 4 - Implementing Complete Streets: Lessons Learned

  1. 1. Complete Streets Best Practices Barbara McCann
  2. 2. Best Practices Manual <ul><li>Today: </li></ul><ul><li>Change plans & process </li></ul><ul><li>Tackle design </li></ul><ul><li>Be an opportunist </li></ul><ul><li>Measure results </li></ul><ul><li>Empower planners </li></ul>
  3. 3. 4 Implementation steps <ul><li>Changing Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Re-writing Manuals </li></ul><ul><li>New Performance measures </li></ul>
  4. 4. Change plans & process <ul><li>Successful implementation reaches beyond the initial document to include changes to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning codes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subdivision ordinances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manuals </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Much of the training </li></ul><ul><li>needed for successful Complete Streets policies is not in design, but in new procedures. </li></ul>Training As of 01/15/10
  6. 6. Columbus, Ohio <ul><li>Procedural training sessions for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public utilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private developers </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CalTrans Implementation guide
  8. 8. Tackling Design Issues <ul><li>Approaches: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewrite the book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throw out the book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Augment the national standards </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Complete Streets Design Manuals <ul><li>State of Massachusetts Project Development Guide </li></ul><ul><li>Louisville, Kentucky Complete Streets Manual </li></ul><ul><li>Charlotte, NC Urban Street Design Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Sacramento Best Practices Guide </li></ul>
  10. 10. Throw out the book <ul><li>University Place Washington: charettes for every project </li></ul>
  11. 11. Augment National Standards <ul><li>Boulder, CO: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiment with treatments, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tweak standards, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make variances routine </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Twenty years of consistent investment in a has lead to measurable results in Boulder, CO. </li></ul>Boulder Results Transit use is twice the national average. Walking commutes are 3 times the national average. Bicycle commutes are 18 times the national average. 2008 American Community Survey
  13. 13. Measure Results Measure outcomes to build support and learn what is working
  14. 14. Measure Results <ul><li>Before-after road diet studies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New York </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seattle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colorado Springs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charlotte </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charlotte: two-hour congestion analysis, multi-modal LOS </li></ul><ul><li>New York Sustainable Streets measures </li></ul><ul><li>Redmond Mobility Report Card </li></ul>
  15. 15. Redmond Washington
  16. 16. Lesson: Be an Opportunist <ul><li>Be Opportunistic: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess the needs of all users for every project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take every opportunity to make small improvements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Be Incremental: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize a retrofit program around repaving and rehabilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin to plan ahead for larger ‘fixes’ </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Colorado Springs
  18. 18. Cheyenne Blvd. Before Complete Streets through resurfacing: 7-10% of network each year
  19. 19. Cheyenne Blvd. After
  20. 20. Cheyenne Blvd. After <ul><li>Speed (85 th Percentile) </li></ul><ul><li>Posted: 35 mph </li></ul><ul><li>Before: 41 mph </li></ul><ul><li>After: 36-39 mph </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Bridging the Gap Levy 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Streets Ordinance 2007 </li></ul>Seattle’s systematic approach
  22. 22. <ul><li>Internal steering committee </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen oversight committee </li></ul><ul><li>Document analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-departmental project meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic review for street completion </li></ul>Seattle’s systematic approach
  23. 23. Seattle’s Incremental approach <ul><li>Retrofitting during repaving projects & signal changes </li></ul><ul><li>Aligning similar projects to save money </li></ul><ul><li>Tracking projects that have to wait for more funds </li></ul>
  24. 24. Seattle Results <ul><li>Total collisions:  12% </li></ul><ul><li>2006 - 18,676 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 - 16,458 </li></ul><ul><li>Fatalities  50% </li></ul><ul><li>Serious injuries  31% </li></ul><ul><li>2006 - 357 </li></ul><ul><li>2008 - 246 </li></ul>
  25. 25. Lessons in Cost Concerns <ul><li>Seem to fade once policy is adopted </li></ul><ul><li>Are mitigated by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incrementalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoiding retrofit costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Projects provide high value </li></ul><ul><li>Many strategies are inexpensive </li></ul>
  26. 26. Lesson: Inside Advocacy <ul><li>An advocate inside the agency can make all the difference to successful policy implementation, especially in the early stages </li></ul>
  27. 27. Lesson: Empowerment Local policies are successful when they empower planners and engineers to think through creative approaches.
  28. 29. New York City Results 225 new miles of bike lanes, doubled since 2006 Bike Fatalities  54 % from 2008
  29. 30. <ul><li>Resistance fades with success. </li></ul>Final Lessons
  30. 31. Available from: <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>Full-day, interactive, customized workshops with two nationally-known instructors </li></ul><ul><li>Engages planners, engineers, elected officials, community stakeholders, and other decision makers </li></ul><ul><li>Three types of workshops: </li></ul><ul><li>Laying the Foundation for Complete Streets </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Streets Policy Development </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Streets Policy Implementation </li></ul>Complete Streets Workshops For details, contact Linda Tracy at
  32. 33. <ul><li>For more information: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Illustration: AARP Bulletin