Session 63: How the Nashville Area MPO Bike/Ped Study Changed Funding Decisions (part 2 of 2)


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How does a region of 22 municipalities, 3,300 miles of major roadways, and 1.3 million people covering 2,900 square miles determine where to invest in sidewalks, bikeways, and greenways? This session will focus on key successes from middle Tennessee’s first regional bicycle and pedestrian study including a public involvement process that engaged nearly 2,100 participants and the creation of a unique formula-based non-motorized project evaluation process impacting MPO funding.

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Session 63: How the Nashville Area MPO Bike/Ped Study Changed Funding Decisions (part 2 of 2)

  1. 1. Implementation Strategies Master Planning MPO Jurisdiction Bicycle & Pedestrian Master Plan Greenway Master Plan Davidson County Plan Plan Williamson County No No City of Brentwood Plan Plan City of Franklin Plan Plan City of Fairview No No Town of Nolensville No No City of Spring Hill* No No Rutherford County No No City of Murfreesboro Plan Map City of Smyrna Map Map City of LaVergne Plan Plan Wilson County Plan Plan City of Mt. Juliet Plan Plan City of Lebanon Plan Plan Sumner County Plan Plan City of Hendersonville Plan Plan City of Gallatin Plan Plan City of Goodlettsville* No Plan City of Portland Map Map City of White House* No Map City of Millersville No No City of Springfield No No Types •Bicycle & Pedestrian Plans •Greenway Plans •Streetscape Plans Formats •Plan Document •Map •Part of Other Plans * Municipality in Multiple Counties
  2. 2. Implementation Strategies Master Planning Typical Elements •Inventory •Analysis •Recommendations •Standards •Costs
  3. 3. Implementation Strategies Land Development Strategies Types •Subdivision Regulations •Zoning Regulations •Overlay Districts •Comprehensive Plans •Land Use Plans, Subarea Plans •Review Process •School Siting Policies •Street Design Guidelines
  4. 4. Implementation Strategies Accommodation Practices - Sidewalk Requirements MPO Jurisdiction Sidewalk Standard (Dimension/Buffer) Davidson County 5' / 4' Williamson County ‐ City of Brentwood 5' to 6' / Varies 3' City of Franklin 5' / Varies City of Fairview 5' to 6' /  5' Town of Nolensville 5' (Varies) / Varies City of Spring Hill* 4' to 6' / Varies Rutherford County ‐ City of Murfreesboro 5' / Varies City of Smyrna 5' to 6' / 2' City of LaVergne 5' to 6' / Up to 4' Wilson County 4' to 10' City of Mt. Juliet 4' to 6' / 2' City of Lebanon 4' to 5' / 6' Sumner County 4' to 6' / 2' City of Hendersonville 5' to 6' / 5' City of Gallatin 5' to 6' / 5' City of Goodlettsville* 5' / 2' City of Portland 5' to 6' / 5' City of White House* 5' to 6' / 2' City of Millersville 4' to 5' / 2' City of Springfield 4' to 5' / 2' * Municipality in Multiple CountiesLocal Road
  5. 5. Implementation Strategies Accommodation Practices - Sidewalk Requirements Collector Road Sidewalks shall be required along both sides  of all streets identified as collector or  arterial streets in the Major Thoroughfare  Plan – City of Murfreesboro
  6. 6. Implementation Strategies Accommodation Practices - Sidewalk Requirements Arterial Road
  7. 7. Implementation Strategies Accommodation Practices - Bicycle Requirements • Facilities Streets and highways designated as bike routes by the city shall be appropriately marked and  signed by the developer of the subdivision.  Design and construction of off‐street bikeways shall be in accordance with the alignment and  classification denoted on the bike route plan, and  standards set forth in the AASHTO Guide for the  Development of Bicycle Facilities  – City of Brentwood
  8. 8. Implementation Strategies Accommodation Practices - Bicycle Requirements • Parking Developments with surface parking  areas with 50 or more spaces shall  provide bicycle parking facilities – City  of Franklin Cities with Bike Parking Provisions Brentwood, Mt. Juliet, Gallatin, Spring Hill,  and Franklin Provisions are either as a parking bonus  and/or associated with an overlay district  or traditional neighborhood design 
  9. 9. Implementation Strategies Other Provisions • Greenway and Open Space • Connections • Transit • Other Amenities There shall be a requirement to dedicate  right‐of‐way for the development of  greenways, bike paths, or urban trails when  a development occurs along or on an area  which has been indicated in the approved  Greenways Plan for a future greenway, bike  path, or urban trail – Town of Smyrna
  10. 10. Implementation Strategies Land Use Policies Today Prior to Providence Development
  11. 11. Implementation Strategies Land Use Policy & Site Design Prior to Hill Center at Green Hills Today
  12. 12. Implementation Strategies Connections The Planning Commission may require, in order  to facilitate pedestrian access from the roads to  schools, parks, playgrounds, or other nearby  roads, perpetual unobstructed easements at  least twenty (20) feet in width – Sumner County
  13. 13. Implementation Strategies Accommodation Practices • Routine Accommodation Policies • Complete Streets Policies • Road Diets • School Siting
  14. 14. Implementation Strategies Routine Accommodations Policies National Level Policy Statement on Accommodating Bicyclists and Pedestrians  in Transportation Projects – USDOT (2000) Bicycling and walking facilities will be incorporated into all  transportation projects unless exceptional circumstances exist: Prohibited by Law Cost (>20%) Sparsity of Population/Absence of Need Bicycle transportation facilities and pedestrian  walkways shall be considered, where appropriate, in  conjunction with all new construction and  reconstruction of transportation facilities, except  where bicycle and pedestrian use are not permitted ‐ TEA‐21 (1998)
  15. 15. Implementation Strategies Routine Accommodations Policies State Level TDOT will routinely integrate bicycling and walking options into the  transportation system as a means to improve mobility and safety of  non‐motorized traffic. New construction and reconstruction of roadway projects Facilities should anticipate likely future demand  Address the need for cyclists to cross corridors as well  as travel along them Exceptions Prohibited by Law Cost (>20%) Sparsity of Population/Absence of Need Certain Bridge Funded Improvements Conflicts with Local Plans
  16. 16. Implementation Strategies Routine Accommodations Policies Other Practices Roadway Resurfacing Maintenance Activities ‐ Street Sweeping Safety Spot Improvements
  17. 17. Implementation Strategies Complete Streets Safe, Comfortable, & Convenient For All Users •Pedestrians, Cyclists, Transit Riders, & Motorists •All Ages, All Abilities
  18. 18. Implementation Strategies Complete Streets Gateway Blvd - Before
  19. 19. Implementation Strategies Complete Streets Gateway Blvd - Plans
  20. 20. Implementation Strategies Complete Streets Gateway Blvd - After
  21. 21. Implementation Strategies Road Diet Belmont Blvd Prior • 3 Lane Roadway (47-50 feet) • 13,000 ADT Today • 2 Lane Roadway • 5-feet Bike Lanes • 8-feet On-street Parking
  22. 22. Implementation Strategies Road Diet Hillsboro Circle Prior • 4 Lane Roadway (44 feet) • 13,000 ADT Today • 3 Lane Roadway • 14-feet Wide Outside Lane • Signed Bike Route
  23. 23. Implementation Strategies Road Diet Hillsboro Circle Prior •4 Lane Roadway (44 feet) •13,000 ADT Today • 3 Lane Roadway • 14-feet Wide Outside Lane • Signed Bike Route
  24. 24. Implementation Strategies School Siting Impacts • Transportation • Social • Health
  25. 25. Implementation Strategies School Siting- Impact on Mode Split Source: National Highway Transportation Survey Mode of Arrival to School by Children Ages 6-12, 1969 and 2001
  26. 26. Implementation Strategies School Siting - Challenges • Policies on Parcel Size for Schools • Availability of Land • Cost of Land • Auto-Centered Mindset • Autocratic School Boards • True Infrastructure Costs
  27. 27. Implementation Strategies School Siting – Results of Poor Planning • Inadequate, Unsafe Ped/Bike Access • Minimal Walking & Biking • Traffic Congestion • Impacts on Health, Social….. • Overall Higher Costs to Community
  28. 28. Implementation Strategies School Siting – Goals • Plan for All Modes – Ped/Bike Emphasis • Plan Infrastructure (Including Crossing Locations) • Plan Internal Circulation • Change Car Centered Mindset
  29. 29. Implementation Strategies Programs • Safe Routes to School • Bicycle Street Smarts • Law Enforcement Training • PE Bicycle & Pedestrian Training
  30. 30. Implementation Strategies Funding • Traditional • Non-Traditional • TDOT
  31. 31. Regional Symposiums Complete Streets Symposium 2‐Day Workshop National Experts from Complete Streets Coalition Keynote Luncheon – Mayor Floyd, Decatur, GA January 2010 School Siting Symposium  1‐Day Workshop National Experts from EPA and UNC Public Decision Makers and Private Firms January 2010
  32. 32. What We Accomplished: Validation! 2010 Engineering Excellence Grand Award by the  Tennessee Chapter of the American Council of  Engineering Companies  2010 Best Project Award by the Institute of  Transportation Engineers 
  33. 33. Bringing it all together for  New Regional Policy &  Strategies 
  34. 34. Guiding Principles Livability‐ MPO plans and programs shall work to enhance the quality of  life in the region by supporting initiatives that increase opportunities for  affordable housing, education, jobs, recreation, and civic involvement without  increasing the burden on citizens to enjoy their community. Sustainability– MPO plans and programs shall strive to support growth  and prosperity without sacrificing the health, environment, natural and socio‐ cultural resources, or financial stability of this or future generations. Prosperity– MPO plans and programs shall contribute to the continued  economic well‐being of the greater Nashville area by investing in  transportation solutions that increase access to education, jobs, and amenities,  reduce the cost of living and doing business, and attract new investment to the  region. Diversity– MPO plans and programs shall recognize the multitude of  needs and the variety of perspectives and backgrounds of the people that live  and work in the greater Nashville area by promoting a range of transportation  choices that are designed with sensitivity to the desired context.
  35. 35. Regional Goals Maintain and Preserve the Efficiency, Safety, and Security of the  Region’s Existing Transportation Infrastructure; Manage Congestion to Keep People and Goods Moving; Encourage Quality Growth and Sustainable Land Development Practices; Protect the Region’s Health & Environment; Support the Economic Competitiveness of the Greater Nashville Area; Offer Meaningful Transportation Choices for a Diverse Population  including the Aging; Encourage Regional Coordination, Cooperation, & Decision‐Making;  and Practice Thoughtful, Transparent Financial Stewardship by Ensuring  that Transportation Improvements meet Regional Goals.
  36. 36. MPO’s Urban STP Investment Strategy 15% minimum investment in Active Transportation  & Walkable Communities Sidewalks, bicycle lanes, greenways, transit stops,  amenities – MPO BPAC PRIORITIZATION! 10% minimum flexed to Transit Combined with FTA funds to help implement  regional vision for mass transit 5% minimum reserved for stand‐alone ITS/  Incident Management Upgrades Support for smaller projects that make our system  smarter and more efficient
  37. 37. Remainder (approx. 70%) to Location Specific  Roadway Improvements System Preservation & Enhancement – 15% Quality Growth and Sustainable Development – 15% Multi‐Modal Options – 15% Health & Environment – 10% Safety & Security – 10% Freight & Goods Movement – 10% Congestion Management – 10% State & Local Support/ Investment – 15% MPO’s Urban STP Investment Strategy
  38. 38. Roadway Project Candidates
  39. 39. Support for Active Transportation
  40. 40. Key Observations and Next Steps Success Comes in Threes: State, Regional and Local Level Implementation Projects, Policies and Programs Public, Government, Private Sector Next Steps: School Siting Policy Complete Streets Policy Education for Public and Law Enforcement
  41. 41. Livability. Sustainability. Prosperity. Diversity.