Search Research Strategies


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  • Search Research Strategies

    1. 1. The Big6 ™ Skills Search and Research Strategies June 6, 2008
    2. 2. Big6 ™ Skills <ul><li>Task Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Information Seeking Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Location & Access </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>
    3. 3. 1. Task Definition <ul><li>Determining the purpose and need for information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.1 Define the task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.2 Determine the information needed to do the task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. restate task in own words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. work in a group to write questions to be answered about the topic </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. 1. Task Definition <ul><li>1.1 Define the Problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create an information problem based on the content objectives/essential questions for the course </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task definition moves from being informational (do this) to instructional (helping students learn how to define and complete tasks) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1.2 Identify the Information Needed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop questions that the students will need to know in order to complete the task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small group brainstorming can be effective </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. 1. Task Definition <ul><li>Sample Task: </li></ul><ul><li>Your city council wishes to create a museum of the Civil War using artifacts that symbolize the war. They also want to feature the area’s contributions to the war effort. </li></ul><ul><li>What is your task? </li></ul><ul><li>What information do you need? </li></ul><ul><li>How might you guide students through this step? </li></ul>
    6. 6. 2. Information Seeking Strategies <ul><li>Examining alternative approaches to acquiring information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2.1 Brainstorm all possible sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.2 Select best sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. evaluate a web site for relevancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. consider investigation, survey, observation, and interview </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. 2. Information Seeking Strategies <ul><li>2.1 Brainstorm All Possible Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students need to be taught what is available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Book, Encyclopedia, Atlas, Almanac, Magazine, Database, AV Materials, Interview </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2.2 Select the Best Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students need to be taught how match resources to the task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website evaluation is a critical skill </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. 2. Information Seeking Strategies <ul><li>Website Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kathy Schrock’s Guides </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s Wrong with These Sites? </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    9. 9. 3. Location and Access <ul><li>Locating sources and information within sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3.1 Locate sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.2 Access information within the source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. use a kid’s web directory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. find a library book </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Locate an article using a subscription database </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. 3. Location and Access <ul><li>3.1 Locate Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Library Resources ( ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preselected Websites shared on the portal or through Delicious </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3.2 Access Information Within the Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User guides for library databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced search techniques for Google </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic Learning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced Search Tips </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Location and Access Example Click Here to Play
    12. 12. 4. Use of Information <ul><li>Using a source to gain information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4.1 Engage in the source (read, hear, view, touch) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4.2 Take out needed information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. properly cite sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. take notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. interview a person for information </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. 4. Use of Information <ul><li>4.1 Engage in the Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skimming, scanning, highlighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything electronic can be inked </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4.2 Take Out Needed Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 th grade will use OneNote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toosl like Citation Machine , EasyBib , and UC Berkeley can help with citing sources </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. 5. Synthesis <ul><li>Integrating information drawn from a variety of sources to communicate results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.1 Organize information from a variety of sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5.2 Create product or performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Create a bibliography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex. Make a presentation </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. 5. Synthesis <ul><li>5.1 Organize Information From a Variety of Sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concept maps can help students organize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student must cite properly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5.2 Create a Product or Performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go beyond the facts, learn transferrable skills, acquire an audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students must adhere to Copyright and Fair Use </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. 6. Evaluation <ul><li>Making judgements based on a set of predetermined criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6.1 Evaluate the product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6.2 Evaluate the process </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. 6. Evaluation <ul><li>6.1 Evaluate the Product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubrics allow students to readily see if their product meets the project’s criteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools like Rubistar make creation easy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6.2 Evaluate the Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student reflection (metacognition) can lead to more efficient and effective work </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Big6 ™ Skills <ul><li>Task Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Information Seeking Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Location & Access </li></ul><ul><li>Use of Information </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>