H6 Revision

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H6 Revision

  1. 1. E3a Knowledge Questions and Answers Unit H6 (012) Cut hair using basic techniques
  2. 2. 1. State your salons requirements for client preparation <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates answer should reflect salon policy but include reference to gowning the client </li></ul>
  3. 3. 2. State the maximum time allocated by your salon for the following: Answer: Times should reflect the maximum allocated in the candidates salon Long graduation Short graduation Uniform Layer One length Length of time Hair Cuts
  4. 4. 3. State your salons and legal requirements for the disposal of waste materials <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Make reference to disposal of hair and sharps </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4. List at least two items from the range of protective clothing and materials that should be available for clients <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Responses should include two of the following – gowns, cutting collar, cape, neck strips, towels </li></ul>
  6. 6. 5. Describe why it is important to protect clients from hair clippings <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain client comfort throughout and following the service </li></ul><ul><li>To protect the clients clothing </li></ul>
  7. 7. 6. Describe how the position of your client and yourself can affect the desired outcome and minimise fatigue and the risk of injury <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Client – seat the client comfortably with back against the chair. Try to prevent the client from slouching. This minimises discomfort to the client and helps the stylist to complete the haircut correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>Yourself – stand with feet slightly apart to maintain balance and even distribution of weight. Avoid stretching or bending. This helps to prevent long term injury </li></ul>
  8. 8. 7. State two safety considerations that have to be taken into account when cutting hair <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal of sharps in accordance with legal requirements and salon procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Client position and comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid harm to self and others </li></ul><ul><li>Prompt removal of hair cuttings from the floor </li></ul><ul><li>Care when handling cutting tools </li></ul>
  9. 9. 8. Briefly describe why it is important to avoid cross infection and infestation <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure the image and reputation of the salon is maintained </li></ul><ul><li>To minimise the risk of spreading infection and infestation </li></ul>
  10. 10. 9. State two reasons why work areas should be kept clean and tidy <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To minimise the risk of cross infection </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain a professional image </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce hazards </li></ul>
  11. 11. 10. Briefly describe why it is important to position your cutting tools for ease of use. <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure that all tools are readily available and to provide an efficient method throughout the service. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 11. State three methods that can be used in the salon for sterilising tools and equipment <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Moist heat </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Ultra violet rays </li></ul>
  13. 13. 12. Identify the appropriate method of sterilisation for the tools listed Answer: UV Rays Chemicals Sectioning Clips UV Rays Chemicals Combs UV Rays Moist Heat Razors UV Rays Moist Heat Scissors Appropriate method of sterilisation Cutting Tools
  14. 14. 13. Outline at least four methods for working safely and hygienically when cutting hair <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>The candidate should make reference to at least four of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Use clean protective materials </li></ul><ul><li>Sterilise all tools </li></ul><ul><li>Use tools with care </li></ul><ul><li>Remove hair cuttings from floor at end of service </li></ul><ul><li>Remove hair cuttings from client throughout the service </li></ul><ul><li>Keep work area clean and tidy throughout service </li></ul>
  15. 15. 14. State at least three ways of correctly using and maintaining cutting tools <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>The candidates response should include at least three of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that all tools are fit for purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Use only for intended purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Carry in a safe manner </li></ul><ul><li>Clean and sterilise after use </li></ul><ul><li>Oil cutting tools are required </li></ul>
  16. 16. 15. State the importance of personal hygiene <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To minimise offence to clients and colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce the risk of cross infection </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce the risk of cross infestation </li></ul>
  17. 17. 16. Describe briefly why each of the following factors must be taken into consideration prior and during cutting <ul><li>Suspected infections </li></ul><ul><li>Suspected infestations </li></ul><ul><li>Hair density </li></ul><ul><li>Hair texture </li></ul><ul><li>Hair type </li></ul><ul><li>Head and face shape </li></ul><ul><li>Hair elasticity </li></ul><ul><li>Hair growth patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Piercings </li></ul><ul><li>Scalp disorders </li></ul>
  18. 18. 16. Answer: <ul><li>Suspected infections: to minimise the risk of spreading the infection </li></ul><ul><li>Suspected infestation: to minimise the risk of spreading the infestation </li></ul><ul><li>Hair density – the hair may be too abundant or too sparse for the expected result </li></ul><ul><li>Hair texture – the texture of the clients hair may be unsuitable for the expected result </li></ul><ul><li>Hair type – the hair may be too curly, wavy or straight for the expected result </li></ul><ul><li>Head and face shape – the choice of haircut or style may be unflattering for the clients head or face shape </li></ul><ul><li>Hair elasticity – the degree of tension applied to the hair will vary according to the amount of elasticity </li></ul><ul><li>Hair growth patterns – the client may have a hair growth pattern that will influence the choice of the hair cut </li></ul><ul><li>Piercings – to minimise the risk of injury or discomfort to the client if cutting tools or combs come into contact with piercing </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure that the haircut can be completed to the satisfaction of the client </li></ul><ul><li>Scalp disorders – the client may have a scalp disorder that will influence the choice of the haircut </li></ul>
  19. 19. 17. List the factors which should be considered when cutting wet hair and dry hair <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Hair elasticity </li></ul><ul><li>Hair growth pattern </li></ul><ul><li>Hair type </li></ul><ul><li>Hair style </li></ul>
  20. 20. 18. State the average rate of hair growth <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>1.25cm (or ½ inch) per month </li></ul>
  21. 21. 19. State why it is important to check the hair before and after shampooing prior to cutting <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Before shampooing – to enable the stylist to identify the natural hair growth patterns, hair density, texture, elasticity, degree of curl and preferred direction of hair </li></ul><ul><li>After shampooing – to enable the stylist to identify the natural lie of hair, the degree of curl and elasticity </li></ul>
  22. 22. 20. State the importance of consulting with clients throughout the cutting process. <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To accurately establish the clients wishes, to provide accurate information to the client, to confirm the progress of the haircut in meeting the clients expectations. </li></ul>
  23. 23. 21. State the importance of applying the correct degree of tension to the hair when cutting <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid stretching the hair and thereby cutting it too short </li></ul><ul><li>To avoid using different tensions that would create an uneven result </li></ul>
  24. 24. 22. State a.) when and b.) how to use club, freehand and scissor over comb cutting techniques <ul><li>Answer </li></ul><ul><li>a.) Club – to reduce length, to retain bulk of hair </li></ul><ul><li>Freehand – when tension is to be avoided or is not required </li></ul><ul><li>Scissor over comb – to achieve graduation in a hair cut, to achieve a shorter, closer look </li></ul><ul><li>b.) Club – hair is held between fingers and cut straight across </li></ul><ul><li>Freehand – hair is combed into position and cut without being held </li></ul><ul><li>Scissor over comb – hair is lifted by and held in the comb whilst being cut with the scissors </li></ul>
  25. 25. 23. State the reasons for establishing and following cutting guidelines <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To determine the finished length and shape of the required haircut </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure methodical progression of the haircut </li></ul><ul><li>To enable an accurate cut to be achieved </li></ul>
  26. 26. 24. State the importance of cross checking the cut <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure the accuracy of the hair cut </li></ul>
  27. 27. 25. State the importance of working with the natural fall of the hair when considering weight distribution within a hair cut <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>To ensure that the expected shape of the hair cut can be achieved </li></ul>

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