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Hitler 1936 1945 nemesis by ian kershaw hubris becomes nemesis, and destroys europe in the process

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Hitler 1936 1945 nemesis by ian kershaw hubris becomes nemesis, and destroys europe in the process

  1. 1. Hitler: 1936-1945: Nemesis by Ian Kershaw Hubris Becomes Nemesis, And Destroys Europe In The Process George VI thought him a damnable villain, and Neville Chamberlain found him not quite a gentleman; but, to the rest of the world, Adolf Hitler has come to personify modern evil to such an extent that his biographers always have faced an unenviable task. The two more renowned biographies of Hitler--by Joachim C. Fest ( Hitler) and by Alan Bullock ( Hitler: A Study in Tyranny)--painted a picture of individual tyranny which, in the words of A.J.P. Taylor, left Hitler guilty and every other German innocent. Decades of scholarship on German society under the Nazis have made that verdict look dubious; so, the modern biographer of Hitler must account both for his terrible mindset and his charismatic appeal. In the second and final volume of his mammoth biography of Hitler--which covers the climax of Nazi power, the reclamation of German-speaking Europe, and the horrific unfolding of the final solution in Poland and Russia--Ian Kershaw manages to achieve both of these tasks. Continuing where Hitler: Hubris 1889-1936 left off, the epic Hitler: Nemesis 1937- 1945 takes the reader from the adulation and hysteria of Hitlers electoral
  2. 2. victory in 1936 to the obsessive and remote bunker mentality that enveloped the Führer as Operation Barbarossa (the attack on Russia in 1942) proved the beginning of the end. Chilling, yet objective. A definitive work. --Miles Taylor Features: * ISBN13: 9780393322521 * BUY WITH CONFIDENCE, Over one million books sold! 98% Positive feedback. Compare our books, prices and service to the competition. 100% Satisfaction Guaranteed * Brand New from Publisher. No Remainder Mark. The second volume of Kershaws outstanding biography of Hitler covers the period from 1936 to his death. Kershaw does a superb job of integrating the biographical material per se with relevant narrative and analysis of German history over this period. Kershaw picks up and expands themes that emerged in volume one. Two in particular stand out. One is the overriding importance of Hitlers crude but powerful ideology. The point of Hitlers actions was the violent attainment of his social Darwinist goals; the elimination of European Jewry, the dominance of inferior races like the Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe, and German domination of western Eurasia. War was not just necessary to achieve these goals but an indispensable part of the process of establishing German supremacy. The necessity of violence was not merely an ideological preoccupation but something with deep emotional resonance for Hitler. This was a man who found his service on the Western Front a personally transforming and uplifting experience. Kershaw shows well how a large number of Hitlers zealous supporters shared these horrifying views and how an even larger number of Germans, including virtually all of the traditional elites of the German state, were either supportive of Hitlers goals or willing to look the other way as long as he was successful. By the time it became clear that Hitler was leading Germany to disaster, Hitlers power was so well established that any kind of organized resistance became almost impossible. Kershaw shows well how Hitlers bold repudiation of the Versailles restrictions and the rearmarment policies that expanded the German economy led to enormous personal popularity. Under the umbrella of Hitlers success and great prestige, the Nazis were able to subordinate all the major institutions of German life, perhaps save the churches, which did offer some limited resistance. At the same time, the Party erected a powerful alternative governing structure and some of Hitlers most able and ruthless subordinates developed the powerful security services that policed Germany. Hitler personally established complete dominance over the Wehrmacht, the only institution that could have resisted him successfully. Hitlers daring and ability to capitalize on weaknesses of his opponents, coupled with a good dose of luck led to unprecedented success.
  3. 3. Another major theme articulated by Kershaw is the nature of the Nazi state. The essentially indolent and politically shrewd Hitler ruled primarily by setting himself above day to day government and setting the broader ideological goals for Germany. Hitlers unwillingness to participate in the mechanics of government and his willingness to countenance competing sectors of authority led to an anarchic state (termed polyocracy by some historians) that enhanced Hitlers power because only he had the ultimate authority to adjudicate among the competing authorities. For much of his rule, it also insulated him from public disfavor as unpopular policies were associated with lower ranking Party or government officials. This system, which Kershaw describes as working towards the Fuhrer led to competition among different subordinates and power centers for who could gain Hitlers favor by pursuing the ideological goals of the regime. The result was essentially a race to see who could be the more effective murderer of those unfortunate enough to be enemies, real or imagined, of the regime. For More 5 Star Customer Reviews and Lowest Price: Hitler: 1936-1945: Nemesis by Ian Kershaw - 5 Star Customer Reviews and Lowest Price!

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