5 para essay structure


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5 para essay structure

  1. 1. Essay Structure and Writing Convention Standard 5 – paragraph essay
  2. 2. Definition of essay <ul><li>Essay- a piece of writing from combination of several paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss only one topic but more complex than paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>So several paragraphs are needed to form the body of essays </li></ul><ul><li>The body paragraphs are complemented by introduction and conclusion paragraphs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Diagram of an essay
  4. 4. Introduction paragraph <ul><li>The first paragraph of essay </li></ul><ul><li>the place in which the writer introduces the reader to the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Contains general overview of the topic and thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>General overview- discuss briefly about the topic without giving too much details </li></ul><ul><li>Try to capture readers’ interest by providing anecdotes or statistics </li></ul>
  5. 5. How to introduce an introduction <ul><li>Funnel introduction- started with something general and focus to something more specific </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting anecdotes- dramatic, interesting or funny story/experience </li></ul><ul><li>Surprising statistics/data </li></ul><ul><li>Historical background </li></ul>
  6. 6. Thesis statement <ul><li>It briefly underlines the framework of the essay </li></ul><ul><li>It shows the direction/pattern of your writing </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes it is used for the purpose of declaring the opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Almost similar to topic sentence but it operates at essay level </li></ul><ul><li>must contain the topic and controlling ideas </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. there are many factors that cause pollution such as human, industrial activities and nature. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sample of an introduction paragraph <ul><li>The Benefits of Television </li></ul><ul><li> We hear a lot about the negative effects of television of the viewer. Obviously, television can be harmful if it is watched constantly to the exclusion of other activities. It would be just as harmful to listen to CDs all the time or to eat constantly. However, when television is watched in moderation, it is extremely valuable, as it provides relaxation, entertainment, and education </li></ul>
  8. 8. Exercise… <ul><li>Try to make introduction on following topics </li></ul><ul><li>Patriotism is lacking among young peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal racers@’mat rempits’phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Football progress in Malaysia </li></ul>
  9. 9. Body paragraphs <ul><li>Normally, essay body contains two to four paragraphs - depending on discussed points </li></ul><ul><li>each paragraph contains topic sentence and supporting sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Topic sentence is main point of the paragraph and supporting sentences develop it </li></ul><ul><li>It relates the readers to the relevancy and relationship of each of the subtopics to the thesis statement . </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently, the readers will understand the topic better </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sample of a body paragraph <ul><li>First of all, watching TV has the value of sheer </li></ul><ul><li>relaxation. Watching television can be soothing </li></ul><ul><li>and restful after an eight hour day of pressure, </li></ul><ul><li>challenges, or concentration. After working </li></ul><ul><li>hard all day, people look forward to a new </li></ul><ul><li>episode of a favorite show or yet another showing </li></ul><ul><li>of Casablanca or Sleepless in Seattle. This period </li></ul><ul><li>of relaxation leaves the viewers refreshed and </li></ul><ul><li>ready to take on the world again </li></ul>
  11. 11. Concluding Paragraph <ul><li>Final paragraph of the essay </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the definite end point to the readers </li></ul><ul><li>There are many ways to write it </li></ul><ul><li>Restatement of the thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Again, I believe students should not be allowed to bring hand phone to campus </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of main points </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Overall, there are many reasons such as… </li></ul><ul><li>- Comment/suggestion </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Government should solve this problem… </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sample of a concluding paragraph <ul><li>Perhaps because television is such a powerful </li></ul><ul><li>force, we like to criticize it and search for its </li></ul><ul><li>flaws. However, the benefits of television should </li></ul><ul><li>not be ignored. We can use television to relax, to </li></ul><ul><li>have fun, and to make ourselves smarter. This </li></ul><ul><li>electronic wonder, then, is a servant, not a master </li></ul><ul><li>Master. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Writing convention and mechanics <ul><li>Referring to smaller but important details of writing </li></ul><ul><li>Aspects such as capitalization, spelling, punctuation, documentation technique, hand writing ( mechanics) </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar and sentence structure ( writing convention) </li></ul><ul><li>Many students ignore these aspects-lose marks </li></ul><ul><li>Students should be more careful in writing. </li></ul>