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What google scholar can do for you

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What google scholar can do for you

  1. 1. Google Scholar – friend or foe?
  2. 2. "isn't it true that only librarians like to search? Everyone else likes to find". Tennant, R. (2001) "Digital Libraries- Cross-Database Search: One-Stop Shopping." Library journal. 15 October.
  3. 3. 1. What is Google Scholar? 2. How does Google Scholar work? 3. The “Deep Web” 4. The pros and cons of Google Scholar 5. Using Google Scholar (Google Scholar features) 6. Google Books (previously : Google Book Search)
  4. 4. 1. Free and accessible web search engine for scientific articles and books 2. Indexes scholarly literature across formats and disciplines 3. Released in 2004 4. In 2011 Scholar was removed from the Google main page 5. Includes material from • Google Books • Limited publishers websites and platforms • The general Google index (e.g. Articles from authors personal websites) • Bibliographies of publications in Google Scholar (indicated by [CITATION]) • University repositories • Preprint and working archives (e.g. ArXiv, Repec and NBER) • Patents and USA Courts of law
  5. 5. 6. What is excluded? • Journals and ebooks from publishers who do not co- operate with GS • Journals and some books only available in print • Much of the material found in the “Deep Web” 7. Can be used for Citation Analysis : but beware! 8. Authors can create a profile to establish your citation data and h-index. Again beware: you can only add publications which are already on Google Scholar
  6. 6. • •
  7. 7. Needs affiliation to an institution: • Automatic when you are on Campus • Off Campus login • Setup in Google Scholar settings
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Source:
  11. 11. • Free (searching) • Articles in non-peer reviewed journals • Articles from conference proceedings • Also covers chapters in books • Indexes digital repositories • Scholar metrics : top 100 publications • Allows easy access to published articles compared with other commercial databases (Google-like interface)
  12. 12. 1. Only searches a fraction of published scholarly data 2. Duplication leads to erroneous citation counts 3. Doesn’t deal well with structured and tagged scholarly documents resulting in inaccurate and nonsensical data 4. Only 2 sorts (Relevance and Date) 5. Coverage is dubious (what is included?) 6. Many subscription databases are not included 7. No prepublication data (not preprints) 8. Not able to refine results 9. Relevance ranking heavily relies on the number of citation counts
  13. 13. • Navigation of the start page • Navigation of the results page
  14. 14. • My Library • My Citations • Alerts • Metrics • Settings • Search box options
  15. 15. • Navigation of the start page • Navigation of the results page
  16. 16. Operators and wildcards • “south africa” – exact phrase (use quotation marks / inverted commas) • Boolean searching including +, -, AND, OR, AND NOT • e.g. “south africa” AND art AND apartheid • e.g. apartheid NOT “south africa” • DOES NOT support wild card searching for word varieties beginning with a stem e.g. “south*” will not give you “southern”, southwest” etc.
  17. 17. Types of results: Clickable title (info is available on line – either full text or abstract) [CITATION] means thet there is no online version but you are able to view the papers that cited the work. [BOOK] with a clickable title – version is online [BOOK] without a clickable title – version is not online but Google Scholar gives you a “Library Link” to find library with a hard copy
  18. 18. • Limiting by date • Sorts : Relevance and Date • Create Alert • Settings and “My Citations” also accessible from Search page (Down arrow at the top) • Results: • Cited by • Related articles • Cite • All versions • More … • Cached
  19. 19. “We just feel that this is part of our core mission. There is fantastic information in books. Often when I do a search, what is in a book is miles ahead of what I find on a web site.” Sergey Brin Quoted in Nunberg, Geoffrey. “Google’s Book Search: A Disaster for Scholars. The Chronicle Review. The Chronicle of Higher Education. 31 Aug. 2009.
  20. 20. • Libraries are “partners in crime” • Bad metadata • Automatic indexing of the full text results in errors • Use of BISAC for subject headings : not helpful • Google Play (was Android Market) • Different views : • Full view • Limited • Snippet • No preview available • Advanced search • Find in a library • Search within the book • About this book • Google Play (was Android Market)

Editor's Notes

  • SchoogleSchoogling! SkoogleExplain your misgivings about Google Scholar and how you came to give this course as part of the Savvy researcher series.
  • Friend or Foe? The foe is information illiteracy. Introduce Wikipedia- ask the question? Is it useful? When? Why? Google and Wikipedia have made the matter more pressing (teaching information literacy) No amount of finger wagging will stop the use of Google and Wikipedia. Wikipdedia IS sometimes useful AND has links to scholarly info. Also WP offers explanations that would never be found an a more traditional encyclopedia.So one needs to be able to defend ones stance convincingly! Failure to acknowledge these types of sources will undermine your credibility with this generation.Decline in reading skills and critical thinking. Shortened attention spans, rewired brains. Difference between knowledge and information. The former needs the user to be information literate – appropriateness, balance, value.A fairly dated study now (in 2007) found that 44% of those aged 18-29 used Wikipedia to find information (easy to use, easy to slice and use, speed, social, . By accepting this, librarians can help Gen M use these types of resources more effectively and with better understanding. Generation M (1980-1999) Digital Natives, MilennialsM=Media, Mobile, Multitaskers,So increasingly we need to roll out our training with our users in mind. The way Generation M’s minds are wired is completely different from ours because of their early involvement with technology and the way they use the web for everything. Attention spans are shorter because of web surfing and linking. I used to be very disparaging about Google Scholar but tools like these have their place and we cannot turn our backs on them. NB To Acknowledge sources such as GoogleScholar and Wikipedia! Failure to do so will undercut your street cred. with this generation of students who think their Internet search skills are much better than they are. These students confuse Information Literacy with Computer Literacy. Don’t bad mouth GS, but fit GS into the context of scholarly research and tell them what these resources are good at and what to be cautious about.Use GS as a means to get them into the right ball park. My experience with the workshop in August was that the PGs that attended had NO IDEA about the resources in the library and more specifically the specialist databases in their own areas of study. They also did not know they had a subject librarian who was willing and able to spend as much time with them as necessary. It seems as if we have already missed a lot of students who are perpetuating the searching skills they know and understood as UG. We need to catch them much earlier.
  • the statement doesn't take account of the fact that you can learn through searching for information. The process is important for students to understand – its like the journey and destination saying “life is a journey enjoy the ride” or “focus on the journey not the destination”
  • Schoogle (skoogle) Schoogling
  • Multidisciplinary1. Content is also available on ordinary Google but you don’t need to wade through the non scholarly information.4. The reason I meantion this is that the removal has been noted by some writers as potentially significant – Google Scholar isn’t revenue producing.
  • 7. Problem with GS underlying data. So the citation analysis cannot be comparable with classical citation tools such as Scopus and Science Citation Index.Google Scholar cannot produce batch output, but coupled with a program such as Publish or Perish this is possible.
  • Uses artificial intelligence to unstring and index dataYou will get better results and coverage if you use the multiple library databases.
  • 2.The citation counts in Scopis and Web of Science are almost always lower than Google Scholar. The erroneous citation counts are futher compoiunded by the inclusion of Google Books in Google Scholar. If you are interested there is a Librarianship professor who writes extensively about the pitfalls of Google Scholar indexing, his name is Peter Jasco3. Uses artificial intelligence to unstring and index data. GS does not use the perfectly good Metadata offered to it by publishers and libraries. False Author names like “SUBSCRIBE”You will get better results and coverage if you use the multiple library databases. Human indexing is best.4. Relevance based on number of citations : Because of this ranking using citation counts, Google has been accused of strengthening the “matthew effect” where highly cited papersappear in top positions gaining even more citations.5. Google doesn’t publish a list of journals crawled. Also doesn’t tell us how often the database is updated. So impossible to ascertain how exhaustive or current Google Scholar searches are.Matthew effect “The rich get richer and the poor get poorer”
  • Start page or landing page contains options at the top (to be explained)The search box itself has various choices and features (to be explained)The first option on this page is to setup YOUR LIBRARY “My Library”
  • Scholar Library allows you to save your citations in the Library. At this stage there is no facilty to store the citations in a format which enables output in a certain citation style e.g. Harvard. It is simple as clicking the SAVE link under the citation.
  • Scholar Library allows you to save your citations in the Library. At this stage there is no facilty to store the citations in a format which enables output in a certain citation style e.g. Harvard. It is simple as clicking the SAVE link under the citation.
  • Start page “ My Citations” You will need a gmail account for this and need to be signed in.
  • You can check who is citing your publications, graph citations over time, and compute several citation metrics. You can also make your profile public, so that it may appear in Google Scholar results when people search for your name,
  • Start page ALERTS2 ways to do this. From this page OR from within a search (side bar says “alert” and will use that search as the alert search text)
  • Email results of an alert sent to me.
  • Start page METRICS
  • Start page METRICS
  • Start page METRICS
  • Start page SETTINGS
  • Settings: You can set defaults from this page to include what you want to search (for instance exclude of include patents, legal docs etcThe results per page has recently been set as a maximum to 20 (used to be 100)Open in another windowSet your Bibliography manager here
  • Library links. If you set this up off campus you will in anycase be challenged for a password when you access material on a UCT database UNLESS you authenticate first via the Off Campus login.
  • Start page SETTINGS
  • SETTINGS page:These options also available from within SEARCHBibliography manager : useful to set this up so that your citations are imported into your reference manager automatically and you are not prompted everytime.
  • Start page SEARCH BOX
  • Start page SEARCH BOX
  • Start page SEARCH BOXSame options given here to include Articles/Patents or Case Law found in Settings
  • Start page SEARCH : BOX ADVANCED search
  • A few hints about searching.
  • Results page : Types of references.[CITATION] = Google Scholar does not have access to the full text but does have a citation history. These are articles which other scholarly articles have referred to, but which we haven't found online. To exclude them from your search results, uncheck the "include citations" box on the left sidebar.[BOOK] = Google Books – but beware – NOT always the entire book, sometimes only parts of itReference with SFX@UCT = means it is able to identify the UCT subscriptions and deliver them to you by virtue of your IP range OR the fact that you have signed on via “Off Campus” loginPlain Hyperlink = usually freely available content on the web.
  • Cached : “Opposite of history is forgetfulness” Under “more…”
  • Demo with “Art history” AND “South africa”1st page[BOOK] Slavery in Dutch South Africa -- ISNT a book, it is a REVIEW of a book.RESISTANCE ART in google books not the full book. Only preview available,Example of a thesis from a digital repository : REMEMEBERING POSTCOLONY FLESHMAN (Gives citation but “More” gives “Library Search”)
  • Sometimes you do get hyperlinks like the RICHARDS article here, which will by virtue of being affiliated with UCT, give us full text
  • This is the same result but from a session where I haven’t identified myself as a UCT student or staff, resulting in a dead end …
  • This is because you have not identified yourself. If you have signed in you would not be challenged with a payment
  • Sometimes GS finds and article but cannot link it back to UCT holdings. In this case it is because it is 1993 article which is only available in print at UCT. So wise to check the library catalogue
  • Sergey Brin – co-founder of Google
  • The Google Books library project - Google is in many cases scanning library books without the permission of authors and publishers and thereby infringing copyright. In the states there have been a couple of lawsuits (the Authors Guild for instance). Library partners include Harvard, Columbia, NYPL, Oxford, Princeton and a host of other major academic librariesGoogle Books provides no identification of content beyond the book title. For this reason, Google Books searches are an unreliable indicator of the subject matterOne example of the automatic indexing and the errors produced is that of a batch of books from Harvard University where the bookplates containing a date were scanned along with the text. Another is where advertising matter in a guidebook containing a company’s date of establishment was taken as the date of publication.BISAC is a system developed by publisher for booksellers so that like books can be grouped on the shop’s shelves. Google Play Books carries over 4 million titlesGoogle Play, formerly the Android Market, is a digital distribution platform forapplications for the Android operating system and an online electronics and digital media store, operated by Google.Applications are available through Google Play either free of charge or at a cost. 
  • Limited preview
  • Snippet view
  • No preview
  • Even though it is not viewable, you can check if our Library has a print copy
  • Search within a book
  • About this book:Hyperlinks to other books by that author as well as links to books with the same subject matter (Subject headings not always helpful)May include user reviews (From Good Reads website) and related books
  • Book written in 1711. An account of Dutch trade in India. Has subject code “Crafts and Hobbies”!