Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Fab Lab: shifting e-learning from bits to atoms


Published on

Fab Lab: shifting e-learning from bits to atoms; International Fab Lab Association; Pieter van der Hijden (The Netherlands); Lindi Mophuti (South Africa); Presented at "eLearning Africa 2012"; Cotonou, Bénin, 23-25 May 2012.

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Fab Lab: shifting e-learning from bits to atoms

  1. 1. FAB LAB: SHIFTING E-LEARNING FROM BITS TO ATOMS International Fab Lab Association Pieter van der Hijden (The Netherlands) Lindi Mophuti (South Africa) 2012 –Pieter van der Hijden ( and Lindi Mophuti ( - Thiswork is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. 1
  2. 2. AGENDA Introduction What is a Fab Lab? Our eco-system Fab Lab Africa Conclusion 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Movie “Full Printed” by GrafixTV 3
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION How it started  Prof. Neil Gershenfeld  Center for Bits and Atoms  Massachusetts Institute of Technology  Course: How to make (almost) anything Outreach activity  Set-up some simple and cheap (50k USD) Fab Labs Autonomous initiatives  Now 140 Fab Labs worldwide  All continents 4
  5. 5. WHAT IS A FAB LAB Who are visiting us What do we offer What will they find What will they do How about costs 5
  6. 6. WHAT IS A FAB LAB: WHO ARE VISITING US People looking for practical training Individuals, tinkerers, inventors, crafters Children and youth, both school classes and neighbourhood groups Community groups, adults, women SME’s Innovation teams, researchers, students “Tourists” Etc. 6
  7. 7. WHAT IS A FAB LAB: WHAT DO WE OFFER Empowerment Education Problem solving Invention Job creation Job Creation Invention Problem Solving Education Empowerment 7
  8. 8. WHAT IS A FAB LAB: WHAT WILL THEY FIND Free/open access Fab charter Tools and processes  Laser cutter (and engraver)  Milling machine  Vinyl cutter  Additive machine , e.g. 3D printer  Video conferencing  Computers  Software  documentation Skilled staff and volunteers Cooperation with other Fab Labs 8
  9. 9. WHAT IS A FAB LAB: WHAT WILL THEY DO Solve local problems with our means for developing technological solutions Conceptualize, design, develop, fabricate and test almost anything  Prototypes  Unique products  Small batches 9
  10. 10. WHAT IS A FAB LAB: HOW ABOUT COSTS? Access at some times is free; materials used maybe not Other services might have a price Financial; sustainability is a challenge Set-up costs about 50k USD (machines only) 10
  11. 11. WHAT IS A FAB LAB: NEW: THE MINI FAB LAB Mini Fab Lab for personal fabrication Set-up costs 5k USD Examples:  A3 Vinyl cutter usd 300  Simple laser cutter usd 1500  3d printer DIY usd 800 11
  12. 12. OUR ECOSYSTEM Local level:  autonomous (or embedded) Fab Labs Regional level:  non-profit organizations to support Fab Labs Global level:  MIT/CBA  Fab X annual conference  Fab Academy  International Fab Lab Association (natural persons) 12
  13. 13. FAB LAB AFRICA Current situation Swot analysis Perspective 13
  14. 14. FAB LAB AFRICA: CURRENT SITUATION Benin: Porto Novo: Songhai Burkina Fasso: Ouagadougou Ghana: Accra Kenya: Kisumu, Nairobi Mali: Bamako Namibia: Windhoek South Afrika: Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Pretoria, Kimberly, Potchefstroom, Sedibeng, Soshanguve, Limpopo, Thokoza 14
  15. 15. FAB LAB AFRICA: SWOT ANALYSIS Strengths  Range of high-tech tools and hand tools  Fixed and Mobile Fab Labs as a platform Weaknesses  Geographical positioning  Sustainable funding model  Too many visions Opportunities  Alignment with National Priorities  Integration of school curricula into Fab Lab model  Linkages with other similar initiatives Threats  Support staff turnaround (retention of capable staff)  Lack of support from identified partners 15
  16. 16. FAB LAB AFRICA: PERSPECTIVE Coming soon Fab Lab Africa Network Alliance (FAN) 16
  17. 17. CONCLUSION From bits to atoms, welcome next step in exploring, learning and training eLearning extended to learning to design, learning to make (worldwide) Where to start? 17
  18. 18. CONCLUSION Movie “A Fab Lab in three words” by Susanna Tesconi, Fab Lab Barcelona 18
  19. 19. REFERENCES Business model generation; a handbook for visionaries, game changers, and challengers; Alexander Osterwalder et al.; John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken NJ, USA, 2010. CBA - The Center for Bits and Atoms; web site; Design Thinking for Educators; Design Team Riverdale Country School and IDEO; 2011. Fab Central; website; Fab Lab Locations; FabWiki; website; Fab; the coming revolution on your desktop; from personal computers to personal fabrication; Neil Gershenfeld; Basic Books, New York, USA, 2005. FabLab Business Models; presentation to the first Artilect FabLab Conférence; Peter Troxler; Toulouse, 20-23 October 2011. FabYearBook 2011; another year of growth; Ton Zijlstra (ed.); 2011. International Fab Lab Association; web site; Open design now; why design cannot remain exclusive; Bas van Abel et al.; Bis Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2010. Special report: Manufacturing and Innovation; The Economist; print edition 21 April 2012. Survey of ICT and Education in Africa: A Summary Report, Based on 53 Country Surveys; Glen Farrell & Shafika Isaacs (eds.); infoDev / World Bank, Washington DC, USA, 2007. The butterfly paper no.1; Sophie Koers; Butterfly Works; 2008. The futures of technology in Africa; Jasper Grosskurth; STT, The Hague, The Netherlands, 2010. Transformation-Ready: The strategic application of information and communication technologies in Africa; Education Sector Study; Lishan Adam et al.; African Development Bank, the World Bank and the African Union; 2011. 19
  20. 20. THANK YOU! International Fab Lab Association Pieter van der Hijden Sofos Consultancy, The Netherlands – Lindi Mophuti CSIR, South Africa – 20