The use of Moodle
in STEM education,
maker spaces and
Fab Labs
Presentation at Moodlemoot
Edinburgh UK, April 2014
Pieter ...
Background
 Pieter van der Hijden
 Consultant e-learning, Fab Lab, gaming/simulation
 The Netherlands (Sofos) and Surin...
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
3
Agenda
1. Technologies,
communities and schools
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
4
1. Technologies, communities
and schools
Year Phenomenon Community Assumed impact
on education
1950 Radio /
electronics
Ho...
2. Maker movement
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
6
2. Maker movement
Hype or trend?
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
7
Gartner: Hype Cycle
for Emerging
Technologies, 2013
2. Maker movement
Characteristics
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
8
 Worldwide
 Loosely connected
 From layman to pr...
2. Maker movement
Concepts
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
9
Fab Lab Maker Space TechShop
Origin MIT Center for Bits an...
3. A typical Fab Lab
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
10
3. A typical Fab Lab
What do you see?
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
11
 3D scanner
 3D printer
 Laser cutter
 Mil...
3. A typical Fab Lab
What is happening?
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
12
 One time visitors
 Regular visitors,
tink...
3. A typical Fab Lab
Which role for ICT?
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
13
 Ict in design
 2D & 3D design
software
...
4. STEM education
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
14
4. STEM education
class centered
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
15
 Classes
 Labs with parallel
groups
 Moodle and ...
4. STEM education
maker centered
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
16
 Outreach activity
 Curriculum activities
 Dedic...
5. Opportunities
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
17
5. Opportunities
for STEM education
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
18
 Motivation
 Learning outcomes
 Social learni...
5. Opportunities
for Moodle
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
19
 Tradional
 Support learning
 Cheap, easy
 Integrate...
6. Threats
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
20
6. Threats
for STEM education
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
21
 Still under
development!
 Vision
 goals and outcom...
6. Threats
for Moodle
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
22
 Traditional
 Culture clash
 Hype sensitive
 Reinvent the ...
7. Welcome on board
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
23
7. Welcome on board
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
24
 Observations?
 Questions?
 Opinions?
References
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
25
References
 Digital Fabrication and ‘Making’ in Education: The Democratization of Invention; Paulo
Blikstein; in: In J. W...
Thank you for your attention!
Pieter van der Hijden msc (pvdh@sofos.nl)
www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org
27
2014 – Piete...
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The use of Moodle in STEM education, maker spaces and Fab Labs; Pieter van der Hijden; Moodlemoot, Edinburgh UK, 2014

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In the fifties, in many western countries hobby clubs emerged, that shared tools and knowledge. In the eighties, the same happened with computer clubs, sharing a matrix printer or a telephone modem. Now they have a new successor: MILK (made-in-Limerick) labs, Happy Lab Vienna, Protospace Utrecht, Buda Lab Kortrijk, and more generically the Fab Labs, Maker spaces, repair cafés, and hacker spaces. They all focus on making, learning, sharing and empowering.
The popularity of the maker concept has its impact on more and more educational institutes. To motivate their students, to improve their STE(A)M education, many school organise tours to the nearest Fab Lab, promote project activities there or set-up their own Fab Lab embedded in their school. In fact, it is a new trend in social constructivism.
We will shortly introduce you to this new world and reflect on its opportunities and threats for Moodle.

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The use of Moodle in STEM education, maker spaces and Fab Labs; Pieter van der Hijden; Moodlemoot, Edinburgh UK, 2014

  1. 1. The use of Moodle in STEM education, maker spaces and Fab Labs Presentation at Moodlemoot Edinburgh UK, April 2014 Pieter van der Hijden msc (pvdh@sofos.nl) Centre of Expertise in Education & ICTs Suriname www.ecoisonline.org www.sofos.nl Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2. Background  Pieter van der Hijden  Consultant e-learning, Fab Lab, gaming/simulation  The Netherlands (Sofos) and Suriname (ECOIS)  The use of Moodle in STEM education, maker spaces and Fab Labs  STE(A)M = Science, Technology, Engineering, (Arts), Mathematics  Moodle and maker movement have much in common!  How about their intersection / cross fertilization? www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 2
  3. 3. www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 3 Agenda
  4. 4. 1. Technologies, communities and schools www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 4
  5. 5. 1. Technologies, communities and schools Year Phenomenon Community Assumed impact on education 1950 Radio / electronics Hobby club School events 1970 Personal computers Computer club Improved learning thanks to ict 1990 Video games LANfest, MORPG Learning through gaming/simulation 2010 Digital fabrication tools Maker movement, maker faire Tinkering as social constructivist learning www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 5
  6. 6. 2. Maker movement www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 6
  7. 7. 2. Maker movement Hype or trend? www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 7 Gartner: Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, 2013
  8. 8. 2. Maker movement Characteristics www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 8  Worldwide  Loosely connected  From layman to prof  Mix of technologies  Ict in design, production and products  Making, sharing, learning  Open design, open software, open hardware Number of Fab Labs worldwide doubles every 1.5 years, now 250+; http://bit.ly/1fXPQEm
  9. 9. 2. Maker movement Concepts www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 9 Fab Lab Maker Space TechShop Origin MIT Center for Bits and Atoms (Neil Gershenfeld) Make magazine Commercial initiative Inventory Limited set of digital production machines Not defined Extended set of machines & tools Target audience Everybody Everybody Everybody Legal Independent foundations or embedded in institutes Community based Holding with subsidiaries Set-up costs 50-100,000 USD 5-20,000 USD 1-2,000,000 USD Entry fee Free (at some days of week) Free Subscription100 USD monthly Number 250+ Unknown 5 Geographical Worldwide USA, Europe, Asia, Egypt USA, plans to go Europe Mission Learning, sharing Making (for the maker faire) Making/ earning
  10. 10. 3. A typical Fab Lab www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 10
  11. 11. 3. A typical Fab Lab What do you see? www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 11  3D scanner  3D printer  Laser cutter  Milling machine(s)  Vinyl cutter  Electronics  Computers  Teleconference set  Etc. At the top a CNC milling machine (behind safety glass), in the centre a 3D mobile scanner plus laptop, at the bottom a laser cutter / engraver. Source: Fab Lab Paramaribo
  12. 12. 3. A typical Fab Lab What is happening? www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 12  One time visitors  Regular visitors, tinkerers, students  Special project teams  Designing  Making Source: Fab Lab Paramaribo
  13. 13. 3. A typical Fab Lab Which role for ICT? www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 13  Ict in design  2D & 3D design software  Ict in production  All machines are ict driven  Ict in products  Intelligent products  Internet of things  Raspberry Pi  Arduino Source: Fab Lab Paramaribo
  14. 14. 4. STEM education www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 14
  15. 15. 4. STEM education class centered www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 15  Classes  Labs with parallel groups  Moodle and science teaching  Reflection and journal  Math formulas  Animated molecules  Dynamic graphs Packt Publishing: book cover
  16. 16. 4. STEM education maker centered www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 16  Outreach activity  Curriculum activities  Dedicated projects  Free assignments  Moodle  Backbone for learning and knowledge management  Component in intelligent systems! Constructing modern knowledge press: book cover
  17. 17. 5. Opportunities www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 17
  18. 18. 5. Opportunities for STEM education www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 18  Motivation  Learning outcomes  Social learning  Learning by making  Side effects  Informed citizen  Economy (more STEM)  Meet other disciplines  Meet the world  Lab for teachers
  19. 19. 5. Opportunities for Moodle www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 19  Tradional  Support learning  Cheap, easy  Integrated  New  Support designing  Knowledge management  New target groups  Hot  Moodle as system component!  Datalogging, IO Raspberry Pi
  20. 20. 6. Threats www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 20
  21. 21. 6. Threats for STEM education www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 21  Still under development!  Vision  goals and outcomes  Materials  projects, lesson plans  Expertise  facilitating in design and manufacture  Infrastructure  no plug and play Instructables: http://bit.ly/1nnX7nx
  22. 22. 6. Threats for Moodle www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 22  Traditional  Culture clash  Hype sensitive  Reinvent the wheel  New  Handicaps  Mainly text oriented  No designs  No data  Hot  Competitor may find the grail
  23. 23. 7. Welcome on board www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 23
  24. 24. 7. Welcome on board www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 24  Observations?  Questions?  Opinions?
  25. 25. References www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 25
  26. 26. References  Digital Fabrication and ‘Making’ in Education: The Democratization of Invention; Paulo Blikstein; in: In J. Walter-Herrmann & C. Büching (Eds.), FabLabs: Of Machines, Makers and Inventors; Bielefeld: Transcript Publishers; 2013; http://stanford.io/1cMLRdL  Fab Lab At School; website; https://tltl.stanford.edu/projects/fablabschool  Fab: The Coming Revolution on Your Desktop--from Personal Computers to Personal Fabrication; Neil Gershenfeld; Basic Books, 2007; http://amzn.to/1fXMb9p  Four in balance monitor 2013; Kennisnet, The Netherlands, 2013; http://bit.ly/1lLN9hc  Gartner's 2013 Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies Maps Out Evolving Relationship Between Humans and Machines; http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2575515  Getting Started with Arduino; Massimo Banzi; Maker Media, 2011; http://bit.ly/1i1Bgkk  Getting Started with Raspberry Pi; Matt Richardson; Maker Media, 2012; http://bit.ly/1i1BtUw  Instructables; website; http://www.instructables.com  International Fab Lab Association; website; http://www.fablabinternational.org  Invent to learn; making, tinkering, and engineering in the classroom; Sylvia L. Martinez, Gary Stager; Constructing Modern Knowledge Press; 2013; http://www.inventtolearn.com/  Maker space playbook; 2013; http://bit.ly/1lLMMTT  Making, living, sharing; movie; a Fab Lab world documentary; Jens Dyvik; http://bit.ly/MZ4Uup  Science teaching with Moodle 2.0; Vincent L. Stocker; Packt Publishing, Birmingham UK, 2011; http://bit.ly/1lbQ8wm  Science teaching with Moodle 2.0; Vincent Stocker; Packt Publishing, Birmingham, UK, 2011; http://bit.ly/1lbQ8wm www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 26
  27. 27. Thank you for your attention! Pieter van der Hijden msc (pvdh@sofos.nl) www.sofos.nl - www.ecoisonline.org 27 2014 – Pieter van der Hijden (pvdh@sofos.nl) – 2014 - This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

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