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Chapter 13: International Human Rights<br />
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Concepts (1 of 2)<br />Ethics: Criteria for evaluating right and wrong behavior by in...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Concepts (2 of 2)<br />Human rights: Political rights and civil liberties recognized ...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Human Condition<br />Global south: <br />53% people live on $2 or less per day<br...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Projecting Trends in the Proportion of People Below the Poverty Line, 1990–2015<br />...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Measuring Human Development<br />Human needs: Basic physical, social, and political r...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Measuring Human DevelopmentWhat is Quality of Life?<br />7<br />
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Map of Human Development<br />
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Preconditions of Human Development<br />Political freedom<br />Democracy<br />Civil l...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Status of Women (1 of 2)<br />Gender inequalities: women<br />Lower living standards<...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Status of Women (2 of 2)<br />Gender Empowerment Measure: Women’s relative economic i...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Global Refugee Crisis (1 of 2)<br />Refugees: People who flee for safety to anoth...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Global Refugee Crisis (2 of 2)<br />Failed states<br />Brain drain: The exodus of...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Chronic World Refugee Crisis<br />14<br />
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Threats to Human Security<br />Ethnocentrism<br />Xenophobia<br />Ethnonationalism<br...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Fourth World<br />Fourth world: Native national groups (indigenous peoples) seeki...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Ethnic Cleansing<br />Definition: Attempted extermination of a minority group by a st...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Protecting Human Rights (1 of 2)<br />UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)...
Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Protecting Human Rights (2 of 2)<br />Noncombatant immunity<br />International regime...
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Kegely chapter 13

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Kegely chapter 13

  1. 1. Chapter 13: International Human Rights<br />
  2. 2. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Concepts (1 of 2)<br />Ethics: Criteria for evaluating right and wrong behavior by individuals and groups<br />Morality: Principles about the behavioral norms that should govern interactions<br />Civil society: A community that creates institutions to protect civil liberties and promote peaceful methods of conflict resolution<br />Sanctions: Punitive actions (short of military force) by one global actor against another to retaliate for its previous objectionable behavior <br />2<br />
  3. 3. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Concepts (2 of 2)<br />Human rights: Political rights and civil liberties recognized as inalienable for all people<br />Liberalism and human rights<br />Realism and human rights<br />Feminist theory and human rights<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Human Condition<br />Global south: <br />53% people live on $2 or less per day<br />Life expectancy less than 60 years<br />Many lack basic sanitation<br />Many lack safe drinking water<br />Many lack adequate housing<br />Many undernourished<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Projecting Trends in the Proportion of People Below the Poverty Line, 1990–2015<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Measuring Human Development<br />Human needs: Basic physical, social, and political requirements needed for survival and security<br />Human development index (HDI)<br />Combines life expectancy, literacy, income, and years of education<br />Better measure than per capita GNP<br />Ranges from 0 to 1<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Measuring Human DevelopmentWhat is Quality of Life?<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Map of Human Development<br />
  9. 9. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Preconditions of Human Development<br />Political freedom<br />Democracy<br />Civil liberties and civil rights<br />National economic growth<br />“The richer the country, the freer”<br />Human development highest in global north<br />Purchasing power parity (PPP): an index that calculates the true rate of exchange among currencies when parity (when what can be purchased is the same) is achieved. The index determines what can be bought with a unit of each currency <br />9<br />
  10. 10. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Status of Women (1 of 2)<br />Gender inequalities: women<br />Lower living standards<br />Lower pay<br />Lower-level jobs<br />15% of parliamentary seats<br />Less access to health care; Girls die more often<br />Most egregious in global south<br />Exacerbated by religion and culture<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Status of Women (2 of 2)<br />Gender Empowerment Measure: Women’s relative economic income, high-paying positions, access to professional and parliamentary positions<br />UN conferences have increasingly dealt with gender issues<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Global Refugee Crisis (1 of 2)<br />Refugees: People who flee for safety to another country because of a well-founded fear of persecution; Average 21 million people<br />Internally displaced people:People involuntarily uprooted from their homes, but still in their own countries<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Global Refugee Crisis (2 of 2)<br />Failed states<br />Brain drain: The exodus of the most educated people from their homeland to a more prosperous foreign country where the opportunities for high incomes are better<br />Deprives their homeland of their ability to contribute to its economic development <br />13<br />
  14. 14. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Chronic World Refugee Crisis<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Threats to Human Security<br />Ethnocentrism<br />Xenophobia<br />Ethnonationalism<br />Ethnic cleansing<br />Irredentism<br />“Clash of civilizations”<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />The Fourth World<br />Fourth world: Native national groups (indigenous peoples) seeking greater rights, autonomy or independence from governing states<br />Often persecuted: lands taken, livelihoods and cultures threatened<br />130 million slaughtered between 1900 and 1987 by state-sponsored genocide<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Ethnic Cleansing<br />Definition: Attempted extermination of a minority group by a state<br />Nazi Germany and Jews and gypsies<br />United States and Native Americans<br />Turkey and Armenians<br />Yugoslavia and Moslems<br />Rwanda and Tutsi and Hutus<br />Saddam Hussein and Kurds<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Protecting Human Rights (1 of 2)<br />UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)<br />International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights<br />International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights<br />Five basic categories of rights<br />Rights of the person<br />Rights associated with the rule of law<br />Political rights<br />Economic and social rights.<br />Rights of communities. <br />18<br />
  19. 19. Copyright 2010 Cengage Learning<br />Protecting Human Rights (2 of 2)<br />Noncombatant immunity<br />International regimes with enforcement powers<br />Revising international law<br />Prosecution of war criminals: Milosevic <br />Humanitarian intervention<br />19<br />

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