APA Style Bsics - IDS1001


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APA Style Bsics - IDS1001

  1. 1. APA Style Basics<br />IDS 1001<br />
  2. 2. Documentation Style<br />A “documentation style” refers to the way researchers and writers illustrate that information from sources used to support their assertions has been borrowed.<br />
  3. 3. Plagiarism<br />The failure to properly acknowledge a borrowed source in an essay is a serious academic crime and could be deemed plagiarism.<br />The word comes from the Latin word plagiarius, meaning “kidnapping” or “literary thief.”<br />
  4. 4. APA Style<br />To maintain coherence throughout the curriculum, Hodges University has adopted APA style as the standard method used to document sources in essay writing. APA is used by many colleges and universities.<br />
  5. 5. What is APA style?<br />It is a social sciences <br /> published style guide that<br /> advises researchers and<br /> writers on how to incorporate,<br /> document, and format papers.<br />
  6. 6. APA Quick Guide<br />See the Library main web page to access an APA guide that contains sample pages and basic rules for using APA Style.<br />
  7. 7. APA Style in the essay<br />Your essays should contain reliable and valid sources<br />The essays should be formatted properly<br />They should follow APA rules for mechanics and expression (grammar)<br />They must have proper in-text citations<br />They must have a reference page with proper source citations<br />
  8. 8. Reliable and Valid Sources<br />A reliable source is one that is generally current and written by an expert in the subject area.<br />A valid source is one that specifically addresses your chosen topic and can be used to support your assertions.<br />These sources would include books, periodicals (magazines, professional journals, newspapers), and respected organization web sites.<br />
  9. 9. Formatting<br />Title page w/text double-spaced, centered, approx. 4” from top with title, student name, and organization (Hodges University). Approximately 4” from the bottom of the title page, include the class name & number, instructor name, and date.<br />12 pt. Times New Roman font<br />Double-spacing with no right justification<br />Margins of 1” all around (unless bound; if bound, use 1½” on left margin)<br />No more than 27 lines / page<br />
  10. 10. Formatting (cont.)<br />Header w/page numbers in upper right corner (title page counts as page 1)<br />Indent each paragraph 5-7 spaces or one tab stroke<br />Tables and content footnotes appear after references <br />Reference page at end listing only sources used in the text as support<br />Abstract comes after title page, if instructor requires<br />See examples in the APA Publication Manual and the Hodges APA Guide.<br />
  11. 11. Mechanics and Expressions<br />Active voice over passive voice<br />No use of contractions (i.e. can’t)<br />Key words in titles are capitalized and italicized in text, but capitalize only first word in reference list title and only italicize primary titles<br />Generally, all numbers 10 and above are expressed in figures, as are numbers used in measurements, dates, time, exact money sums, percentages, etc. <br />Proper<br />use of<br />punctuation<br />marks and<br />clarity of<br />syntax<br />
  12. 12. In-Text Citations<br />Writers use sources to build credibility in argumentation and as support for a claim.<br />You have three options for using sources in text:<br /><ul><li>Direct quoting
  13. 13. Paraphrasing
  14. 14. Summarizing</li></ul>All must be documented<br />
  15. 15. In-Text Citations (cont.)<br />Three elements are necessary for in-text documentation:<br /><ul><li>author’s last name(or in lieu of that, group title, like National Institute of Health, or if no author, a part of the title--“College Guide”)
  16. 16. year of publication
  17. 17. page or paragraph #</li></ul>This is true also for electronic sources<br />
  18. 18. Examples<br />According to one study, academic performance is enhanced by efficient use of study time (Doe, 2005, p. 25). <br />*Note: as a variation, date and author name can be placed in other pertinent areas in the sentence.<br />According to one study by Dr. Jane Doe (2005), academic performance is enhanced by efficient use of study time (p. 25).<br />
  19. 19. In-Text Citations (cont.)<br />When quoting information over forty words, block it off—double spaced text indented 5 spaces.<br /> *Note: in this case, the parenthetical citation goes after the quote, but outside the period.<br />Blend sources into your sentence structure. That is, a source must be properly introduced: <br />
  20. 20. Examples<br />Jane Doe claims that “students do well in a rigorous academic environment” (2005, p. 25).<br />In one study by Jane Doe (2005), students functioned well in an environment with high academic expectations (p. 25).<br /> *Note: only use quotation marks when the author’s words and ideas are borrowed. Paraphrase or summarize in other cases:<br />
  21. 21. In-Text Citations (cont.)<br />Use traditionally respected sources, whether in hardcopy or electronic form, including books, periodicals (journals, magazines, and newspapers) and respected organization web sites (U.S. Census Bureau, for example).<br />
  22. 22. References Page<br />Center and title reference page as References<br />Alphabetize and double space entries<br />Each line after the first of an entry should be indented one tab stroke (five spaces)<br />Key elements to include in a citation: author, date of publication, specific title, source title, volume and page numbers (if applicable)<br />If an electronic source, include the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if available. If not available, put the URL of where you retrieved the source (“Retrieved from www.ti.com/)<br />
  23. 23. Examples<br />Book<br />Doe, J. (2005). Students in school. New York: Academic Press.<br /> Magazine or Journal<br />Doe, J. (2005). School study habits among students. Journal of Academic Life, 10(2), 10-20.<br />
  24. 24. Examples<br />Newspaper Article<br />Doe, J. (2005, March 2). Student study habits. Naples Daily News, p. A5.<br />Article from an Online Database<br />Doe, J. (2005, January). Students who study succeed in school. Psychology Today, 125. doi: 543.1324<br /> 497256548746<br />
  25. 25. Examples<br />Government Agency or Group Author<br />U. S. Study Bureau. (2005). Research in student study habits (Report #142-5). Washington DC: Government Printing Office.<br />Electronic Source from Web<br />Doe, J. (2005). Students who study. Retrieved from http://studentstudy/research.com<br />
  26. 26. Examples<br />Audiovisual Source (movie, music CD, information CD, TV program)<br />King, L. (Host). (2005, March 2). Larry King live. New York: CNN.<br />Zemeckis, R. (Director). (1991). Forrest Gump [Film]. Hollywood, CA: Paramount.<br />Bono. (Lyricist). (2000). Walk on. On All that you can’t leave behind [CD]. New York: Interscope.<br />
  27. 27. For more information about APA<br />See the many helps available through the AAS and Library websites.<br />See the Publication Manual of the <br /> American Psychological Association<br />Make a one-on-one appointment<br /> with an AAS tutor<br />Ask your instructor<br />
  28. 28. For more information about APA<br />You can also view some short video tutorials (right click on URL, click ‘open hyperlink’):<br />Citing Articles with APA<br />http://www.screencast.com/t/YTczMjQ5<br />Citing Books and E-books<br />http://www.screencast.com/t/MDUyNmU3<br />Citing Websites<br />http://www.screencast.com/t/MTUyMDcyNmYt<br />Citing Tables and Figures<br />http://www.screencast.com/t/ZDIzOTZmZjQ<br />