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2018 08 21 0910 turning openness presentation philip uys

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Turning Openness from Competition to Advantage: Understanding the Benefits of Open Learning and Open Resources to Contribute to Social Responsibility while Freeing up Budgets


Tuesday, 21 August 2018, presented at Next Generation Libraries 2018 Conference, Melbourne, Australia

Published in: Education
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2018 08 21 0910 turning openness presentation philip uys

  1. 1. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Turning Openness from Competition to Advantage: Understanding the Benefits of Open Learning and Open Resources to Contribute to Social Responsibility while Freeing up Budgets Assoc Prof Philip Uys Director, Learning Technologies Division of Learning and Teaching Charles Sturt University www.csu.edu.au puys@csu.edu.au Tuesday, 21 August 2018, Next Generation Libraries 2018 Conference Slides will be at https://www.slideshare.net/puys
  2. 2. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 1. Introduction 2. Background 3. Some current strategies 4. Benefits of open education to free up budgets
  3. 3. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Contents 5. Benefits of open education to contribute to social responsibility 6. Observations
  4. 4. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 1. Introduction • approach: I'll share some background and ideas – probably mostly from a tertiary/higher education perspective, and some of what CSU – academics, l&t support staff, and Library - is doing re "openness“; acknowledge your expertise! • explore together: how can you use "openness" in your library to contribute to social responsibility i.e. “educational for all” while freeing up budgets • The slides are a combined handout and presentation • Background: some years of IT; then 7 years senior lecturer in NZ in adult education; then 17 years in Aus and Botswana as an educational technologist (had educational designers and ed technologists reporting to me) • Open education: CSU Open Education Working Party; Tonga project; Samoa; DHET Pretoria with Open Learning Directorate; Botswana Open University; Nigeria TVET ODFEL policy, strategy, and ODFEL Procedures Manual; COL institutional ODFEL template
  5. 5. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Recognition of key contributors: Karen Johnson, Executive Director, Division of Library Services, CSU with other staff of DLS: Vanessa Salway; Greg Fry; Buddhika Dissanayake, Kerry Vaughan, Phillipa Barlow Prof Val Peachey, Director, uImagine, Division of Learning and Teaching, CSU with other staff of uImagine: Julie Lindsay, Leanne White
  6. 6. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 2. Background • Much – in fact all of today can be spend on this topic - but "All is never said" African proverb • Needing to balance openness with recognition (as e.g. per all Creative Commons Licenses and earning an income for those who publish and host open content) • Openness not just about digital materials but also physical materials
  7. 7. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES • “Competing”: • Among institutions about trying to be exclusive and prohibitive (we are already funded by tax payers money, why must they pay again!), let's share as part of our social responsibility • Among publishers to lock down content and try and profit exclusively from content, share the content openly and add services (as already occurring)… this is what is happening in the teaching arena through the flipped classroom model and online education: "content is becoming a given" – everywhere available, and being driven also by our social responsibility
  8. 8. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Let’s move from competition to cooperation and collaboration – and all will win!
  9. 9. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES The Open Education Consortium defines open education as…. "resources, tools and practices that employ a framework of open sharing to improve educational access and effectiveness worldwide.” https://www.oeconsortium.org/about-oec/
  10. 10. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Education is Education for all
  11. 11. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Education “a collection of practices that utilize online technology to freely share knowledge“ (University of British Columbia) "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  12. 12. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES ● US, Canada and UK - All data from publicly funded research is made publicly available ● Research Data Australia - Find, access, and re-use data for research - from over one hundred Australian research organisations, government agencies, and cultural institutions https://researchdata.ands.org.au/ Open Research - Open Data
  13. 13. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 16 years ago • the term OER was coined • the Budapest Open Access Initiative was launched • the first Creative Commons licenses were released 11 years ago Cape Town Open Education Declaration was written 6 years ago • the first Open Education Week took place • the first OER World Congress was held, resulting in the Paris OER Declaration "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  14. 14. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru 1948 - UN Declaration of Human Rights Articles 19 & 26 2012 - 1st. OER Congress Paris OER Declaration 2015 - UN & UNESCO 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda SDG #4 • Inclusive & equitable quality ed. • Promotion of lifelong learning • Opportunities for all 2016 - Research into OER Action Plan 2017 - 2nd OER Congress - Ljubljana OER Action Plan - https://en.unesco.org/sites/default/files/ljubljana_oer_action_plan_2017.pdf
  15. 15.  Open learning: An educational approach which combines the principles of learner-centredness, lifelong learning, flexibility of learning provision, the removal of barriers to access learning, the recognition for credit of prior learning experience, the provision of learner support, the construction of learning programmes in the expectation that learners can succeed, and the maintenance of rigorous quality assurance over the design of learning materials and support systems. 1995 White Paper on Education and Training definition, and the definition outlined in White Paper for Post-school Education and Training (2014)
  16. 16. Open learning principles (as per DHET Open Learning Policy Framework for Post-School Education and Training - 8 March 2017)) i. learners are provided with opportunities and capacity for lifelong and life-wide learning; ii. learning processes focus on the learners and contexts of learning, build on their experience, and encourage active engagement leading to independent and critical thinking; iii. learning provision is flexible, allowing learners to increasingly determine where, when, what and how they learn, as well as the pace at which they will learn; iv. learners have access to learning opportunities, and unnecessary barriers to access have been removed. This includes providing free access to learning materials; providing diverse modes of learning; access to cost-effective value-added services such as learning support, tutoring and counselling; and cost-effective registration and assessment opportunities;
  17. 17. v. prior learning and experience is recognised wherever possible; vi. arrangements for credit transfer and articulation between qualifications facilitate further learning; vii. providers create the conditions for a fair chance of learner success through learner support, contextually appropriate resources and sound pedagogical practices; and viii. open learning is embedded in, enhances and expands the current education and training system (programmes and qualifications), and is not an add-on or a second-best to the current system. It can, however, also provide learning opportunities for non-formal learning.
  18. 18. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Access Open Access (OA) - ​making peer reviewed scholarly manuscripts freely available via the Internet, permitting any user to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full text of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. May also refer to theses, books, book chapters, monographs and other content. Budapest Open Access Initiative
  19. 19. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Access ● Academic publications make freely available ● Green, Gold and Platinum levels ● Open Textbooks (D. Wiley) ● ‘Open Flip’ (M. Weller) ● Directory of open access journals https://doaj.org
  20. 20. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Scholarship The digital scholar (Weller, 2011) “Digital, networked, open” The digital scholar revisited (Weller, 2018) “Is open scholarship a better term than digital scholarship now?” ● Increases student recruitment ● Increases student engagement and retention ● Helps lead development of new pedagogy ● Increases research impact ● Complements traditional scholarship ● Online profile leads to collaboration ● Sharing individual resources - presentations, podcasts, blog posts ● Social media engagement ● Open research methods ● Academics creating public identities
  21. 21. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) – referred to above as “Open Technologies” ● Software that is freely available at no cost
  22. 22. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Educational Resources (OER) “Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re- purposing by others.” (Hewlett Foundation) Technology-enabled, open provision of educational resources for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes (UNESCO, 2002). “OER include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge” (Hewlett Foundation) Teaching-learning and research materials released with an open license to permit reuse and repurpose in whole or in part Core of OER is how a resource is licensed for use, rather than the format of the resource itself "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  23. 23. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Why OER? (thinking of developing and developed environments)  Social responsibility (individual or corporate) – “education for all”  Improve quality and effectiveness of teaching and learning  Reduce academic course material development time  Transform education from knowledge transfer model to collaborative teaching-learning model  Depart from rigid publishing models and curricula and develop customized textbooks  Increase ‘Academic freedom’ for faculty  Enhance institution’s and faculty reputation  Adaptation and repurposing build technology-enabled teaching-learning capacity amongst educators  Save costs for students "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  24. 24. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 5 Rs of OER Creative Commons License grants retain/re-use/revise/remix/redistribute rights "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  25. 25. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Copyright vs Creative Commons 21/08/2018 2 Some rights reserved All rights reserved
  26. 26. CC Licences Four Basic Components Key Licenses All CC licenses require that users provide attribution (BY) to the creator "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  27. 27. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Education Consortium OER Consortium OER Commons OpenStax College Open Textbooks, BC Campus Saylor Open Textbook Network Open Textbooks SUNY Intech Open Access Textbooks MERLOT Open.Michigan University of Edinburgh Video Lectures Sources of OER MIT OCW John Hopkins OCW Tufts OCW OER Arcia COL DOER Open Education Europa Open Learn , UK OU CMU OLI MOOC Yale Open Courses DOAB DOAJ Flickr Images NPTEL NROER Spoken Tutorial, IITB Skill Commons – Workforce Development "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  28. 28. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES OpenStax (Rice University) BC Open Textbooks University of Minnesota Open Textbooks Open SUNY Textbooks: State University of New York libraries Intech Science, Technology & Medicine Lyryx with Open Text CK-12 FlexBook® textbooks: open source digital textbooks College Open Textbooks: not a content provider, provides links to open textbooks OpenStax • Math • Science Open Textbooks BC Open Textbooks • Applied Science • Chemistry • Math/Stats • Physics University of Minnesota • Computer Science & Information Systems • Engineering • Humanities & Languages • Mathematics & Statistics Intech • Chemistry (73) • Computer and Information Science (334) • Engineering (570) CK12 • India CK-12 FlexBooks • Apps – Flexbook, Physics Simulations, Practice Math & Science"Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  29. 29. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Courseware MIT OCW John Hopkins OCW Tufts OCW "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  30. 30. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Learn , UK OU CMU OLI Open Course Library Saylor Academy Yale Open Courses NPTEL Online Courses OERu Lumen MOOCS (edX, FutureLearn, Coursera, Canvas, Udacity, NovoEd, Moodle etc.) Open Online Courses "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  31. 31. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru http://tinyurl.com/searchforoer Note: please skip the "Ad" links i.e. advertising website links that might appear (normally) at the top of the links. Search facility created by Paul West (formerly from COL, and other organisations)
  32. 32. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Google Advanced Search o Go to https://www.google.com/advanced_search o In the "all these words" box, type what you want to search o Scroll down to "Usage rights" section o Use the drop-down to choose the license you want the content to have Finding OER – Text Free to use or share: Allows you to copy or redistribute its content if the content remains unchanged. Free to use share or modify: Allows you to copy, modify, or redistribute in ways specified in the license. Commercially: If you want content for commercial use, be sure to select an option that includes the word "commercially." "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  33. 33. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Finding OER – Images Flickr • Navigate to https://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/. • Click “See more” under any types of CC collections • Type your keyword in the search box / browse popular tags • Click on the image you need • Check the license setting on the right side. If it says “Some Rights Reserved,” it means it is Creative Commons licensed and is safe to use. • Click the Download icon to view different sizes options Google Images • https://www.google.com/advanced_image_search • In the "all these words" box, type what you want to search • Scroll down to “Usage rights” • Choose “free to use or share” • Or Tools (“Labelled for reuse” ) Pixabay • Public domain images "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  34. 34. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Finding OER – Videos YouTube • Navigate to youtube.com • Type in keyword • Filter to identify CC licensed videos • Click on the video • Click ‘Show More’ to check the license Vimeo • Type in key word. Expand ‘More Filters’ to choose a CC license • Click on the video to check the license "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  35. 35. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Comments & Questions?
  36. 36. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 3. Some current strategies
  37. 37. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES ● USQ - different courses & platforms - https://www.usq.edu.au/open-practice/open- courses ● Open Universities Australia - 170 degrees - https://www.open.edu.au/ ● UTAS - https://www.class-central.com/university/utas Understanding Dementia - 200,000 students! https://mooc.utas.edu.au/courses ● ANU Coffee Courses - http://anuonline.weblogs.anu.edu.au/ ● OEP SIG (Ascilite) Adrian Stagg (USQ) and Carina Bosu (UTAS) - https://oepoz.wordpress.com/ ● OpenEdOz Project 2014-16 - http://openedoz.org/ - Case Study Themes http://openedoz.org/case-study-themes-2/ In general in AUS
  38. 38. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES In libraries re open access Libraries play a crucial role in promoting scholarly communication through open access publishing by providing: • support for open access publishing/self archiving of research outputs via institutional repositories • advice to researchers on where to publish for impact • Assistance with navigating through the various OA models: Green OA Model: Depositing an open access copy in the repository Gold Model : Paying the journal to make work open access Hybrid model: Paying a journal to make an article open access while it also charges subscription fees
  39. 39. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Several Australian OA University Presses managed by the Library: • ANU Press (free access to eBook version, pay only for print on demand) • Sydney University Press (open access, out of copyright available on OAPEN) • UTS ePress Australian Libraries are also “crowd funding” scholarly publications by supporting Knowledge Unlatched
  40. 40. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES • advocacy – funding bodies, universities, publishers CSU Library is a founding member of the Australasian Open Access Strategy Group (AOASG) Libraries play a crucial role in promoting scholarly communication through open access publishing by providing:
  41. 41. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Collaboration and advocacy “The mission of the Australasian Open Access Strategy Group (AOASG) is to make Australasian research Open and FAIR. We support the Open Knowledge foundation of definition of “Open”, i.e. that anyone can freely access, use, modify, and share content for any purpose. We also support the right of authors to retain their copyright and to be attributed for their work. The outputs of scholarship include, but are not limited to, preprints, peer reviewed scholarly manuscripts, data, software, theses, books, and monographs.” https://aoasg.org.au/about/
  42. 42. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES CAUL (Council of Australian University Librarians) The Fair, affordable and open access to knowledge program is part of CAUL's 2017 - 2019 strategic plan Collaboration and advocacy
  43. 43. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Collaboration and advocacy SPARC Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition - a global coalition committed to making Open the default for research and education sparcopen.org
  44. 44. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Publishing and Digitisation projects Australian Libraries are also part of a world wide movement “crowd funding” scholarly publications by supporting Knowledge Unlatched http://www.knowledgeunlatched.org/
  45. 45. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES ● "Collection Services"- Serials cost increase each year and the Library Material Budget continue to shrink. Therefore libraries are exploring alternative strategies to keep up with the collection cost and support open access initiatives ( e.g. Knowledge Unlatched collection). CSU has been supporting this Knowledge Unlatched initiative since 2014 and annually contribute funds to unlatch certain number of titles and then these titles become openly available in Primo ● Until recently, titles from Knowledge Unlatched have been ‘marked’ with a simple text note or organisational name entry in the bibliographic record. Ex Libris, CSU library system provider, has now enabled generation of the OA icon, the “open padlock” using specific wording in an access note in the bibliographical record.
  46. 46. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES ● "Knowledge Unlatched" presents an annual collection of scholarly works from 110 international publishers. Libraries are able to pledge against chosen resources in an effort to “open” the entire collection of recent and “back list” titles. The intention is to develop a sustainable model for provision of open access resources. Subject matter is becoming broader as more publishers are involved, but more Australian content is required. ● DOLAB collection (i.e. Directory of Open Access Books) and working with publishers Open Edition, Brill, Springer Nature and De Gruyter.
  47. 47. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES OAPEN (Open Access Publishing in European Networks) Not for profit dedicated to open access peer-reviewed books in the humanities and social sciences Operates two platforms: the OAPEN Library and Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) http://www.oapen.org/home
  48. 48. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES The Hathi Trust Digital Library is a partnership of major research institutions and libraries working together to ensure the cultural record is preserved and accessible. However, due to differences between US and Australian copyright law, not all content is available openly in Australia https://www.hathitrust.org
  49. 49. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Open Textbooks Strong in North America Coalition of State governments: California, British Columbia, Washington, Minnesota, Florida; Philanthropic foundations, including: The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; Universities, including: • Minnesota (Open Textbook Library) https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/ • Rice (OpenStax) https://openstax.org/
  50. 50. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Response to high levels of student debt and increasing text book costs According to a 2014 report by The Student Public Interest Research Group: • Students spent on average US$1200 per year on textbooks • High costs discouraging students from buying up to date versions of textbooks or even buying textbooks at all • Negative impact on retention and academic outcomes https://uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/NATIONAL%20Fixing%20Broke n%20Textbooks%20Report1.pdf
  51. 51. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES
  52. 52. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES University of Minnesota Libraries Partnership for Affordable Content: Librarians work with faculty to “select and implement new high quality and cost effective content for their courses”, including: • Open textbooks • Library licensed resources such as eJournals and eBooks • Lawful determinations of fair use • Open education resources • Faculty created, openly licensed materials Librarians also assist in delivering resources to students through various online tools such as library developed services and Moodle.
  53. 53. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Student financial hardship is also an issue in Australia as reported in the latest Universities Australia Student Finances survey 2017 https://www.universitiesaustralia.edu.au/Media-and- Events/submissions-and-reports/Students-Finances-Survey-2017 CSU Library aims to assist students by promoting the use of Library resources, including licensed eResources, eReserve and open access resources through its subject and course renewal activities. However, there are some significant barriers to the promotion of open access resources, including: • academic resistance • professional accreditation requirements • lack of Australian OA content in areas such as law
  54. 54. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Libraries and Open Access Our alternative strategy has been to negotiate with publishers to make high use print titles required by CSU academics available online – thereby eliminating the need for students to purchase their own copy. However, we will continue to promote open textbooks and other peer reviewed open teaching resources!
  55. 55. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Wider open education strategies in learning and teaching at Charles Sturt University
  56. 56. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES ● OERu - a global group of tertiary educations working together to make tertiary content freely available. ● Connects learners around the world with defined pathways to education ● The learning is free and credentialing is very affordable. Australian partner institutions include: UTAS, University of Canberra, Curtin University and CSU. OERu courses can be assessed towards academic credit through one of the partner institutions, which means that for a fraction of the full tuition costs, students can get formal credit recognised around the world. The learning is free, formal assessments are optional and credentialing is very affordable. https://oeru.org/oeru-partners/charles-sturt-university/ CSU has developed four Indigenous Australian micro courses and is currently developing additional OERu courses in Ecotourism and Leadership on the OERu.
  57. 57. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Australian company Cloud based social online learning platform. Global reach - targeting Australia and Asia Philosophy based on: ● student empowerment ● authentic active learning experiences ● Community and connectedness
  58. 58. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Currently CSU has two live courses: 1. Introduction to Ecotourism - an open pathways taster. 2. STRIVE Student Leadership program - a private course for CSU students only (requires access code to enrol) Two currently in development 1. Get ready, Get set, become a digital online learner 2. Working with Offending Behaviour: Assessment, treatment and management
  59. 59. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Some specific other strategies at CSU Division of Library Services
  60. 60. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Primo Search (Discovery service) & Open Access (OA) The August release of Primo included a facility that enables users to filter search results to only display OA resources, e.g. journal articles, books, book chapters • CSU has switched on a number of OA sources in the Primo Central Index (PCI), e.g. OAPEN, DOAJ, Project Gutenberg • PCI records from other sources, e.g. ANU Press, that are identified as OA are also displayed The Primo Search OA filter has a number of applications: a. Researchers are able to identify OA journals that are currently publishing articles in their field of interest, i.e. where to submit articles b. Subject coordinators are able to identify OA resources to embed in i2 subjects c. CSU alumni can continue to use Primo Search to access OA resources
  61. 61. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES
  62. 62. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES • Library content often blocked in commercial collections: but staff can identify sources that are open access – can use particularly in MOOCs (or standard CSU subjects) • In Primo can point to collection and say "everything in that collection is open" e.g. OAPEN; DOAJ, and Project Guttenberg • ANU Press collection discoverable through CSU Primo search and already tagged some records as "open access“ • DLS provide assistance for l&t staff and for researchers to identify open access journals "peer reviewed articles“ • In DLS: ● Faculty liaison librarians ●Also 3 other faculty teams assisting to embed GLO materials (e.g. information literacy) into subject materials
  63. 63. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES ● Library staff developed a Library Resource Guide of relevant open access material to support some of the short open courses at one of our campuses. Also developed a Library Resource Guide for alumni to know what sort of academic resources they can still access after they graduate. This includes different ways of accessing subscription resources through State Libraries, etc., as well as open access resources.
  64. 64. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Comments & Questions?
  65. 65. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 4. Benefits of open education to free up budgets • Reducing cost of expensive subscriptions to collections √ • Reducing cost of expensive textbooks for students √ • Reduce teaching staff – and teaching support staff - course material development time √ • However, this often impacts directly on the income of publishing companies • DHET pursuing interesting business model: free digital, but publisher can sell paper-based materials
  66. 66. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES OpenStax saved students $77 million in 2016 OpenStax textbooks: • peer-reviewed textbooks • in use in 2,500 courses • uses philanthropic grants to produce high-quality textbooks Source: http://news.rice.edu "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  67. 67. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES - Open Textbook Stats 21/08/2018 6 Source: https://open.bccampus.ca/ "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  68. 68. Maricopa Community College Students saved $7 Million TCC students saved $2,000 – $3,000 over the course of the two-year program 6 Source: https://www.maricopa.edu Source: https://www.tcc.edu "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  69. 69. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Comments & Questions?
  70. 70. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 5. Benefits of open education to contribute to social responsibility • Projects e.g. Tonga project; Samoa; DHET Pretoria with Open Learning Directorate; Botswana Open University; Nigeria TVET policy, strategy, procedures; COL template √ • As above, in US and Canada the main focus of the "open movement" is eliminating the cost of textbooks, or at least reducing the cost. Also in Aus: reducing the cost of expensive textbooks for regional students; first in family students; low SES students √
  71. 71. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Social responsibility (individual or corporate) – “education for all” Improve quality and effectiveness of teaching and learning Transform education from knowledge transfer model to collaborative teaching-learning model Depart from rigid publishing models and curricula and develop customized textbooks Increase ‘Academic freedom’ for faculty Enhance institution’s and faculty reputation Adaptation and repurposing build technology- enabled teaching-learning capacity amongst educators "Understanding, Creating & Sharing“ by Dr. Indira Koneru
  72. 72. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Comments & Questions?
  73. 73. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES 6. Observations a) Information and digital literacy and fluency of staff and students are thus becoming increasingly critical (so much info available under so many licenses in digital, paper, verbal formats): libraries has a key role with the L&T centre and teaching staff b) a key is the contextualisation of open materials – actually any l&t materials! c) granularity remains a key issue – as it was in "learning objects" in LCMS/DOR/LORs! Over the last two decades: too small becomes contextually irrelevant and difficult to see it's value; too large is great for context, but that becomes a barrier for re- use
  74. 74. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES d) interesting trend since the Internet, the Web and browsers like Firefox and Google, is that one can take the availability of resources more or less for granted - now the academic can use their teaching time for interactive teaching (not “delivery of content”) i.e. aligned to the flipped classroom model e) convergence: the role of educational designers and faculty librarians (also being part of course development teams at CSU – their roles in the teams and also their interactions on such teams) are increasingly overlapping and integrating f) possible future merging of libraries (“learning commons/centres”) and L& T centres? Both are “the glue between silos” among groups (as mentioned yesterday). Are we part of each others’ worlds?
  75. 75. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES g) complexity is increasing for teaching staff, teaching support staff and students re licensing (Creative Commons and the like) and the myriad of resources available
  76. 76. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES h) Adopting OER within a university course poses considerable practical challenges. A review of international case studies of OER uptake in Higher Education courses (Judith & Bull, 2016) found barriers in five major areas: • adapting material across contexts; • copyright issues; • locating context-suitable resources; • discoverability issues driven by diffuse nature of OER repositories; and • limited staff knowledge of OEP.
  77. 77. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES The elephant in the room: unwillingness to share our resources with each other locks us out of seeing and experiencing the bigger global sharing picture
  78. 78. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES i) In order to move forward on strategic level these are a few of the factors that need to be considered. • Strategic Alignment with the broader institutional goals • The philosophical position of the organization vis a vis impacts of “Open” on access, quality, social justice • Is this being supported on a broader scale by local, regional, national funding • What strategies are in place or need to be developed to build the Open institutional culture, what kinds of communication, reward systems, educational systems, marketing and communication plans support the roll out or development? • Impacts on potential societal economic development and growth
  79. 79. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES j) Open ed is growing fast and already working at many institutions and groups
  80. 80. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES k) Indeed institutions, and libraries in particular, can turn openness from competition to advantage, by understanding the benefits of open learning and open resources and contribute to social responsibility while freeing up their budgets √
  81. 81. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES
  82. 82. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Comments & Questions?
  83. 83. DIVISION OF LEARNING AND TEACHING & DIVISION OF LIBRARY SERVICES Thank you Assoc Prof Philip Uys Director, Learning Technologies Division of Learning and Teaching Charles Sturt University www.csu.edu.au puys@csu.edu.au Slides at https://www.slideshare.net/puys

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