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A Dream Deferred


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A Dream Deferred

  1. 1. By Langston Hughes<br />A Dream Deferred<br />
  2. 2. A Dream Deferred<br />What happens to a dream deferred?<br />Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun? Or fester like a sore-- And then run? Does it stink like rotten meat? Or crust and sugar over-- like a syrupy sweet?<br />Maybe it just sags like a heavy load.<br />Or does it explode?<br />
  3. 3. Questions for Analysis<br />When was this poem written?<br />Who is the author?<br />What is the poem’s meaning?<br />What literary elements are used in the poem?<br />
  4. 4. Harlem Renaissance <br />1920s-1930s<br />African-American cultural revolution<br />Era of written and artistic creativity<br />Eneas de Trova, Harlem Renaissance, May 11, 2010, Attribution <br />
  5. 5. Origins of the Harlem Renaissance<br />Huge numbers of African Americans migrated north<br />No opportunities in the South<br />North was industrial. South was agricultural. <br />African Americans were encouraged to celebrate heritage<br />An explosion of music, literature, art. <br />
  6. 6. Langston Hughes<br />Born 1902, in Joplin, Missouri. <br />Lincoln, Illinois - began writing poetry.<br />Wrote novels, short stories, plays, poetry<br />Writing important in shaping Harlem Renaissance.<br />Died: 1967 of prostate cancer.<br />onBeing, Langston Hughes, May 15, 2007, Attribution – Non-commercial – ShareAlike<br />
  7. 7. Hughes’ Contribution to Harlem Renaissance<br />Portrayals of black life in America. <br />Involved with the world of jazz <br />Personal life and common African American experience. <br />Told stories of African American people <br />Reflected culture, suffering, music, language<br />
  8. 8. Reaching Theme<br />How do you reach theme?<br />Analyze parts of the poem.<br />Look at poem line by line.<br />Look for literary devices and meaning.<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  9. 9. Literary Devices<br />Imagery “fester like a sore”<br />Rhetorical Questions “What happens to a dream deferred?”<br />Simile “Like a raisin in the sun”<br />Rhyme “load – explode”<br />Diction “dream deferred”<br />
  10. 10. Rhetorical Questions<br />How can dream…<br />“dry up” <br />“fester like a sore.” <br />“stink like rotten meat”<br />“crust and sugar over”<br />“sag like a heavy load”<br />“explode”<br />David Harris, IMG_0211, March 10, 2008, Attribution.<br />
  11. 11. Word Choice<br />How does word choice help discover the author’s meaning?<br />What does the author mean by “dream”?<br />What does “deferred” mean?<br />What happens when dreams are “deferred”?<br />
  12. 12. Rhythm<br />Definition: the flow or cadence of the writing<br />Read the poem aloud.<br />What does it sound like?<br />How to the words flow together?<br />Stuart Seeger,Jazz New Orleans Style, August 12, 2006, Attribution<br />
  13. 13. Understanding Theme<br />Having to postpone one’s deepest desires can lead to destruction<br />What does the theme mean?<br />How was the theme important to Harlem Renaissance?<br />How do we apply the theme to our lives?<br />
  14. 14. Theme’s Importance to the Harlem Renaissance<br />Encouraged African-Americans to dream<br />Take advantage of new opportunities<br />Break free of the racial struggles of the 1920s <br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  15. 15. Theme’s Importance Today<br />Encourage us to follow our dreams<br />Take risks to follow our dreams<br />If you don’t, may miss opportunities<br />
  16. 16. Works Cited<br />"Dream Deferred by Langston Hughes." PoemHunter.Com - Thousands of Poems and Poets.. Poetry Search Engine. Web. 16 Feb. 2011. <>.<br />"Hughes' Harlem - A Dream Deferred: Analysis and Commentary." Online Magazine and Writers' Network. Web. 20 Feb. 2011. <>.<br />"Harlem Renaissance." 42explore2 Temporary Index Page. Web. 20 Feb. 2011. <>.<br />"A Brief Guide to the Harlem Renaissance." - Poetry, Poems, Bios & More. Web. 20 Feb. 2011. <>.<br />"Langston Hughes." - Poetry, Poems, Bios & More. Web. 20 Feb. 2011. <>.<br />