PANAM 12.10.12-version 32

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PANAM 12.10.12-version 32

  1. 1. A STUDY ON THE SPATIAL ORGANIZATION OF THE HOUSES OF PANAM NAGAR, SONARGAON. Seminar Presentation on
  2. 2. cc Sonargaon In History Of Bengal Medieval Period(Muslim) • Until the British realm, was a provincial metropolis, port city and an international trade center. • Famous for the finest cotton named Muslin. Modern Period(British-Colony)Ancient Period(pre-Muslim) Boundary of Bengal The existence of Sonargaon Source: Banglapedia (Reference: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, A Survey of Historic Monuments and Sites in Bangladesh. SHMSB-003, Sonargaon- Panam)
  3. 3. Sonargaon map published in 1650 Ad source-Asiatic society) Sonargaon-In a Historical Map of the World Trade Sonargaon In International Trade: Territory of Bengal (Reference: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, A Survey of Historic Monuments and Sites in Bangladesh. SHMSB-003, Sonargaon- Panam)
  4. 4. Location of Sonargaon: • 27 kilometers to the south-east of Dhaka city. • Surrounded by rivers on all four sides. Architectural Significance of Sonargaon: • A large group of historic monuments scattered all over Sonargaon. •Great range of variety in the field of architecture and a long span of time. (Sultanate to Colonial) Mouza Map Historic Monuments(pre- colonial) Historic Monuments(coloni al) References: 1. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, A Survey of Historic Monuments and Sites in Bangladesh. SHMSB-003, Sonargaon- Panam
  5. 5. Attracted the attention of the company in early 19th century. • Small township Probably On the ancient village Panam Panam-an Unique Settlement in Historic Sonargaon References: 1. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, A Survey of Historic Monuments and Sites in Bangladesh. SHMSB-003, Sonargaon- Panam 2. Taylor, J. A Sketch of the topography and statistics of Dacca, Calcutta, 1840. • Panam Nagar is a Part of Historic Sonargaon that contains a large assemble of secular buildings. Socio-Economic History of Panam Nagar- • The owners were originally traders, Shahas or Poddars. • Gradually became Zamindars came there occasionally only in ‘Durga-Puja’. •Probably grew as a by product of commercial activities by English East India Company. • Renowned for the finest cotton of Sonargaon. Cotton Industry of the east India Company beside Panam. Brennand W, 1872 (source: India Library, www.indialibrery.org)
  6. 6. Panam Nagar,(asiatic society) •Present settlement Early 19th to early 20th century • Well organized urbanization in a rural setup. • ponds were used commonly. • Protected by artificial cannels on all sides. Served sanitation purpose as well Description of the Study Area: General Features of the Settlement References: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, A Survey of Historic Monuments and Sites in Bangladesh. SHMSB-003, Sonargaon- Panam
  7. 7. The Street facing Buildings of Panam Brennand W, 1872 (source: India Library, www.indialibrery.org) Present View
  8. 8. Type of Built Forms: Following classification are seen in the Panam Houses. Buildings of Panam Compound Central Courtyard Type Street Front Central Hall Type Consolidated Type This Study will focus on the different types of Street front houses. References: Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, A Survey of Historic Monuments and Sites in Bangladesh. SHMSB-003, Sonargaon- Panam
  9. 9. Street front Houses
  10. 10. There are 52 buildings in Panam Nagar. 4-Central Hall type. 5 Central Courtyard type The rest are Consolidated type. One atypical case is there, house no-5 which has both a hall in the 1st floor and a central court. Central Courtyard Type Central Hall Type Consolidated Type Buildings of Panam Nagar:
  11. 11. Type of Buildings: 3 types of buildings. (ASB) 1. Central Courtyard Type- House no-5,9,36,38 and 40. 2. Central Hall Type- House no-1,2,5,16 and 26 3. Consolidated Type- The rest of the buildings are of this type, except few cases. Central court Colonnade Double heighted space Single heighted part of the hall.
  12. 12. • Buildings are described as residential in character. (ASB) • Represent an unique architectural style- in terms of i. Elevation and Ornamentation. ii. Structural and Construction Detail. iii. Spatial Organization. • A group of highly ornamented buildings in enclosed form. • Every building got the frontage of the road. Physical Organization of Buildings:
  13. 13. Extensively decorated opening in the street front façade, the other parts are comparatively flat. Elevation And Ornamentation: Front Elevation Ornamentation
  14. 14. Structure and Construction Details: Kori- Barga Roofing Vaulted roof with brick and lime plaster Flat roof of brick Column Floor Joint Brick detail Wall thickness
  15. 15. Spatial Organization Double heighted hall staircase Linear Corridor Central court backyard Veranda, the transitional space Roof top temple Secondary entry in the rear part
  16. 16. Possible Research Interests: • Extensively ornamented façade. • Different type of structural system. • Highly mature plan layout but have lack of information about the functional zoning or spatial organization. Architectural Research Interest Generic character of buildings through plan analysis Typological character of buildings by studying elevation and ornamentation. Structural and construction detail analysis
  17. 17. Important Elements of Building Layout/Plan: -Courtyards: single, multiple etc. -Central Halls: double height -Layering of Spaces: public and private space was separated by layers of rooms. -Circulation pattern: accessibility, transition and connections by veranda and corridors, stairs and rooms. - Zoning: commercial and residential purpose in the same buildings, service & served spaces, front back etc. Focus of the Study: Spatial Organization Morphological analysis by studying the building plans of Panam Nagar.
  18. 18. Issues Needs to be Investigated: Spatial Organization 1. Spatial organization within these three types of buildings And reason of this difference. 2. Possible Use in these buildings- Residential? Mixed use? Recreational? 3. External Influences- Regional? Foreign? Where is the root? 4. Genotype.
  19. 19. Chronological Development of Urban House Forms in this Region: Consolidated Bungalow Composite Bungalow Influencefrom rural vernacular architecture Western influence of the colonial rulers. Enclosed Courtyard Houses compactness Indicates urban need Traditional Rural Houses Single room around a court yard Multiplerooms Reference: 1. Dr. Khan F.U. Colonial Architecture of Bangladesh, unpublished PHD thesis, Department of Islamic History, The University of Dhaka. 2. A Study on Urban Housing, Imamuddin A.H, Unpublished Thesis, Masters of Engineering in Architecture, Katholic University of Leuven. 3. Multi-Court House of Old Dhaka, Haque, Ferdouse Ara, Unpublished Masters thesis, Department of Architecture, BUET. Urban House Form Indigenous Pattern (the old city) Fusion of indigenous and formal pattern Formal Pattern (the planned new city)
  20. 20. Type of Urban House Forms in this Region: Urban House Forms Introverted Central Court (Pre-Colonial/ Colonial) Detached Rural Courtyard Houses Enclosed High density urban living, Multi-storied building around a small court. Rooms have multiple functions. Extroverted (Colonial) Composite Bungalow Consolidated Integrate Living and Service Part in a single mass. Reference: 1. A Study on Urban Housing, Imamuddin A.H, Unpublished Thesis, Masters of Engineering in Architecture, Katholic University of Leuven. 2. Multi-Court House of Old Dhaka, Haque, Ferdouse Ara, Unpublished Masters thesis, Department of Architecture, BUET.
  21. 21. Where does Panam Buildings stand in these typology?
  22. 22. Problem Statement • Compactness and Maximum utilization of space without any evidence of their use pattern. • Highly mature and compact organization of buildings in a remote rural area draws attention about the ‘Genotype of Houses’ of this settlement. • The Courtyard/ Hall is a very significant part of the organization. The articulation of spaces around the courtyard draws attention. How similar are they to other TYPES that were evolved in this region? • The Typology made by ASB doesn’t refer these buildings towards any known group of this region. (ASB-Asiatic Society of Bangladesh) Research Rational: • No remarkable study has been done yet to understand the spatial organization of these buildings. • Without understanding the morphological character of these buildings the history of housing of this region would remain incomplete. So, it is necessary to decode these buildings to have a complete understanding of the history of house forms of this region.
  23. 23. Research Question: 1. What are the interpretation of space within different types of buildings classified by ASB? What are the basic organization pattern of the houses of Panam? 2. What is the origin of such a complex organization? Is there any influence of the urban houses of this region on patterning the houses of Panam? Objective: • Try to explain the organizational pattern of different types of buildings of Panam Nagar.( Considering the ASB research) • Try to find out the origin of this collection of buildings by putting them in the broader range of residential buildings of this region. (ASB-Asiatic Society of Bangladesh) Limitations: -Lack of Information about the function of these buildings therefore spatial organization is not clear. - At present, Buildings are not accessible for physical survey.
  24. 24. Methodological framework Literature Review Research Question Step-02 Analyze selective case studies of the urban house forms of this region. Step-01 Analyze selected case of different types of houses of Panam Spatial Analysis through Space Syntax Field Survey and Cartographic Record Study Step-04 Analysis and synthesis of the data Findings and Conclusion To understand the historical background of Panam Nagar and the house forms of this region. . Development of objectives
  25. 25. Case Selection: Among them 6 buildings of 3 types are selected as Case Study Source Number of Buildings Complete Drawing Incomplete Drawings Department of Archeology 19 11 8 Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 7 - 7 Unpublished Sources 40 22 18 Accessible through Field Survey 6 - -
  26. 26. Analysis With Space Syntax: • Space Syntax encompasses a set of theories and techniques for the analysis of spatial configurations. • In this theory, spaces can be broken down into components, analyzed as networks of choices, then represented as maps and graphs that describe the relative connectivity and integration of those spaces. • J-Graph Analysis is an analysis tool of Space Syntax which helps to understand the spatial quality of a building. • Founded on the study of the forms and arrangements of the buildings-Geometry and Topology. J-Graph can be used to analyze the buildings of Panam Nagar.
  27. 27. Case Study-1 Building no: 27 Type: Consolidated Storey: 2 Use Pattern: Not defined. Ground floor plan 1st floor plan Veranda Rooms Corridor backyard 2 4 2 3 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 4 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 Lavatory
  28. 28. RRA Tree Depth Tree
  29. 29. Case Study:2 Building No-45 Storey-Single. Type: Consolidated. Use Pattern: Not Defined. 9 8 7 4 5 6 3 1 2 1 Room lavatory Corridor 1
  30. 30. Depth Tree RRA Tree
  31. 31. Analysis Table:
  32. 32. Case Study-3 Building No: 33 Kasinath House Storey: 2 storied Type: Central courtyard Use Pattern: Residential. Ground floor plan 1st floor plan 1 court court court Room Corridor Veranda lavatory Depth Tree RRA Tree 1 2 3 4 5 6 78 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 78 9 9 2 1 3
  33. 33. Analysis Table:
  34. 34. Case Study-4 Building No: 5 Type: Central Courtyard Type. Storey: 3 storied. court court court Ground floor plan 1st floor plan 2nd floor plan Room Corridor Veranda lavatory temple 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 7 8 9 1 1 2 2 3 2 RRA Tree Depth Tree
  35. 35. Case Study: 5 Building no: 9 Type: Central Hall type Storey: 2 storied. Use Pattern: Not Defined. 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 Room Hall Veranda Corridor Depth Tree RRA Tree
  36. 36. Analysis Table:
  37. 37. Comparative Analysis of Different Type of Buildings
  38. 38. Possible Outcome: • we may find a clue to reach to the origin of the secular built form of this region. • it can also give direction to the society of the affluent class of people who were the patronize of the architecture of this region.
  39. 39. References- 1. Dr. Khan F.U. Colonial Architecture of Bangladesh, unpublished PHD thesis, Department of Islamic History, The University of Dhaka. 2., Imamuddin A.H, A Study on Urban Housing Unpublished Thesis, Masters of Engineering in Architecture, Katholic University of Leuven. 3. Multi-Court House of Old Dhaka, Haque, Ferdouse Ara, Unpublished Masters thesis, Department of Architecture, BUET. 4. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, A Survey of Historic Monuments and Sites in Bangladesh. SHMSB-003, Sonargaon-Panam. 5. Taylor, J. A Sketch of the topography and statistics of Dacca, Calcutta, 1840. 6. Steadman, JP, Architectural Morphology, 1989.
  40. 40. Thank You Pushpita Eshika Roll-100701021p

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