The conflict seems to have been sparked off after several days of a traditional Yoruba festival, the Oro. Traditionally those not involved in the festival are requested to stay off the street. Yoruba people spoke to a BBC reporter and said that the Hausas had not respected this tradition. The Hausas said they had been attacked indiscriminately.
Communal conflicts in Nigeria
Communal Conflicts in Nigeria By Lovelyn Nwolisa +2348098234737 email@example.com
Communal conflict arises when two distinctcommunity groups come into conflict.
Nigeria is a large multiethnic country whereethnic cleavages remain a critical problemand ethnic violence has erupted periodically.Within the past four decades, Nigeria hasexperienced dangerous scenes of incessantdysfunctional conflicts, which have occurredbetween communities, ethnic groups andreligious groups.
Class Discussions (part 1) Tell us your name and where you come from Tell us about a conflict in your community
Causes of Communal Conflict Indigene/Settler (Land ownership issues) Land Dispute Boundary Dispute The then Federal Military Government Mention more...
Examples of conflicts in Nigeria Yoruba-Hausa community in Shagamu -Respect for tradition(Oro festival)
Eleme-Okrika -Creation of state and local govt -Unclear boundaries -Clash over ownership of oil fields, farmlands and waterways.
Tiv-Jukun in Wukari -Case of Indigene/settler -Assasination of the representative of Jukun in Taraba State House of Assembly (Jukun accused the Tiv)
Chamba-Kuteb in Taraba-Chieftancy title selection process altered Itsekiri-Ijaw/Urhobo -Movement of LGA hq from Ijaw area to Itsekiri territory -Land ownership/dispute
Aguleri-Umuleri in Anambra State -Land disputes Ife-Modakeke in Osun State -Indegines/settlers case Ijaw-Ilaje conflict in Ondo -Ownership of land reputed to be rich in oil reserve
others Basa-Egbura in Nassarawa Hausa/Fulani-Sawaya in Bauchi Fulani-Irigwe and Yelwa-Shendam, both in Plateau State Ogoni-Adoni Hausa-Yoruba clashes in Idi-Araba in Lagos State
Class Discussion (part 2) How was the conflict in your community resolved? Lessons learnt.
Group Discussion Group 1. Discuss various ways communal conflict can be avoided. Group 2. How can an on-going conflict be stopped? Group 3. What are the roles of government, religious bodies, Individuals and Agencies in Conflict resolution?
Mitigating Future Conflict InNigeria Eliminate indigene/settler classifications in government decision -making Strengthen, coordinate, and de-conflict security institutions. Make protection of minority rights a priority Establish Community based, state supported peace-building committee