learning that occurs in actualsettings that are relevant totoday’s real world problemsand to the students’ experiences.
It is a form of assessment in whichstudents are asked to performreal-world tasks thatdemonstrate meaningful applicationof essential knowledge and skills.
testing alternative assessment summative formative contrived real-life recall / recognition construction/application teacher-structured student-structured indirect evidence direct evidence outcomes only process & outcomes skills integrated skills skill-focused task-based isolated facts application of knwledge
external evaluation student self-evaluation single correct answer many correct answers individuals groups after instruction during instruction secret criteria public criteria paper & pen performance type multiple choice type supply selecting a response performing a task / constructing a response
Students perform, construct, produce, or do something Uses close-real-life situations Integrates prior knowledge and uses HOTS Reasoning skills needed and assessed so students explain, justify and defend. Involves sustained work, often days and weeks. Performance is directly observable.
The collection,interpretation anduse of informationto help teachersmake betterdecisions toimprove studentlearning.
1. Assessment test shouldmeasure clearly definedlearning competenciesthat are in harmony withthe lesson objectives.
2. Assessment test should measure arepresentative sample of the learning tasks included in the instruction.
3. Assessment test should include the type of test items that are mostappropriate for measuring the desired learning outcomes.
4. Assessment should fit the particular uses that will be made of the results.
5. Assessment tests should be as reliable as possible and should then be interpreted with caution.
6. Assessment tests should improve student learning.