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  1. 1. SUBVERSION <ul><li>Subversion is the first phase of the insurgency </li></ul>
  2. 2. Insurgency 1 st Phase/Stage 2 nd phase/Stage Subversion Armed Struggle <ul><li>Cause and ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of the party </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of united front </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Infiltration </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Selective terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>GW Stage Mobile Stage </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic defensive Strategic Offensive </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic stalemate </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Activities are carried out with utmost secrecy. </li></ul><ul><li>Some activities are conducted openly. </li></ul><ul><li>Compared with iceberg. </li></ul><ul><li>Not temporary change but overthrow of existing social and political order. </li></ul><ul><li>Time to enter into 2nd phase depend upon country to country and situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Insurgency starts from cause and grows to strength </li></ul><ul><li>Moulding attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing dissident to oppose Govt. policies. </li></ul><ul><li>Win over minds of people towards cause </li></ul>
  4. 4. SUBVERT :- U ndermine the morals, allegiance or faith of any group. It involves two actions. Negative Action (ideas flushed out) & Positive Action (filled with own ideas) <ul><li>DEFINITION :- </li></ul><ul><li>Subversion can be defined as a psychological process carried out through a variety of methods (Persuasion, Reward, coercion) to detach the minds of the people, their loyalty to the established authority. </li></ul><ul><li>It is also called invisible aggression </li></ul>
  5. 5. BASIS OF SUBVERSION <ul><ul><li>Anti colonialism or anti imperialism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political equality for immigrants races with indigenous races. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious autonomy for ethnic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>minorities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious freedom, seeds of conflict between different religion and races </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retention of culture heritage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic rights. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>FACTOR RESPONCIBLE FOR RISE OF SUBVERSION :- Changing attitude of people towards authority. Development of techniques. It fits to the condition of the modern age /war. </li></ul><ul><li>MOTIVATION :- </li></ul><ul><li>It is a process of reactivating the already filled ideas, which might have gone inactive </li></ul>
  7. 7. HOW SUBVERSION IS CARRIED OUT <ul><li>By political party. </li></ul><ul><li>By ideological attack. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant for intellectuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attract and convert teachers, students and others learned personals by reasoning. Social services, human rights, freedom of thoughts, students union, cultural club, sports club. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 3. CAUSE:- It is an ideological appeal carefully tuned to justice, honour, pride and emotion. Capture of human mind . <ul><li>NATURE OF CAUSE:- </li></ul><ul><li>Appealing and lasting. </li></ul><ul><li>To give bright vision. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep it alive. </li></ul><ul><li>Tactical manipulation of cause. </li></ul><ul><li>FOR--- (change of govt.) AGAINST--- (govt.action) ----FOR (own people) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Character assassination of important leaders and govt. functionaries. </li></ul>
  9. 9. METHODS OF SUVERSION <ul><li>Contact people and study their customs, traditions, languages, demographic pattern, and social set up, literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Study their wishes and difficulties. </li></ul><ul><li>Pinpointing weakness and drawbacks of govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to attract people towards their thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>Create anger against govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Infiltration. </li></ul>
  10. 10. OBJECTIVE OF SUBVERSION <ul><li>Discord and disunity among population </li></ul><ul><li>Communal disharmony. </li></ul><ul><li>Political instability. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial dispute and economic imbalance </li></ul><ul><li>Creating law and order problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Demoralize armed forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Instigate border people to rise against govt. </li></ul>
  11. 11. MEANS OF SUBVERSION <ul><ul><li>Propaganda </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Front organization. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delegations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseas nationals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade and economic treaties. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diplomatic mission abroad. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agitations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Missionary activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebration of important events and days. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting the claim of ethnic or minority groups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing claims in border areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indoctrination. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural exchange teams. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial associations /delegations. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. STAGES OF SUBVERSION <ul><ul><ul><li>Infiltration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Talent spotting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Training of cadres. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clandestine organization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Winning over masses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overt actions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Covert actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establishment of puppet govt. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spreading of ideology . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. COUNTER SUBVERSION 1) The party or front & its cell &committee 2) The armed groups 3) The population <ul><li>Campaign to destroy the subversive movement </li></ul><ul><li>Fact to be known to the people </li></ul><ul><li>Govt.programme should rectify genuine grievance </li></ul><ul><li>Population &resources control measures </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. can introduce new legislations </li></ul><ul><li>Strong intelligence net work </li></ul><ul><li>Carefully and coordinated campaign of psychological Operations. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and jamming of black radio broadcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Civic action programme </li></ul><ul><li>Social justice </li></ul><ul><li>Clean and honest administration </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Free and compulsory education </li></ul><ul><li>To improve economic condition </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Special attention towards border </li></ul><ul><li>Check exploitation of people </li></ul><ul><li>Political motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Surveillance on suspected members </li></ul><ul><li>Counter intelligence </li></ul><ul><li>Screening of new recruits tightening of security system. </li></ul><ul><li>Check infiltration across the border and in the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Forestalling </li></ul>
  15. 15. THANK YOU