Basic Principles of Counter-Insurgency Legality + construction + results = The govt. illegality +destruction +promises = The Insurgents
Any sensible government should attempt to defeat an insurgent movement during the subversive build-up phase before it enters the guerrilla phase.
Must know his enemy and what that enemy is attempting to do at all stages “Concrete analysis of situation”
Clear Political Aim <ul><li>Free independent and united country which is politically and economically stable and viable </li></ul><ul><li>High priority should be given to the administrative structure of govt. so that, sincere measures could be made to restore the law and order throughout the country. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless the cracks in the govt. structure are mended, military ops. and emergency measures, may themselves widen the cracks and be turned to the enemy’s advantage. </li></ul><ul><li>No ad hoc measures </li></ul>
Must function in accordance with law <ul><li>Function in accordance with the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Each new law must be effective and must be fairly applied. </li></ul>
The Govt. must have an overall plan <ul><li>It should include all political, social, economic, administrative, police, military and other measures which have a bearing on the insurgency </li></ul><ul><li>It must define roles and responsibilities to avoid duplication of effort. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper balance between the military and the civil effort (Military Ops. should be supported by civil follow up action) </li></ul>
Priority be given to defeat the subversion first The little fish should be removed from the water (The guerrillas should be isolated from the population) Distt. Committee (A) Cells & supporters In the population (B) Local armed units (C) Regular units
In the Guerrilla phase ,secure Base Area First <ul><li>Secure own base area first and then work for outward methodically. </li></ul>