CONTENTS 1. Establishment 2. Mandate 3.Objectives 4. Thrust Areas 5. Good Governance 6. GENDER ISSUES 7. TYPES OF GENDER ISSUES 8. How does central government help this projects 9.CONCLUSION 10. SUGGESTION
EstablishmentThe Indian Council of Agriculture Research established the DRWA in the month of April 1996 at Bhubaneswar during VIII Five Year Plan. Its actual functioning started in 1998 with joining of regular staff.
VISION:DRWA is to empower women engaged in agricultural fields to enhance the knowledge, skills and attitude. GOAL: To achieve gender equality.
Director s Desk Ms KRISHNA SRINATHWomen have traditionally been playing very important role in all sectionsof agriculture and the need of the hour is to strengthen their participationby empowering them with gender friendly technologies that help inincreasing the production and also reduce drudgery for those who carryout the farming operations.
To identify gender issues and test appropriateness ofavailable with women perspective for promoting gendermainstreaming in research and extension for empowermentof farmwomen and capacity building of scientists, plannersand policy makers to respond to the needs of the farmwomen.
Objectives To create a database on gender specific information about men’s and women’s role in food production and agriculture development for effecting technologies, programs and policies. To test the appropriateness of farm technologies and programs and policies in terms of gender sensitivity in collaboration with relevant national and international organizations and suggest suitable modifications. To develop drudgery reducing options for decreasing the workload and increasing the efficiency of women.
Contd… To develop gender sensitive training modules and materials and impart training for capacity building of scientists, researchers, planners and policy makers for gender mainstreaming and practical application of gender related technologies. To develop and publish gender sensitive materials, create network linkage through journals and information sharing.
Thrust Areas Identification of gender issues in agriculture with respect to occupational health hazard, food security, drudgery reduction, access, control and management of resources. Building data bank on gender in agriculture. Technology testing and refinement to suit gender needs. Development of training modules for gender mainstreaming and gender sensitization.
Good GovernanceThe priorities being given are Mostly majority of elected members are both first time & illiterate too at times. The necessities is there to enable them to equip them with proper attitude,skills and knowledge as these would ultimately contribute towards effective implementation of developmental programmes in rural India .Good governance will minimise corruption,the views of minorities will be taken into account .
GENDER ISSUES Gender Means the socially constructed differences in roles and responsibilities assigned to women and men in a given culture or location and the societal structures that support them. Gender Role The role refers to the activities performed by men and women in different situations and in different times and within the different cultures, classes, castes, ethnic groups etc.
Gender Analysis Gender analysis is a tool to better understand the realities of the women and men, whose lives are impacted by planned development . These include gender issues with respect to social relations; activities; access and control over resources, services, institutions of decision-making and networks of power and authority and needs, the distinct needs of men and women, both practical and strategic.
Strategic Gender Interests Strategic gender needs are the needs women identify because of their subordinate position to men in their society. These vary according to particular context. They relate to gender division of labour, power & control and may include such issues as legal rights, domestic violence, equal wages etc. meeting strategic needs helps women to achieve greater equality. It also changes existing role and therefore challenges women’s sub-ordinate position.
Gender Discrimination :Unfavourable treatment of individuals on the basis of their gender.
Gender Mainstreaming Mainstreaming, a gender perspective, is the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation, policies and programmes, in all areas and at all levels. It is a strategy for making women’s, as well as men’s concerns and experiences, an integral dimension of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres so that women and men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated.
Strategies for Gender Mainstreaming Women’s education . Change in agriculture curriculum . Creating women leaders in panchayats . Delivery system through mass media . Capacity building programmes . Extension and research priority . Women specific micro-economic policy . Development of net work among women . Organizing gender sensitive seminars/work shops Equitable distribution of assets . Ensuring food security .
TYPES OF GENDER ISSUESGender Issues in Animal Husbandry Selection of speciesof Selection species Sharing of Taking benefits responsibility Control over products
GENDER ISSUES IN EXTENSION GENDER ISSUES IN EXTENSIONCultural Location Livelihood Invisibility Extensionbiasness specific integration management
Gender Issues in Social Sector Education Family nutrition Entertainm ent Gender Issues in Mobility Social Sector Infant Exposure mortality Employment
How does central governmenthelp this projects !!! IMPLEMENTATION TOWARDS CULTURE , TOWARDS SOCIETY , TOWARDS MANKIND , TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY .
TOWARDS CULTURE The priorities being given is to ensure capacity building support to the elected members and officials of Panchayati Raj institution , which will significantly enhance their performance. Panchayat training must promote a culture of oneness among panchayati leaders and officials , through exposure visits and interaction between people to people as well as peer to peer .
TOWARDS SOCIETY The poorest and marginalised sections need to be enlightened and empowered through participatory planning process , so that they can actively participate in the planning , implementing and monitoring process .
TOWARDS MANKIND The voices of most vulnerable in the society will be heard in decision making and the rural administration will be responsive to the present and future needs of the rural population . Its democracy to be truly empowering a individual women engaged in agriculture .
TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY Sustainable agricultural development rests on the partnership between man and land. Sustainability cannot be achieved without the partnership between men and women. They are like two wheels of a cart and together only they can move towards progress. The country has achieved much progress in agricultural and the growth can be further accelerated only by harnessing all resources including the human resource, fifty percent of which is women.
CONCLUSION Empowerment of individual women in agri sectors would create new demand and pressures on quality services and only on effective governance system alone can manage these new demand. So , women are being given the main priorities. Rural Governance does not occur by chance it must be demanded.
“Nature gave women too much power;the law giving them too little”. - Will Henry
SUGGESTION Government should set up various knowledge centres in villages to educate the women farmers & train them which will lead to women empowerment. Strict checking towards gender inequality in villages should be done by the govt.