INCREASING LEARNING OUTCOMES OF MATHEMATIC WITH IMPLEMENTATION PEER TUTOR METHOD IN CLASS VII SMP N 14 BENGKULU CITY Classroom Action Research BY : PUPUT PUTRI A1C009037
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTIONCHAPTER II STUDY LIBRARYCHAPTER III RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
1.1 BACKGROUNDThe process of learning in the classroom about increasing the activity of the students especially in mathematics learning.In teaching and learning activities, the method is required by the teacher. Approach to learning and implementing strategies or tips as well as methods of learning approaches including the factors that helped determine the level of efficiency and success of student learning.That makes the math student is considered a difficult subject is the language used by the teacher. In this course students are more familiar with the language of their peers rather than a language teacher.
1.2 Research QuestionThe formulation of the problem is taken in this paper are asfollows: How Peer Tutor application of methods that can improve student learning activity? How Peer Tutor application of methods that can improve student learning outcomes?
1.3 Research ObjectivesThe purpose of this study are as follows: To find out how the Peer Tutor application of methods that can improve student learning activities. To find out how the Peer Tutor application of methods that can improve student learning outcomes
1.4 Benefit of Research Expected benefits from implementation of this study can be stated asfollows: For Students With the learning process that uses his own friends as a tutor will provide a free opportunity for students to ask, transfer and absorb the subject matter so that it can help students to master the subject matter. For Teachers For consideration in the selection of strategies / learning models so that appropriate mathematics learning objectives achieved. For Researchers Through this study the researchers gained insight and experience in designing and implementing learning by making use of peer tutors.
1.5 Term Limits Peer tutors are students one or more designated and assigned to assist specific students who have difficulty learning (Surya, 1984: 112). Learning outcomes are the capabilities of the student after he received a learning experience (Sudjana, 2009:22).
1.6 Research Study LimitationIn order for this research focus and research objectivesachieved, the problems in the study was limited to studiesconducted in class VII Bengkulu City Junior High School 14School Year 2012/2013
2.1 The Nature of Teaching and LearningThe essence of learning is an activity that expect changes inbehavior on individual self-learners. M. Ali (1987:14) that in general, learning can be defined as a process of change in behavior due to interaction with the environment. Ahmadi (2004:128) that reveals the process of learning is an individual effort to acquire a new behavior changes as a whole as a result of the individuals own experience in the interaction with the environment.
2.2 Learning with a Peer Tutor Methods1. Peer tutoring is one method of learning which is a peer tutor or some person designated and assigned to assist specific students who have difficulty learning.2. Student selected as the tutor should be considered in terms of capability in mastering the material and the ability to help others. This means that tutors are students who belong to both academic achievement and have good social relationships with peers.3. Peer tutors are known to learning among peers or students, it can happen when students are better able to complete his own work and help other students who are less fortunate.
2.3 Role and Benefits of Learning with a Peer Tutor Methods A. The Role of Peer Tutors in Learning Here, the role of students designated as a tutor to help his friends in solving math problems. Peer tutor acts as a substitute teacher and teacher here only act as a supervisor.The criteria that must be considered in selecting a tutor, namely:1. Tutors can be accepted or approved by the students who will be assisted so that students do not have any fear or reluctance to ask.2. Tutor can explain the material to be taught to his friends.3. Tutors are not snobby, cruel or hard-hearted towards their peers.4. Tutor has enough creativity to provide guidance, which may explain the lesson to his friends.
B. Benefits of LearningAs for the benefits of learning with Tutor Peer method isas follows: 1. Train students to work together, tolerance, respect others and develop skills of students. 2. Exercising leadership, discipline and responsibility. 3. To encourage student learning. 4. Generating courage students to convey their opinions and the difficulties faced by others.
2.4 Application of Method of Peer Tutor in Learning Tutorial method is given with the help of tutors. Theteacher pointed to a few students to become tutors. Teachers provide instructional materials to studentswho became tutor, then tutor students who are required tostudy these materials. Peer Tutor learning this on its implementation bydividing the class in small groups. Teachers formed a group inwhich each group was given a tutor who has been determined.
2.5 Learning Outcomes Learning outcomes the main yardstick to determine thesuccess of ones learning. A person who is a high performance can besaid that he had succeeded in learning. So, The study is a proof of ones success in learning thelessons in school are expressed in terms of the values obtained fromthe evaluation. Learning outcomes in this study tests the students aregiven teaching with peer tutorial method.
2.6 Relevant ResearchSistri Pami (2007) on the Application of Remedial LearningMethod with Peer Tutor to Improve Student Results on classVII students of SMP N 6 Bengkulu .Selmi Huda (2001) Efforts to Minimize the LearningDifficulties of Students in Remedial Highlights StatisticsThrough Peer Tutors in Class II Junior High School 4Sukaraja.
3.1 Types of Research This type of study is a Class Action Research (PTK).Suhardjono and Arikunto (2009: 57) argues that the PTK is astudy conducted by the teacher, in collaboration by researchersin the classroom or at school where he taught with emphasisand refinement or improvement of processes and practicallearning.
3.2 Research Subject The subjects of this study is a class VII studentBengkulu City Junior High School 14 School Year2012/2013
3.3 Factors InvestigatedFactors that will be examined in this study are:1. Learning outcomes of students after the implemented learning with peer tutoring methods.2. Active students in the learning process by the method of peer tutor.
3.4 Place and Time Studies The study was conducted in a class action class VIIJunior High School 14 City that Bengkulu on the road ZainulArifin Bengkulu on the second semester of the school year2012/2013.
3.5 Procedure of Research A. Early Reflection Before taking action, the researchers first observed atthe beginning of class VII SMP N 14 the city of Bengkulu. B. Preparation of Action There are three alternative actions that can be given totutors, among others:1. Tutors are asked to learn their own perspectives.2. Tutor obtain direct guidance from the teacher (researcher) of the material to be taught.3. In addition to the direct guidance of the tutor teacher (researcher), tutor also provided worksheets to facilitate tutors in understanding the material and can be used for the tutor to explain the material on participants tutorials.
3.5 Procedure of Research PlanningReflection Cycle I Implementation Observation PlanningReflection Cycle II Implementation Observation ? Flow Chart of Classroom Action Research
3.6 Assessment InstrumentA. Observation Sheet Observation sheet used to obtain data to evaluate teaching and learning methods Peer Tutor of the student activity sheets are used to observe the activity of students during the learning process in every cycle.B. Learning Test Result The test is a method or procedure used in the context of educational measurement and research in the field.
3.7 Data Analysis Techniques1. Observation Sheet Data obtained from observations by teacher observation sheet used be analyzed using a score of observation as in the following table: Category Notation Score Less L 1 Enough E 2 Good G 3
3.7 Data Analysis Techniques2. Test Data were analyzed using the average value of the class, absorptivecapacity of student and exhaustiveness learn classical. 1. The average value of the class 2. Exhaustiveness classical learning
3.8 Indicators of Success MeasuresThe indicator of the success of the action as follows:1. Indicators of success measures for student learning activities. If the observations of the student activity each cycle with an average score of the observer is the criterion score on.2. Indicators of success measures for student learning outcomes. If the average value of all the students increased in every cycle and achieve completeness and the percentage of classical learning .