Protein Synthesis
By Jacob Horner
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes
Nucleus
TACCGGCCCATAATC
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Nucleus

Ribosomes

Nuclear Pore
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes – bind
mRNA and tRNA to
synthesize polypeptides
and proteins.

Start Codon

Codons

Stop Codon
Larger Subunit

Smaller Subunit
Amino acids

tRNA

Anti-codon

UAC

CGG
UAC

CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG
CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG
UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG
STOP

UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG
STOP

AUC

UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG
STOP

UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG

AUC
STOP

UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG

AUC
STOP

UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG

AUC
STOP

UAC

CGG

CGG

CGG

AUC
The amino acid
chain is folding
into a tertiary
structure so it can
function.
The amino acid
chain is folding
into a tertiary
structure so it can
function.
The amino acid
chain is folding
into a tertiary
structure so it can
function.
The amino acid
chain is folding
into a tertiary
structure so it can
function.
Summary
Beginning in the nucleus, we zoom in on a
strand of DNA. RNA polymerase comes in to
unwind the double-stranded DNA...
Summary (cont.)
The strand of mRNA breaks off and we zoom out
of the nucleus. The mRNA then leaves the
nucleus through a s...
Summary (cont.)
The first group of bases is known as the start codon.
The middle ones are known as codons and the last
one...
Summary (cont.)
The amino acid then attaches to the second
codon’s amino acid, forming a polypeptide
bond. Another tRNA co...
Summary (cont.)
The stop codon ends the cycle, not leaving an
amino acid. The amino acid chain that is formed
cannot funct...
THE END
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)
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Protein synthesis Horner Jacob (cooler than Michael Lin)

  1. 1. Protein Synthesis By Jacob Horner
  2. 2. Nucleus Ribosomes Cytoplasm
  3. 3. Nucleus Ribosomes
  4. 4. Nucleus
  5. 5. TACCGGCCCATAATC
  6. 6. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  7. 7. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  8. 8. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  9. 9. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  10. 10. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  11. 11. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  12. 12. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  13. 13. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  14. 14. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  15. 15. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  16. 16. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  17. 17. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  18. 18. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  19. 19. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  20. 20. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  21. 21. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  22. 22. Nucleus Ribosomes Nuclear Pore Cytoplasm
  23. 23. Ribosomes – bind mRNA and tRNA to synthesize polypeptides and proteins. Start Codon Codons Stop Codon
  24. 24. Larger Subunit Smaller Subunit
  25. 25. Amino acids tRNA Anti-codon UAC CGG
  26. 26. UAC CGG
  27. 27. UAC CGG CGG
  28. 28. UAC CGG CGG
  29. 29. UAC CGG CGG
  30. 30. UAC CGG CGG
  31. 31. UAC CGG CGG CGG
  32. 32. UAC CGG CGG CGG
  33. 33. UAC CGG CGG CGG
  34. 34. UAC CGG CGG CGG
  35. 35. STOP UAC CGG CGG CGG
  36. 36. STOP AUC UAC CGG CGG CGG
  37. 37. STOP UAC CGG CGG CGG AUC
  38. 38. STOP UAC CGG CGG CGG AUC
  39. 39. STOP UAC CGG CGG CGG AUC
  40. 40. STOP UAC CGG CGG CGG AUC
  41. 41. The amino acid chain is folding into a tertiary structure so it can function.
  42. 42. The amino acid chain is folding into a tertiary structure so it can function.
  43. 43. The amino acid chain is folding into a tertiary structure so it can function.
  44. 44. The amino acid chain is folding into a tertiary structure so it can function.
  45. 45. Summary Beginning in the nucleus, we zoom in on a strand of DNA. RNA polymerase comes in to unwind the double-stranded DNA. As it unwinds the DNA, it reads the nitrogenous bases and finds their complement, creating a strand of mRNA (messenger RNA). Except, in this case, Adenine’s base pair is not thymine, because it is replaced by uracil. This process is called transcription.
  46. 46. Summary (cont.) The strand of mRNA breaks off and we zoom out of the nucleus. The mRNA then leaves the nucleus through a small pore called the nuclear pore. Once the mRNA strand is in the cytoplasm, it binds with a ribosome. Now, we begin translation. First, we zoom in on the ribosome and mRNA strand. Ribosomes bind mRNA and tRNA (translation RNA) to synthesize polypeptides and proteins. Ribosomes have a large and small subunit.
  47. 47. Summary (cont.) The first group of bases is known as the start codon. The middle ones are known as codons and the last one in known as the stop codon. tRNA comes in, carrying the bases complements called the anticodon. With an amino acid attached, tRNA connects the bases with their compliments on the start codon. The same thing is happening to the second codon. Once the start codon has received its complementary bases, tRNA leaves, leaving behind its amino acid.
  48. 48. Summary (cont.) The amino acid then attaches to the second codon’s amino acid, forming a polypeptide bond. Another tRNA comes in to supply the third codon with its complementary bases. tRNA leaves the second codon, leaving behind the polypeptide bond. That then attatches to the third codon’s tRNA amino acid. Then another tRNA comes in with the fourth codon’s complements. This cycle continues until you get to the stop codon.
  49. 49. Summary (cont.) The stop codon ends the cycle, not leaving an amino acid. The amino acid chain that is formed cannot function until it folds into a tertiary structure, so it does. Thus, ending translation.
  50. 50. THE END

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