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Key:                     Nuclear poresRNA Polymerase                            C                            y            ...
Transcription                          Cell                Nucleus
DNA code for 10 amino acidsATGTTACAGA     GA ATTT GAG G               TC AC GATG T ATACAATGTCT     CT TAA A      CT    C C...
Promoter region
RNA Polymerase          RNA Polymerase is unwinding the DNA strand
Coding region  TACStarting codon                 RNA Polymerase binds to the promoter region of DNA
Coding region  G  U  ARNA Polymerase reads DNA and creates the mRNA strand
Coding region
Coding region
codon        Termination sequence
codon        Termination sequence
codon                       Termination sequence                      ATTRNA Polymerase hits the stop codon and releases m...
mRNA strandAUG UUACAGA    G AA U UUGAGG   U C ACGA UG   UA
Cell                     Nucleus                   Nuclear Pore        mRNA through nuclear poremRNA leaves the nucleus an...
Translation              Cell cytoplasm
mRNA           mRNARibosome   rRNA forms the ribosome
mRNAStart Codon: AUG           mRNA binds to the ribosome
mRNA                  UUA            AUG           UAC      AAUtRNA-anti codon   Met              tRNA- amino acid        ...
mRNA      UUAAUG  AAUUAC      Met Leu
mRNA      U U AC A GAUG      A A UG U C            Gln          Leu      Met            Peptide bond            Amindo aci...
mRNA        U U AC A G  AUG             GUC                       AGA                    UCUAAU              Gln          ...
mRNA                                                            Stop codon                                                ...
mRNA                                                             UAA                      UGCGG          U C ACGA U      U...
SUMMARYTranscription:     First, the RNA Polymerase binds and unwinds the DNA molecule. Second, RNAPolymerase binds to the...
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Flip book mlck5789375937592739

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Flip book mlck5789375937592739

  1. 1. Key: Nuclear poresRNA Polymerase C y t Nucleus o p l Ribosome a s m Promoter Region tRNA Amino acids
  2. 2. Transcription Cell Nucleus
  3. 3. DNA code for 10 amino acidsATGTTACAGA GA ATTT GAG G TC AC GATG T ATACAATGTCT CT TAA A CT C C A GTGC TA C A T
  4. 4. Promoter region
  5. 5. RNA Polymerase RNA Polymerase is unwinding the DNA strand
  6. 6. Coding region TACStarting codon RNA Polymerase binds to the promoter region of DNA
  7. 7. Coding region G U ARNA Polymerase reads DNA and creates the mRNA strand
  8. 8. Coding region
  9. 9. Coding region
  10. 10. codon Termination sequence
  11. 11. codon Termination sequence
  12. 12. codon Termination sequence ATTRNA Polymerase hits the stop codon and releases mRNA
  13. 13. mRNA strandAUG UUACAGA G AA U UUGAGG U C ACGA UG UA
  14. 14. Cell Nucleus Nuclear Pore mRNA through nuclear poremRNA leaves the nucleus and enters the cytoplasm
  15. 15. Translation Cell cytoplasm
  16. 16. mRNA mRNARibosome rRNA forms the ribosome
  17. 17. mRNAStart Codon: AUG mRNA binds to the ribosome
  18. 18. mRNA UUA AUG UAC AAUtRNA-anti codon Met tRNA- amino acid Leu tRNA brings in the anti-codon
  19. 19. mRNA UUAAUG AAUUAC Met Leu
  20. 20. mRNA U U AC A GAUG A A UG U C Gln Leu Met Peptide bond Amindo acids attach with a peptide bond
  21. 21. mRNA U U AC A G AUG GUC AGA UCUAAU Gln Leu Arg Met
  22. 22. mRNA Stop codon UAA UGCGG U C ACGA U U U AC A GAUG AGA AUU UCU Asp His Gln STOP Arg Leu AUC GlyMet Cys Amino acids lle Ribosome hits the stop codon and completes the protein
  23. 23. mRNA UAA UGCGG U C ACGA U U U AC A GAUG AGA Asp His Gln STOP Arg Leu GlyMet Cys lle Completed Protein
  24. 24. SUMMARYTranscription: First, the RNA Polymerase binds and unwinds the DNA molecule. Second, RNAPolymerase binds to the promoter region of DNA. The, RNA Polymerase reads DNA andcreate the mRNA strand. Next, RnNA Polymerase this stop the stop codon and releasesthe mRNA. Last, mRNA leavs the nucleus and enter the cytoplasm. Translation: First, rRNA formed the ribosome. Second, mRNA binds to the ribosome. Next, tRNA brings in the anti-codon. Then, amino acids attach to tRNA and then bind with a peptide bond. Last, the ribosomes hit the stop codon and complete the protein.

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