Caribbean Islandshas dozens of threatened speciesknown for its diminutive nature of its faunavery diverse ecosystems montane cloud forests cactus scrublandsElevations range from over 3,000 meters to 40 meters belowsea level(desert depression)home to some of the richest land and marine environmentson earth.
The Caribbean Hotspot90% of the Caribbean Island Hotspot’s originalvegetation cover has been devastated through humanactivityone of the world most important hotspotsspans over 4 million square kilometers of oceanaround 230,000 km² of land areaconsists of three big groups of islands between Northand South America (the Bahamas, the Lesser andgreater Antilles)
species percentage7,779 endemic speciesplants- 13,000 species 6,550 endemic species(50%)mammals- 89 species and 41 endemic(46%)birds- 604 species and 163 endemic(27%)reptiles- 502 species and 469 endemic(93%)amphibians- 170 species and 170 endemic(100%)freshwater fish- 161 species and 65 endemic(40%)
plantsthe goetziaceaecarribean mahoganywalnutwest indian ebonypoui
threatened/endangeredover 25% of the Caribbean’s endemic species are either threatened orhave already become extinct animals62% of species have gone extinctjamaican iguanacuban crocodilejamaican snoring frogwhistling warblerleatherback sea turtleimperial parrotgiant shrews (2 species)
reasons for endangerment/threatsbiggest threat is invasive species ( great horned owl,ruddy duck, crested anole, coquí, etc.)land conversionover-exploitationagriculture-cacao, coffee, and tobacco threaten forestsminingtourismhabitat loss