Translation_Transcription_Greenblatt

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Translation_Transcription_Greenblatt

  1. 1. By: Michael Greenblatt
  2. 2. Transcription
  3. 3. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA
  4. 4. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus Cytoplasm
  5. 5. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus Cytoplasm
  6. 6. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA Nucleus Cytoplasm
  7. 7. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  8. 8. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  9. 9. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  10. 10. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  11. 11. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  12. 12. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  13. 13. TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  14. 14. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  15. 15. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  16. 16. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  17. 17. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  18. 18. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  19. 19. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  20. 20. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  21. 21. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  22. 22. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  23. 23. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  24. 24. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  25. 25. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  26. 26. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  27. 27. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  28. 28. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  29. 29. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  30. 30. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  31. 31. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  32. 32. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase =
  33. 33. AUGAGACCGUAGU TACTCTGGCATCACT ATGAGACCGTAGTGA RNA Polymerase = Ribosome =
  34. 34. AUGAGACCGUAGU Ribosome =
  35. 35. AUGAGACCGUAGU Ribosome =
  36. 36. AUGAGACCGUAGU Ribosome =
  37. 37. AUGAGACCGUAGU Ribosome =
  38. 38. AUGAGACCGUAGU Ribosome =
  39. 39. A Guanine G U A Adenine Uracil Cytosine C U G A G A C C mRNA Strand G U A G U G A
  40. 40. Ribosome A U G A G A C C Start Codon G U A G U G A Stop Codon mRNA Strand
  41. 41. Ribosome A U G A G A C C Start Codon G U A G U G A Stop Codon mRNA Strand
  42. 42. tRNA U A A Ribosome U G Start Codon Anti Codon C A G A C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  43. 43. tRNA U A A Ribosome U G Start Codon Anti Codon C A G A C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  44. 44. tRNA reads mRNA strand to make amino acids Amino Acid U A C A Ribosome U G Start Codon A G A C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  45. 45. Amino Acid U A C A Ribosome U G Start Codon A G A C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  46. 46. Amino Acid U U A U C A Ribosome U G Start Codon C A G A C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  47. 47. U U A U C A Ribosome U G Start Codon C A G A C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  48. 48. U A A U Ribosome A G Start Codon C U C G U A C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  49. 49. Peptide bond forms amino acids Amino Acid Amino Acid Peptide Bond U A C U A U G A G Ribosome A Start Codon C U C C G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  50. 50. G Peptide Bond U A C A U G Start Codon U C G C C C G U A G Ribosome A U A G U G A Stop Codon
  51. 51. Peptide Bond G G C C G U A C U C A U G A A G Ribosome C Start Codon U U A G U G A Stop Codon
  52. 52. Peptide Bond Peptide Bond U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G C C C Ribosome G U A G U G A Stop Codon
  53. 53. A Peptide Bond C U A G Peptide Bond U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U U A G G C Ribosome G C C U G A Stop Codon
  54. 54. Peptide Bond Peptide Bond A U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G U C U A G C C C Ribosome G U G A Stop Codon
  55. 55. Peptide Bond Peptide Bond U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A Peptide Bond G G C C C G A U C U A Ribosome G U G A Stop Codon
  56. 56. Peptide Bond Peptide Bond U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A Peptide Bond G G C C C G A U C U A Ribosome G U G A Stop Codon
  57. 57. A Peptide Bond Peptide Bond U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A C U G A Peptide Bond G G C C C G A U C U A Ribosome G A Stop Codon
  58. 58. Peptide Bond Peptide Bond Peptide Bond A U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G C C C A U U A G Ribosome U A C G C G A Stop Codon
  59. 59. Peptide Bond Peptide Bond U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A Peptide Bond Peptide Bond G G C C C A U C G U A G A C A U G Ribosome A Stop Codon
  60. 60. Amino acids are formed into a protein Polypeptide bond U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G C C C A U C G U A G A C A U G Ribosome A Stop Codon
  61. 61. U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G C C C A U C G U A G A C A U G Ribosome A Stop Codon
  62. 62. U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G C C C A U C G U A G A C A U G Ribosome A Stop Codon
  63. 63. U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G C C C A U C G U A G A C A U G Ribosome A Stop Codon
  64. 64. U A C U C A U G A G Start Codon U A G G C C C A U C G U A G A C A U G Ribosome A Stop Codon
  65. 65. This is the final result. A protein
  66. 66. Vocabulary • • • • • • • • • • tRNA mRNA Start/Stop/anti-codon Ribosome Nucleus Cytoplasm Amino Acid Peptide Bond Polypeptide Bond RNA Polymerase
  67. 67. Transcription Description Transcription is the making of a gene sequence. The mRNA molecule leaves the cell nucleus and enters the cytoplasm. In the cytoplasm the mRNA strand is synthesized and it is encoded. The base pairing is adenine with thymine and cytosine with guanine. The mRNA strand leaves the nucleus and goes into a ribosome.
  68. 68. Translation Description In translation a ribosome attaches onto the mRNA strand. During this process the tRNA molecule comes in with the anti-codon and places it on the codons in a specific sequence. In transcription A went with T and C went with G. But in translation thymine is replaced with uracil. So the pairing is adenine pairs with uracil and cytosine with guanine. As the process goes on the anti-codons form amino acids and peptide bonds. The amino acids are then formed into a protein.

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