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Drafting Tutorial by Kelli of PRC

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A tutorial describing and illustrating drafting, pace lines, and echelons.

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Drafting Tutorial by Kelli of PRC

  1. 2. Hello.
  2. 3. Hello. My name is Kelli…
  3. 4. Hello. My name is Kelli… and I race for
  4. 5. Hello. My name is Kelli… and I race for
  5. 6. Hello. My name is Kelli… and I race for (an all women’s team from IOWA) Hello. My name is Kelli… and I race for
  6. 7. And this is my tutorial on DRAFTING,
  7. 8. And this is my tutorial on DRAFTING, PACE LINES,
  8. 9. And this is my tutorial on DRAFTING, PACE LINES, and ECHELONS.
  9. 10. And this is my tutorial on DRAFTING, PACE LINES, and ECHELONS. (pronounced: ESH-EL-AWNS)
  10. 11. And this is my tutorial on DRAFTING, PACE LINES, and ECHELONS. (pronounced: ESH-EL-AWNS) (it’s French)
  11. 12. Learning these techniques will give you:
  12. 13. Learning these techniques will give you: Confidence to ride in a large group.
  13. 14. Learning these techniques will give you: Confidence to ride in a large group. Ability to ride with stronger cyclists.
  14. 15. Learning these techniques will give you: Confidence to ride in a large group. Ability to ride with stronger cyclists. And tricks for saving your energy.
  15. 16. Ready?
  16. 17. Ready? Here we go.
  17. 18. This is a road.
  18. 19. This is a road. Just like the roads in your area.
  19. 20. This is a road. Just like the roads in your area. There is no traffic, pot holes, debris, or mean dogs.
  20. 21. This is a road. Just like the roads in your area. There is no traffic, pot holes, debris, or mean dogs. (Yeah. Right.)
  21. 22. But our road does have one thing...
  22. 23. But our road does have one thing... … WIND!
  23. 24. There are 3 types of wind.
  24. 25. HEAD WIND. Wind that hits you in the front.
  25. 26. CROSS WIND. Wind that hits you from the side.
  26. 27. TAIL WIND. Wind that hits you in the back.
  27. 28. TAIL WIND. Wind that hits you in the back. (it’s the best kind of wind)
  28. 29. These two dots represent cyclists.
  29. 30. And let’s say they’re riding with a HEAD WIND.
  30. 31. The red cyclist is DRAFTING the blue cyclist.
  31. 32. Because the blue cyclist is breaking through all of the wind.
  32. 33. Because the blue cyclist is breaking through all of the wind. Giving the red cyclist a human wind blocker.
  33. 34. Doing this, the blue cyclist is working 100%. Giving all her energy to push through the wind.
  34. 35. Doing this, the blue cyclist is working 100%. Giving all her energy to push through the wind. While the red cyclist is working 20-30% less!!
  35. 36. Doing this, the blue cyclist is working 100%. Giving all her energy to push through the wind. While the red cyclist is working 20-30% less!! That’s how weaker riders can stay with stronger ones.
  36. 37. And that is the most simple way to describe DRAFTING.
  37. 38. And that is the most simple way to describe DRAFTING. Some things you should remember about DRAFTING:
  38. 39. 1. STAY ALERT , if you stare at the wheel in front of you, you won’t be ready for any abrupt movements that person might make.
  39. 40. 1. STAY ALERT , if you stare at the wheel in front of you, you won’t be ready for any abrupt movements that person might make. (Just like driving, you never stare at someone’s bumper. You look up the road to see what’s coming.)
  40. 41. 2. STAY CLOSE, your wheel should be no more than 2 feet behind the person in front of you.
  41. 42. 2. STAY CLOSE, your wheel should be no more than 2 feet behind the person in front of you. (That’s roughly the width of two laptops)
  42. 43. 2. STAY CLOSE, your wheel should be no more than 2 feet behind the person in front of you. (That’s roughly the width of two laptops) (Any further back and you lose the benefit of drafting.)
  43. 44. 3. STAY RELAXED, keeping your upper body relaxed makes it easier to control your bike and ride in a straight line.
  44. 45. Ready for the next lesson?
  45. 46. Ready for the next lesson? Great! Let’s talk about PACE LINES!
  46. 47. Now we have a large group of cyclists.
  47. 48. And our large group is riding in a…?
  48. 49. And our large group is riding in a…? Anyone?
  49. 50. And our large group is riding in a…? Anyone? Anyone?
  50. 51. And our large group is riding in a…? Anyone? Anyone? A HEAD WIND!
  51. 52. Large groups go faster because people will take turns “on the front” pushing through the wind.
  52. 53. Imagine this group “rotating” around each other.
  53. 54. The cyclists on the right are moving forward…
  54. 55. The cyclists on the right are moving forward… The cyclists on the right are moving forward… … while the cyclists on the left move back.
  55. 56. This is called ROTATING
  56. 57. To make this easier to understand, imagine you are the cyclist in red.
  57. 58. To make this easier to understand, imagine you are the cyclist in red. Since you’re in the lead, you are pushing through all the wind.
  58. 59. To make this easier to understand, imagine you are the cyclist in red. Since you’re in the lead, you are pushing through all the wind. When you’re doing this we would say you’re ON THE FRONT
  59. 60. This is how you would rotate in the PACE LINE. (Click through the next 10 screens quickly for the best effect.)
  60. 71. And now you’re back on the front!
  61. 72. And now you’re back on the front! You would repeat this over and over and over…
  62. 73. With DRAFTING and PACE LINES,
  63. 74. With DRAFTING and PACE LINES, if the person on the front is doing the work to go 25mph,
  64. 75. With DRAFTING and PACE LINES, if the person on the front is doing the work to go 25mph, Everyone behind her feels like they’re working to maintain 21 or 22mph.
  65. 76. Got all that?
  66. 77. Got all that? Good.
  67. 78. Effectively using DRAFTING and PACE LINES will give you the ability to ride with stronger cyclists.
  68. 79. Effectively using DRAFTING and PACE LINES will give you the ability to ride with stronger cyclists. But if you’re worried that you’re still not strong enough to ride with the group…
  69. 80. Effectively using DRAFTING and PACE LINES will give you the ability to ride with stronger cyclists. But if you’re worried that you’re still not strong enough to ride with the group… Stop worrying, Because I have a trick to teach you. 
  70. 81. Imagine you are the cyclist wearing stripes.
  71. 82. Imagine you are the cyclist wearing stripes. And everyone else is a much stronger rider.
  72. 83. Imagine you are the cyclist wearing stripes. And everyone else is a much stronger rider. Staying in the back gives you the best draft.
  73. 84. Watch as the red cyclists rotates while you stay put.
  74. 92. Doing that is called SITTING ON or ON THE BACK
  75. 93. Doing that is called SITTING ON or ON THE BACK But there are some rules to follow when doing this.
  76. 94. 1. SPEAK UP, always tell the other riders what you plan to do.
  77. 95. 2. DON’T LEAVE EM, if you start feeling strong try doing a couple of rotations. Don’t ride away from the group.
  78. 96. Feel ready to move on to the next lesson?
  79. 97. Feel ready to move on to the next lesson? Good… let’s talk about ECHELONS.
  80. 98. When riding in a CROSSWIND a normal PACE LINE does not work.
  81. 99. When riding in a CROSSWIND a normal PACE LINE does not work. Because so many people have to push through the wind.
  82. 100. When riding in a CROSSWIND a normal PACE LINE does not work. Because so many people have to push through the wind. Only these three girls stay “in the draft”
  83. 101. So instead of a PACE LINE we ride in an…
  84. 102. … ECHELON!
  85. 103. And there is a way to rotate in the ECHELON as well.
  86. 104. And there is a way to rotate in the ECHELON as well. (watch the rider in red)
  87. 112. And then you’re back on the front.
  88. 113. And then you’re back on the front. And you repeat this rotation over and over and over…
  89. 114. Great! Now we’ve covered DRAFTING,
  90. 115. Great! Now we’ve covered DRAFTING, PACE LINES,
  91. 116. Great! Now we’ve covered DRAFTING, PACE LINES, and ECHELONS.
  92. 117. Great! Now we’ve covered DRAFTING, PACE LINES, and ECHELONS. You’re almost ready to hit the road.
  93. 118. Great! Now we’ve covered DRAFTING, PACE LINES, and ECHELONS. You’re almost ready to hit the road. Let’s do a quick review.
  94. 119. Three types of wind:
  95. 120. Three types of wind: HEAD WIND
  96. 121. Three types of wind: HEAD WIND CROSS WIND
  97. 122. Three types of wind: HEAD WIND CROSS WIND and TAIL WIND
  98. 123. Leading the pack is called:
  99. 124. Leading the pack is called: ON THE FRONT
  100. 125. Leading the pack is called: ON THE FRONT Riding in the back of the group is called:
  101. 126. Leading the pack is called: ON THE FRONT Riding in the back of the group is called: Leading the pack is called: ON THE FRONT Riding in the back of the group is called: SITTING ON or ON THE BACK
  102. 127. Taking turns on the front is called:
  103. 128. Taking turns on the front is called: ROTATING
  104. 129. Ride a straight PACE LINE in:
  105. 130. Ride a straight PACE LINE in: HEAD WINDS and TAIL WINDS
  106. 131. Ride a straight PACE LINE in: HEAD WINDS and TAIL WINDS Ride an ECHELON in:
  107. 132. Ride a straight PACE LINE in: HEAD WINDS and TAIL WINDS Ride an ECHELON in: CROSS WIND
  108. 133. And always be safe.
  109. 134. And always be safe. Watch out for traffic.
  110. 135. And always be safe. Watch out for traffic. Warn other riders of road pot holes, road debris,
  111. 136. And always be safe. Watch out for traffic. Warn other riders of road pot holes, road debris, or really mean dogs.
  112. 137. And always be safe. Watch out for traffic. Warn other riders of road pot holes, road debris, or really mean dogs. And always have fun!
  113. 138. Thanks for taking time to read this tutorial.
  114. 139. Thanks for taking time to read this tutorial. I hope it helps,
  115. 140. Thanks for taking time to read this tutorial. I hope it helps, and I look forward to seeing you out there.
  116. 141. Thanks for taking time to read this tutorial. I hope it helps, and I look forward to seeing you out there. If you have time be sure to visit…
  117. 142. www.punkrockcycling.com
  118. 143. Bye. 

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