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Novweb

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Novweb

  1. 1. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012R.N.I. NO. UPPUN/2008/25934 POSTAL REGISTRATION : SSP/LW/NP/353/2012-2014 gzikph ;[wB gz i kph wkf;e ;kb 5 nz e 7 Btzpo 2012 BkBeFkjh eZ s e $ wZ x o ;z g kde sseok ;0 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk ;z g kdeh 3 ;zgkdeh ;bkjeko nBw b ;[ w B 4 ;0 pqfizdo gkb f;zx e-mail ;fsr[o{ ~ 6 ;0 joGiB f;zx r[ o { BkBe d/ t L nkgD/ pko/ 6 ;zgkdeh dcso gkme fbyd/ jB 7 215$295 @e# ;[GkF wkor ypoBkwK ns/ ;orowhnK 9 d[rktK byBT{ - 226004 nfwq s t/ b k 12 w0 L 09336044069 Email : office@punjabisuman.com wjkokik oDihs f;z x ih 15 editor@punjabisuman.com r[ o { , Fpd r[ o { ns/ r[ o { gz E 17 advt@punjabisuman.com punjabisuman_media@rediffmail.com ekft ;[ w B - Xow dh Ykb-;q h r[ o { s/ r pjkdo 19 http://www.punjabisuman.com ekft ;[ w B - fuZ m hnK L r[ o { BkBe d/ BK 21 gzikph ;[wB w{ b wz s q 22 gqthB e/;otkBh fgqzNo, gpfbFo s/ ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftu okrK pko/ ikBekoh-5 23 ;tstkfXekoh B/ nkc;/N fJzvhnk, Btz p o dk Fjhdh e? b z v o 25 182$4, bZb{wb ov, wFerzi, byBT{ sI Sgtk e/ dcso gzikph ;[wB pz d h S V fdt; 26 215$295 @e# ;[GkF wkor d[rktK byBT{ sI gqekfFs ehsk. ez u B ek:k ;[ w B 27 ;z g kde nkU gz i kph f;yhJ/ 28 ;0 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk f;Z y Xkowe gq F B I s oh 30 b/yeK d/ ftukoK Bkb ;zgkde dk ;fjws jDk }o{oh BjhI j?. ;[ w B tor gj/ b h - 4 31 iatkch lqeu gzikph gV, gzikph fby, gzikph pb.LoRokf/kdkjh] izdkkd] eqnzd izohu dsljokuh }kjkvkQlsV bf.M;k] 182@4] yYywey jksM] ekdxaty[kuÅ ls eqfnzr ,oa 215@295 d] lqHkk"k ekxZ]nqxkok¡] y[kuÅ ls izdkfkr fd;kA gfsqek 20 sohe se B fwbD s/ cB okjh nkgDk ;jh vke gsk fgB ev ;w/s lEiknd % l0 ujsUnz flag eksaxk ;{fus eo skeh ;jh gs/ s/ gfsqek dpkok G/ih ik ;e/, ns/ gsk u/e ehsk ik ;e/. (1)
  2. 2. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 BkBeFkjh ;zws - 544 bwrh mwhw mWJ gurpurb gu r g` d I sR I gu r U gR M Q swihb jI 15 nvMbr mMiGir mwih sohMdIAw hir ipr sMig joqI-joiq sR I gurU goibMd isMG jI 18 nvMbrbYTVIAwh] iqn kI soBw ikAw gxI ij swihibmylVIAwh] qnu mnu mauilAw rwm isau sMig swD gu r g` d I sR I gu r U go i bM d isM G jI 24 nvMbrshylVIAwh] swD jnw qy bwhrI sy rhin iekylVIAwh]ShIdI sR I gu r U qy g bhwdr swihb jI 24 nvMbr pR k wS sR I gu r U nwnk dy v jIiqn du K u n kbhU au q rY sy jm kY vis pVIAwh] ijnI 28 nvMbrrwivAw pRBu Awpxw sy idsin inq KVIAwh] rqn ieiqhwsk idhwVyjvy h r lwl hir kM i T iqnw jVIAwh] nwnk bWCY DU i V jnm mwqw swihb kOr jI 1 nvMbriqn pR B srxI dir pVIAwh] mMiGir pR B u AwrwDxw pMjwbI sUbw idvs 1 nvMbrbhuiV n jnmVIAwh]10] bMdI CoV idvs (dIvwlI) 13 nvMbr Gkt L- fijVk wB[Zy r[o{ dh ;zrs ftu ofj e/ ShIdI bwbw dIp isM G jI ShId 13 nvMbr joV mylw A`cl swihb (btwlw) 22 nvMbrgowkswk dh :kd ftu i[Vdk j?, T[; dk sB wB ;dk ShIdI BweI mqI dws jI, BweI idAwlw jI,fyfVnk ofjzdk j?, T[j wB[y be-gobe ftu FGk yZNdk BweI sqI dws jI Z 24 nvMbrj?, T[j ftekoK d/ jZfbnK tbI ;dk ;[u/s ofjzdk j?. go jnm swihbzwdw zorwvr isMG jI 28 nvMbr srkwrI Cu`tIAW qy hor idhwVyfijVK wB[Zy gowkswk dh :kd G[bkJh oydk j? T[; dh ivSvkrmw idvs 14 nvMbrT[wo d[yK ftu phsdh j?, ekwkfde eJh t?oh T[; ~ ;dk bwl idvs Z 14 nvMbrx/oh oyd/ jB. muh`rm (qwjIey) 25 nvMbr (2)
  3. 3. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 frnkB[ fXnkB[ feS[ eow[ B ikDk, ;ko B ikDk s/ o h . ;G s/ tvk ;fsr[ o [ BkBe fifB eb okyh w/ o h.. (750) nB/e d[yK ftu ftbe oj/ ihtK dh fjod/ sI T[mdh j{e ;[De/ nkgD/ ojfwsK Zns/ pyfF;K d/ yikB/ ~ gqdkB eo nkgDhnK swkw FeshnK dk wkbe pDk e/ nekbg[oy tkfjr[o{ B/ nkg ;fsr[o{ BkBe ;kfjp ~ fJ; ir ftu gqekFwkB jD dh nkfrnkgqdkB ehsh. ;z;ko d/ d[yh ihtK d/ ;dhthI efbnkD bJh r[o{ ;kfjp B/ pj[s rzGhosk Bfozdo f;zx wIrkBkb ;u ftuko eoe/ X[o dh pkDh dk g;kok ehsk. Gkos d/ nkw beK ~ gow/Fod/ BK s/ Xow dk ubk gfjB e/ ;dhnK sI b[fZ Nnk ik fojk ;h. be nfrnkB tF e{V gquko ~ ;Zu ikD rbBkb bkJh fcod/ ;h. ekbgfBe d/th d/tsktK dhnK w{osK Xow wzdok ftu ;Ekgs eoe/ gZEoK dh g{ik jojh ;h. Sbhnk g{ikoh rohpK dh y{B g;hB/ dh ewkJh vekoB bJh ;zx gkV e/ TZu/ ;[oK ftu je/ d/d/ fe Is[jkv/ nZr/ oZyh w{osh GrtkB j?, fJj s[jkvk be gqbe ;tko/rh. FoXk ;fjs fJ; dh g{ik eo fJ; nZr/ehwsh G/Nk oy. f;X/ ;kd/ bek B/ fJ; Sb ~ ;spuB eoe/ gqtkB ehsk ns/ w{osh ~ GrtkB ;wM e/ nkgDk;G e[M nogD eo fdZsk. ukbke g[ikohnK B/ Gb/ Gkb/ beK ~ ektK e[fsnK dh, ;ZgK ;{oK dh nDfrDs gF{ gShnK dh g{ikeotkJh. gZEoK, gjkVK, Xosh, ;{oi, uzd, jtk, gkDh, fdq;N ns/ nBfdq;N ;kohnK FeshnK dh g{ik dk j[ewfdZsk. io Fo Bkb gquko eoe/ nkw wB[yK dh soe Fesh ~ e[d eo fdZsk frnk ns/ wB[y i nkgD/ r[DK z Zeo e/ ;p ihtK s ;qwDh j?, g;{nK sI th BhtK ubk frnk ns/ gF[nK ;ZgK nkd nZr/ wBekwBktK bJh sob/eoD br fgnk. epho dk; ih B/ T; t/b/ d/ jkbks ~ w[Zy oZy e/ nktki p[bzd ehsh -jw ro{ s[w r[nko r[;kJh iBw iBw oytko/.. epj{z B gkfo T[skfo uokfJj[ e?;/ y;w jwko?.. (482) wkBI r"o{ ns/ r[nkoK dh g[eko ;[D ns/ gqtkD eoe/ nekb g[oy B/ @@r[ o { BkBe ir wkfjgmkfJnk..## ;op FeshnK d/ wkbe ns/ ofjpo r[o BkBe d/t ih B/ pV/ jh fgnko Go/ sohe/ Bkb ;jhdbhbK d/d/ Gb/ beK ~ gF{nK, gzShnK, o[yK, p[sK ntskoK, gkyzvh fpufbnK BkbI wB[yK ~ wV e/ nekb g[oy I Z ZBkb ifVnk. T[jBK ;wMk fdZsk fe pyfFFK d/D tkbk ;kvk b/yk iyk oyD tkbk e/tb fJe tkfjr[o{ j? i;kohnK FeshnK ~ g?dk eoD tkbk ns/ T[jBK dk wkbe j?. T[jBK w{b dh gSkD eokJh, nbr nbrFeshnK ~ g{iD dh pikJ/ T[jBK d/ wkbe ~ g{i, T[;dk f;woB eo. T[j fe;/ jw, iZr, dkB g[B iK foFts zdk G[yk BjhI j?. p; T[;d/ fgnko ftu fGie/ sB wB Bkb, T;d/ r[D rkJ/ ikD. wB[y d/ ihtB ftu gbNk Z ZnkT[Dk F[o{ j frnk, nB/eK B/ ftnesh g{ik, w{osh g{ik ns/ ntsko tkd dh r[bkwh trkj wkoh. r[o{ wjkokiB/ gZEo fdb g[ikohnK tbI nekb dk ftek; oeD dh w[fjw ~ mZb gkJh. g[ikohnK dk ;p sI tZvQk jfEnkoFoXk jhD jD dk fJbikw brkBk ;h. eJh soeFhbsk dk ;jkok b? e/ b[ND sI puDk ukj/ s/ T[; ~FoXkjhD, Bk;se ns/ gkgh efje/ p/fJZis ehsk iKdk ;h, T[gd/F fdZsk iKdk ;h, d/y GkJh Xow sK FoXkns/ ftFtk; s/ jh fNfenk j?, fiZE/ FoXk BjhI T[E/ Xow BjhI. r[o{ ;kfjp dh gktB pkDh B/ b[N/fonK d/ pyhJ/ T[X/V fdZs/, r[o{ ;kfjp B/ izi{ B gke/ nysh FoXk~ ;ZN wkoh, rzrk ftu yb e/ ;{oi ~ gkDh d/zfdnK ~ ;jh ;/X d/ e/ FoXk ~ ;ZN wkoh, T[jBK T[bN/ gk;/nkgfDnK y/sK ~ gkDh d/d/ ;p e[M ;wMk fdZsk. ;iD dh ;oK ftu j ojh mZrh tkbh FoXk, wbe Gkr dh IdkB g[B eoB dh FoXk, irB BkE g[oh ftu w{osh nZr/ j ojh nkosh dh FoXk, rfJnk ftu fgzv gZsb dhtk Z (3)
  4. 4. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012fefonk nkd dh FoXk, irhnK dh r[ck ftu tV e/ Grsh tkbh FoXk, op e/tb wZe/ ftu j? ekihnK dh FoXkw{oy jkewK dh FoXk, g[ikohnK dh Xkr/ sthsK dh FoXk nkd swkw FoXk ~ r[o{ wjkoki B/ nkgDhnK dbhbKBkb sko sko eo ;[ZfNnk ns/ e[co ns/ gkyzv s/ nkXkos FoXk ~ p/godk eo e/ oy fdZsk. nZi fco f;ZyK ftu e[M feogkBXkoh nysh ;zsk v/odkoK eoe/ fJjh nzBh FoXk g{oh sok jkth j u[eh /j? i eJh r[owfs dk XkoBh ftnesh r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp dh pkDh d/ gowkD ;kjwD/ oy e/ dbhb oy/ sK T[;s/FoXk ns/ ftFtk; sVB tkbk Bk;se, efw:{fB;N nkd cst/ d/ fdZs/ iKd/ jD. r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp fijVhfijVh FoXk sI sVd/ oj/ T[; gqsh fJj bkbuh, rrVK tXkJh p?m/ v/odko eh efjDr/. i T[jBK dk jh BK /b?e/ nkgDhnK d[ekBK ubk oj/ jB ns/ r[o{ T[gd/F d/ fybkc ftnesh g{ik ns/ nzX ftFtk; tb gzE ~Xe/b oj/ jB. r[o{ ~ wZBD dk jIek d/D tkb/ r[o{ dh BjhI wBd/ ns/ e[V dk gquko tXkJh iKd/ jB.r[od[nkfonk d/ e[M gqpzXeK B/ th wjzsk ns/ w;zdk ~ wks fdZsh jJh j?. r[od[nkfonk d/ gqpzX ~ fsikosns/ f;nk;s dk t;hbk pBk fbnk frnk j?. FoXk d/ BK s/ fpbfvzrk dh T[;koh, nyzv gkmK dhnK bVhnK,bzro ns/ nBQh eow eKvk tkbh goftosh s/ finkdk fXnkB j?, Gb/ pkp/ BkBe dh T[ukoh X[o dh pkDh nB[;ko;zrsK ~ r[o{ xo sI ;/X fwb/ iK Bk fwb/. p; j[D r[o{ wjkoki nZr/ nodk; j? s/o/ xo d/o j/ go nzXo BjhI, /fJjBK v/odkoK ns/ nysh gqpzXeK sI i w;zd jh jB gzE ~ w[esh fdbkT[ ns/ fJjBK ofjs sI jhD/ beK ~ /nkdoF wzB e/ nkw wB[Zy dh gfss g[D/ tb tXdh goftosh ~ mb br ;e/. gfjbk woD ep{ f b ihtD eh Sfv nk;. j j [ ;GBk eh o/ D { e k sT[ nkT[ jwko/ gkf;.. (1102) GkJh wsh dk; bJh j[ew jfJnk fe fJ;~ nko/ Bkb uho e/ d ckV eo fdT[, r[o{ d/ ;kwQD/. dFfJj bkfJnk fe pkjwD e[b ftZu iBw b?e/ th pkjwDh ohsK ~ SZvhQ p?mk j? r[o{ d/ fgZS/ br e/ bkjo sI fdZbhse w[rbK d/ S/D/ tikT[D dh rb eodk j?. T[; ftu ;ukJh dh Fesh j[bko/ wkodh ;h T[j iI efjzdk ;h;p eo ;edk ;h go r[o{ B/ fJ}kis BjhI fdZsh, fejk nzdobh Fesh BjhI fdykT[Dh, wsh dk; s{z r[of;ZyhXkoB eoh j?. gzith gksFkjh dh Fjhdh :kd eokJh, s/ok GkDk whmk bkr/ dk T[gd/F :kd eokfJnk i nkgD/fwZso, r[of;y ~ fdZsk ;h. wsh dk; pkjwB i r[o{ sI ;Mh gke/ eoweKvk ~ G[b frnk ;h, GkD/ ~ fwZmk wBD Zdk T[gd/F fwfbnk s/ y[Fh y[Fh ig[ih dk gkm eodk eodk nko/ Bkb d ckV j frnk. r[o{ B/ th f;o d/ fdZskgo ;h B T[uoh n?;/ r[o{ sI pfbjko ikJhn? s/ r[o{ dh wfs ~ XkoD eohn/. iT[ sT[ gq / w y/ b D ek ukT[ . . f;o[ Xfo sbh rbh w/ o h nkT[ . . fJs wkofr g?o[ Xohi/.. f;o dhi? ekfD B ehi?.. (1412) nBw b ;[ w B1- i g[oF fe;/ iht dk eJh nzr Gzr eo/ T[; ~ nrb/ iBw T[; nzr sI jZE XB/ jh g?Id/ jB.2- fi; ~ w"s u/s/ j? T[; ~ oZp BjhI G[bdk ns/ fi; ~ oZp G[b ikt/ T[; ~ w"s ft;o iKdh j?.3- i ngB/ nkg sI g[Sdk oj/ fe feEI nkfJnK, feT[I nkfJnK, s/ feZE/ ikBk j?, T[j ed/ e[okj/ BjhI g?dk. I4- wkV/ ezwK sI T[jh pzdk pu ;edk j? i ws s/ nktkrtB ~ u/s/ oZy/ ns/ oZp ~ nzr ;zr ikB/.5- i g[oF d/j d/ nZr ftu ;VB dk fdqF nZyK nZr/ oZy/ T[j d/j bJh gkg eoB sI pu iKdk j?. frnkBh T{Xw f;zx ih (4)
  5. 5. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 DAVP (5)
  6. 6. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 e-mail r[o{ BkBe d/t L nkgD/ pko/ 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 ;fsr[ o { ~ 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 r[ o { BkBe d/ t L nd{ Z s h :ksoh 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Guru Nanak Dev : The Unique Traveller 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321gow g{iBh: pkpk BkBe ih, r[ o w[ f y y i s GJ/ T[ d k;h, tkfjr[o{ ih ek ykb;k, tkfjr[o{ ih eh csfj.. doFB e? skJh G/ y fBtk;h, nkg ih dh feogk ;dek uVdhnK ebK ftu jK ih. t?;/ sK nkg ;ku tyo e/ jw tDiko/ ,ih ~ gsk jh jDk j? fe nkg ih dk, fJ; be dk iBw fdjkVk nk fojk BkBe r[ o w[ f y T[ s of; gko/ . okwebh, 939j?. pkpk ih edh fJBQK fdBK ftu nke/ B}ko/ t/y. s[;hI nkgD/ ihtB ekb "I left my home in search of the righteousftu edh nkgDk fJj fijk iBw fdB BjhI wBkfJnk jDk. and am following this course nkg ih d/ iBw fdjkV/ dh y[Fh ftu fgSb/ eJh fdBK sI jo w[jb/ Z to evolve a new philosophy of life.ftu gqGks-c/ohnK fBeb ojhnK jB fi; ftu frD/-u[D/ r[o{ fgnko/, Z Begin a pedlar of Truth,fgnko ftu pkDh rkT[d/ fdZ;Dr/. pkeh pj[s/ sK pM/ iK eZSK ftu jZE I I trade in Truth.gkJh EK-EK s/, ukj d/ Bkb GKs-GKs dhnK ykD-ghD dhnK uhiK dk It is only through the righteousnkBzd b?D nkT[d/ jB. eZuh pkDh okjhI nkg ih dh T[;ss ehsh iKdh I that I shall be ablej?. nkg ih B/ beK ~ ftnesh sI jN, e/tb fJe nekb g[oy dh g{ik to ferry my following acrossdh gqoDK ehsh go, nZi eb gqGks-c/oh p[bkT[D ;w/I nkg dh s;tho / the Ocean of Existence Ramkali, 939 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321nZr/ nodk; eod/ nkw t/fynk ik ;edk j?. 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 r[ o { BkBe d/ t L ft;wkfds g[ o y 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 pkpk ih fJj g[op fJe fdB BjhI g{ok wjhBk wBkfJnk ikt/rk 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Guru Nanak Dev : The wonderstruck 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321Gkt/I ;t/o/ nk;k-dh-tko d/ ehosB ;w/I ;zrs B jt/ go, bzro t/b/ g{ok 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 t/ f y ftvkD[ ,w/bk ipB s/ j[dk j?. jt/ th feUI B, fJFfsjko ftu pkeh gqrokw sK z ofjnk ft;wkd[ ! nk;k, 464SN/ nyoK ftu Sgdk j? go bzro ns[N tos/rk, ;zrsK dh ;/tk g{Vh- O, I am amazedSb,/ yho nkfd Bkb ehsh ikt/rh, tZv/ nZyoK ftu Skfgnk iKdk j?. pkpk at the wonders of the universe. Asa, 464ih i/ nkg nkgD/ iBw fdB wBkT[D tkb/ wjhB/ ftu i/ edh c/ok gkU w/ o / ;kfjpk !sK, fJe go/FkBh }o{o jt/rh fe GkJh wodkBk ih i nkg ih ~ rbefjD bJh wkj"b pBkT[D fjZs nkgDh G[y dh nkV b?d/ ;h T[; bJh Z I s/ o / u i ftvkDk ! ; o m, 596 Wonderous are Your plays,eJh BtK pjkBK bZGDk gJ/rk. feT[fI e ykD-ghD dh feXo/ eJh ewh my Lord ! Sorath, 596BjhI j[dh. z 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 r[ o { BkBe d/ t L oZ p ih d/ fbykoh 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 jK ;Zu, fJe rb sK G[b jh frnk nkg ih dh rZb, T[gd/F Gkt/ Z 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Guru Nanak Dev : The writer, Gods Scribe 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321I eJh B wzBh ikJ/ go ;zrsK nkg ih d/ g[op s/ BtK ;{N gkT[Dk BjhI 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 3210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321G[bdhnK. FkfJd fJj ;"u fe, s[;hI fJj Bk nkyI fe w/o/ iBw fdB s/ BkBe ekrd bZ y wDk gfV gfV ehu? GkT[ ,T[j G?Vk fijk g[okDk ;{N gk nkJ/ ;h. pj[fsnK ~ fsnko t/y e/ fJUI w;{ s f N B nktJh, b/ y fD gT[ D [ ubkT[ ,brdk j? fit/I doFB eoD BjhI < doFB d/D nkJ/ jD. fet/I beK d/ Gh s/ o h ehwfs B gt? , jT[ e/ t v[ nkyk BkT[ !nkeoFD dk e/do pfDnk ikJ/, fJjh wZ[y ftFk j[dk j?. I Z z If I were to study thousands of learned s[;hI nkg jh e[M feogk eo sK, FkfJd e[M ;Mh gt/ pkeh ;G booksmhe j? fJ;/ pko/ jo jkbks nrb/oh fuZmh ftu fbykrK feT[fI e d/o j and understand all their import.ojh j? w/oh th gqpzXek tbI ;/tk brh j?. If I were to write with an ocean of ink G[ZbK u[ZeK dh w[nkch. and with the speed of the wind, ;G ~ csfj . I would still be unable, O God, nkg ih dk g[Zso to estimate Your value w/ok e-mail gsk L- briji.kiram@gmail.com Or Say how Great is Your name ! Siri, 15 @feow# (6)
  7. 7. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 gkme fbyd/ jB HHHHHHHHH ehsh j? skfe ;zrsK fJ; ~ rkT[D s/ ;otD eoB s/ fJ; sI bkjk b? ;eD. ; okrh f;zxK ~ wkoehN ftu ;hvh nkfd r[ o pkDh dk j[ z d k nX{ o k ehosB ! uZbD dh xZN s/ gzE d/ Gb/ dh f}nkdk ;uDh ukjhdh j?. r[o{ noiB d/t ih B/ ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ih d/ okrh f;zx f]nkb efonk i/, i/ s[;h fJ;/ soQK fes/ fes/;zgkdB ;w/I okr d/ Bkb-Bkb fes/ fes/ X[BhnK i g[oksB fbwh so}K ~ rbrZv eo e/ iK pVh ubkeh Bkb EVk;w/I sI jh rkJhnK ik ojhnK ;B, T[BQK ftu th r[opkDh obk e/ ehosB eor/ sK s[;h sK nwho j iktr/ go gZErkT[D dh skehd okrhnK ns/ ;zrsK ~ ehsh. r[opkDh pVk |ohp j ikt/rk, r[opkDh d/ r[DK gZyI.dk ehosB eod/ ;w/I fJj fXnkB }o{o ofynk iKdk ;h fe vk0 oDihs f;zx, npjofes/ okr r[opkDh s/ Gko{ Bk j ikt/, ;dk r[opkDh jh gq p z X e fXnkB d/ Dokr s/ Gko{ oj/. go n;; nZi d/ ehosBhJ/ okrK sI sK 1- fgSbh fdBQh fJe okrh f;zx tbI r[opkDh dhnDikD j? jh B/ go fJe jo nDjDh fJj j ojh j? fe ;h0 vh0 dk bekogD fJe nBwZshn? gqFk;fBe nfXekohf}nkdkso ehosBhJ/ r[opkDh d/ e[ZM e[ jh FpdK dk sI eokfJnk frnk id fe T[; t/b/ r[owfs d/ fJe wjkBehosB eo oj/ B/. r[opkDh T[j gke gftZso ;zd/F iK ftdtkB ns/ d wjkB ehosBhn/ ;wkrw ;EkB s/ wid ;B {T[j j[ew j? fi; ~ ;zrs B/ fJeZbk ;otD jh BjhI eoBk fiBQK sI bekogD eokfJnk ik ;edk ;h. Gfty ftu;rI fiT{Dk j? s/ ihtB nzdo T[skoBk th j?. go nZi e[b r[opkDh ;zpXZs g[;seK ns/ ;hvhnK d/ ftwuB ns/ bekogD ;w/I fXnkB ofynk ikJ/.fwbk e/ ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ih d/ brGr 300 nzrK 2- fJe ;EkBe Xkowe iE/pdh i be GbkJh d/ z(gzfBnK) dk jh ehosB j fojk j? ns/ 1100 sI tZX nzrK pV/ nZS/ eZw eo ojh j? B/ nkgD/ BK ftu wksk e"Ibk BKdk ehosB BjhI j fojk wsbp 1100 sI tZX gzfBnK d/ ifVnk jfJnk j? f;Zy r[onK d/ fJfsjk; ftu e/tb, r[o{ {;zdF sI ;zrsK ~ tKfMnK ofynk ik fojk j?. p; T[jh Fpd / wksk iK r[o{ gsBh ~ jh f;ZyK bJh wksk dk doik gokgstko tko gVQ/ ik oj/ jB fijV/ ;"y/ gVQ/ ik ;ed/ jB iK j?. phph e"bK ~ phph Fpd Bkb jh T[ukfos ehsk frnkefj bt fe fiBQK dh ezg}hFB okrh f;zx B/ fsnko eo j?. p/Bsh j? fe gqpXe nkgDh ;z;Ek dk Bk r[owfs nB[;ko zoyh j?. pkeh pu frnk r[opkDh dk gftZso j[ew, ;zrhs phph e"bK GbkJh e/Ido oZyD dh feogk eoB.okjhI ;zrsK ~ e"D ;otD eotkJ/rk < fJj o} okrh f;zx 3- gqpXe ;ZiD ;N/iK s/ nfwqs gquko, ofjs nkd zdk jh pDdk j? fe fJj T[BKQ gqsh th ngDk o} gSkDB. r[owfs dhnK i th rZbK eod/ jD T[; s/ nkg th nwb eoD sd jh mhe j?. r[o{ wjkoki tbI ;BwkBs eoD bJhfJj fe;/ ~ BjhI efjDk ukjhdk fe pkeh r[opkDh ;zrs f;og/ ns/ g[o;eko e/tb s/ e/tb ofjs wo:kdk ftunkg gVQ bt/. fJj mhe BjhI. ;zrhs Bkb wBK s/ f}nkdk gqge r[of;yK sI jh fdtkJ/ ikD. gzE nZi th nfwqsXkoh Zn;o th j[dk j? s/ fXnkB d/Dk gt/rk fe r[o{ ;kfjpkB B/ z f;yK sI g{oh soQK ;yDQk BjhI jfJnk j?.g{oh r[opkDh ekft o{g ftu s/ okrwJh eo e/ T[ukoD i;tzs f;zx ezXkoh, byBT{ FoXk ;[wB i T[ g fiT[ ; fpBf; j? go nki[ e? ekfb .. BkBe jfo r[ B rkfJ b/ Skfv ;rb iz i kb.. ;tortk;h phph irdhF e"o ih, fwZm pbV/ ;po ns/ ;zsy dh w{os, jo neV I t/b/ ns/ ;[y ftu th r[o{ wjkoki dh nN b?e/ ;qh ;[ywBh ;kfjp d/ gkm ns/ fBozso ;kfji I gkm Bkb nkgD/ nkg ~ iVh ofynk, nkgD/ Go/ g[o/ gqtko g[so ;0 joihs f;zx, ;0 oDihs Z f;zx, ~jk, gso/ gsohnK ns/ nkgD/ gsh ;0 pbd/t f;zx ;Zpotkb gqXkB okw rfVnk fpokdkoh byBT{ ns/ Fkpek gqXkB ;qh r[o{ f;zx ;Gk nkbwpkr byBT{ ~ fwsh 30-09-2012 ~ jJ/ n?e;hv?N ftu r[o{ wjkoki d/ GkD/ nB[;ko ;dhthI ftSVk d/ rJ/ jD. fwsh ;t0 phph irdhF e"o 04-09-2012 ~ f;qrko Bro r[od[nko/ fty/ nzfsw nodk; t/b/ Gkoh frBsh ftZu ;zrsk w"id z { (1954-2012) ;B. @@gzikph ;[wB## tbI ;oXKibh nogs j? ns/ nodk; j? fe tkfjr[o{ nkgD/ uoDk ftu phph ih ~ fBtk; pyFD ns/ gqtko ~ GkDk wZBD dk pb pyFB. (7)
  8. 8. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 UP ADD (8)
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  11. 11. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012ÚðÇÚñ çÆ íÇòµÖìÅäÆ é±§ ÁÃƺ ÃÔÆ Çõè Õð ÇçµåÅ! î˺ ÚÅÔ°§çÅ Ôź ÇÕ î˺ ÁÅêä¶ êÅáÕź ÖÅà àËÕà ñµ×ä 寺 éÔƺ ìÚ¶×Æ¢ ÇÃðë ÔòÅ î°øå Çîñ¶×ÆÕðÕ¶ é½ÜòÅé êÆó·Æ éÅñ Çòܶºçð ×°êåÅ ç°ÁÅðÅ Áå¶ ÇÂé·Åº ñµÖź í°µÖ¶ ñ¯Õź çÅ Ö±é ¶àñÆ ç¶ ÇÃð Òå¶í¶Ü¶ ׶ ÇÂÕ ÇçñÚÃê ñ¶Ö ç¶ ÇÂà ÇԵö 鱧 ÃźÞÅ Ô¯ò¶×Å¢Ò ÇéÃÇÚå å½ð Òå¶ ÃÅâÆ ÇÕö éÅñ Õ¯ÂÆ å°ñéÅÕðź, ÒÜ篺 ǧ×ñ˺â ç¶ êzèÅé î§åðÆ Õñ¶î¶ºà ¶àñÆ éÔƺ ÔË¢ ÁÃƺ ìÔ°å ÇîÔéå ÕÆåÆ ÔË Áå¶ ÇéÃÇÚåé¶ AIDG ÇòÚ íÅðå çÆ ÁÅ÷ÅçÆ Ãì§èÆ Çìµñ ê¶ô ð±ê éÅñ ÇÂà ׵ñ 鱧 ÃÔÆ Çõè ÕÆåÅ ÔË¢ÕÆåÅ Áå¶ ìðåÅéòÆ êÅðñÆî˺à ÇòÚ ÇÂà Òå¶ ìÇÔà ÇòÁÅÜ çÅ í°×åÅéÔ¯ ðÔÆ ÃÆ åź Ç§×ñ˺â ç¶ ï°µèÕÅñÆé êzèÅé î§åðÆ Üéðñ ïÅÔÆÁÅ ÖÅé êÅÇÕÃåÅé ç¶ ÇÂÇåÔÅÃÃð Çò§Ãàé ÚðÇÚñ é¶ ×°µÃ¶ éÅñ ÇÂÔ ÇàµêäÆ ÕÆåÆ ÇòÚ Ãí 寺 Ç÷ÁÅçÅ ð§×Æñ¶ Ãé¢ À°é·Åº çÆÁź ìÔ°åÇÕ Ò(íÅðå 鱧 ÁÅ÷ÅçÆ ç¶ä éÅñ) ñ°µÇÚÁź, ìçîÅôź ÃÅðÆÁź Á½ðåź Çîµåð Ãé, ÇÜò¶º ÇÕ é±ðÜÔź,Áå¶ î°øåÖ¯ðź ç¶ Ôµæź ÇòÚ ÃµåÅ ÚñÆ ÜÅò¶×Æ¢ ÁÕñÆî Áõåð, åðÅéÅ ÁÅÇç¢ À°Ô ôðÅìÆ Áå¶ÃÅð¶ íÅðåÆ é¶åÅ îÅî±ñÆ ÕÅìñÆÁå òÅñ¶ Áå¶ ÇåäÕ¶ ÁµïÅô Ãé¢ ëÆñâ îÅðôñ îÅéÕ ôÅÔ é¶ çµÇÃÁÅçÆ åð·Åº Ô¯ä׶¢ À°é·Åº çÆ ÷ìÅé ÇîµáÆ Ô¯ò¶×Æ Áå¶ ÃÆ ÇÕ ïÅÔÆÁÅ é¶ î¶ð¶ 寺 î¯àð ÃÅÂÆÕñ ÖðÆÇçÁÅÇçñ ÇòÚ ìçîÅôÆ Ô¯ò¶×Æ (íÅò î±§Ô ÒÚ ðÅî-ðÅî ÃÆ êð À°Ã òÕå À°Ã é¶ îË鱧 E@@ ð°ê¶ éÔƺ Ççµå¶ì×ñ ÇòÚ Û°ðÆ) À°Ô õåÅ ñÂÆ ÁÅêà ÒÚ ñóé׶ Ãé êð ìÅÁç ÇòÚ À°Ã é¶ îË鱧 ÁÅêäÅ ÁµèÅ ç¶ôÁå¶ íÅðå ðÅÜéÆåÕ èó¶ì§çÆ ÇòÚ ×°ÁÅÚ ÜÅò¶×Å¢ ç¶ ÇçµåÅ¢ (íÅðå)êÅäÆ çÆ ì¯åñ 寺 ð¯àÆ ç¶ à°µÕó¶ åµÕ Õ¯ÂÆ òÆ ÚÆ÷ - y[ ; tz s f;z x ukbhjk eJh fdBK sI r[od[nko/ iKdh f;wo ~ Bkb dh o[ektNK d{o eo fdzdk j?.## f;wo B/ fejk @@ub i/ r[nKYD r[ow[y phph B/ g[ZfSnk, @@e[V/ f;wo, s{z nZi o[ektN Bk th jt/ sK nkgD/ nkg ~ fJe pzXB ftu sK ;t/o/ feXo rJh ;h <## pzBQ fbnk Bk < i/ fBZsB/w eoBk jh pzXB brdk j? sK fJj ukuh ih, @@w?I r[od[nko/ ukbhjk eZND iKdh jK. sK jo th tZvk pzXB j? fe BjhI < fco fizBhnK ;wZf;nktK 40 gkm ;[Zy/ jB, efjzd/ B/ 40 gkm eoB Bkb (ukbhjK jZb eoBhnK jDrhnK T[B/ jh ukbhj/ eZND/ g?Dr/, feT[fI e eZND Bkb) pj[s ckfJdk j[dk j?. o} Bzr/ g?ohI r[od[nko/ z ;tkoE fgS/ ]kfjF g?dk j[dh j? s/ ykjFK dh g{osh bJh z ikJhdk j? s/ Bkb/ T[E/ ig[ ih ;kfjp dk gkm eohdk sK fJj ezw eoBk g?dk j?. go i/ t?;/ jh fpBK ;tkoE I J/.##HHHH f;wo B/ itkp fdZsk. d/ r[opkDh gVQd/ ojhJ/ s/ pzXB sI th w[es ofjzfdnK jo @@g[Zso f;wo ! f;Zyh ftu ubhfjnK dh eJh EK uh} dh gqkgsh j[zdh oj/ sK fco fejVk ;;sk ;"dk j?, BjhI j?. fJj sK fJe @;"dpk}h# j rJh fe ukbQhJ/ eZN / ukbhjk iK pkDh. r[o{ ;kfjpK B/ sK ;w[uh pkDh ftu jh Z bU s/ ckfJdk b? bt. i/ Gbk fe;/ ekoB eoe/ o[ektN d[yK-w[;hpsK ~ nkfynk j? L Z g? ikJ/ sK fco ckfJd/ sI tKM/ j rJ/ Bk <## ukuh B/ @@d{y or ;zskg T[so/ ;[Dh ;uh pkDh..## nkgDh Fzek oZyfdnK fejk. rtKYD ukuh B/ ;wMkfJnk. BjhI ukuh ih, @@J/dK j jh BjhI ;edk fe ukbhj/ j[D f;wo ~ rtKYD ukuh d/ ej/ puBK dk eJh itkp ftu o[ektN g? ikt/ < gqwkswk nkg ikDh ikD j?, T[j BjhI ;[M fojk ;h. Z ikDdk j? fe fJ;B/ gkm eoBk wzfBnk j? s/ fJ; bJh T[j r[ogqhs f;zx (11)
  12. 12. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 nzfwqs t/bk frnkBh noiB f;zxr[o{ BkBe d/t ih dk tke j? L- gfjo, oks d/ S/ sI B"I ti/ sZe, Grsh d/ g"d/ ~ c[Zb nzfwqs t/bk ;u[ BkT[[ tfvnkJh thuko[.. brd/ jB. fgSb/ gfjo, ;t/o/ fszB sI S/ ti/ sZe, T[; (ig[ ih ;kfjp, gzBk 2) g"d/ ~ cb brd/ jB. fijV/ wB[Zy ikrd/ jB T[j Gkt nzfwqs t/b/ TZm e/ @gqwkswk d/ Bkw dh nkgD/ wkbe ebI Bkw dh dks gqkgs eod/ jB,tfvnkJh #s/ ftuko eo. fJj T[Zso r[o{ ih fJ; sI fit/ LgfjbhnK d s[eK ftu ehs/ gqFB sI T[gozs fdzd/ jB. gfjb? gjo? c[bVk cb[ Gh gSk okfs..gfjbhnK d s[eK fJj jB L i ikrzfB bjzfB ;/ ;kJh ezB dkfs.. c/ f o fe nr? oyhn? fis[ fd;? dopko[ . . (gzBk 1384) w[ j " fe p b D[ p b hn? fis[ ;[ f D Xo/ fgnko[ . . F/y cohd ih sK fJZEI sZe efjzd/ jB fe oks (gzBk 2) t/b/ Bkw dh e;s{oh tzvh iKdh j?, fijVh ;Zs/ jJ/ wB[yK [ Z Gkt fco gqwkswk nZr/ fejVh G/Nk oyhJ/ fi; ~ fe;/ Gkn th Bjh fwbdh. fizBKQ d/ B?D BhIdo tkb/Bkb T[; dk dopko fdZ; gt/ ns/ w{zj sI fejVK pb jB T[jBK ~ fJj fwbDh w[Feb j? fit/I LpbhJ/ fi; pb ~ ;[D e/ T[j tkfjr[o{ ;kv/ Bkb fgnko cohdk okfs eE{oh tzvhn? ;[fsnK fwb? B GkT[..eo/ < fJjBK djK gqFBK dk T[Zso ;kfjp B/ nkg jh fizBK B?D BhIdktb/ fszBK fwbD[ e[nkT[..fdZsk j? L (gzBk 1382) nzfwqs t/bk ;u[ BkT[ tfvnkJh thuko[.. r[opkDh dk tke j? - (ig[ ih ;kfjp, gzBk 2) Mkbkx/ T[ f m Bkw[ ifg fBf; pk;[ o nkokfX. jo Xow iK w}jp ftu nzfwqs t/b/ ~ wjkB ekoQk s[M? B fpnkgJh BkBe fwN? T[gkfX..fejk frnk j?. eJh fJ; ~ #pqjw wj{os# efjzdk j? (gzBk 255)ns/ eJh ;[GkQ ;kde. r[opkDh ftu fJ; ;w/I ~ nzfwqs r[o{ ;kfjp dk j[ew j? Lt/bk fejk frnk j?. nzfwqs t/bk shi/ gfjo sI T[gozs BkT[ gqGks? ;pfd fXnkJhn? Svj[ d[Bh gohsk..ns/ ;{oi uVQB sI gfjbK d/ ;w/I ~ fejk frnk j?. fJ; gq D tfs BkBe dk;fB dk;k ifr jkfonk fsfB ihsk..t/b/ ~ u"Ek gfjo th fejk frnk j? L (gzBk 1330) uT[E? gjfo ;pkj e? ;[ofsnk T[gi? ukT[.. r[o{ j[ew j? LfsBk dohnktk f;T[ d;sh wfB w[fy ;uk BkT[.. fuVh u[jeh gj[ c[Nh trfB pj[s[ sozr.. (gzBk 146) nuoi o{g ;zsB ou/ BkBe Bkwfj ozr.. Gkt ;[pQK d/ u"E/ gfjo oZp ftu ;[os iVB (gzBk 319)tkfbnK d/ wB ftu ukn g?dk j[dk j?. T[jBK beK dh z ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih ftu fJeZsh okr jB. zT[; t/b/ dfonktK Bkb d;sh j[zdh j?. Gkt T[j ;G sI gfjbk okr ;qh okr j? fijVk oks dk okr j?fJFBkB eod/ jB ns/ T[jBK d/ wB s/ w{j ftu ;Zukz Gkt fJj okr oks F[o{ jD t/b/ gfjb/ gfjo rkfJnkBkw j[zdk j?. iKdk j?. ;G sI nkyoh okr goGksh okr j? i gj[ F/y cohd ih efjzd/ jB fe oks d/ gfjb/ c[ZND t/b/, ;t/o d/ ;w/I dk okr j?. r[opkDh dk ;qh (12)
  13. 13. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012okr sI nkozG jDk fJj dZ;dk j? fe wB[y d/ ;kjwD/ Z ;t/o/ nzfwqs t/b/ @s{z jh s{z jh#, @s/ok s/ok dk ikg eofJj jB/o/ tkbk okr j?. i/ fJj Bkw-pkDh dh oFBh oj/ jB. wksk B/ fejk, @@g[so ! s/oh ;koh oks ikrfdnK Zftu nkgDk ;co nkozG eo/ sK t/y/rk fe fJ; d/ bzx rJh j?, j[D sK }ok nkokw eo b?.## T[Zso;kjwD/ gqG{ d/ gqrN jD dh goGks nkt/rh. pkDh dh fwfbnk, @@wK ! t/y SNk fijk gghjk fJe ;ko ghnk ghnkoFBh ftu fJ; dk ;G nfrnkB-jB/ok d{o j ikt/rk. pb fojk j?, T[jdk ghnk pZdb T[; ~ fdZ; fojk j?r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih dh pkDh dh ;wkgsh ;w/I fJ;/ bJh z sd th T[j T[; ~ brksko p[bk fojk j?. T[; SN/fJe s[e j? L fij/ gzSh dk jm t/y ! fco w?I sK fJe wB[Zy jK ! w/ok sw ;z;ko[ uoB bfr sohn?. ghnk th nfdZy j?. i/ gzSh ;koh oks BjhI ;[Zsk sK w?I ;G[ BkBe pqjw g;ko.. fet/I ;" ;edk jK. nk wK ! s{z th w/o/ Bkb p?m ! n;hI (gzB 1429) dtI/ fwb e/ nkgD/ fgnko/ gqG{ ~ fJ; gghj/ tKr g[ekohJ/ ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih gzikj ;kb dh T[wo se ! T[j gqhsw-fgnkok }o{o ;[D/rk s/ nzfwqs-ib dh;z;ko dk oNB eod/ oj/ ns/ nyhob/ thj ;kb T[jBK pyfFF eo/rk -B/ eoskog[o okth d/ feBko/ r[}ko/. T[EI d/ o}kBk pkphjk nzfwqs t/b? pfbnk sK dfo ;[Dh g[eko..gqrokw dk t/otk GkJh r[odk; ih fJ; gqeko dZ;d/ w/ x ? B c[ o wkB[ j n k to;j[ feogk Xkfo ..jB L (gzBk 1285) ; do[ nkosh rkthn? nz f wq s t/ b ? ikg[ T[ u kok. fJe nwho ;/m ;[pQk ;kde T[Zm e/ ;?o eoB (tko 1, gT[Vh 38) bJh nkgD/ pkr ftu frnk. wksk fsqgsk ih B/ r[o{ BkBe d/t ih ~ SN/ GKs-GKs d/ c[ Z b , xkj #s/ sq / b d/ s[ g e/ ,j[fz dnK nkfynk, @@g[so ! i/ s{z jo eJh ezw BjhI eoBk Z nmy/bhnK eodh jtk, ufj-ujkT[d/ gzSh t/y e/ T[; IsK SNh-wNh d[ekB jh ybQ b? !## r[o{ ih B/ T[Zso d/ wB ftu BFK fijk Sk frnk. gzShnK d/ fwZm/ pbKfdZsk L @@ wksk ih ! d[ekB #s/ w?I ybQh jh jJh j?.## s/ ;[ohbhnK nktk}K dk ;zrhs T[; d/ wB ~ nfijk wksk ih B/ j?okB j e/ g[fZ Snk L @@g[so ! s/oh Z Gk frnk fe T[; B/ nkgD/ B"eoK ~ j[ew fdZsk fe fJBQKd[ekB feZE/ j? s/ edI y[bQdh j? < w?I sK T[j ed/ sZeh gzShnK ~ fgzifonk ftu pzd eoe/ xo b? ub ! fJjBKBjhI.## dk nzfwqs t/b/ dk ;zrhs w?I xo jh ;[fDnk eoKrk. r[o{ ih B/ T[so fdZsk, @@wK ! w/oh d[ekB ;t/o/ Z B"eoK B/ ikb gkJ/ s/ gzShnK ~ geV e/ fgzifonK ftufszB ti/ y[bQdh j?, nzfwqs t/b/.## pzd eo fdZsk. fgzio/ xo ftu oZy fdZs/ rJ/. ;/m o} wK B/ g[fZSnk L @@T[; t/b/ eJh ;"dk th b?D ;t/o/ T[mdk s/ T[jBK dk ;[do ;zrhs ;[D e/ y[F jzdk. Z z [nkT[Zdk j?<## T[Zso fdZsk fe wK T[; t/b/ fJzB/ rkje fgzifonK ftu pzd gzShnK ~ uzrh y[oke fwbD bZrh.j[d/ jB fe T[jBK ~ ;"dk d/D dh tkoh w[Feb j iKdh z frohnK yk-yk e/ T[j gzSh fdBK ftu wN/ sk}/ j rJ/j?. r[o{ ih dk Gkt joh-Bkw dh d[ekB sI ;h ns/ go j"bh-j"bh T[jBK dk ufjujkT[Dk s/ rkT[Dk pzdnzfwqs t/b/ nkg ;Zu/ Bkw dh tfvnkJh eoB s/ eokT[D j frnk. ;/m B/ j[ew fdZsk fe fJBQK ~ fgzifonK ftuIdk ;"dk eod/ ;B. SZv fdT[ feT[fI e j[D fJj ;zrhs ;[DkT[D d/ :r BjhI fJe fdB wksk fsqgsk ih B/ t/fynk fe ;"D- oj/. fgzifonK d/ p{j/ ybQ fdZs/ rJ/ go gzShnK d/ goKGkdoI d/ wjhB/ ftu T[jBK d/ fgnko/ g[Zso BkBe ih ftu gotk} eoB dh skes ]sw j u[eh ;h. T[jBKZ (13)
  14. 14. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012~ eZ[s/, fpZbhnK, pk}K s/ jo ikBtoK B/ wko e/ yk p/dkoh n;s, f}zdrhJ/, ;kfjpkfB F"e.fbnk. nfijk wB[y fijVk y{p yKdk-ghIdk s/ ;oho ~ Z r : k jokw eodB n} nkfJz d k ykfp ;[ G Q k .sK gkbdk j? go nzfwqs t/b/ gqG{ d/ Bkw dk ;zrhs BjhI Gkt i oZp d/ fgnko/ jB T[jBK bJh ikrd/rkT[dk T[; dk jkb fJBQK p/;o/ gzShnK tkbk jh j[dk I [ z ofjDk jh f}zdrh j?. Bzd bkb B/ r[o-uoBK ftu gj[u { zj?. T[; ~ d[yK, rwK, fuzsktK d/ e[s/ fpZb/ cV e/ nkgDk Z Z e/ ;t/o d/ ;"D ~ jokw wzB fbnk j? iK ;t/o ~ Bk ;"Dnkjko pDk b?Id/ jB. fJ;/ bJh pkDh dk c[owkB dh ;j[z yk bJh j?.j? L fJEI gsk bZrdk j? fe r[o{ ;kfjpkB, GrsK s/cohdk jT[ pfbjkoh fsB gzyhnK izrfb fizBk tk;[. r[of;ZyK B/ nzfwqs t/b/ ikrD dh fezBh wjkBsk s/ eeo[ u[rfB Efb t;fB op B SvfB gk;[.. tfvnkJh dZ;h j?. r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih nBzdg[o SZv (gzBk 1383) u[e/ jB. t?ohnK dhnK c"iK r[o{ ih d/ fgZS/ nk ojhnK Z GkJh Bzd Bkb ih Fkw ~ fJe Fkjh wjZb ebI jB. ;o;k Bdh ftu s{kB B}o nk fojk j?. j[Dbzx oj/ ;B. Fkjh wfjb ftu ;[o jJ/ ;k}K d/ nzfwqs t/bk j frnk j? r[o{ ih B/ nk;k dh tko bkT[D;zrhs #s/ nbkg j fojk ;h. ;[okjh s/ ikw s/ :[tshnK dk j[ew fdZsk. pkoK gfjoK (SZsh xzN) sI EZe/ s/ G[y/ / Zdk Bku-fBqs wfjb dk ozr pDk oj/ ;B. oks bzx fgnk;/ ;kEh Bkb jB. T[; t/b/ th r[o{ ;kfjp s/ ;ko/rJh. nzfwqs t/b/ T[Zm e/ GkJh Bzd bkb T[;/ o;s/ f;Zy nzfwqs t/bk BjhI y[Mk oj/ Gkt/I d[FwD d/ jwb/ dk zfJFBkB eoB Bdh tZb ik oj/ ;B. t/fynk fe ;k} vo pfDnk jfJnk j?. irh nZbkj:ko yK B/ T[;s/ ;kfozd/ u[g jB, ;[okjh s/ ikw w{X/ gJ/ jB, fBqseko Z ;w/I dk fdqF pV/ ;z[do FpdK ftu fpnkB ehsk j? Ls/ doFe ;[s/ jB, go wfjb dk dhtk bZN bZN pb Z Ek ;o g/ tes nk frnk nk;k eh tko ekfojk j? s/ oFBh d/ fojk j?. nkg B/ fejk L ;k} I e/ }ho pw ek, uVQ k T[ T[ s ko ek ;[pjk dw r:k swkFkfJ nihp. wBFk Ek ebrhXo e/ fdb/ p/ eoko ek i[wbk nkbw y[skU p/dko Fwnk. w" e k fwb/ s eo b/ I GiB eodrko ek Gkt, n? Bzd bkb ! ;t/o t/b/ nihp swkFk ip wkjt pzdrh j{J/ BkBe e/ ikBFhIt/y fojk jK. ;koh d[BhnK ;" rJh j? go dhtk ni/ th nk N{N/ ]kb;k g/ nukBe eJh bJh.ikr fojk j?. fJ;/ soQK dht/ tKr bZyK ftuI eJh eJh pkpk F/y cohd ih sK nzfwqs t/b/ T[Zm e/wB[y nzfwqs t/b/ ikrdk j? s/ nkgD/ fgnko/ gqhsw ftu Z GiB-pzdrh ~ jh ihtB dk o{g wzBd/ jB. i/ fJj BjhIi[Vdk j? pkeh ;koh d[BhnK nfrnkBsk dh BhId ftu j/ sK w"s jh mhe j?.rtkuh j[zdh j?. T[m[ cohdk T[i{ ;kfi ;[pj fBtki r[ikfo.. GkJh Bzd bkb ih sI fJe fdB f;ZyK B/ g[fZ Snk i f;o[ ;KJh Bk fBt? ; f;o[ efg T[skfo..fe be shoEK #s/ iKd/ jB s/ T[E/ ik e/ eJh Bk eJh (gzBk 1381);j[z yk b?d/ jB fe fJj p[ok ezw BjhI eoKr/, iK wk; I ns/iK Fokp iK i{nk SZv fdnKr/. s[;hI nBzdg[o ;kfjp cohdk fgSb okfs B ikfrUfj ihtdV w[fJUfj ..d/ shoE #s/ nk e/ ebrhXo d/ uoBK ftu gj[zu e/ i/ s? op[ ft;kfonk s ofp B ft;foUfj..fejVh p[okJh iK n?p SZvD dh ;j[z ykXh j? < GkJh (gzBk 1383);kfjp dk T[Zso ;hL (14)
  15. 15. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012iBw fdjkV/ s/ ftF/FHHHHHHH wjkokik oDihs f;z x ih - gq:kr BokfJD fsqgkmh d ;dhnK gfjbk gzikp dh Xosh #s/ iBw/ se c?bh ;bsBs dh goik ~ fJe fBnK-g/wh beszsoh qd/F d/ wjkB ;g{s wjkokik oDihs f;zx ;[:r gqFk;e, ns/ :r Fk;e d/ o{g ftu ;zsy ns/ y[Fjkbh gqdkBwjkB :Xk, Xow fBogZy Fk;e ns/ wkBtsk d/ r[DK ehsh. okiBhse fdqFNheD sI wjkokik oDihs f;zxBkb gohg{oD F];hns d/ o{g ftu ;dk :kd ehs/ B/ f;Zy-Xow dk XkoBh j[zd/ jJ/ th oki d/ y/so ftuikDr/. T[jBK d/ wodT{-g[D/ dh Skg Gkosh fJfsjk; ;ko/ XowK dk ;wkB-o{g Bkb ;BwkB ehsk ns/ :rsk#s/ nzfes j u[eh j?. dk nkdo ehsk. T[jBK d/ dopko ns/ oki ftu ;ot- gzikp dhnK fJjBK ;cbsktK dh BhIj brgr TZu gdthnK ;GBk bJh gqkgs ;B. T[jBK d/ ;G sI500 ;kb gfjbK r[o{ BkBe d/t ih d/ fuzsB B/ ns/ tXhe ftFtk;-gkso wzsoh ;B - eho n}h}[dhB, fiBQK ZwroI f;ZyK d/ r"otwJh ;odko, wjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ ihtB Go wjkokik ;kfjp dh tckdkoh Bkb ;/tkB/ oZyh ;h. nkg 13 Btzpo, 1980 ~ r[ioKtkbk ftu ehsh. vrok okik fXnkB f;zx nkgDh gqfsGk ns/iBw/. oDihs f;zx 10 ;kb dh T[wo ftu jh nkgD/ ;tkwh Grsh d/ Bks/ gqXkB wzsoh gd se gj[u. w/om z /fgsk d/ Bkb fGzB-fGzB ;?fBe d"fonK #s/ ikD br gJ/ dk fJe pqkjwD iwKdko y[Fjkb f;zx th fJ;/ soQK d/;B. 12 ;kb dh T[wo ftu fgsk d/ nekb-ubkDk eo nkgD/ r[DK d/ ekoB T[u gdK #s/ g[ik. eJh :{oghnK Z ZikD #s/ ;koh f}zwtkoh T[jBK d/ wfYnK #s/ nk gJh fi; I/ ~ th wjkokik d/ dopko ns/ Fk;B ftu gqwy ;EkB Z[~ T[jBK B/ g{oh soQK fBGkfJnk. 19tK ;kb bZrd/ jh fwfbnk. t?Is{ok i fJNbh tk;h ;h, T[jBK dk gqXkBT[jBK B/ bkj"o #s/ ep}k eoe/ 19 thI ;dh d/ nozG ;?Bkgsh pfDnk. fJ; soQK fiEI se Fk;B d/ y/so dkftu ;ko/ Gkos #s/ nzri/}K dk ep}k j ikD sI pknd ;zpzX ;h, fjzd{, w[;bwkB, Jh;kJh, f;Zy ;GBK bJhth ;[sso gzikp ftu nkgD/ FeshFkbh ns/ ;[sso oki z z wjkokik oDihs f;zx d/ oki ftu ;wkB nt;o gqkgsdh BhIj oZyh. ;B. n;b ftu Gkos ftu T[ j Xow fBogZ y wjkokik oDihs f;zx sI gfjbK gzikp d/ okiBhse gqpX dk fJe w[Ybk, pj[s jh ;cb gq:r znB/e fJbke/ f;ZyK dhnK nZv-nZv fw;bK d/ nXhB ;h.;B, fiBQK ftu nkg;h w/b-ib BjhI ;h. (wjkokik) nkgDh iBsk dh nkofEe dFk ;[XkoB bJhoDihs f;zx 1792 JhH ftu nkgD/ fgsk dh fw;b d/ wjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ i wjZstg{oB :sB ehs/ T[jBKw[yh pD/ ns/ nrb/ 6 ;kbK ftu T[jBK B/ ;fsb[i d/ bJh d/ F ;dk T[ j BK dk d/ D dko oj/ r k. gz i kpgZSw dhnK ;kohnK f;Zy fw;bK ~ J/esk dh wkbk ftu ftF/F o{g Bkb fe;kB ;{pk j?. fJ; bJh nkgDk okigo fdZsk ns/ ncrkB Fk;e Fkj }wkB d/ Xkt/ ~ ;Ekgs eoB sI pknd wjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ fe;kBKn;cb eo fdZsk. 1801 JhH ftu ;kohnK fw;bK B/ dh jkbs ;[XkoB tZb ;G sI f}nkdk fXnkB fdZsk.T[jBK ~ nkgDk ns/ gzikp dk @@wjkokik# gqtkB eo fJj ;[Gkte th ;h, feT[fI e T[j y[d fJe nkw fe;kBfbnk. wjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ fJ; sI fgZSI fgFkto, gfotko ftuI ;B ns/ fe;kBK dh dFk sI Gbh-GKs ikD{zw[bskB, eKrVk, eFwho ns/ jo nB/e gqd; nkgD/ / ;B. ;zGt j? fe T[j Gkos d/ gfjb/ ni/j/ Fk;e ;Boki ftu fwbk bJ/. fijBK B/ ekFs eoB tkfbnK ~ }whB dk wbehns fijBK ;cbsktK bJh wjkokik oDihs f;zx jZe d/D d/ f;XKs ~ bkr{ ehsk. fJ; d/ Bkb jh~ ftF/F o{g Bkb :kd ehsk ikt/rk T[jBK ftu w[Zy ftufbnK dh irQk brkB dh t;{bh f;ZXh fe;kBK sI jDfJj jB fe nkgd/ Fk;B ekb ftu T[BKQ B/ nkgDh d{o bZrh. y{jK dh wbehns th fe;kBK ~ gfjbh tko (15)
  16. 16. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012gqkgs jJh. nZi-ebQ Gkt/I fJj ;[Xko nkw fij/ bZrD, th j[zd/ ;B. wodkBrh dhnK jo nB/e y/vK okjhIgqzs{ 18thI ;dh d/ nzs ftu idI fe ;kwzsh oki dk wjkokik oDihs f;zx pZfunK dk wBoiB th eod/ ;B zpbpkbk ;h, fJj eqKshekoh ;[Xko jh ej/ ikDr/. ns/ T[jBK ftuI jDjko pjkdoK dh uD th ehsh iKdhfJjBK Bkb jh gzikp ;wK gk e/ d/F ftu nBki-Gzvko ;h.dk y/so ejkT[D bfrnk. fJ; soQK wjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ nkgD/ T[ d : r h Xz f dnK ~ T[ s Fkj d/ D bJh th brgr 48 ;kbK d/ FkFB ekb ftu fGzB-fGzB fdFktKwjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ pj[s ezw ehs/. w[bskB d/ ftu Fk;B ns/ nkuoB d/ i T[ d kjoB ;Ekgso/Fw T[d:r, eFwho d/ gFwhBk ns/ Fkb T[d:r, ehs/, T[jBK d/ ekoB gzikp ftu ;kj;, ;{ophosk ns/nzfwqs;o d/ c[bekoh T[d:r ns/ uzpk s/ e;{o d/ y[Fjkbh dhnK uzrhnK ohsK gJhnK. fJjBK ohsK #s/ezpb T[d:r ~ wjkokik d/ Fk;B ekb ftu ftF/F ubd/ jJ/ nZi e/tb gzikp jh BjhI, ;kv/ d/F d/T[sFkj fwfbnk. fJ; Bkb fiE/ nkw iBsk ~ okjs nB/e oki Bt/I Gkos dh T[;koh ftu nkgDk ouBkswefwbh, T[E/ oki ~ th nkgDh wkbh jkbs ;[XkoB dk fjZ;k gk oj/ jB. wjkokik oDihs f;zx d/ nB/e Fk;ehw"ek gqkgs jfJnk. ns/ wkBttkdh r[DK d/ ekoD jh, T[jBK d/ nkbue fe;/ th gqFk;B dh uzfrnkJh dh e;"Nh fJj fJfsjk;eko ;o b?gb frqcB ~ fbyDk fgnk ;h -wzBh iKdh j? fe jkew fe; jZd se fBnK-gqh:sk ~ @w[|b ;kwoki d/ ftBkFekoh sZsK ftu fi;ngDkT[Idk j?. fBnK dk Fk;B n;b ftu nZi d/ soQK wjkokik oDihs f;zx B/ nkgD/ EjV/ ;w/I ftugqrshFhb beszso dh p[fBnkd j?. wjkokik oDihs bkj"o d/ f;Zy ;kwoki dk gqFk;B ubkfJnk, T[; soQKf;zx B/ fBnK-g{ope Fk;B eoB d/ fijV/ T[dkjoB Gkos dk eJh th jo ssekbhB Fk;e BjhI ubkg/F ehs/, T[j T[jBK sI gfjbK d/ Fk;eK ftu ftF/F ;fenk.#eoe/ nzro/}h je{ws d/ }wkB/ ftu BjhI fwbd/. fJEI y[Ftzs f;zx nkgDh g[;se @dh f;y;# ftuse fe wjkokik ih B/ bkj"o estkb ~ fbysh nfXeko fbyd/ jB LfdZsk jfJnk ;h fe i/ w?I nkg oki dk gqwy d/Fh gkfJnk Z[ @ftnesh d/ o{g ftu ;0 oDihs f;zx ftu eJhiktK sK w/o/ fto[ZX th ekotkJh eoB sI Bk fMie. nfijhnK y{phnK ;B, fijBK B/ T[; ~ iBsk ftu wjkokik oDihs f;zx nkgD/ ;w/I d/ gfotosBK jowBfgnkok pDk fdZsk ;h. T[j wjkokik j[d/ jJ/ th zgqsh th ;ktXkB ;B. T[jBK B/ nB/e BthnK yiK ~ fe;kB tor sI d{o ed/ BjhI jJ/, fi; ftu T[j iZw/ngDkfJnk. nzro/}K dh ;bkj Bkb i wjkokik dh ;B. gVQ/-fby/ Bk j[zd/ jJ/ th T[jBK B/ siop/ dhFesh dh Fk;B e[Fbsk d/ ekoB T[jBK d/ fwZso pD gkmFkbk ftu pj[s e[M f;Zfynk ns/ ihtB B/ T[jBKrJ/ ;B, nzfwqs;o ftu fJe SkgkykBk yfbQnk. T[jBK ~ nkgD/ ;kEhnK-;zrhnK Bkb fBwosk g{ote ns/B/ nkgDh ;?Bk ~ nkX[fBe F;soK-n;soK Bkb b?; fdnkb{ toskT[ eoB dh f;Zfynk fdZsh.ehsk, gozs{ nkg B/ T[jBK g[okD/ jfEnkoK ~ BjhI fe;/ th Xow ~ wzBD tkb/ gqsh T[jBK dkfsnkfrnk, i gzikph ;{ofwnK dh gqfsGk d/ nB[e{b tshok fBwosk ns/ FoXk tkbk j[zdk ;h. f;ZyK dkp?md/ ;B. nkgD/ fJskbth ;?Bkgsh t?Is{ok ~ T[jBK nkdo T[j ;fjXowhnK ns/ ;kEhnK d/ o{g ftu eod/B/ gqos eo e/ gzikp dh fGnkBe rowh ftu th gkDh / ;B ns/ joBK XowK d/ beK gqsh th T[jBK d/ wB ftu~ mzYk oZyD dk :zso pDtkfJnk. fJZ}s-wkB dh GktBk j[zdh ;h. wjkokik oDihs f;zx nkgDh goik ~ th wjkokik oDihs f;zx 28 i{B, 1839 ~ nekb-Bt/-Bt/I ezwK bJh T[sFkjs eod/ ofjzd/ ;B ns/ fJ; I ubkDk eo rJ/. T[jBK d/ g{ofBnK #s/ uZbd/ jJ/ jhbJh fJBkw th fdzd/ ;B. sbtko d/ w[ekpb/ ne;o nZi BtK gzikp gqrsh tZb w}p{s edw oy ;edkjfJnk eod/ ;B. fBFkB/pk}h ns/ s?okeh d/ w[ekpb/ j?. (16)
  17. 17. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012r[o{ rZdh fdtF s/ ftF/F r[o{, Fpd r[o{ ns/ r[o{ gzE r[o{ Fpd r[ O o{ s pfDnk j?, r[ dk noE Fpd r[ o [ ghok, ofjo rz G hok.nzXeko ns/ o{ sI Gkt ukBD j?. noEks r[o{ T[j fijVk fpB Fpd/, ir pT[ okB/..;k~ nzXeko (nfrnkB) sI ukBD (frnkB d/ gqekF) dh (r[0 rq0 ;k0 nzr 635) z;Mh pyF/. ;[ywBh ;kfjp ftu gzit/ r[od/t c[owkd/I jB. r[opkDh ftu Fpd ~ nihs f;zx, frnkB nz i B r[ o dhnk, nfrnkB nz X / o fpBk;. T[; gowfgsk gqwkswk dk fBi byBTr[o{ d/ noE Gkok (tZvk) ns/ T[;skd th ehsk iKdk j?. nB{Gt fejk frnk j? sK jh s/ jw ukeo r f pz d e/ , mke[ o w/ o k Gkok. fBzoiBh is ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih c[owkT[d/ jB. eoBekoB ;woE j? , ; ;fsr[ o { jwkok.. jT[ nkgI pb B ikDdk, w?I fejk ;p j[ewkT[ ihT[.. r[opkDh ftu r[o{, gkopqjw gqEkfJ th tofsnk ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ftu T[; nekb g[oy ~ (i ueq zfrnk j? fi; dh gqVsk ;qh r[o{ noiB d/t ih B/ ;[ywBh fujB sI ofjs j?) fJBK Fpdk okjhI jh ;jD/ uoD etb;kfjp ftu ehsh j? d/ o{g ftu tfvnkfJnk frnk j?. gkopq j w r[ o [ Bkjh G/ d . fjod/ uoD, Fpd ;fsr[ o [ e/ , BkBe pkfXI T [ gkb.ns/ (r[0 rq0 ;0 680) z r[ o [ ;woE, r[ o fBoz e ko r[ o T[ u k nokw ngko. nub tNkb/ ;qh r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp sI idI f;XK B/ r[0 rq0 ;k0 52 nze g[fSnkr[o{ frnkB dk ;wK j?, feogk dk ;kro j? eT[ B r[ o { fe;ek s{ z u/ b k. i/ ;T[ uz d k T[ r t? ;{ o i uVfj jiko. sK r[o{ BkBe d/t dk T[so ;h Z J/ s / ukBD j I f dnK r[ o [ fpB x o nz X ko.. Fpd r[ o { , ;[ o fs X[ z B u/ b k. (nk;k dh tko) ns/ j[ew ehsk fe fijVk s[;h wS (w[esh) b/Jh ;kv/ ;kfonk dk wzst, nkw bekJh dk T[d/F, soK soK dhnK :[eshnK eod/ j n;b ftu fJj nt;Ekjw/Fk r[o[ T[gd/F, r[o{ dh ;/X s/ ubD dk jDk ukjhdk r[o{ Fpd okjh jh gqkgs j ;edh j? - iBw woB ekN/ r[oj?, r[o[ T[gd/F ns/ r[o{ d[tkok ubkJ/ okj s/ ubfdInk jh puBh, pj[fV B ;zeN d[nkok..d[fBnkth beK dk Gbk j ;edk j?. iBw woB ekN/ - w[esh, r[o puBh - Fpd r[o{ r[ o [ fpB x o nz X ko, r[ o { fpB w[ e s B gkt? . . ;kfjp ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih B/ id fbjDK ih ~ jo soK pj[s ;ko/ Xkofwe rqEk ftu, ns/ t/dK Fk;soK z Bkb goy fbnk, fbjDk ih ~ nzrd s/ fco r[o{ nzrdftu r[o{ dh wfjwk dh ftnkfynk ehsh rJh j? go T[j T[; nky e/ fJbkjh is T[BK ftu fNek T[BK ~ d{ik BkBesI th tX ngzogko j?. r[ o [ eh wfjz w k nrz w j? . fenk eE/ eEBjko.. pDkfJnk sk gzi g?;/ s/ Bo/b oy e/ r[o{ nzrd ih ~ wEkns/ N/fenk ns/ Bkb jh ;koh pkDh (i r[o{ ;kfjp B/ nkgr[o frnkB gquzv pbkfJnk nfrnkB nzX/ok ikfJ.. U[ukoh ;h ns/ ;zsk, GrsK dh fJemh eo e/ ;zGkbh jJh r[0 rq0 ;k0 nzr 29 z ;h) th r[o{ nzrd ih ~ ;gDK ehsh. fi; sI ;gFN j? fe Fpd r[o{ L fi; Fpd ~ r[o{ dh T[gwk fdZsh rJh ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih B/ pkDh ~ th r[o{ dk wkD pyfFnk.j? T[j oph g?rkw j?. y;w dh pkDh j?, pqjw iK eosko ns/ fJjh gfogkNh r[o{ nzrd d/t ih B/ r[o{ nwo dk; ihdk nB[Gt j? i r[o{ okjhI fJ; ;z;ko s/ gqrN jfJnk j? Bkb ns/ r[0 nwo dk; ih B/ r[o{ okw dk; ih ~ s/ r[o{ (17)
  18. 18. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012okw dk; ih B/ ;koh pkDh r[o{ noiB d/t ih ~ wkD dk nfXeko gzi r[of;ZyK (gzi fgnkfonk) ~ fdsk. r[o{;fseko Bkb ;gh ns/ ;gFN fby fdsk dh fiw/tkoh ~ tosD dk nfXeko gzik fgnkfonk eb pkDh r[o{, r[o{ j? pkDh. (rq0 rqz0 ;kfjp 116) nkfJnk go fJj nfXeko ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp dh nr[tkJh zr[o{ gzE L- f;y ofjs wo:kdk nB{;ko fsnko pofsnko z j/m, T[BKQ dh ji{oh ftu, j[ewBkw/I dh fdFk fBod/F nB{;kof;zxk d/ ;w[zj ~ r[o[ gzE efjnk frnk j?. ;h J/j j? r[o{ rqE. ;zB 1708 ~ ;qh r[o[ rfpzd f;zx ih B/ z r[o{ gzE dh fsnkoh ;kfjp ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih nkgD/ nzsw ;zw,/ r[o{ is ;qh r[o{ rqE ftu fNek e/ ;koh zsI gqoG j e/ d;w fgsk ;qh r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih B/ fJ; ~ z ;zrs d/ ;Bw[y J/bkB ehsk eh r[o{ i[rs d/ tosko/ dknzfsw ;o{g wzB e/ r[fonkJh ;gh. ykb;k f;oiDk 1699 I nfXeko r[o{ rqzE dh skfpnk j/m gzi fgnkfonk dh~ r[o{ ;kfjp B/ gzik fgnkfonk dh uD eo, T[BKQ ~ nzfwqs nrtkJh ftu r[o{ gzE ~ jJ/rk.SekfJnk fco T[BQK s nkg nzfwqs dh dks pyfFF eoB @@;p f;yB e j[ e w j? , r[ o [ wkfBUI [ rq z E ##dh p/Bsh ehsh ns/ nkg/ r[o[ u/bk j? nkg/ tkbh gowgok r[ o { rq z E ih wkfBU, gq r N r[ o K dh d/ j ..fijVh ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih B/ r[o{ nzrd d/t ih ~ wZEk [ ns/ ;zrsk d/ ;zek fBtosh b/Jh r[o{ ;kfjp B/ c[owkfJnkN/e e/ F[o{ ehsh ;h ~ nzsw o{g fdsk. g{ i k nekb eh gouk Fpd dk dhdko ykb;/ ek BkBe oki ubkfJnk, ;u[ e N ;skDh Bht d? . . nzs ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp nZr/ Bo/b s/ gzi g?;/ oy zbjD/ XfoT[B Ss f;fo, efo f;csh nzfwqs ghtd?.. e/ wZEk N/e fdZsk s/ nkswk rqE ftu s/ ;oho gzE ftu nky z (r[0rq0;0 nzr 966) z e/ ;dk-;dk b/Jh r[onkJh ;qh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih ~ pyF z ykb;k f;oiDk - r[ o { gz E tb tfXnk fJe fdZsh ns/ r[o{ ;kfjp 7 neN{po 1708 ~ nzfwqs t/b/ gzikwjstg[oD edw ;h fJe whbgEo ;h idI r[o{ dhfynk ssK ftu ftbhB j rJ/. r[o{ do sbtzvh dh gktB Xosh s/ ehsk T[geko j? BkBe pD e/ gqrN jfJnk fJZE/ ;fs eosko j?.. oZph ofjB[wk pD e/ fi;B/ ;koh f;q;Nh mkoh J/. nkg/ pfDnk ;keh T[;B/ tzvh Bkw y[;koh J/.. fJ; dks/ ~ ;h; M[ekJ/ ;ko/ wijp gZyk B/ fi; d/ doFB eoB tk;s/ so;dhnK byI nZyK B/.. s/ok s/ok eoe/ tzfvnk G[Zy/ ;kX{ fsqgskJ/ B/ uoBihs e"o ;Zuk tzDikok pD fi;B/ ;Zu/ ;d/ eokJ/ B/. byBT{ tZfbnk d/ fi; tZb d{o ehs/ f;ZX f;ZX/ eo fdZs/ B/ }fjo s" th eV/ ohm/ Bdfo Bkb fwZm/ eo fdZIs/ B/.. w/jo jt/ i/ T[; ;Zu/ dh T[j Godk Gzvko j? T[iV/ jJ/ y/sK ftu th nk iKdh pjko j?.. Bkw ;[okfjT[ fJe pz{d th i gqG{ Bkw dh gk ikt/ nk; nzd/F/I ;rb/ fwN iktB iw ek d{o GT[ j ikt/.. wbthI gzvs th y[Fp{ b?Id/ T[; ;Zu/ r[b}ko s"I.. r[o{ BkBe dk do j? T[Zuk, ;ko/ ;z;ko s"I fJj sKJh dZ;/ Bkw f;wo b", puI jzeko s". (18)
  19. 19. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012ekft ;[ w B Xow dh Ykb-;qh r[o{ s/r pjkdo vk0 joh f;zx ikue Bkb ipo d/ pdbD? Xow J/E/, n?;k Yzr j?;h nkbwrho u[fDnk. fJe f;o/ sI w[;bw pDkT[D ykso, ;G sI gfjbK ;h U; eFwho u[fDnk. nwbh ikwk gfjBkT[D bJh J/; sKJhI, T[;B/ F/o nrkB t}ho u[fDnk. fjzd{ Xow d/ u[D/ ftdtkB gzfvs, feogk okw tork Xowtho u[fDnk. bZr/ ;uK d/ xV/ d[VkT[D gzfvs, yfjVk fJjd/ sI ;kvk S[vkT{ fejVk. fJjd/ }[bw d/ jVQ ~ mZb gk e/, p/Vk Xow dk pzB/ brkT{ fejVk. fijV/ g[Zs B/ fgT[ ~ pyfFnK BjhI T[jd/ jZEI j[D ;k~ pukT{ fejVk. fejVk fBso{ wod w?dkB nzdo, wZEk w[rb ;oeko Bkb bkT{ fejVk. fvZrd/ Yfjzd/ jJ/ wko/ w[;hpsK d/, nBzdg[o #u fJj fjzd{ tho gj[zu/. d[Zyh fdbK dh dkd cfonkd b? e?, j e/ pV/ bkuko fdbrho gj[zu/. ;fjw/, vo/ s/ pV/ p/pZ; jJ/, B?Dk ftZuI trkT[Id/ jJ/ Bho gj[zu/. r[o{ BkBe d/ J/; dopko nzdo, B"t/I gksFkj eb n]ho gj[zu/. feogk okw B/ rZb ftZu gk gZbk, jZE pzBQ e/ ehsh no}Jh dksk. MZyV }[bw dk M[fbn? uj[z gk;hI, EzwD tkbk BjhI fdZ;dk eJh dksk. f;o #s/ N[ZN/ gjkV w[;hpsK d/, ;kv/ Bkb nDjDh j? jJh dksk. rb/ bZr e/ fsbe s/ izM{nK d/, }ko}ko nZi pdh j? oJh dksk. tko tkoh fco Bkb ;B nkJ/ fijV/, e/o e/o e/ jzM{ T[j efj oj/ B/. nkJh jJh J/ y{Bh po;ks dksk, Bkb/ bj{ d/ EK EK tfj oj/ B/. w"s ojh yVek jo EK vwo{, xo xo #u t?D j[D g? oj/ B/. y/vh ik ojh y{B d/ Bkb jbh, ;tk wD izM{ o} bfj oj/ B/. w;s jkEh d/ tKr fJj G{so/ B/, pDk fojk ipoh w[;bwkB dksk. fijVk BjhI fJ;bkw ep{b eodk, eZY b?Id/ B/ T[;dh ikB dksk. dV tZN e/ p?m/ ;G ;{ow/ B/, okig{s, wojZN/ u"jkB dksk. nZyh d/y e/ nZyhnK whN bJhnK, ikD p[M e/ pD/ nBikD dksk. mZb gkT[D bJh }kbw d/ }[bw sKJhI, f;o #s/ phVk T[mkfJnk ;h gksFkj B/. d/Dk g?Dk J/ w?~ pbhdkB j[D sK, nkgDk wB pDkfJnk ;h gksFkj B/. d[yhnK ns/ w}b{wK d/ pD dodh, d[y dod tzvkfJnk ;h gksFkj B/. fsbe izM{ dh oZfynk eoB fBeb/, GKt/I izM{ Bk gkfJnk ;h gksFkj B/. ehs/ puBK ~ sV fBGkT[D ykso, s[o gJ/ fdZbh ~ dhB dfJnkb nkfyo. GkJh T[dk r[ofdZsk s/ GkJh i?sk, wshdk; fdnkbk ;h Bkb nkfyo. (19)
  20. 20. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 o;s/ ftZu fco EK EK ;zrsK ~, puBK Bkb ;h ehsk fBjkb nkfyo. ik e/ nkro/ ;h frqcsko j rJ/, fdZbh b? frnk Bkb estkb nkfyo. fejk r[oK ~ fdZbh d/ ftZu ek}h, ekwb w[oFd j fjzd[;skB nzdo. s[;K bJh J/ ndp ;fseko vkYk, jo Xow d/ jo fJB;kB nzdo. n;hI ukj[zd/ fJ;bkw dk pbpkbk, j ikJ/ j[D ;ko/ ijkB nzdo. i/eo s[;hI th dhB ep{b eo bT[, fJe Xow ji{ fjzd[;skB nzdo. ;fsr[o jZ;/ s/ jZ; e/ efjD bZr/, ww/ mzrDhnK rZbK s{z SZv ek}h. eJh Xow BjhI cb s/ c[b ;edk, d{i/ XowK d/ beK ~ tZY ek}h. fJj BjhI j ;fenk fJj BjhI j ;eDk, fJ; tfjw ~ fdbI s{z eZY ek}h. gq/w fgnko Bkb beK d/ fdbK nzdo, Mzv/ Xow fJ;bkw d/ rZv ek}h. rZb jo fXnkB d/ Bkb ;[D b?, w?I BjhI J/E/ e[M ;[DB ;[DkT[D nkfJnk. eokwks BjhI eJh fdykD nkfJnk, Bk dhB fJ;bkw ngBkT[D nkfJnk. ;G ekdo d/ j[ew #u j fojk J/, T[jd/ okj BjhI oVk nNekT[D nkfJnk. nBzdg[oh d/ ;ko/ nBzd SZv e/, w?I sK ;h; jK ebw eotkT[D nkfJnk. jDh BZuh fco uKdBh u"Ie nzdo, B"It/ r[o{ id u"IeVk wko pfj rJ/. ;k~ Xow fgnkok J/ fizd BkbI, J/Bk efj e/ w/o/ dksko pfj rJ/. fsbe izM{ dh oZfynk eoB d/ bJh, w"s toB bJh j fsnko pfj rJ/. v[pdk fjzd dk p/Vk pukT[D ykso, ;h; d/F bJh fdb ftZu Xko pfj rJ/. ibkb{dhB ibkd B/ eJh tkoh, s/i fsZyh sbtko dh Xko sZeh. eJh tkoh ;h ezpDh fSVh T[j~, ;kjt/I p?mh id B{oh B[jko sZeh. esb ehs/ ;B i/; nDfrns pzd/, gfjbh tko T[; nkgDh jko sZeh. T[;dh wkB;e jkbs ;h T[; t/b/, nzsofdqFNh Bkb w/o/ dksko sZeh. sZe e/ U; tZb c/o dksko pb, BjhI s/ok th BjhI e;{o ;ZiDk. s/o/ f;o #s/ e{edk j[ew Fkjh, j[ew wzBD bJh s{z wip{o ;ZiDk. nZi s/o/ fJwfsjkB dh xVh nkJh, vo G? ;G eo s{z d{o ;ZiDk. J/Xo s{z sbtko dk tko eo dJhI, UXo w?~ th nkT{ ;o{o ;ZiDk. ig[ih ;kfjp ih dk gktB gkm g{ok, eo fbnk id w/o/ dksko j?;h. ibkb{dhB ibkd B/ ;h; T[Zs/, ehsk Bkb sbtko d/ tko j?;h. ;h; XV sI bKG/ ;h j fvZfrnk, gktB bj{ dh c[ZNh c[jko j?;h. jkjkeko ;h wu rJh iZr nzdo, ;[obe jJh i? i? eko j?;h. }[bwh s/r dh fgnk; p[Mk fdZsh, Fkj or dk y{B fgnkb ;fsr[o. nkJh jJh w[;hps wB[Zysk #s/, FhF d/ e/ fdZsh ;h Nkb ;fsr[o. nkgD/ gktB gftZso pbhdkB ;dek, ;uw[Zu Xow dh pD rJ/ Ykb ;fsr[o. ofjzdh d[BhnK sZe @ikue# bjhI p[M ;edh, fdZsh FwK Fjhdh dh pkb ;fsr[o. ******** (20)
  21. 21. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012ekft ;[ w B fuZ m hnK L r[ o { BkBe d/ BK fsqbuB f;zx @uzB# byBT{ w?I fgSb/ eJh ;kbK sI pokpo fby fojK fuZmhnK, w/o/ BkBe s/o/ tbI edh go nkfJnk Bk T[sZo. T{vheK eofdnK wfj;{;dk jK fJzM, fizdK fe, Bk nkfJnk nBQh nBQ/ dk T[j w[V, ;otB fijk g[Zso.. w?I fby fby e/ jw/FK jkb d[BhnK d/ fojk g[ZSdk, ;w/I fdnK T[bMBK ~ fe; soQK ;[bMkJhJ/ dksk. fiBK okjK s/ yv/ ykJhnK, s/ y{j B}o nktD, T[BQK okjK d/ T[s/ edw fedK gkthJ/ dksk. s{z G[b/ GNfenK ~ okj ftykJh ;h ;dk ;uh, s/ pdb/ ftu e[okjhnk efje/ beK :kd ehsk ;h. wfbe Gkr fijK B/ j;sh ngDh ikD bJh ;h sd, s{z bkb tofrnK dk xo idI nkpkd ehsk ;h. w?I fJj th fby e/ dZf;nk ;h fe s/o/ irs ftu j[D sK, wfbe Gkr fijK dh frBsh tX e/ j rJh byK. fdB/ okshI i b[N b[N e/ gJ/ yktD rohpK ~, g/N ftu EK BjhI fJBQK d/ n?go G[yhnK B/ nyK.. jt; dh nZr pD fJj G[y jvK ftu j? oZu u[Zeh, s{z nk, eJh ;uk ;"dk eo, s/ G[fynK ~ oik w[V e/. fdbK uI BosK w[eD s/ jT[w?I otQ/ Bk pkeh, opkp n?;h, w/o/ dksk, s{z nk e/ s/ tik w[V e/.. w?I fJj th no} ehsh ;h fe j[D sK nkw beK bJh, GiB dk eJh BjhI wsbp s/ GiB jh ;wf;nk j?. s/ fijV/ nkw beK s j tyo/ ]k; pB rJ/ B/, T[BQK B/ GiB GiB djK ~ fJjh Bkr pD pD e vf;nk j?.. fJj ngD/ nkg ~ i ]k; nytktD d/ bGh B/, GiB dh UN ftu dksk, Bk g[ZS, fJj eh BjhI eod/. fJj ekb/ XzfdnK dh d"bsK d/ bKtd/ bzro, fi~ yk fYv sK Go iKd/ B/ n?go wB bjhI God/.. ji{oh ftu ;qh r[o{ rqzE d/ ;dD wfB;NoK ~, f;og/ d/e/ T[BQK Bkb fJj fyutkT[Id/ B/ s;thoK. i/ fdqFNh w/jo dh j ikJ/ s/oh BjhI, wfB;No dh, sK oks oks gbNk b?Id/ B/ ngDhnK nkg sedhoK.. s?~ sK gsk jh jD/ fe nZi eb okrh goukoe, gqG{ dk Bkw Sv gquko gJ/ ngDk jh eod/ B/. eth iB s/ ethFo Bkb b? e[M wX[o nktk}K, NhHthH o/fvU[ nkofN;N pD yh;/ gJ/ God/ B. (21)
  22. 22. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 oki dh rb th fJe r[o{ pkpk fby fdnK s?~, ni? Bf;nK tKr j[D sK j rJ/ B/ r[od[nko/ th. fiZE/ jo o/N s/ jo fe;w d/ j[D gkm j[zd/ B/, nkg id eJh BjhI eodk, eoB eh gkmh ftuko/ th. T[j jt/ ;ji ;gskfje :k Gkt/I nyzv gkm jt/, p[fezr eotk e/ G/NK iwk eotk d/Dk jh ekch j?.. ;[D/ :k Bk ;[D/I eJh oe BjhI fe;/ ~ g?Idk, Bh:s skohy s/ fJsbkj gj[zuk d/Dk jh ekh j?. idI ;B r[od[nko/ eZu/ FoXk pj[s gZeh ;h, jJ/ j[D r[od[nko/ gZe/, FoXk w[e rJh ;koh. gqG{ d/ Bkw dh y/sh i phih ;h s{z jo fdb ftu, T[j nkg;h BcosK dh nZr ftu ;V-;[e rJh ;koh.. ojh ;jh e;o g{oh eo Svh j? pkfpnK ;zsK fiBQK d/ tKr yz[pK T[r gJ/ B/ EK-EK v/o/. nkgDhnK nBwsK s/ wB wsK d/ fgZS/ bk ;G ~ Bt/I fBZs eko/ gJ/ eod/ G[bk T[gd/F ;G s/o/.. s{z d{BhnK ~ eow eKvK uI eY ;h ;fji okj df;nk, fJBQK go t/y b? w[V T[j jh j? B/ cV bJ/ ukb/. Uj w[V nropshnK X{g e[zG s/ T[j jh dht/, T[jh wBwsh g{ik ;zy NbhnK Uj d/tkb/.. fJj d[fBnk tkb/ s/o/ BK dhnK d/Id/ d[jkfJnK B/, s/ s/o/ BK s/ ekopko th ngDk ubKd/ B/. s{z s/ok s/ok efj e/ xo Go/ ;B bVtzdk d/, fJj w/ok w/ok eoe/ bV-tzd ~ jh c;Kd/ B/. ;" dh p; fJe fby e/ ]sw eodK jK w?I fJj fuZmh, fe rb fJe szd dh BjhI, T[bM rJh j? sKDh dh sKDh. s/o/ fpB e"D j? i x[g jB/o/ ftu eo/ ukBD, e"D j? @uzB# i/ d; d/t/I sK, w[V fuZmh BjhI gkDh.. w{ b wz s q gzE d/ brGr ;ko/ ;{MtkB ns/ T[u eNh d/ ftdtkB r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih dh fJ; gfjbh wjkB pkDh z (w{b wzsq) ~ r[owfs f;XKs dk X[ok wzBd/ jB. r[owfs f;XKse (fBnkoh nkB FkB tkb/) wfjb dh p[fBnkd, (fJj 14 FpdK tkbk T[gd/F o{g) w{b wzsq irs d/ w{b gqG{ e/ r[Dk dk nB[Gt eokT[dk j?. r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih z d/ nkozG tkbh fJj pkDh ;wMkT[dh j/ fe fJ; gktB r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ih ftu e/tb s/ e/tb T[; fJe fJe gqG{ I z d/ jh r[D rkJ/ jJ/ jB fijVk fJ; irs dk ouBjko j?, gkbDjko ns/ gqb? eoDjko j?. fijVk ;fs ;o{g j?, fijVk ;dhth jd tkbk j?, fijVk ;z;ko dk eosk jD d/ Bkb-Bkb nkgDh fJ; feqs d/ }Zo/ iZo/ ftu ;wkfJnk I jfJnk j?, i fBoGT[ ns/ fBot?o j? fijVK ;w/I dh geV sI go/ j?, fBo-neko j? ns/ nfdqFN nruo j[dk jfJnk z ;G EKJh w{osh wkB th j?. i ed/ roG i{B ftu BjhI nkfJnk ns/ nkgD/ nkg sI jh gqekFwkB jfJnk j?. i irs d/ ihtK dk f;fynk dksk r[o{ ns/ gow nkBzd dh pyfFF eoB tkbk gow pyfFzd j?. ;0 joGiB f;zx (22)
  23. 23. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu nkJ/ okrK pko/ ikDekoh-514H okr[ fsbz r gzBk 721 sI 727 Gkosh irs d/ gqf;ZX okr fsbzr ftu ouh rJh pkDh d[nkok r[o{ ;kfjpkB B/ wB[yh ZwB ~ ;wMkfJnk j? fe T[j gqG{ ehosh ~ gqwy ikD e/ Bkw f;owB ftu i[V. i e[M th fJ; [ /;z;ko ftu j fojk j? T[j T[; tkfj[ro{ d/ j[ew ftu jh j fojk j? @@;fG nkJ/ j[efw y;wkj[ [j[efw ;G tosBh## fJ; bJh T[;/ ~ fXnkU fijVk fwjopkB j? ns/ jo fe;/ ~ vbD sIpukT[D d/ ;woZE j?. Fkw t/b/ fJ; okr d/ rkT[D dk nkBzd jh fBokbk j?. GrsK ftuI vk0 ;o{g f;zx nbZre/tb epho ih ns/ Bkwd/t ih B/ jh fJ; okr ftu pkDh fbyh j?.tzBrh s[X[ fpB[ d{ik Bkjh efJ s{ eosko[ eofj ; jfJ s/ok io[ s/oh wfB N/e ;dk ;dk ifg BkBe J/e ;G T{gfo gkopqjw dksko[ s/oh N/e s/ok nkXko[-ojkT[ (gzBk-723) fsbzr okr dh ;zouBk fJt/I ehsh iKdh j? L noj L ; r w g Bh ;I ntoj L ;I B[h g w r ;. tkdh L r ;ztkdh Bh w[y nzr L HBh ; r w g, B[h g, r w r, ;15H okr[ ;{ j h L gzBk - 728 sI 794 ;{jh okr T[wkj s/ T[sFkj dk okr j? go fJj pj[s gqubs okr BjhI. r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ftu ekh pkDh fJ; zokr ftu fwbdh j?. fJ; d/ rkT[D dk ;wK fdB dk d{ik gfjo fwfEnk frnk j?. ;{jh d/ Fkpfde noE fe;/ n"ostbI nkgD/ sI tv/ d/ g?oK s/ wEk N/eDk j[dk j?. fJ; GktBk skp/ fJ; okr d[nkok nekbg[oy dk ;fseko ;Gdk j?. zfJ; soQK fJ; d/ BK ftu jh gzikph s/ Gkosh ;fGnkuko dh g{oh g{oh Mbe fwbdh j?. nkBzd ekoi ;w/I i uko gftsobktK bJhnK iKdhnK jB T[j fJ;/ okr ftu jD ekoB fJ; okr dh wfonkdk nB[;ko T[BKQ ~ rkT[Dk d[gfjo pkoKti/ sI gfjb/ gfjb/ jh T[us j?. fJ;/ ekoB eo e/ nkw f;Zy gotkoK ftu fJj fJSk gqrNkJh iKdh j? fe bktK pkoKti/ sI gfjb/ gfjb/ jh jDhnK ukjhdhnK jB.tzBrh L i/ G[bh i/ u[eh ;KJh Gh sfjzih ekYhnk fiBk B/j[ d[ikD/ brk M{fo woj[ ;/ tkYhnk jT Bk SvT[ ezs gk;ok ;dk ozrhbk bkb[ fgnkok J/j[ wfjzik nk;ok-ojkT[ (gzBk - 761)okr[ ;{jh fJt/I rkfJnk iKdk j? L- (23)
  24. 24. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012noj L ; o r w g, Bh X Bh ;I.ntoj L ;I B[h X g, w r[, o r o, ;.tkdh L g ;ztkdh L ;w[y nzr L r w r o[, r w B[h X g, g w r, w r, o r o, ;.16H okr[ fpbktb[ gzBk - 795 sI 835 fpbktb[ sp jh ehihn? ip w[ f y j t ? Bkw[ okr Bkd ;pfd ; j D/ ik bkr? ;fji fXnkB[ (gzBk 849) fpbktb y[Fh dk okr j? s/ fJj y[Fh gqwkswk d/ w/b Bkb gqkgs jJh j?. r[o{ nwodk; ih B/ fpbktb d/ gqEkJ/g{ok Fpd T[ukoD ehsk j? i r[o[ rqzE ;kfjp d/ gzBk 849 s/ nzes j?. Fpd d/ pb fJ; soQK jB L- fpbktb eofj[ s[ w fgnkfoj J/ e ;[ f;T[ fbt bkfJ iBw woD d[ y [ eNhn? ;u/ oj? ;wkfJ ;dk fpbktb[ nBz d [ j? i/ ubfj ;fsr[ o GkfJ ;s;z r sh pfj GkT[ efo ;dk jfo e/ r[ D rkfJ BkBe ;/ iB ; j D/ fi r[ o w[ f y w/ b fwbkfJ (gzBk 849) Fpd d/ ;zyg noE fJj jB fe w/o/ fgnkfoU fJe ;[nkwh Bkb gqw gk e/ jh nBzd wkD. nfijk eoB Bkb / /s[jkvh iBw woB dh ghV jo ikJ/rh s/ s[;hI ;u/ ;[nkwh ftu bhB j ikUr/. i/ eo s[;hI ;dk nekb g[oy dh o}kftu ftuor/ sK s[;hI ;dk fpbktb[ dk nBzd wkDr. / fpbktb[ okr fdB d/ d{i/ gfjo d/ nozG ftu rkfJnk iKdk j? ns/ nBzd wzrb d/ nt;o bJh fJj okr rkT[DkftF/F fB;us j?. fJj ;zg{oB iksh dk okr j? fi; d/ ;ko/ ;[o F[X jB. @@jfo T[sw[ jfo gqG[ rkftnk efo Bkd[fpbktb okr##. fJ; okr dh ;opgZyh wjZssk ~ wfj;{; efodnK jfJnk dopko ;kfjp nzfwqs;o fty/ T[; ehosBhu"eh dk Bk jh fpbktb[ dh u"eh ofynk frnk j? i ;t/o/ 10-20 sI nozG j[zdh j?.tzBrh L ;cb iBw[ w eT[ r[o ehBk d[y fp;kfo ;[y nzsfo bhBk frnkB nziB[ w eT[ r[fo dhBk okwBkw fpB[ ihtB[ wB jhBk-ojkT[ Bkwd/fJ f;woB[ efo ikBk ir ihtB f;T[ ihT[ ;wkBk (gzBk-857-58) Grs Bkwd/tfJ; okr ~ rkT[D dh ftXh fJ; goeko j? L-noj L ; o r w g, X Bh ;Intoj L ;I Bh X, g, w r, o/ ;.tkdh L X ;ztkdh L rw[y nzr L r o, r w X g, w r, w o ; (24)
  25. 25. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e Btzpo 2012 Btzpo dk Fjhdh e?bzvo frnkBh ;[yd/t f;zx 1 Btzpo L 1984 Jh0 ~ fdZbh d/ dzfrnk ftZu Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h.jikoK f;ZyK ~ Fjhd ehsk ns/ ;?IeV/ f;Zy n"osK ~ 17 Btzpo L r[o{ e/ pkr d/ wou/ ftZu nzro/iKnrtk eoe/ fJZisK b[NhnK. B/ 13 f;zxK ~ rbhnK wko e/ 1923 Jh0 ftZu Fjhd 2 Btzpo L fgzv jd fubV (jfonkDk) s/ jwbk I eo fdZsk ;h.eoe/ 32 fBod; f;Zy, pZu/ ns/ fJ;sqhnK 1984 Jh0 18 Btzpo L ;{pdko r[ouoB f;zx, BkfJe uzd /~ Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h. f;zx, f;gkjh Gkr f;zx epkfJbhnK Bkb i{Md/ jJ/ 3 Btzpo L ;0 ;[o f;zx ih ~ powk ftZu ftdoj 1947 ~ Fjhd j rJ/ ;B.GVekT[D dk dF bk e/ fszB ;kEhnK ;w/s cK;h bk e/ 20 Btz p o L pkpk pzdk f;zx pjkdo d/ ;kEh1925 ftZu Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h. GkJh ;[yk f;zx ih, GkJh bkb f;zx ih B/ w[rbK Bkb Z 4 Btz p o L pZpo nekbh bfjo d/ ;{ow/ XzBk bVd/ jJ/ ;ojzd fty/ 1710 ~ Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh.f;zx (j[fFnkog[o) B/ d/F dh nikdh bJh bVfdnK 21 Btzpo L f;gkjh nwoBkE f;zx ih ;g[Zso1923 Jh0 ftZu Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. ;0 ;zsk f;zx, fgzv f;Zb (wjkbh) B/ Gkos-uhB 1962 5 Btzpo L ;qwDh nekbh db fdZbh d/ gqXkB iE/ dh izr ftZu Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh.dko ntsko f;zx ejbh ~ rbhnK wko e/ Fjhd eo 22 Btz p o L okwBro d/ f;ZyK s/ nzro/iK d/fdZsk. ftZueko 1848 Jh0 dh izr ftZu eJh f;Zy c"ihnK B/ 8 Btz p o L r[0 gksFkjh S/thI pkokw{bk fty/ nzro/}K ~ wko e/ FjhdhnK gqkgs ehshnK.jwbk eoe/ gkfe0 epkfJbhnK B/ 1947 Jh0 ftZu eJh 23 Btzpo L e?gNB fdnkb f;zx fgzv p[b/ Bzrb Zf;ZyK ~ Fjhd ehsk. (nzfwqs;o) B/ Gkos-uhB 1962 Jh0 izr ftZu bVfdnK 9 Btzpo L r[oe/ pkr d/ wou/ ftZu nzro/iK d/ { Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh.i[bw ;jkoB tkb/ GkJh joh f;zx ih nzfwqs;o dh 24 Btzpo L ;0 r[ofdZs f;zx ih ejbh Bfjo{d/i/b ftZu 1922 Jh0 ~ Fjhd j rJ/ ;B. o[dog[o d/ ;wkrw t/b/ g[fb; dhnK rbhnK Bkb Fjhd 10 Btz p o L ;tko ;0 pko{ f;zx ih (gfjb/ jJ/.ftFt :[X) ftZu bVd/ jJ/ 1919 Jh0 ~ Fjhd j rJ/ Z 25 Btzpo L GkJh gqekF f;zx ih r[o{e/ pkr d/;B. wou/ ftZu nzro/iK d/ i[bwK ~ ;jkod/ jJ/ bkj"o 11 Btz p o L 1675 Jh0 - ;qh r[o{ s/r pjkdo i/b ftZu 1922 ~ Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h.ih, GkJh wshdk; ih, GkJh ;shdk; ih, GkJh fdnkbk 26 Btz p o L ;zs osB f;zx BkJhtkbk, fr0ih B/ uKdBh u"e fdZbh fty/ Fjhdh fdZsh. osB f;zx BkwXkohnK ~ b[fXnkDk i/b d/ ;kjwD/ cK;h 12 Btzpo L ;qh0 r[o{ s/r pjkdo ih d/ XVQ dk bk e/ Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h.;z;eko bZyh Fkj tDiko/ B/ r[0 oekprzi ;kfjp fdZbh 27 Btzpo L GkJh jofdZs f;zx ih, GkJh itkbkfty/ 1675 ftZu ehsk. f;zx ih ns/ GkJh fpFB f;zx ih ~ nzro/iK B/ p/ns z 13 Btz p o L BkfJe ;0 uz d f;z x ih B/ s;hj/ d/ e/ 1922 Jh0 ftZu Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h.gkfe;skBh epkfJbh gmkDK Bkb bVfdnK izweFwho{fty/ 1947 Jh0 ~ Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. 28 Btzpo L GkJh pbihs f;zx ssh s/ 7 joBK 15 Btz p o L jtkbdko w/io ;[Zuk f;zx fgzv ~ GkJh eowihs f;zx ;sgkb f;zx okDk ibkbkpkd;eo{bKg[o (wjkbh) B/ Gkos-uhB 1962 dh izr ftZu ~ wrk fty/ 1922 Jh0 ftZu Fjhd eo fdZsk ;h.i{MfdnK Fjhdh gqkgs ehsh. 29 Btz p o L pkpk okw f;z x ih BkwXkoh 16 Btz p o L ;0 eosko f;z x ;okGk ~ nzro/}K d/ n;fj s/ nefj i[bw ;jkod/ jJ/ ozr{Bnzro/iK B/ 12 ;kEhnK ;w/s cK;h bk e/ 1915 Jh0 ~ (powk) dh i/b ftZu 1884 ~ Fjhd j rJ/ ;B. (25)

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