gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                 i[bkJh 2012             ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                 i[bkJh 2012             ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                               i[bkJh 2012       ;kuh ;ky...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                         i[bkJh 2012     ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                                  i[bkJh ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                           i[bkJh 2012   ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                            i[bkJh 2012  ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                i[bkJh 2012              ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                         i[bkJh 2012dh pV...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                                 i[bkJh 2...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                               i[bkJh 2012          ;qh r...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                             i[bkJh 2012         29 i{ B ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                            i[bkJh 2012                  ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                i[bkJh 2012              ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                          i[bkJh 2012gkf;...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                      i[bkJh 2012r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu nkJ/...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                               i[bkJh 2012w[ y nz r L    ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                             i[bkJh 2012              e"D...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                          i[bkJh 2012    ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                i[bkJh 2012              ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                    i[bkJh 2012o j fVnk. ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                       i[bkJh 2012       ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                    i[bkJh 2012T[jBK B/ f...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                         i[bkJh 2012     ...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                          i[bkJh 2012gq F...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                          i[bkJh 2012  Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø é¶...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                   i[bkJh 2012gz i kph ;[...
gzikph ;[wB wkf;e                                                                                              i[bkJh 2012...
July 2012
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July 2012

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July 2012

  1. 1. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 R.N.I. NO. UPPUN/2008/25934 gzikph ;[wB gz i kph wkf;e;kb 5 nz e 3 i[bkJh 2012 BkBeFkjh jkV$;ktD sseok ;z g kde ;z g kdeh 3 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk nBw b ;[ w B 4 ;zgkdeh ;bkjeko r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp dh pb-phoskHHHHHHHHH 5 ;0 pqfizdo gkb f;zx nkU r[ o { s/ r pjkdo ih d/ ftnkj HHHHHHHH 7 ;0 joGiB f;zx ;/ r Kr wz u { y kHHHHHHHHHHHH 8 ftfrnkgB ns/ ftsoD gqpzXe r[ o d[ n kok phV pkpk p[ Z Y k ih HHHHHHHHHHH 11 ;0 wBwIjB f;zx ggbh ekft ;[wBHHHHHHHHHH 12 ;zgkdeh dcso 215$295 @e# ;[GkF wkor Grs GhyB ih HHHHHHHHHHHHH 14 d[rktK byBT{ - 226004 r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftZ u nkJ/ okrK pko/ ikDekoh 16 cB L 91-522-4047893 Jh-w/b L e" D pD/ r k r[ o f;Z y fgnkok HHHHHHHHHHHHH 18 punjabisuman_media@rediffmail.com pkfpnK B/ nkT[Dk j? HHHHHHHHH 19 gzikph ;[wB f;Zyh ns/ fJfsjk;HHHHHHHHHHH 20gqthB e/;otkBh fgqzNo, gpfbFo s/ r[ o { BkBe d/ t L nkgD/ pko/ H HHHHHHHHHHH 21wkbe B/ nkc;/N fJzvhnk, 182$4,bZb{wb ov, wFerzi, byBT{ sI r[ o { BkBe d/ t L oZ p ih d/ YkYhHHHHHHHHHHHH 21Sgtk e/ dcso gzikph ;[wB 215$295@e# ;[GkF wkor d[rktK byBT{ sI ezuB ek:k ;[wB HHHHHHHHHHH 22gqekfFs ehsk. ;zgkde f;Z y Xkowe gq F BI s ohHHHHHHHHHH 24 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk ypoBkwK ns/ ;orowhnK HHHHHHHHHHHH 26 byeK d/ ftukoK Bkb ;zgkde dk ;fjws jDk }o{oh BjhI j?. ;[wB gj/bh HHHHHHHHHHHH 28 iatkch lqeu fo;s/ HHHHHHHHHHHHHH 29LoRokf/kdkjh] izdkkd] eqnzd izohu dsljokuh }kjkvkQlsV bf.M;k] 182@4] yYywey jksM] ekdxat nkU gzikph f;yhJ/ HHHHHHHHHHHH 30y[kuÅ ls eqfnzr ,oa 215@295 d] lqHkk"k ekxZ]nqxkok¡] y[kuÅ ls izdkfkr fd;kA lEiknd % l0 ujsUnz flag eksaxk gzikph gV, gzikph fby, gzikph pb. (1)
  2. 2. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 BkBeFkjh ;zws - 544 bwrh mwhw mWJ gurpurb swvix srsI kwmxI crn kml isau pR k wS sR I gu r U hirgo i bM d swihb jI 5 julweIipAwru] mnu qnu rqw sc rMig ieko nwmu ADwru] mIrI-pIrI idvs pwqSwhI CyvIN 21 julweIibiKAw rMg kUVwivAw idsin sBy Cwru] hir pR k wS sR I gu r U hirikR S n swihb jI 23 julweIAM i mR q bM U d su h wvxI imil swDU pIvxhwru ] vxuiqxu pRB sMig mauilAw sMmRQ purK Apwru] hir ieiqhwsk idhwVyimlxY no mnu locdw krim imlwvxhwru] ijnI ShIdI bwbw bMdw isMG jI bhwdr 25 jUn brsI mhwrwjw rxjIq isMG jIsKIey pR B u pwieAw hMau iqn kY sd bilhwr] 29 jUnnwnk hir jI mieAw kir sbid svwrxhwru] isrjxw idvs sR I Akwl q^q swihb 2 julweI ShIdI BweI mnI isM G jIswvxu iqnw suhwgxI ijn rwm nwmu auir hwru]6] 9 julweI bwrh mwhw quKwrI ShIdI BweI qwrU isMG jI morcw gurU kw bwg 16 julweI 8 Agsq swvix srs mnw Gx vrsih ruiq Awey] joV mylw bwbw bkwlw swihb 2 AgsqmY min qin shu BwvY ipr prdy i s isDwey ] ipruGir nhI AwvY mrIAY hwvY dwmin cmik frwey ] srkwrI Cu`tIAW qy hor idhwVysy j ieky l I KrI du h y l I mrxu BieAw du K u mwey ] ShIdI s. aUDm isMG 31 julweIhir ibnu nId BUK khu kYsI kwpVu qin n suKwvey] SR I ikR S n jnm-AStmI 10 Agsqnwnk sw sohwgix kMqI ipr kY AMik smwvey]9] AzwdI idvs 15 Agsq (2)
  3. 3. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 ;kuh ;kyh ftZu ;0 eg{o f;zx B/ fJe w[;bwkB B/sk ;o cib j{;/B d/ ;B1925 ftZu Skg/ rJ/ fJe 15-20 g/} d/ feskpu/ d/ jtkb/ sI T[; w[;bwkB B/sk d/ftuko nkgDh g[ ; se ;kuh ;kyh d/ gz B k 88 s/ fJT[ I doi ehs/ jB - Bfoz d o f;z x w I r k Hindu considers political matters and their implications years ahead. The Musalman tries to tacklethem just in time. But the Sikh never think of them unless the time is actually past and the matter is wellsettled. The Sikh brain is intoxicated and obscured with the memory that once they ruled over Punjab andthey quite forget that the tail of the Sikh lion has been twisted by the British. @@fjz d [ oki;h w;fbnK d/ nz s oh Gkt s/ T[ B Q K fBebD tkb/ f;Z f NnK s I eJh toQ / gfjbK ; u oydkj?. w[;bwkB idI w;bk ;kjwD/ nkt/ sK T[;~ ;zihdrh Bkb ;uDk nkozG eodk j?. go f;Zy fisBk fuoT[ j w;bk nkg/ jb j e / fe;/ gk;/ gZ e k br BjhI iKdk T[ ; pko/ ; u B dh y/ u b BjhI eodk.## ;o cib j[ ; / B d/ f;yK pko/ ej/ rJ/ Fpdk dh g[ ; Nh ;odko eg{ o f;z x B/ Communal Award d/gzikp ftu bkr{ jD ;zpXh f;Zy B/sktK d/ fBoD/ ns/ pknd ftZu T[; sI fgZS/ jN ikD ekoB g{oh sc;hbBkb fbZ y e/ eo fdZ s h j? . ftF/ F eoe/ 1984 d/ dz f rnK s I pkd, fJj eEB f;Z y K s/ tX/ o / ;koEe f;Z X jfojk j? . ;k~ j[ D d/ jkbks ftZ u d j K e" w K e b I f;yD dh b V j? . 1993 ftZu r[ioks d/ dzfrnk ftu w[;bwkBK d/ Gkoh ikBh B[e;kB sI w[;bwkBK ftu fJe soK dkvo s/ ;fjw g? d k j frnk ;h. 1984 d/ f;yK d/ esb/ nkw s I pkd w[ ; bwkBK d/ th g{ o / d/ g{ o / gfotkofi; soK esb j J / T[ ; B/ ;{ M tkB w[ ; bwkBK ~ ; u D bJh wip{ o eo fdZ s k fe fiz B k fuo w[ ; bwkBn?i[e/N BjhI j{zd/ T[BK fuo fJj jD tosdh ofjDh j?. fJ; esb/nkw d/ pknd XBh w[;bwkBK B/ rohpw[;bwkBK bJh r[ioks d/ Ffjo tVdok ftZu g{oh soK nkX[fBe ;j{bsK tkb/ ;e{bK dk ikb ftSkT[Dk F[o{eo fdZsk. nBzd ;fjo ftu w;fid d/ Bkb eoVK dh bkrs Bkb BthnK u[BfsnK ~ g{ok eodk nkX[fBef;fynk tk;s/ ;kohnK nkX[fBe ;[ftXk tkbk ;e{b yfbnk frnk j? i w[;bwkB pZfunK ~ n?i{e/N eo ofjnkj?. GftZy d/ ekb/ pZdbK dk Nkeok eoD bJh w[;bwkB nkgDh fsnkoh :iBk pBK e/ eo oj/ jB, r[ioksns/ g{ o / d/ F ftu wdo;/ pBK e/ wijph ns/ nkX[ f Be fFyFk d/ D bJh fJe g{ o k B/ N toe s? n ko j u[ Z e kj? skfe T[jDk dk fto;k ihts oj/. go f;Zy w[;bwkBK d/ w[ekpb/ pj[s gZSV rJ/ jB. f;ZyK d/ ikD/ gSkD/p[ Z X hihthnK B/ sK e I w ~ nkg ftu bDB d/ ok;s/ s/ bk fdZ s k j? . Bk uZ i Bkb f;nk;s ehsh j? s/ BK jhB } tkBK ~ e J h okj fdykJh. Xow d/ n;{ b K s I jN e/ nkgDh eZ u h okiBhsh Bkb fgSbZ r { ns/ w}ke d/gkso pD/ j J / jD. wi{dk bV j? fe f;Zy B}tkBK ~ n?i{e/N eoe/ oki;h s"o s/ u/szB ehsk ikt/, gVkJh ftu fBg[Dskd/ Bkb r[owfs f;XksK s/ th me tik e/ gfjok d/D bJh ;woE pDkfJnk ikJ/ sd jh BitkB e"w d/ fjsftZ u okiBhsh d/ e[ F b fybkVh pD e/ w[ e kpbk eo ;ed/ jB. fJj sK jh j t / r k i/ T[ B K bJh n? i { e / F Bdk gqpzX y[d nkgD/ fJdkfonK sI ehsk ikt/. wi{dk YKu/ s/ n?i{e/FB d/D tkb/ ;e{b ekb/i s/ :{Bhtof;NhnKT[ B Q K ~ nkgD/ Xow ns/ ;fGnkuko s I d{ o ;[ Z N ojhnK jB. (3)
  4. 4. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 gSw dk gz i jiko ;kb g[ o kBk Xow :j{ d h j? fiBK d/ wz B D tkfbnK dh frBsh brGr f;Z y K d/pokpo j? . fJ;kJhnK ns/ w[ ; bwkBk dk fJBK Bkb F[ o { s I jh t? o fojk j? id fe d t / Xow fJ; ftu I jhfBeb/ jB go fJBK d/ jE I bZ y K :j{ d h Fjhd j J / . id 1948 ftZ u fJiokfJb d/ BK s/ fJBK ~ fJe tZ y o/d/F dh gqkgsh jJh g{o/ ftFt d/ :j{dhnK B/ nkgD/ Xow d/ nkr{ ~ T[; t/b/ fJe fpfbnB vkbo dh XBokFh:/ o F bw ftZ u fJe g{ i k ;EkB pDkT[ B bJh nogD ehsh sK T[ ; Xkowe nkr{ dk itkp ;[ D Z B bkfJe ;h@@fe i ;ko/ ;z ; ko dk wkbe j? fe T[ ; dk ;EkB fJ; S N h fijh oew Bkb pB ;edk j? . T[ ; ~ ;wMDns/ gSkDB bJh ftfdnk dh bV j?. fJ; oew dk fJe NoZ;N pDkT[ ns/ :j{dh ew ~ uVdh ebk ftub? ikD bJh :j{ d hnK ~ ftfdnk fdtkT[ D s/ you eo . ## fJ; d/ cb;o{ g B p b g[ o { ; eko fisD tkfbnK ftu I tvQ h frBsh ftZ u fJ;/ fJe e w :j{ d hnK d/jB ns/ ni th fJj bkJhB ftu ube/ e w dh GbkJh ftu you eoB d/ cz v ftu y[ b Q k dkB fdz d / jB. toswkB ftu ;kvh ew dh ;fEsh fJj j? fe n;K nkgDk ;kok io r[od[nkfonK dhnK fJwkosK ns/T[ B Q K ftu ;z r wowo bkT[ D s/ you eo oj/ jK fi; dh pd b s weokBk (oki;EkB) dk rohp s I rohp,bykgsh ns/ eoVkgsh j frnk j?. pkeh e;o bzp/ bzp/ ib{;K, wkou, ozrpozr/ bzroK, ;wkrwK, ehosBdopkok B/ g{ o h eo fdZ s h j? . pkeh i pfunk j? T[ j ny s h ;z s ns/ pkp/ nkgD/ v/ f onK tk;s/ eZ m k eoe/b? iKd/ jB. i/ w i { d k jkbks ~ ;[ X koBk j? s/ f;Z y pZ f unK ~ T[ Z u f;fynk bJh gq / f os ehsk ikt/ . T[ Z u / ;[ Z u /p[XihftnK d/ gqpzX ftu nfij/ NoFN ns/ czv ekfJw ehs/ ikD fiBK d[nkok f;Zy gotko d/ pfunK ~ r[owfsdh gVkJh d/ Bkb nkX[fBe gVkJh eoB bJh gq/fos ehsk ikt/. nkX[fBe gVkJh d/ Bkb-Bkb w}jph skbhwd/ D tkb/ w[ ; fbw wZ d o;/ , nop ebuo, cko;h, noph :{ B hto;Nh nkfd dh soi s/ r[ o wfs frnkB d/ Dtkb/ ftd:kb: (wdo;/) ns/ ftFt ftd:kb: yb/ ikD fi; ftu r[owfs frnkB, gzikph ;fGnkuko ns/gzikph GkFk dh w[cs f;fynk ns/ nkX[fBe ne?vfwe ns/ gqc/FBb f;fynk dk th gqpzX ehsk ikt/. i rohpb/ f eB bkfJe f;Z y pZ u / nkgD/ t;hfbnK Bkb T[ Z u h ftfdnk gq k gs eoB s I n;woE j D T[ j e w h NoFNKd/ czvk dh ;jkfJsk Bkb w[cs gzV ;ZeD. fJBK czvk sI rohp pZfunK ~ ;jkfJsk eoe/ gqFk;eh YKu/ (IAS& IPS etc.) d/ w[ e kpfbnK ftZ u Gkr b/ D bJh fsnko ehsk ikJ/ . ;z g Z B gfotkoK d/ pZ f unK ~ th d/ F d/gqpzXeh YKu/ ftZu nkT[D bJh w[ekpfbnK ftZu fjZ;k b?D bJh T[s;kfjs eoB dh bV j?. fJzihfBnfozrns/ w/ f veb torh gqc/FBb f;fynk bJh th w[cs gVkJh ns/ ;ZekbofFg d/ e/ gqs;kfjs eoB dh bV j?.1H pzd/ dhnK d wktK jB, iBBh s/ Xosh, fJZe dh 4H wB[ Z y fisBk d[ f Bnkth ;[ Z y K ftu gq f tos j I d k e[ZyI iBw b?Idk j? s/ d{ih dh e[Zy ftu ;wk iKdk j?, T[sBk jh T[j d[BhnK SZvB t/b/ d[yh jIdk j? . j? . 5H wB[ Z y h fsq F BK nfijh nZ r j? i ;z ; ko Go d/2H thukotkB pzdk T[j j? i fJ; rZb ~ u/s/ oZy/ gdkoEK ~ gq k gs eo e/ th ed/ fsq g s BjhI fe w/oh nk]oh tok;s e/tb d r} Xosh j?. j I d h.3H pqjw frnkBh wjK g[oy T[j j? i T[Zuh sI T[Zuh 6H i g[ o F ngB/ s I Bht/ I Bkb fxoBk eodk j? ntZ ; Ek s/ g[ i e/ th ngB/ nkg ~ BhtK e[ d q s dk r/ V T[ ; ~ T[ ; Bkb I th BhtK eo ;wM/ . d/ I d k j? . (4)
  5. 5. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 ;qh r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp ih d/ }Bw fdjkV/ 23 i[bkJh ~ ftF/F ;wogs r[ o { jfofeq F B ;kfjp dh pb-phosk r[ o { - i f s s/ r[ o { irs, Gkt/ I fJe j? , go jor[ o { - gq f sZ G k dk fJe gq u z v s/ ftF/ F r[ D j? . i/ r[ o {BkBe d/t ih dk gquzv s/ ftF/F r[D @fBzwqsk# j?, sKr[ o { nz r d d/ t ih dk @j[ e wh pz d k# j D k, r[ o {nwodk; ih dk @;wfdqFN# jDk, r[o{ okwdk; ih dk@;/ t k# BfwZ s ;wofgs j D k. r[ o { noiB d/ t ih dk;opZs d/ Gb/ bJh @nkgk tkoBk#, r[o{ jforfpzd ihdk @fBnK gkbe# jDk, r[o{ jfookfJ ih dk @dfJnkb#jDk, r[o{ s/r pjkdo ih dk @fJekro# fuZs uDk j?.r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih dk ;dk @uVQdh ebk# ftu ihT[Dkj?. go r[o{-gqfsZGk B/ nkgD/ nkuko, ftuko s/ ftjkookjhI nkgDk gq G kt s/ gSkD-r[ D ;Ekfgs ehsk j? .nmthI r[o{-ifs r[o{ jfofeqFB ih ~ Gkt/I ihtB ;wKs/ r[ o { - f;z x k;B T[ s / p? m D dk pj[ s ;wK gq k gs BjhIjfJnk go T[BQK d/ ihtB-nkuko, nfXnkswe ftukos/ pb-phosk Bkb fFzrko/ ftjko B/ jo r[o{-gqfsZGktKr nkgDk gq u z v s/ ftF/ F r[ D ;Ekfgs ehsk. s/ ftjko ~ t/fynk s/ nzso-nksw/ wzB fbnk ikt/, sK r[ o { r f pz d f;z x ih B/ @nodk;# dh gq E w fBFu/ jh ;G d[ Z y K dh Bftosh j ;edh j? . fijVhgT[Vh ftu r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp ~ ;G soQK d/ @d[Zy- gqfsZGk wkBtsk d/ wB-ftfrnkBe, ;ohoe s/ ;wkieBftosh dk ; w k# ;Ekfgs ehsk j? . d;w gkfsFkj d[ Z y , o r , eb/ F s/ ;z e N nkgDh nkuko S j ,Gkt/ I r[ o { BkBe d/ t ih s I b? e/ r[ o { s/ r pjkdo ih nfXnkswe-ftukoK s/ pb-pho ftjko Bkb fwNkse jo r[o{-gqfsZGk dh be f;wosh ftu ;Ekfgs jJ/ ;edh j? , T[ j r[ o { gq f sZ G k ;Z u w[ Z u ;woZ E r[ o { th j?ftFtk; s/ ftuko ~ jh nkgD/ nB[ G th-oz r ftu ns/ pb-pho th j? .w{oshwkB eo oj/ jB, go r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp gqsh r[ o { r f pz d f;z x ih d/ ;wekbh eth GkJhw{ o shwkB ehsk nB[ G th-oz r ;ko/ r[ o { ;kfjpkB s I r[ o dk; f;z x ih (GkJh r[ o dk; ih-d{ i / ) id I r[ o { -tZ y ok th j? , ;woZ E ktkB s/ pb-pho ;Ekfgs eoB gqfsGktK dh ftF/FsK ~ T[ikro eoB bZrd/ jB, sKtkbk th j? . r[ o { r f pz d f;z x ih dk pVk fdq V Q s/ r[ o { jfofeq F B ;kfjp gq s h T[ B Q K dk nB[ G th oz r th;kofEe ;z e bg j? L- fpbeZ[b r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih tork jh w{oshwkB j[zdk @@;q h jfofeq F B fXnkJhn? , j?. GkJh r[odk; f;zx ih dh tko ftu r[o{ jfofeqFB fi; fvm? ;fG d[ f y ikfJ.## ;kfjp pko/ fJe gT[ V h fJt/ I j? L- noEks r[ o { jfofeq F B ;kfjp ~ i/ fXnkB @@jfofeq F B G: n;Nw pbphok.wzvb ftu oZy e/, T[BQK ~ iK T[BQK d/ nkuko, ftuko fiB gj[ z f u d/ j bh sfiU ;ohok. (5)
  6. 6. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 pkb o{ g Xfo ;P K r oukfJU. s/ r pjkdo ih tKr) ;h; d/ fdZ s k, sB-;oho SZ v sp ;fji/ sB e Sfv f;XkfJU. fdZsk, go gfjb/ r[o{ gkfsFkjK tKr Bk w[rb je{ws fJT[ w[rbfB ;h; goh pj[ Skok. dk j[ew wzfBnk, Bk doFB fdZs/, Bk eokwks fdykJh ns/ Bk jh fe;/ soQK dh gqkXhBsk ;theko ehsh. GkJh t? y[ d gfs ; gj[ z u / dopkok. r[odk; f;zx ih dh ;gZFN okJ/ j?, fe r[o{ jfofeqFB n" o z r / fJj pkd oukfJU. ;kfjp, r[o{-gqzgok nB[;ko ish ifs BjhI ;wkJ/, ;rI fsB ngBk e[b ;G Bk; eokfJT[. r[ o { noiB d/ t ih s/ r[ o { s/ | pjkdo ih tKr fJT[ mfje mfje w[rbfB f;o Mkoh. @Fjhd# j J / jB. r[ o { nkdoFK s/ r[ o { - r" o t dh cB jfJ gkgh tj Boe f;Xkoh. ;Ekgsh bJh Fjhd j ikDk, fJj pb-phosk dk fJT[ I efo j? r[ o dk; g[ e kok. gqrNktk th j? ns/ gfs ;/fs gqG{ dopko ftu gj[zuD j/ ;fsr[ o w[ f j b/ j [ T[ p kok..22..## dk todkB th j? . fJ; gT[Vh ftu GkJh r[odk; f;zx ih B/ r[o{ r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp d/ ihtB dh ftbzyDskjfofeqFB ;kfjp d/ iBw-ihtB d/ gq;zr ~ g/F eoB s/ ftF/;sk fJj j? fe T[BQK dh ;z;koh T[wo Gkt/I nZmdk fJzBk :sB BjhI ehsk, fizBK fe T[BQK dh @n;Nw- ;kb se ;hws j? , go @;/ t k# s/ @phosk# dh GktBkpbphok-gqfsZGk# ~ ;Ekfgs eoB T[s/ pb fdZsk j?. fJzBh gquzv s/ nkg; ftu fJe;[o ns/ fJe;o{g j?, feGkJh r[ o dk; f;z x B/ nkgDh ;koh gT[ V h ftu r[ o { T[BQK dh @r[o{-gqfsZGk# jo gZyI tZvh s/ tfvnkJh tkbhjfofeqFB ;kfjp s/ w[|b pkdFkj n?ozr}/p ftueko, pD rJh j? . @;/ t k# tkbk fBFu/ jh tZ v k s/ ;dk]k; eo e/ pkp/ s/ pkpo d/ gq ; z r ftu, nz s orfs T[ i kro ofjz d k j? . T[ j b e K s/ gq G { - b e ftu thfijVk tkd-fttkd s/ pb-fpuko ub fojk ;h, w[Zy o{g gotkB uVQ d k j? . feT[ I f e @;/ t k# FoXk s/ ;wofgsftu T[; ~ jh fdqFNhruo oZfynk j?. GkJh r[odk; fposh Bkb j[zdh j?, jT[w?I jzeko Bkb BjhI. ;/tk tkbkf;z x ih dk ;gZ F N s/ sZ s -;ko fBoDk j? , fe r[ o { fiE/ @nkgk# gftZso eo b?Idk j?, iK @nkgk# ;wofgsjfofeqFB ;kfjp @nFNw pbpho# (nmthI r[o{-ifs) eoB bJh iK tkoB bJh ;dk sZsgo ofjzdk j?. r[o{jB, fiBQK B/ fdZbh nk Gog{o pb phosk Bkb nkgD/ jfofeq F B ;kfjp dk ;w[ Z u k ihtB wkBtsk dh d[ Z y -fgsk-r[ o { jfo okfJ ;kfjp d/ j[ e w @Bfj doFB d/ Bftosh bJh ;dk ;wofgs fojk j?. fdZbh dk or-j/ # dk nfGBz d B eofdnK, Bk n" o z r / ~ doFB fdZ s / rqZ;h s/ ghVs bekJh dh d[Zy-Bftosh bJh xo xons/ Bk jh T[ ; dh je{ w s dh gotkj ehsh. GkJh ik e/ s/ r[od[nkok pzrbk ;kfjp d/ ;EkB T[s/ p?me/r[ o dk; f;z x ih dh gT[ V h ;kyh j? , fe n" o z r }/ p B/ ehsh ;/tk irs gqf;ZX j?. r[od[nkok pzrbk ;kfjpfJj th isB ehsk, fe i/ r[ o { jfofeq F B ;kfjp d/ ;EkB ftu ;fEs nzfwqs SjK Bkb f;ofink @u[pZuk#@doFB# BjhI fdz d / , sK @eokwks# fdykD. go pb- th d[Zy Bftosh bJh ehsh ;/tk dh f;wosh dk jh fJephosk Bkb fFz r koh pkb r[ o { gq f sZ G k B/ n" o z r }/ p ~ fJfsjk;e s/ nfXnkswe fuz B Q j? .eokwks fdykD sI fJBeko th eo fdZsk. GkJh r[odk; @;/ t k# ~ ;wofgs gq f sZ G k Gkt/ I r[ o { , ;z s iKf;zx ih dk ftuko fJj j? fe n"ozr}/p d/ Fkjh j[ewK ;kX jh jt/, T[; dh ;gZFN gSkD fJj j[zdh j? fe T[jdh T[bzxDk ekoB jh w[|b pkdFkj B/ r[o{ jfofeqFB Bkw-f;woB Bkb th fJe;[o j[zdk j? ns/ ;dk ;kfjp;kfjp Bkb @pkd# (tkd-fttkd) ouk fbnk. r[ o { ftu jh ftuodk j?. r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp Gkt/I pkb-jfofeqFB ;kfjp fJ; tkd-fttkd ftZu fJzB/ fdqVQ pb- T[wo ftu ;B, go Bkw-f;woB Bkb fJe;[o ns/ ;dkpho, ;woZ E s/ p/ g otkj ;kps j J / fe T[ B Q K B/ (r[ o{ ;fji ftu oj/ . (6)
  7. 7. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 i/ ftfdnk-jzekoh gzfvs B/ nkfynk fe @Bkw# j D d/ pkti{ d th, r[ o { - i[ r fs dh fdq F Nh s I ;z g { o BsK @feq F B# oZ y fbnk j? , go @rhsk# dk noE-G/ d th j? , ns/ nkuko, ftuko s/ ftjko d/ gZ y s I pb-fpbe[Zb BjhI gsk, sK fJ; fezs{-gqzs{ sI r[o{ jfofeqFB phosk Bkb fFz r koh j J h th j? . GkJh r[ o dk; f;z x;kfjp xpokJ/ BjhI, nkgDk ;fji BjhI v[bkfJnk, ;rI ih dk r[o{ jfofeqFB ;kfjp gqsh T[ikro ehsk, EbfJe xkjh ebI @rhsk# d/ noE eotk e/ nkgD/ nkg ns/ fpnkB @@jfofeq F B G: n;Nw pbphok## fiE/~ fpoX frnkB s/ pho-fposh tkbk ;kps ehsk j?. nfXnkswe fdqFNh sI ;Zu j?, T[E/ fJfsjk;e gZy sIi/ okik i? f;zx B/ Fkjh dopko dh wko dk gqrNktk th pVk ;koEe s/ Y[ e tK j? .ehsk j? , sK th r[ o { jfofeq F B ;kfjp p/ g otkj s/ Bkw-f;woB, ;/ t k, ;fji s/ pb-phosk d/nvb oj/ jB. Bkw-f;woB s/ ;fji dh xkfb ewkJh nfXnksfwe r[ D K ~ fit/ I ;z i [ r s o{ g ftu nkgD/eoB tkbk ;dk ;{ o wk iK pb-pho ofj e/ ihtB d/ ihtB-nkuko, ftuko s/ ftjko okjhI r[ o { jfofeq F Bjo feqnk-eow ftu ftuodk j?. bG-bkbu, y[Fkwd ;kfjp B/ ;Ekfgs ehsk j? fJj gquzv s/ ftF/F r[D jhs/ vo T[ ; ~ Bk Gowk ;ed/ jB ns/ Bk jh v[ b k nZ m thI r[ o { i f s dh ftbZ y Dsk s/ ftF/ F sk d/ gq s he;ed/ jB. r[ o { jfofeq F B ;kfjp dk @ihtB# yk; jB.eoe/ T[BQK dh @r[o{-gqfsZGk# T[go dh fdqFNh sI pkb gq 0 i f rz d o f;z x ;q h r[ o { jfor f pz d ;kfjp d/ gq e kF T[ s ;t s/ ftF/ F nkU r[o{ s/r pjkdo ih d/ ftnkj sI e[M ;/X bJhJ/ ! idI r[o{ jforfpzd ;kfjp BEkD/ sI ehosg[o ~. n;hI r[ o { ;kfjp d/ j[ w eK ~ ft;ko e/ b G tZ ;nkJ/ sK T[ E / jh GkJh bkb uz d dh bVeh (wksk) j e/ eh-eh e[eow eo oj/ jK. bVeh tkfbnK ~ szrr[ i oh Bkb (r[ o { ) s/ r pjkdo ih dk foFsk gZ e k eoB bJh n;hI fBZs Bt/I nvzpo ou oj/ jK. gfjb/jfJnk. wkou 1632 ftu Fkdh eoskog[o fty/ jJh. nkyk, fco gkek, fco mkek, fco e[VwkJh, fco FrBnBzd ekoi T[gozs GkJh bkb uzd ih B/ nkgDh pZuh s/ fco ftnkj. fJ; ftukb/ th edh u[zBh uVQkT[Dh s/~ gsh dh jo ;w/I ;/tk bJh ssgo ofjD dh f;Zfynk edh c/ o / gkT[ D d/ gZ i b I G h eZ s [ ~ y[ F eoB bJhfdZ s h. bz r o SeD T[ g oz s id I r[ o { gfotko tkg; bVeh tkfbnK dk Bze ftu dw eo oj/ jK. ftnkjfNekD/ bJh otkBk jD bZfrnk sK GkJh bkb uzd ih ;w/I fwbDhnK dk nvzpo, doiBK-doiBK fwbDhnKB/ fBwosk ftZu fejk, @@r[o{ jforfpzd ;kfjp ! w/o/e b I nkg ih dh e J h ;/ t k BhI j ;eh s/ Bk e[ M G/ N e/tb wodK dhnK jh BjhI j[D sK fJ;sohnK dhnK theoB bJh w/ o / e b j? . fwbDhnK. wB-wo}h d/ ykD/ , wk;, Fokp, getkD, id T[ ; d/ fJj fBwosk Go/ puB r[ o { p?Iv, bkJhNK d/ Fn, ;G e[M nkgDh Fyh bJh nkgD/jforfpzd ;kfjp B/ ;[D/ sK nkg B/ i T[Zso fdZsk T[j nzdo p?m/ bGh e[Zs/ ~ y[F eoB bJh e[Vh tkfbnK sIjo bVe/ d/ wK pkg ~ ezB ybQ e/ ;[DBk ukjhdk j?. wBtkT[ d / jK fe fit/ I th j ;edk j? e[ Z s / tKr{ z jZ v hnkg B/ owkfJnk L ~ ;G gkf;T[I Bu Bu e/ fisBk wk; jZvh BkbI bkj bkb uz d ! s[ w ehB ;eb fp;kbk.. ;ed/ jK bkj bJhJ/ . fiB sB[ i k nogB ehBz . . fco fdB fdjkoK d/ pjkB/ bVeh tkb/ xo s/ e:k gkS? fsz B oy bhBz . .24.. pM s/ jo gqeko dh o;w n?;h fe bVeh tkfbnK dk (;{ o i gq e kF) f;o BhtK j e/ oj/ . T[ j d/ J h th ikD s/ iZ [ s hnK th Gkt fi;B/ nkgDh bVeh d/ fdZsh T[; B/ fgZS/ ykJh ikD. fJ; ;G e[ M ftu i/ n;hI r[ o { e/ f;Z yj o eh oZ y fbnk j? . nytkT[ D tkb/ th Fkwb j J hJ/ sK ;kv/ bJh v[ Z p r[ o { e/ f;Z y nytkT[ D tkfbU ! wko nkgD/ woB dk w[ e kw jh j? .fdbK ftu Mks s/ gSkD nkgD/ nz d o p? m / b G h e[ Z s / fgq z 0 jfoGiB f;z x , b[ f XnkDk (7)
  8. 8. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 ;/rKr wzu{yk fiZE/ bkw/ r[o{ BkBe dh g{ik eod/ jB Gkos d/ X[ o T[ Z s o-g{ o p ftu uhB fsps s/poQwK dhnK jZdK ~ Sz{jdk j? Gkosh gqd/F no[Dkubgqd/F fi; d/ gZSwh f;nKr f}bQ/ dk fsZps-uhBh jZdBkb brdk nyhoh fgzv j? ;/rKr. pocK-pZdbK ftufxfonk fJj fgzv gzSwh fspZs sI Gkos nkJ/ w/Ipk ikshephb/ dk tk;k j? bZeVh eZN e/ cZN/ pBkT[Dk s/ fFekofJBQK d/ w[Zy g/F/ jB. ;Ve sZe J/EI dk d; fdB dkg? d b ;o j? . jtkJh ;? B k d/ ijk} J/ E / okFB ;[ Z NiKd/ jB fi; Bkb fJBQK dk r[ikok tkj-tk ubh iKdkj? . id J/E/ pdbh jJh sK w?I fJ; fJbke/ pko/ s/fJE I d/ tk;hnK pko/ ikDekoh gq k gs eoBh F[ o { eofdZsh. fJe fdB ;kY/ S/ ti/ (oks J/E/ FkwhI ;kY/ ukoti/ j iKdh j?) p?mk nzrhmh eb nZr ;/edk e[M gVQfojk ;K fe ;/rKr dk rkT[I p{Vk (;ogzu) nkfJnk s/fJe rZ G o{ ~ j J / dodK d/ fJbki bJh b? e/ ikDtk;s/ }o d/D bfrnk. vkeNo sK w?I jK BjhI ;K, e[M @@r[ o { BkBe## ! T[ ; d/ fJ; itkp B/ w? ~ j? o kB eor b hnK Bkb ;B, fJB;kBhns d/ Bks/ th fpwko ~ fdZ s k.t/yDk w?I mhe ;wfMnk. bZeVh d/ wekB nzdo cZfNnK @@nkg ~ r[ o { BkBe dh g{ i k fe; B/ f;ykJh <##s/ fgnk fJe rZGo{ dod Bkb sVg fojk ;h. T[; eb @@;kv/ j? v bkwk B/ . fgSb/ ;kb wo frnk. ;" ;kbfJe bkwk e[M UjV-gjV eoB bfrnk jfJnk ;h. dh T[ w o ;h.## w/ o h T[ s ;[ e sk f;yo s/ ;h. rZ G o{ ~ t/ f ynk sK T; dk g/ N fJe dw @@T[ ; ~ fe; B/ f;ykJh <##nkefVnk bfrnk. w?I T[; ~ vkfJnk}hB s/ pokbrB @@T[ ; s I gfjb/ bkwk B/ . ;kv/ pj[ s g[ o kD/ bkwk B/dhnK rbhnK d/ fdZshnK, go bkwk B/ dtkJh dD oe r[o{ ih d/ doFB ehs/ ;B. ghVQh-do ghVQh bkwk r[o{fdsk s/ N[ZNh fjzdh ftu nkyD brk, @@nGh BjhI. g{ik ih dh g{ik pko/ nkgD/ u/fbnK ~ f;ykT[Id/ nk oj/ B/e/ pknd.## T[ j wZ y D dk fJe p[ Z s fijk pDk fojk .##;h s/ Bkb - Bkb BkBe-BkBe igh ik fojk ;h.A @@nkg wjkswk p[ Z X dh g{ i k BjhI eod/ <##T[ s ;[ e sk t; w? I T[ ; s I g[ Z S fbnk. @@wjkswk p[ Z X ~ th g{ i d/ jK. fFt ih@@s[ ; hI g{ i k fe; dh eod/ j < wjkswk pZ [ X dh <## GrtkB ~ th s/ BkBe bkwk ~ th. fJBQ K ;G dhnK@@BjhI ! nkgD/ r[ o { dh## T[ ; dk itkp ;h. w{ o shnK ;kvh r I c k (p X h wz d o) ftu jB. gfjbK@@e" D j? s[ j kvk r[ o { <## w/ o k nrbk ;tkb ;h. gfjbK fJZE/ fFt ih dk fJe pj[s tZvk wzdo ;h, fi; (8)
  9. 9. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012dh pVh g{ik jz[dh ;h d{o d{o sI ;kX[ be fJE nkT[Id/ nkJh. gzdoK fwzN T[; B/ r[o{ BkBe ih dh g{ik ehsh,;B. r[ o { BkBe ih th T[ d I jh J/ E / nkJ/ . T[ B Q K B/ fco X{g d/ e/ T[jh X{g phwko sI th x[wkJh. fJ; fgZSI;kX{nk Bkb puB-fpbk; th ehs/ s/ sgf;nk th, fgZSI T[; B/ w?~ phwko ~ dtkJh d/D dh fJik}s d/ fdsh.fJe tZvk G[ukb nkfJnk s/ Bkb d{ ; o/ fdB T[ j ;t/ o / jh w/ o /brd/ dfonk B/ fJj wz d o o V Q szp{ nZr/ nk frnk. uZbD bJhfdsk. id bkwk J/ X o nkJ/ sK fsnko-po-fsnko. fpBK pj[shT[BQK B/ fJE/ fJe pXh wzdo pDk d/o ehs/ w?I th uZb fgnk. o;s/fbnk, fi; ftu fFt ih dh th ftu ;/rKr ebI bzxdk T[j xoKg{ i k j[ z d h j? s/ BkBe bkwk dh s/ br/ MzfvnK pko/ dZ;D brk,th.## @@fJj r[o{ ih d/ Mzv/ jB. ;kvh @@bkw/ fFt dh s/ r[ o { ;koh tkdh ftu r[ o { ih d/ Mz v /BkBe dh g{ik feT[I eod/ jB <## jB.## w? I BhM Bkb t/ f ynk. @@fFt ih GrtkB B/ J/ E / T[go yzv/ dk fBFkB ;h. Mzvk e/sgf;nk ehsh ;h. r[o{ BkBe ih ;oh Bjhi pbfe ;c? d ;h, goB/ th J/E/ sgf;nk ehsh ;h. J/EI yz v k T[ j i ;kv/ r[ o d[ n kok; b K feb w hNo d{ o g/ w F [ [ { d/ ;kfjp d/ fBFkB s/ j[ z d k j? .izrb ftu pfj e/ T[BQK B/ T[ s ;[ e sk tXh ik ojh ;h.sgf;nk ehsh. fJe tko T[ j v/Y xzN/ dk gjkVh ;co sfjsgf;nk eo oj/ ;B fe izrb d/ eoe/ n;hI fJe ;z x D/ iz r bfoZ S r[ o { ih ~ nk gJ/ . oZ p dh ftu gj[zu/. okj ftu izrbh ;{oKeoBh fe r[ o { ih fi; gZ E o EZ b / B/ EK tkjtk co f bnk j f Jnk;B. T; gZ E o B/ r[ o { ih ~ ;h. fJ; iz r b ftu jh J/ E I d/nkgDh rd ftu b? fbnk. pj[s b e iz r bh ;{ o K s/ foZ S K dktZ v k gZ E o j? , fi; d/ T[ g o r[ o { fFeko eoB nkfJnk eod/ jB.ih dh ns/ T[BQK d/ d ;kEhnK dh Skg ni/ th ekfJw fJe ;kc fijh EK s/ fco T[jI Mzv/ fdykJh fdZs/. nZr/j? . fJE/ jo ;kb wkou ftu w/ b k brdk j? s/ fsz B bZeV d/ vzfvnK dhnK eJh g"VhNk T[soe/ fJe pj[sfdB ;koh tkdh d/ be r[o{ ih dh g{ik eod/ jB.## ftFkb gZ E o nkfJnk fi; d/ gkf;nK s/ ;c? d eZ g V/ w?I T[; ~ r[o{ ih dk ;EkB fdykT[D bJh fpB? gkJ/ j J / ;B, fiBQ K s/ e[ M Sfgnk j f Jnk ;h. eZ g V/ehsh, fi; bJh T[ j MN-gZ N wz B frnk. d{ ; o/ fdB g[ o kD/ j rJ/ ;B.dk gq r okw pD frnk. T[; B/ nkgD/ Mb/ ftuI GrtkB fFt ih tkbk rZbK eod/ eod/ T[; bkwk B/ w{os pDkJh i v"o{ efYnk s/ brk gqkoEBK eoB. gqkoEBk fgZSI T[;r[o{ ih dh s;tho Bkb fwbdh i[bdh ;h. fco T[j B/ T[j Sfgnk jfJnk eZgVk gZEo s/ uVQkfJnk. w?I T[;xzNh b? e/ s/ fJe bzw/ gsfonk dh feskp ;kjwD/ oZy, gZEo tb rj[ Bkb tfynk. nzdo ;w[Zuk fszB wkBthnkosh eodk, rkT[D brk. T[; d/ gfjb/ Fpd Uw ;oho dk ;w{ j T[ e fonk j f Jnk ;h. gZ E o dh fJjBw ;tkjk t/ d K d/ wz s o ;B. T[ ; fgZ S I T[ j fspZ s h pDso e[dosB j ;edh j? go fe;/ wB[Zyh ebk ftuGkFk ftu Fpd gVQD br fgnk fi; dh w?~ ;wM Bk fJsBh poheh BjhI fe fJj fijh w{os xV ;e/. rj[ (9)
  10. 10. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012Bkb t/fynk ikgdk ;h fit/I pkpk BkBe s/ T[; d/ nk; i/ s[ ; hI fJ; dk itkp wz r d/ j sK EZ b / gkDh ftu t/gk; p?m/ dBI ;kEh jD. nkgh g{ik sI ftjb/ j e/ T[; y bt. s[jk~ T[; dk ;jh itkp fwb ikt/rk.## Bhb/B/ d;Dk F[ o { eo fdZ s k. gz E o tork fJj ib-rq f j fJsBk fgnkok ;h fit/ I @@r[o{ BkBe gfjbK J/; gZEo EZb/ p?m/ sg eo e[ d os B/ e J h ehwsh jhok-w s h fbnk ofynk j t / .oj/ ;B. fJsB/ ~ e[M izrbh foZSk B/ fFeko d/fynk r[o{ ih dh fJ; :ksok pko/ ;udk s/ tko/ tko/ iKdksK r[o{ ih tZb nkJ/. gZEo d/ ftu Fesh nkJh s/ T[; Z w[ZrX jfJnk w?I ;G ;[Dh ik fojk ;K. T[go pochbhnK goB/ ngDk ;jkok d/ e/ r[ o { ih ~ T[ Z g o u[ e fbnk s/ gjkVhnK, ;zxD/ izrb dh fgnkoh iK sg;th dk ykprd ftu oZy fbnk. r[o{ ih d/ Bkb d u/b/ th ;B. j ;edk j? . fJeKs dk fJeKs s/ e[ d os d/ g;ko/T[ B Q K ~ th gZ E o B/ p[ Z e b ftu b? fbnk. foz S K B/ Bkb nz s K dh Gog{ o sk.pE/oh efFF ehsh go gj[zuDI n;owE ;wM jko jzG fJ; fgZ S I T[ ; B/ w? ~ T[ j th EK ftykJh fiZ E /e/ GZ i rJ/ . ## T[ ; B/ ;Z i / gk;/ fJe j o w{ o sh pko/ fJe whb bz p h r[ c k ;h s/ fiZ E / r[ o { ih B/ g/ w F [ p { s If}eo ehsk sK w?~ ikfgnk fe T[j r[o{ ih Bkb T[Zso pkd sgf;nk ehsh ;h. T[;B/ df;nk fe J/; EK w/IpkT[ d k;h t/ b / rJ/ T[ B Q K d/ d B I ;kEh ;B. r[ o { ih dk iksh d/ beK ~ r[o{ BkBe d/t ih B/ fsZps sI fbnkT[ Z s o tb ikDk sK w? I ;[ f Dnk ;h go fJj gsk BjhI e/ t;kfJnk ;h r[ o { BkBe d/ t ih d/ J/ E / nkT[ D dh;h fe T[j feZE/ se rJ/ ;B. J/B/ ~ T[j w/bk GoB :kd ftu 24 wkou d/ eohp pVk w/ b k Godk j? .tkbh EK, g[ i kohnK d/ g{ i k eoB tkbh EK nkfd e[M ;wK gk e/ n;hI J/E/ fJe r[od[tkok ;kfjpfdykT[ D bZ r k s/ d;dk fojk, @@r[ o { BkBe d/ J/ E / pDkT[D ftu ekw:kp jJ/l fi; bJh jtkJh nZvk thnkT[ D tkb/ fdB T[ B Q K dh :kd ftu fJE/ Gkoh w/ b k pD frnk s/ wz u { y k s I r[ o d[ n kok ;kfjp se 16Godk j?. ;ko/ be fJ; fJbke/ dh g{oh gqeowk eod/ feb w hNo ;Ve th. j[ D ypo fwbh j? fe nb" r s IjB fi; ftu d s I fsz B xz N / br iKd/ jB. g[ i koh wz u { y k se ;Ve th g{ o h j rJh j? .r[o{ ih dh :kd ftu Fpd gVQd/ ofjzd/ jB. J/E/ Gi tkg;h s/ T[; B/ g[okD/ r[Ick fFt wzdo dh EKth fsnko j[zdk j? s/ ;G ~ w[cs tzfvnk iKdk j?.## th ftykJh fiEI dh :korgu{ Bdh B/ j[D gZEo ftZSk @@XzB fBozeko## w/o/ w{zjI fBefbnk. f;Zy gzE fds/ ;B. BtK r I c k T[ Z u h gjkVh s/ ;h. fJ; T[ Z g oftu ubdh bz r o gq E k dh :kd sk}k j nkJh. T[ ; uVQ D ~ 25 e[ fwz N bZ r / . f;Z X h uVQ k Jh. w[ Z y d[ n kofgz Z S I T[ j g" V hnK T[ s o e/ EZ b / tb ub fgnk. nZ X k s/ fBFkB ;kfjp, pokwd/ ftu fFtfbz r , SZ s T[ s /xzNk jo uZbD fgZSI, SNh Bdh ezY/ d ftFkb gZEoK pj[ s tZ v k fBFkB ;kfjp, dotkf}nK fyVehnK s/ftueko bzph r[ck B[wk dotkiK fijk nkfJnk. T[; ebkekoK d/ pDkJ/ soQ K soQ K d/ fuZ s o. nz d o FoXkB/ fco d;Dk F[o{ ehsk, @@fJ; dotk}/ ftuI dh f;oc Bkb wZEk N/e gj[zfunk sK ebk e"Fb dk nB{mk ewkbuzr/ fdb tkbk g[oF jh fBeb ;edk j? ukj/ fesBk t/y e/ dzr ofj frnk. pXh bkfwnk d/ fdqFK ftuekowNk th jt/. go i/ fdb wkVk jt/ sK gsb/ sI gsbk r[o{ BkBe ih dh s;tho dh g{ik t/y wB FoXk Bkbnkdwh th BjhI fBeb ;edk. gsbk nkdwh cf;nk Go frnk. T[; B/ g{ik ;w/I wjkswk p[ZX d/ Bkb Bkbs/ wNk nkdwh fBebdk w?I nkg t/fynk j?.## T[; r[ck r[o{ BkBe d/t s/ fFt ih dh s;tho dh th T[;/ FoXkB[wk dotk}/ ftuI dh pVh n"y Bkb fBebe/ n;hI fJe Bkb nkosh ehsh sK w?~ ;ko/ XowK d/ ftseo/ yswSNh Bdh ftu T[so/. T[; Bkb/ B[wk SNh gjkVh Bdh j[ z d / fd;/ . ftseo/ T[ E jh jz [ d / jB fiE/ bkb;kd/ ez Y / fJe sbkp fijk ;h. T[ ; B/ fJFkok eoe/ j t / . J/ E / bkb;k Gkt BjhI ;r I ;w[ Z u h FoXk ;h.df;nk, @@s[;hI i th ukj nkgD/ fdb ftu Xko bt, - eoBb vk0 dbftdo f;z x rq / t kb (10)
  11. 11. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 ;qh r[o{ jorfpzd ;kfjp d/ iBw fdjkV/ 5 i[bkJh ~ ftF/F ;wogs r[od[nkok phV pkpk p[ZYk ih, mZmk (;qh nzfwqs;o) gzikp fJ; n;EkB pko/ wB"s j?fe wksk rzrk ih B/ nkgD/ wB dhw[okd g{oh eoB bJh, pkpk p[ZYkih s I nFhotkd dh wz r ehsh.pkpk p[ Z Y k ih B/ nFhotkd fdZ s kfe, ;op-FeshwkB, nekb g[oytkfjr[o{ s[jkvh nodk; g{oh eo/rk. r[o{ xo ftZu tZvh nfjwhnsfwbD d/ pkti{ d pkpk p[ Z Y k ihjw/ F k nkgD/ nkg ~ r[ o { xo dkxkjhnK jh ;wMd/ ;B. T[ B Q K B/r[o{ xo ~ okik nepo tbI fdZs/84 fgz v K dh pVh ekpbhns Bkbd/y o/y ehsh ns/ fJE jh phV ftZuid I wksk rz r k ih g{ o / Fkjh mkmBkb G[ M z r h dh dks bJh n;h; b? D nkJ/ sK pkpk ih nkyD bZ r / fe wksk ih w? I sK r[ o { xo dk xkjhnkjK w?~ sK r[o{ dh phV dk okyk ;wM bt s/ dk; ;wM e/ fJj ;/tk fwbdh j?. r[o{ ih B/ s[jkv/ Bkb jk;kmZmk ehsk jt/rk, T[j ikDh ikD B/, nkg itkp BjhI fdZsk, w/o/ tZb so fdZsk. fJj FeshnK r[o{ d/ gk;jh jB. T[ j jh ;op FeshwkB jB. wksk ih idI fBokF j e/ tkg; r[o{ ih eb gZ[i/ sK r[o{ ih B/ nkfynk fe g{oD g[oy gk; ikDk jt/sK nfs Bht/ I j e/ ikJhdk j? . e J h ftyktk BjhI eohdk, tvZ g D r[ n k e/ ikJhdk j? . fJ; fgZ S I id I wkskrzrk ih nfs ;XkoD sohe/ Bkb pkpk ih eb g[Zi/ sK T[j ;qh jorfpzd ;kfjp tor/ :[Zrg[oF gZ[so osBdh n;h; M b h g[ n k e/ nkJ/ . (11)
  12. 12. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 29 i{ B - wjkokik oDihs f;z x ih F/ o / gz i kp dh po;h ~ ;wogs :kd F/o/ gzikp dh G[bDhI BjhI fsq b u B f;z x @uZ B #, byBT{ nyK whND s/ T[ j d/ ;h fitI / MZ [ b h, BQ / o h T[ j fijh w[ V e/ M[ b Dh Bjh. T[ j d/ Bkb jh ok} ;G dcB j rJ/ , e J h th x[ z Y h j[ D fe;/ s I y[ b Dh Bjh. o[ b d/ oj/ T[ j d/ g[ s s/ g s o/ fiTI [ n" b kd fe;/ dh n? ; soQ K o[ b Dh Bjh. eh BjhI ehsk T[ ; d/ F s/ e w ]kso, ni go nEZ o fJe fe;/ s I v[ b Dh BjhI . . ;GBk bJh T[ j ;dk fiMz s" b dk ;h e J h th F? Tz i fe;/ s I s[ b Dh Bjh. id se ndb fJB;kc jB ir nz d o :kd F/ o / gz i kp dh G[ b Dh BjhI . . uVs f;z x dh e[ b d/ tkbhnk t/ , X{ w k ir d/ ftu wukD tkb/ . Mz v k e/ ; oh b? iwo d sheD, T[ Z u k ftu n;wkB M[ b kD tkb/ . s/ o / oki ftu w i k jh wkDd/ oj/ , jo fJe wijp tkb/ jo JhwkB tkb/ . edh fe;/ ~ Bjh vokfJnk fcoth, wBd/ o j p ;B ;ko/ ijkB tkb/ . . i th :kd d;w/ ; dh ekfJw eo;h T[ j dh e[ b edh cbDh c[ b Dh BjhI . fJj ;G ikDd/ j J / fiQ B / ehsk jhnk. :kd F/ o / gz i kp dh G[ b Dh BjhI . d;w fgsk dk f;z x ;h T[ j g{ o k T[ j d/ u/ j o/ s/ B{ o h ibkb j? ;h. j e/ wjkokik T[ j ;h wjK dkBh, s/ BhshtkB th pkewkb j? ;h. fuZ N h ukdo s/ dk| B br/ feXo/ , n? ; rb dk g{ o k fynkb j? ;h. |bsh eoB s/ e" j V/ gotkB eoBk, ngD/ nkg ftu fJe I fw;kb j? ;h.. f;yh f;de dk ;kpD b? fit/ I X s h ukdo d/ F dh nfijh w[ V X[ b Dh BjhI . f;Z y fJfsjk; dk id I uz B fieo j ; h. :kd F/ o / gz i kp dh G[ b Dh Bjh.. (12)
  13. 13. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 nihs f;zx @byBT{# w"po f;Zy :zr w?Bi n?;fFJ/FB uz d o Bro, ByBT{ 4 iB pDB b/ J h ukjhd? wB ftu ftFtk;. ftFtk; dh vro s/ ufbnK, g[ i dh j? nk;. r[ o nkF/ dh nk;, ;dk j[ z d h j? ok;. ok; iK nkt/ r[ o K ~, j J / pz d ybk;.. ftFtk; u fGik wB id g[ i dk r[ o { gk;.. sk fpoEh ed/ B j t Jh iB eh nodk;.. ftFtk; Goh nodk;, pukt/ v[ p d/ p/ V / . ftFtk; fGik n? j ;k;, eo/ r[ o [ uoBk B/ V / . T[ ; dh n N d/ j rJ/ , B/ gkso i/ V / . ftokV/ ;G/ eki, T[ B K d/ nkg Bp/ V / . . j J / nokXBk fJe dh iK ;k; frok;. fpoEh ed/ B j t Jh iB eh nodk;.. fpB p f bnK ;p feS ikDdk, fco th jK wz r d/ . fts I tX e/ wz r D ftu th, osk B ;z r d/ . d[ f Bnkth oz r k ftu, gJ/ jk dhB ~ oz r d/ . i T[ ; ~ GktD, Bz j h T[ j r[ D e J h Yz r d/ . wB fus fJe j pD ikJ/ ik joh fBtk;. sK fpoEh ed/ B j t Jh iB eh nodk;.. efjDk HHHH w? j o EkT[ BkjhI , go wz d oK u eoB dht/ pZ s h. s/ ez w ;ko/ T[ j eoB/ , fijV/ j D g{ o / wBwZ s h. tos oyD/ eot/ th SvD/ B, Gkt/ j J / ;z s F h ik ;[ o ;Z s h. y[ n kDhnK ez u ek th, N{ D / sths th B SvD/ fJe oZ s h. i/ e o j J / T[ N nekb dh, wB r[ o Fpd ftFtk;. sK fpoEh ed/ B j t Jh iB eh nodk;.. (13)
  14. 14. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 byBT{ fib/ d/ t;Bhe (1480 s I 1573 JhL) r[ o f;Z y h ftu rq f j;sh ihtB ~ gw[ Z y ;EkBfdZsk frnk j? feT[Ife nfijh oj[-ohsh ftu ftuoDtkbk wB[ Z y jh d{ i / Bkb nkg;h w/ b , ;fjukosk,;z b rBsk s/ fBwosk oZ y D dk fJZ S [ e j ;edkj? . go;go Goksoh Gkt dh gq c [ b sk th rq f j;shihtB XkoBk Bkb pZ M h j D ekoB ;/ t k s/ f;woB d/beF gqkgsh bJh rqfj;sh ihtB iku fJe T[Zsw gZXshwz B h rJh j? . r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp d/ ou/ s k wjK-g[ o Fgqw[Zy s"o s/ fJ;/ ftukoXkok d/ goukoe ;B s/ GrsfB}kwdhB GhyB ;kfjp ih fJ; y/so ftu fJe ftF/F ;EkB oZ y d/ jB. Grs ih T[ s o god/ F dh w" i { d k okiXkBhbyBT{ d/ fJbke/ d/ ofjD tkb/ ;B. fJBQK dk iBw . eoBh s/ eEBh ftu nzso oy e/ ftjko eoBk fJBQKe;pk ekeoh ftu 1480 JhL ~ jfJnk. Xow eow s/ BjhI ;h f;fynk. fJBQ K d/ ftukoK nB[ ; ko fi; B/;dkukoe gokgshnK bJh fJj ;Z:d gho fJpokjhw tkfjr[ o { dk w e F d[ n kok gq k gs eoBk j? T[ ; bJhd/ u/b/ pD/. ;{ch Grs GhyB ih ;kd/ ihtB d/ wkbe }o{ o h j? fe T[ j joh Bkw o{ g h nz f wq s ~ G[ z u / (ght/ ) Lgo T[ u / s/ ;[ u / y[ b Q / ftukoK d/ f;oiBjko ;B. jfo ek Bkw[ nzfwqs ib[ fBowb[ fJj[ nT[yX[ ifr ;koknepo pkdFkj dk ;wekbh w[;bwkB fJfsjk;eko r[ o go;kfd ej? iB[ GhyB[ gktT[ w y d[ n kokpdkT{Bh, GhyD ih pko/ fbyfdnK toBD eodk j? fe fJ; gq ; z r ftu g{ o B Fpd fBwB nB[ ; ko j? L-T[j ftdtkBK d/ wjK ftdtkB ;B go fJ; d/ pkti{d okr ;ofmT[j nkgD/ nkg ~ @@ekoh## efjzd/ ;B fi; d/ noE B? B j[ Bho[ pj? sB[ yhBk (ew} o ) GJ/ e/ ; d[ X tkBhjB f;fynkoEh, f;yKdo{. nfijk fBwo syZb; T[BQK o{Xk ezm[ (rbk pzd) ;pd[ Bjh T[uo? nE fenk eofj gokBhdh fBwo jbhw GktBk s/ ;[ G kn dh ;jh soiwkBh okwokfJ j f j p? d pBtkoh ngB/ ;z s j b/ j [ T[ p koh-ojkT[eodk j?. ;w[u/ s"o s/ fJBQK dk ihtB fJe nkdoFe wkE/ gho ;ohfo ibfB j? eoe eo/ i / wkjhrqfj;sh ihtB nytkT[Idk ;h. T[Zu gkJ/ d/ ftdtkB n? ; h p/ d B T[ g fi yoh GJh tK ek nT[ y X[ Bkjhs/ frnkBtkB jD ekoB nkg ih dh gqf;ZXh d{o B/V/ jfo ek Bkw[ nz f wos ib[ fBow[ b fJj[ nT[ y X[ ifr ;kokse c?bh gJh ;h. Grsh bfjo d/ gqGkt ekoB tfjwK r[ o go;kfd ej? iB[ GhyB[ gktT[ w y d[ n kok##GowK s/ FoQk-Fohns dhnK jZdK pzB/ NZg e/ ihtB d/ (gz B k-659)gfjb/ uoB ftu jh Bkw f;woB ftu bhB j e/ s/ Bkw ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftu nkg ih d/ d Fpd~ jh @;op or dh nyX# ;wM e/ tkfjr[o{ dh j;sh gz B k 659 s/ FF G s jB fiBQ K dk ;koz F fJjh j? feftu p/gBkj fBFuk, FoXk s/ ;fseko oyD bZr gJ/ wB[Zy nkgD/ eowK eoe/ jo gZyI d[yh j[zdk j? ns/ ;G (14)
  15. 15. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012gkf;nK s I n;z s y ftu j? . ;oho d/ w j ftu c; e/ tkb/ gho Ghyw Fkj ih, r[o{ s/| pjkdo ;kfjp ns/wB[Zy i[sh rzYkD tKr EK EK NkehnK brkD ftu o[ZMk r[o{ rfpzd f;zx d/ ihtB ekb ftu jJ/ jB s/ T[BQKjfJnk j?. nfijh jkbs ftu tkfjr[o{ i/ T[; ~ pj[V B/ r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih d/ gqekF T[s;t ;w/I T[BQK dhgt/ sK T[; ~ Biks fwb ;edh j?, w[esh d/ okj y[bQ nfXnksfwe gqG[sk ~ wzBfdnK jfJnk gZSw tb Bwk};ed/ jB s/ Bkw d/ f;woB Bkb tkfjr[o{ dh pyfFF gVQ d / gVQ d / g{ o p (gNBk ;kfjp) tb w{ z j eoe/ r[ o {}o{ o jz [ d h j? . r f pz d f;z x ;kfjp d/ ;z ; ko nkrwB ;w/ I T[ B Q K ~ nkgD/ d{i/ Fpd @@n?;k Bkw[ osB[ fBowbe[ ;fseko tiI ;idk ehsk ;h. gho Ghyw Fkj dot/Fgz[fB gdkoE[ gkfJnk## ftu gqG{ f;woB Bkb wB, ;oho Gkt/I T[u eNh d/ ;{ch Grs jJ/ jB go T[BQK dh pkDhs/ nkswk dh jkbs fpnkBd/ efjzd/ jB fe gowkswk r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftu doi BjhI . fi; wjK-g[ o F dhd/ r[ D rKtfdnK i ;tkd nkT[ I d k j? T[ j dZ f ;nk pkDh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp d/ gzBk 659$60 s/ doi j?, T[jBjhI ik ;edk fJt/I jh fit/I rz[rk wfmnkJh yk e/ ;tkd Grs GhyB ih jB fiBQK dk iBw ekeoh (T[Zso god/dZ;D sI n;woZE j?. tkfjr[o{ dk Bkw igfdnK ihG ;) fty/ jfJnk j? s/ fiBQK pko/ fJj gqf;ZX j? fe T[j~ ;[ y fwbdk j? s/ u/ s / eofdnK fus ~ ;[ y gokgs BK d/ Gkt/ I GhyB ;B go ;[ G kn d/ FfjBFkj ;B.j[zdk j?. GhyD ih efjzd/ jB fe Bkw igfdnK w/o/ B/ gowkswk dh T[;ss eoBk T[BQK dk Xzdk ;h s/ nkgD/soK ftu mz v gJh j? s/ fiXo d/ y dk jK T[ X o T[ j h wB s/ fJz d ohnK s/ fJsBk ekp{ oZ y d/ ;B fe ;dkfd;dk j? . g{ o k Fpd fJt/ I j? L- nekbg[oy dh ;zrs ftu ftuod/ ;B. T[j 1573 JhLn? ; k Bkw[ osB[ fBow b e[ gz [ f B gdkoE[ gkfJnk (;z w s 1631) ftu nekb ubkDk eo rJ/ id u" E /nfBe isB efo fjod? okfynk osB[ B Sg? SgkfJnk fgsk r[ o { okwdk; ih r[ o rZ d h s/ fpokiwkB ;B.jfo r[B ejs/ ejB[ B ikJh i?;/ r{zr/ eh fwfmnkJh-ojkT[ gq G eh T[ ; sfs eoj{ ;z s whso;Bk ows ;[ B s ;[ y [ ;q t Bk fus u/ s / ;[ y [ j J h ;ktXkB J/ekro uhs (gzBk-295)ej[ GhyB d[ f J B? B ;z s y / ij d/ y k sj ; J h .. - ;o{ g f;z x nbZ r (gz B k-659) T[ B Q K d/ T[ e s d j K FpdK s I Bkw dh wfjwk fBoXkos okrK ftZu ;[nkdbk ns/ fwZmkd/ ;opzrh doFB j[zd/ jB. Bkw dh wjsZsk gqsh T[BQK r[opkDh ehosB ;[BD bJh ;gzoe eod/ nehd/ dk ;kozF r[opkDh dh fBwB gzrsh Bkb w/b yKdk ikgdk j? LfifB jfo fjod? Bkw[ B tf;UfsB ;fG ekoi che (gz B k - 1336) e[ M ;Z i D fJj Ngbk yk iKd/ jB id I T[ jfJj efjzd/ jB fe r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu nzes d FpdT[ ; ;z s dot/ F ;Z : d Ghyw Fkj d/ jB fiBQ K B/nkgDh f}z d rh dk pj[ s k ;wK gfNnkb/ d/ B/ V / fgz vx[Vkw ftu r[}kfonk, fiE/ T[BQK dk wepok th pfDnk GkH GiB f;zxjfJnk j?. fJE/ fJj ;gZFN ehsk iKdk j? fe x[Vkw ji{ o h okrh iZ E k r[ o d[ n kok ;do, byBT{ c B L 09807008989 (15)
  16. 16. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu nkJ/ okrK pko/ ikDekoh1H okr[ f;oh okr[ (gz B k 14 s I 93) @@okrB w/ f;oh okr[ gko; pykB j? # # f;oh okr r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu ;G sI gfjb/ nkfJnk okr j? s/ fJ; Bkb ;pzds pkDh gzBk 14 sI93 se nzes j?. fJj okr Gkos dh okr ;zrbh dk fJe g[okDk go emB okr j? fi; ~ ;[xV ;zrhsekojh rk ;eD dh w[ j kos oyd/ jB. w[ y eo e/ fJj ;z f Xnk t/ b / Fkw ~ rkfJnk ikD tkbk okr j? . tz B rh L- w/ s h s wz d o T[ ; ofj osBh s j f j iVkT[ e;s{ f o e[ z r { nrfo uz d fB bhfg nkt? ukT[ ws[ d/ f y G{ b k th;o? s/ o k fufs B nkt? BkT[ H HHH (gz B k-14) f;oh okr rkT[ D dh i[ r s fJt/ I j? L- no j L ; o[ w/ , g Bh ; nto j L ; Bh X[ g w/ r o[ ; tkdh L o[ ;z t kdh g w[ y nz r L ;, o[ o[ g, ;/ r o[ , o[ o[ , ; .2H okr wkM (gz B k 94 s I 137 se) s/ tko wkM eh (gz B k - 137 s I 150 sZ e ) fJj okr gzikp d/ wkM/ fJbke/ ftu goubs ;zrhse s/ be X[BK sI T[gfink jD ekoB fBob gzikphokr j?. m/m gzikph GkFk ftu ouh r[o{ ;kfjpkB dh pkDh, fBob gzikph okr ftu rkJ/ ikD Bkb i nBzd;ofsnK d/ fdb fdwkr s/ nkswk TZ[s/ pDdk j?, T[j toBD sI pkjo j? jo gzikph fe;/ Bk fe;/ o{g ftufJ; okr sI gohus j?. r[o{ noiB d/t ih B/ pkoK wjhfBnK d"okB wB[Zyh wB dh dFk dk i toBD ehskj?, T[; pkDh ~ fJ;/ okr ftu rktD dh jdkfJs ehsh j?. okr wkbk ftu fJ; okr dk f}eo BjhI nkfJnk.tz B rh L jfo ifg ig/ wB[ Xho/ - ojkT[ f;wfo f;wfo r[ o d/ T [ fwfN rJ/ G? d{ o / ;ofB nkt? gkopq j w eh sk fcfo ekj/ M{ o / uoB ;/ t ;z s ;kX e/ ;rb wB o E g{ o / HHHHHHHHHHHHHH gz B k 132$133okr wkM rkT[ D dh ftXh fBwB goeko j? L-no j L ; o w g Bh ;Into j L ;I B[ h X g, X w r w, o g r[ o r[ ; o Bh ;.tkdh L o ;z t kdh L g (16)
  17. 17. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012w[ y nz r L g, X w r w, o g, w r[ , o[ r[ w o B HBh ;3H okr[ rT[Vh (gz B k 12 s I 13 ns/ 151 s I 346) rT[ V h okfr ;[ b yDh i/ y;w? fufs eo/ f J GkD? ub? ;fsr[ o { e? n? ; k ;hrko[ eo/ f J (gz B -311) ;G sI tX pkDh fJ; okr ftu T[ukoh rJh j?. ekoB FkfJd fJjh j? fe fJj okr rzGho goekodk okr j? fJ; bJh rz G ho ftF/ fJ;/ ftu jh rkJ/ rJ/ jB. r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftu nz e s pkDh wB[ Z y h wB~ ftF/ ftekoK ftuI eZY e/ T[; ~ is ;o{g pDkT[D dk T[gokbk eodh j? fJ; bJh fJj ekoi efmB j?,rzGho j? s/ ;zihdrh s/ nXkos j?. rT[Vh okr d/ pkoK tzBrh o{gK ftu pkDh, r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu fwbdhj? fit/I rT[Vh r[nko/oh, rT[Vh u/sh, rT[Vh p?okrfD, rT[Vh g{oph, rT[Vh dhgeh, rT[Vh wkM, rT[Vh ;[ywBhnkfd nkfd.tz B rh s{ z w/ o k pj[ wkD[ eos/ s{ z w/ o k pj[ wkD i f o s[ w ko? ;[ f y t;k ;u[ ;pd[ Bh;kD[ H HHHHH (gz B k-217) okr rT[ V h dh ftXh fBwB doi j? Lno j L ;k o[ / r o[ / w g Bh ;I .nto j L ;I Bh X[ w g, X[ g w r, r o[ ; Bh ;tkdh L o/ ;z t kdh gw[ y nz r L w X[ g X[ w g r w, o[ r o[ ; Bh ;4H okr[ nk;k (gz B k 8 s I 12 se s/ 347 s I 488) fJj nk;k Gog{o okr j? i nzfwqs t/b/ rkfJnk iKdk j? id ;koh ekfJBks ft;wkDh nBzd ftu nzfwqst/ b / dk ;tkd uydh M{ w dh j? . fJ;/ soQ K F[ o i fBz w Q k j D ;w/ I th fJ; ~ rk e/ nkswk sfogs ehsh iKdhj? . r[ o { BkBe d/ t ih, r[ o { nz r d d/ t ih, r[ o { nwodk; ih, r[ o { okwdk; ih, r[ o { noiB d/ t ih, r[ o {s/| pjkdo ;kfjp ih sI fJbktk Grs epho ih, Bkwd/t ih, oftdk; ih, XzBk ih, pkpk cohd ih B/ fJ;okr ~ wkD pyfFnk j? s/ nkgDk fJbkjh ebkw fJ; ftu rkfJnk j? .tz B rh fi;[ Bhu eT[ e J h B ikB? Bkw[ igs T[ j [ uj[ e z [ N wkB? do;B[ wkrT[ d/ f j fgnko/ s[ w oh ;/ t k eT[ B eT[ B B sko/ - ojkT[ HHHHHH (gz B k-386) okr nk;k rkT[ D dh i[ r s fJ; goeko j? L-no j L ; o w g X ;Into j L ;I Bh X g w r o ;tkdh L w ;z t kdh ;w[ y nz r L o w g, X ;I , Bh X g w, r o r ; (17)
  18. 18. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 e"D pD/rk r[of;Zy fgnkok < fJj gqFBsoh e/tb ;t?-gVub bJh j?. fJjBK 6H w?I e/tb wZEk N/edk jK HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH;[ n kbK d/ itkp r[ o { ;kfjp ~ jk}o Bk}o ikD e/ (T) eoBh tkb/ wjKg[ o Fk d/ uoDk #s/fdU ns/ d/ y fe n;hI r[ o f;Z y pDB s I fesB/ edw (n) f;o r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ih nZ r /d{ o jK. (J) fgZgb, epoK, ;wkXK, EfVQnK #s/mhe ;[ n kb ;kjwD/ mhe dk fBFkB brkT[ D k j? . (;) f;o w{ o shnK c N n K #s/1H w?I ehosB ;qtD$rkfJD eodk jK HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH 7H w/o/ bJh r[o{ xo (r[od[nkok) HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH (T) v/fonk dh wBxVs wo:kdk nB[;ko iNhnK #s/ (T) ihtB ;/ X b? D $;/ t k eoB bJh j? (n) eZuh pkDh ~ rkfJD eoe/ (n) f;o bz r o SeD bJh j? (J) f;Zy ofjs wo:kdk nB[;ko fBoXkfos okrK #s/ (J) gq X kBrh$ikD-gSkD pDkT[ D bJh j? (;) pZ s hnK pz d eoe/ jBQ / o / ftu (;) nkgD/ nkg ~ r[ o w[ y fdykT[ D bJh j?2H w?I nkgD/ ihtB dk eko-ftjko eodk jK HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH 8H r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih B/ gzi fgnkfonK ~ gqshfBXsk (T) gz E gq t kfDs f;Z y ofjs wo:kdk nB[ ; ko (n) v/ f onK tZ b I Skgh r[ o wfs ofjs wo:kdk fdZsh ;h HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH nB[ ; ko (T) wBwo}h d/ ? ; b/ b? D bJh (J) e[ M ;kXK tb I Skgh yoVk r[ o wfs ofjs (n) nkgDh gkoNh$db$;z;Ek d/ jZe ftu c?;b/ wo:kdk nB[ ; ko b? D bJh (;) nkgDh wBwo}h w[ s kpe (J) r[opkDh sI ;/X b? e/ gzE ~ uVQdh ebk ftu3H w?I nkgDk d;tzX eZYdk jK HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH fbikD bJh (T) e/ t b bz r oK bJh (;) e/ t b Bro ehosB dh nrtkJh bJh (n) ;z r wowo$T[ Z u hnK fJwkosk bJh 9H r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp wfbe Gkr eb rJ/ HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH (J) Xow gq u ko$b" v tz d K dh wdd bJh (T) T[;d/ jzeko ~ sV e/ r[owfs ;/X d/D bJh (;) eZ Y dk jh BjhI (n) pq j w G i B SeD bJh4H w/o/ bJh f;Zy e"w dh ;otT[Zu ;z;Ek e/tb HHHHHHHH (J) fJbke/ dh gq X kBrh b? D bJh (T) nekb s]s ;kfjp dk iE/ d ko (;) GkJh bkb ~ B e oh fdtkT[ D bJh (n) nekb s]s$r[owfs f;XKs (J) fi; ;z ; Ek Bkb w? I i[ f Vnk jK 10H w? I ;wMdk jK r[ o pkDh nB[ ; ko F[ Z G fdjkVk (;) Fq w Dh r[ o d[ n kok gq p z X e ew/ N h HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH5H f;Z y ofjs wo:kdk nB[ ; ko ;z r s ftu e/ t b (T) ;z r oKd dk j? gqtkD j? HHHHHHHHHHHHH (n) fi; fdB joh gq G { :kd nkT[ I d k j? (T) gz i hoh dk gq F kd (J) wZ f ;nk$g{ o BwkFh dk j? (n) cbKnK dk gq F kd (;) fi; fdB wkfJnk dh tZ X gq k gsh j t / . (J) eVkj gq F kd dh d/ r (;jh itkp bJh g/ i 21 d/ y I ) (;) ekb/ S f bnK dk gq F kd (18)
  19. 19. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 pkfpnK B/ nkT[ D k j? fJe r[o{ fgnkok nkgD/ rqfj fty/ ;qh r[o{ rqzE s I jh T[ g idk j? . ;z s g[ D / dk fotki pj[ s jh tXdk;kfjp ih d/ gq t / F eoB s I gfjbK gotko ~ efjD ik fojk j? , id fe r[ o { ;kfjpkB B/ ;G r[ o f;y jhbZrk fe ;Zu/ gksFkj dh ;tkoh rqfj fty/ fbnkT[Dh ;ki/ ;B. fJ;/ bJh r[ o { ;kfjpkB d/ ;w/ I ns/ Y/ oj? sK gfjbK T[ B Q K ;G okjK dh g{ o h soQ K ;ckJh eo fuo fgSI se th f;y fJfsjk; ftu fe;/ ;zs dk f}eobJhJ/, fiBQK okjK sI wjkoki ih ~ b? e/ nkT[Dk j?. se BjhI fwbdk. r[o{ ;kfjpkB d/ nfBzB f;y @@GkJh##; T[ j tho nkg th ns/ gotko d/ ihn th MkV{ b? gd Bkb jh ;fseko/ iKd/ oj/ jB. nZ i eZ b Q d/ ;z se/ rbh wjZ f bnK ~ j{z M D br gJ/ . nKYhnK nkgD/ nzdo Mksh wkoB fe eh T[j GkJh r[odk; ih,r[nKYhnK g[fSnk fe fJj ekjd/ bJh eo oj/ j < sK pkpk p[ZYk ih GkJh wBh f;zx ih nkfd sI th tZv/ jBT[so fdsk fe pkfpnK B/ rqfj fty/ nkT[Dk j?. fJ; < T[BQK ftuI fe;/ B/ th ;zs BjhI ejkfJnk. r[opkDheoe/ ;kc eo oj/ jK. ftu @;zs# gd r[o{ ;kfjpkB gqEkfJ iK pj[-tuB o{g @@pkfpnK B/ nkT[ D k j? # # ;[ D e/ eJh b e Bkb ftu ;kX ;z r s gq E kfJ jh nkfJnk j? . fJ; tX ojhbr gJ/ ns/ E V / ;w/ I ftu ;ko/ w[ j Z b / j{ z M / rJ/ ns/ phwkoh ~ mbQ gkT[D dh bV j?. r[opkDh dk c[owkDgkDh sq"fenk frnk. fJ; sI T[gozs T[j r[o{ fgnkok j? Lgotko r[od[nkok ;kfjp sI ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ih dh ;fsr[ o eh pkDh ;fs ;o{ g [ j? ,;tkoh ;kfjp u"o eod/ jJ/ ns/ Fpd ehosB eod/ r[ o pkDh pDhn? . .j J / rq f j fty/ g{ o B ;fseko Bkb fbnkJ/ . ;fsr[ o eh oh;? j f o eu[ fgu[ p b d/ , nKYh r[ n KYh fJj e[ M t/ y e/ efjD br/ fe ;/ e[ f Vnko e{ V / MfV gVhn? . .n;K sK ;wfMnk ;h fe @@pkfpnK B/ nkT[ D k j? , s/ (gz B k L 304)skjhT[I n;hI th ;ckJh eokT[D ftu Bkb br gJ/ ;Kgo fJj sK ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp dh ;tkoh jh j? . ## ;[wB ;[ve{-01 T[gqes xNBk sI gsk brdk j? fe nkw v/fonK ;[ v e { ftZ u 9 f;Z X hnKtkfbnK pkfpnK bJh jh fiBQ K B/ nkgDh wkD- ns/ 9 N/ v hnK gZ N hnK 8 7gq f sFNsk tXkT[ D bJh eJh soQ K d/ gyz v -ikb sD/ tkb/ torK ~ e[M fJ; 8 2 6j[ z d / jB, r[ o wfs s I nBikD G b / Gkb/ b e K d/ wBK soQK GoBk jz[dk j? fe 4 1 3ftu pVk jh f}nkdk ;fseko pfDnk jfJnk j?. fJBQK jo/ e ykB/ ftu (fi; 3 8 5 7 6pfpnK d/ Nkeo/ s/ d ijkB s/ be gqbe d/ tkbh ;Zu/ dh ;z f ynk th 9 j[ z d h 8 4 1 9 j? ) ftu 1 s I 9 sZ e 6 9 2 3 1gksFkj ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ih bJh nwbh s"o s/ eJh nz e nkT[ D . fJBQ K 3 2 8;fseko BjhI. fJBQK gyzvh r[o{nK ns/ v/fonK d/ ;zs gZNhnK, ekbwK s/ 6 7 1pkfpnK bJh sK j}koK be ;VeK, FN/FBK ns/ jtkJh ykfBnK ftu fe;/ 1 8nZfvnK s/ T[wV e/ g?Id/ jB, go ;fsr[o{ ih dh ;tkoh ;zfynk dk eJhfbnkT[D bJh eJh t/o Bkb gzi f;zx th BjhI j[zd/. d[jokU BjhI jz[dk. (i/eo fJ; soQK j[zdk j? sK s[;h y[d d/yr/ pkfpnK d/ fJj v/o/ ns/ ;zsg[Dk r[o{-vw dk jh fe g{oh ;[-v-e{ gj/bh fe; soQK rVpVk iKdh j?) ;XkoB s"ofJe gfjbk gVkn j?. r[o{-vw fJBQK dh g{ik gqfsFNsk #s/ jo/e ;[-v-e{ gj/bh dk f;oc fJe jh ;jh jZb j? ;edk j?. (19)
  20. 20. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 f;Zyh ns/ fJfsjk; ;z;ko dk uDtK ;kfjs gVQfdnK ftukoK dk f;ZyK ~, s/rK ;{s e/ w?dkB ftu th T[sko fdZsk.ftek; j f Jnk. ihtB pshs eofdnK fiz B hnK f}zdrh dk ofjpo, iK e/Ido fpzd{ r[o{ pD frnk.n"eVK okj ftZu nkJhnK, T[BQK sI jo fdqVsk fwbh. pkeh ;Z G dh S[ Z N h eo fdZ s h. f;Z y K ~ @g{ o Br[opkDh gVQ e/, ftuko eofdnK wkB d[BhnK dk nk}kdh## d/D dk fprb tik fdZsk.;op s w yikBk gq k gs j ikD fiz B h ][ F h fwbh ;dhnK sI ;Ekgs j u[Ze/ g[ikoh, fsbwbkr[o{pkDh sI jZe ;Zu, fBotkDsk s/ ;{owrsh gqkgs T[ m / . ikpo jkew nZ r pp{ b k j rJ/ . w[ s y o /eo e/, w"s ~ fNZu eo e/ ikDB tkfbnK dk ihtB ;kX ;zs s/ gyzvh r[o{ ftF xbD bZr/. nkw iBskgVQ e/ , ]{ B dh rsh s/ } j iKdh j? . fJZ e wjkB jkbh fJzBh ;[u/s BjhI jJh ;h fe fdqVsk Bkb r[o{BkfJe r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp B/, fJ; Gkosh fyZs/ ftZuI, tkb/ y/w/ ftZu gqt/F eo ;edh. f;Zyh d/ d[FwDK B/@@nkN/ d/ pkftnK, fwZ N h d/ wkX n K, gZ E o dhnK beK ~ vokfJnk, XwekfJnk, bkbu fdZs/. i/ fcow{osK## ~ nfij/ iKpki iX/ pDk fdZsk, fe T[j jo th eJh Bk wzfBnk sk ;w/I dhnK ;oekoK Bkb rzYgk;/ f}zdrh d/ i/s{ Fkj ;tko pD rJ/. EV/ ;w/ s{g eo e/, p/ UVe efjo Ykfjnk frnk. ;ohoeI nzdo, fiZE/ w[;hpsK p/nzs MZbhnK, T[E/ gqkgshnK iK nkoEe xkNk f;Z y podkFs eod/ rJ/ .th pj[s tZvhnK ehshnK. r[o{ pkpk ih dh nBwb ukbpk} d[FwD B/ f;XKse gZyI u"soh jwb/ eof;fynk Bkb f;Z y jo soQ K d/ G? s I w[ e s j rJ/ fdZs/. r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih sI wroI, EVh d/o nzdoeoweKvK sI feBkok eo rJ/. iV g{ik iK ftnesh jh e{V e[o d/ ;kfjZs dk jV nk frnk. r[opkDhg{ik sI nZr/ bzx e/, fBozeko d/ dotk}/ #s/ gj[zu d/ ukBD ~ o e D tk;s/ , d[ n kb/ ez X K T[ ; korJ/ . ;ko/ tyo/ t / I fwNk e/ , @@wkJh GkJh## pD fdZ s hnK. epoK wVhnK, oZ [ y fpoy shoE ;o t o,rJ/. y[ZbQk ;[Gk, ;[v"b ;oho, ;kdk ihtB, ;jDh ;Z G g{ i / ikD bZ r gJ/ . r[ o pkDh dh T[ Z s w;{os, f;nkDg ns/ fwjBs Bkb, @@pZpo F/o## pD ftukoXkok sI T[bN ;kXK ;zsK wjzsK v/fonK, wZmKrJ/ H HH. Ne;kbK dk jV nk frnk. r[ o pkDh dk n;bh pkpk BkBe dh bk;kBh f;fynk d[ n kok, j[ew r[zw eo fdZsk frnk. ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp sIfiBQK dh @@T[Zuh iks## BhthI j rJhI, fiBQK dh g{ik r[orZdh jfEnk e/, v/o/dko ;kX ][d r[o{ pD p?m/wkBsk ]sw j rJh, fiBQK d/ shoE ;[zB/ jD bZr jB. nDfrDs fvrohnK (;z s , g{ o B ;z s , pq j wgJ/ , fiBQ K v/ f onK ftZ u I n:kFh d/ nZ v / ]sw j D frnkBh, ftfdnk wkosz v , wjkoki s/ ;fsr[ o {bZr/, i ;dhnK sI @GrtkB# pDk e/ g{i/ ik oj/ ;B, nkfd) nkgD/ BktK d/ nZr/ fgZS/ BZEh eo bJhnK.T[ j gZ E o d/ N[ e V/ B}o nkT[ D bZ r gJ/ . fsbe r[ o { dh pkDh s I s V e/ , bZ u o feskpK u/ f bnK ~wkbk, Xsh bNk, izi{ eZyI jb/ eo ftykJ/. g[okD/ gVQ k JhnK ikD bZ r hnK. r[ o { ;kfjpkB d/ goXow rqzEK d/ gVd/ T[sko e/, n;bhns iZr }kjo T[geko ;[DkT[D dh Ekt/I, gyzvh ;zsK dhnK M{mhnKeo fdZsh. g{iD ir d/thnK, d/tfsnK ~ no; sI p/f;o g?o dhnK ejkDhnK ;[DkJhnK ikD bZrhnK.oF #s/ fbnk ;[ZfNnk. ikbw okfinK ~ fiE/ oZs j"bh j"bh f;Zy gzE noF sI coF #s/ nkD fvZrk.ghD/ nky e/ fcNekfonk. T[E/ Bkb jh ftrV/ jJ/ gqpzXe ew/NhnK B/ nkgD/ o} dh gSkD BkjkewK ~, okj f;o fbnkT[ D bJh nkgD/ ;/ t e ehsh. rbeK ~ pVh p/ofjwh Bkb |bs EktK #s/ (20)
  21. 21. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012o j fVnk. ;kXtkd sK tfXnk jh ;h s/ gq p z X e r[ o { BkBe d/ t L nkgD/ pko/ew/NhnK th fJZe tZv/ v/o/ dk o{g XkoB eo u[ehnK Guru Nanak Dev : About HimselfjB. gzikj ;kbK sI j"bh j"bh nZr/ tXfdnK, @;qhwkB ;z s K f;o ;z s , jo us[ o kJh ftu fBg[ z B , gz u ss ek g[ s bk,r[ o XkwK #s/ ekp} jB. ;kX tkd ~ mZ b Q gkT[ D BkBe w/ o k BkT[ iBw;kyhtk;s/, f;Zy gzE ~ r[owfs dk frnkBh d/D tk;s/ I am a puppet Compounded of five elementseJh gqpz X BjhI ehsk frnk. brGr ;ko/ My name is Nanak. Janam-Sakhir[ o dtkfonK ftZ u ;kXK d/ u/ b / th rq z E h iK eEktkue t/y/ ik ;ed/ jB. fJj be ngD/ wjKg[oyK GfJnk fdtkBk ;kj ek, BkBe[ pT[okBk,v/ f onK s I f;fynk e[ c o, fBs fdB ;N/ i K #s/ oT[ jfo fpB[ , nto[ B ikBk. wko{ , 991;[DkT[Id/ jB. fBob s/ fBnko/ gzE ~ eow eKvh I, insane Nanak, am madyko/ ;kro ftZ u roe eo fdZ s k j? . after the Divine King. I have become crazy after Him @@;zs eh fBzdk## dk voktk d/ e/ nZi sZe fJj and I recognise none other than Him. Maru, 991.be nkw f;ZyK dh }pkB pzd eo fdzd/ oj/ jB. ;k~;wM nk rJh j? fe fJj b e e J h ;z s iK pjq w r[ o { BkBe d/ t L oZ p ih d/ YkYhfrnkBh BjhI jB. ;r I gz E s/ uVQ h nekFt/ b jB. Guru Nanak Dev : Bard/Minstrel of the LordiVQ K ~ bZ r h f;T[ I e jB. r[ o { n K Bkb I d/ t hnK, d/tfsnK d/ tZX jib/ jB ns/ ni{Bh ;?Gz nekb g[oy oT[ YkYh t/ e ko[ ,tkfjr[o{ dh irQK ftFB{ GrtkB okwuzdo ih GrtkB, eko? bkfJnk. wkM, 150feq F B ih GrtkB efj efj e/ ;or[ D o{ g k dk I was a bard out of work. God blessed me with his service. Majh, 150ftnkfynk ft;Eko eo oj/ jB. b e K ~ fsnkr dkT[ g d/ F eod/ jB, s/ ][ d fjo;h d/ bkbuh jB.eoVK dhnK ikfJdkdK pDk u[Ze/ jB. Gb/ ;/teK dk BkBe ;u[ ;kbkfj, g{ok gkfJnk wkM, 150i e K tKr fBs ]{ B u{ ; d/ jB. nkg nkgD/ v/ f onk By praising the True One;zsK d/ u/b/ pDkT[Id/ jB. r[opkDh dhnK d gzeshnK and adoring the Eternal Truth,d/ noE BjhI ;wMkT[Id/ ;rI @wzso ikg, gkm f;woD# I have attained to the Perfect Lord. Majh, 150eokT[Id/ jB. r[opkDh gVQBh, ;[DBh, ;wMDh s/ wzBDhj[zdh j?. r[opkDh dk c[owkB nfij/ beK goEkJ/ jh oT[ YkYh ek Bhu ikfs,j? , gVQ L j f o T[ s w ikfs ;dkfJd/ BkT[ ceho? gkfs;kj, w{ o y gz f vs[ BkT[ . . fsB wz r k fi s[ M ? fXnkfJd/ nk;k, 468 I am Gods minstrel of a low caste, nz X / dk BkT[ gkoy{ , J/ t ? eo/ r[ n kT[ . . Others claim to be of higher castes. fJbfs ek BkT[ uT[ X oh, e{ V h g{ o / EkT{ . . But I seek only the company of these BkBe r[ o w[ f y ikDhn? , efb ek J/ j [ fBnkT[ . . who meditate on You, O Lord ! Asa, 468 e" D pD/ r k r[ o f;Z y fgnkok dk T[ Z s o (1288) GkJh fJzdo f;zx xZxk 1 (J) 2 (T) 3 (J) 4 (n) 5 (J) 6 (n) 7 (T) 8 (J) GkJh ;[yftzdo f;zx ;Gok 9 (T) 10 (n) (21)
  22. 22. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 T{ F kgkB - sz d o[ ; sh dh ez [ i h ( Water Therapy) ) ep}h fBtkoe ns/ orK ~ GikT[D dk nfsnzs j iKdh j? . n;hI fJ;~ pdp{ d ko E[ Z e ;wM e/ gkDhekoro s/ bkGdkfJe sohek. ;kv/ ;oho dk br GZr Bkb X ;[ZNd/ jK. gozs{ nkX[fBe ftfrnkB dhnK ;XK70% fjZ;k gkDh Bkb pfDnk j?. fJ; soQK gkDh ;kv/ Bkb fJj f;ZX j u[Zek j? fe fJj rzX:[es E[Ze s/ bkobJh fJe nfjw t;s{ j? fi; pr?o ;kvk ihtB ;zGt ftZu ihtkD{nK ~ wkoB dh Fesh j[zdh j?. E[Ze BkbBjhI j?. gkDh dk ;kv/ ;oho s/ ftF/F gqGkt g?Idk j?. orkD{ BFN j iKd/ jB sK T[jBK ~ or ~ tZXD dhgkDh fJe goeko Bkb ;oho ~ ubkT[D dk ezw eodk skes BjhI fwb gkT[ I d h.j?. gkDh ftZu nB/e gqeko d/ r[D j[zd/ jB. fJj ;kv/ fJ; bko ftZu GiB ~ rbkT[D dh skes j[zdh;oho d/ SN/ tZv/ nzrK, eFektK, wk;g/FhnK nkfd ~ j?. fJ; bJh u{bh eoe/ fJ; ~ eZYDK BjhI ukjhdkFesh gq d kB eodk j? . ;oho ftu gq t / F eoB tkb/ ;rI gkDh d/ Bkb jh fJ;~ gh ikDk ukjhdk j?. idIihtkD{ n K iK ftFkD{ n K ~ nkgD/ Bkb fwbk pkjo n;hI ;t/o/ sVe;ko fJ;~ (bko) nzdo fBrbd/ jKeodk j? . fJ; ftu ftF/ F wjZ s t T{ F kgkB dk j? . sK bko dh Fesh d[rDh j iKdh j? ns/ fJj w{zj d/T{FkgkB dk noE j? - gqksL ;{oi fBebD sI gfjbK }yw, SkfbnK nkfd ~ nkgD/ nkg mhe eo fdzdh j?gkDh ghDk. fJj dzd ;kc iK u{bh ehs/ fpBK jh ghDK ns/ fJj bko g/N ftZu ik e/ jo phwkohnK ~ mhe eoukjhdk j?. sKp/ d/ posB ftu oZy/ jJ/ gkDh ~ fizBK fdz d h j? . vkeNoK dk efjDK j? fe i/ G{ z v eZ N ikJ/ghsk ik ;e/ uz r k j? . sK ;t/o dk E[Ze vze tkbh irQk s/ brkT[D Bkb ekch go xN sI xZN ;tk ;/o Gkt ;tk fbNo Gkt d nokw fwbdk j?. U;/ soQK yki y[ibh n?|}hwK nkfdrbk; sK ghDk jh ukjhdk j?. fco 45 fwzN sZe eJh s/ th ;t/ o / dk E[ Z e brkT[ D Bkb uwsekoh n;oth ghD tkbk gdkoE BjhI ghDk ukjhdk. fJ; gkDh fd;dk j?. n;hI ikDd/ jK fe ikBto eN/ }yw ~ ihGdk fJZe bkG fJj th j? fe g/Fkp dh wksok f}nkdk Bkb uZ N e/ mhe eo b? I d / jB. bko ftZ u n? ; k sZ sj t / r h s/ ;oho dh FZ [ X h th j t / r h. F[ o { ftu i/ ;tk j[zdk j? i }yw ~ ;[yk fdzdk j?. rowh d/ w";w ftZufbNo gkDh Bk ghsk ik ;e/ sK j" b h j" b h wksok T{FkgkB fdB Go sk}rh s/ mzve fdzdk ofjzdk j?, rbktXkU. f;js ~ pDkJh oZ y D bJh ;t/ o / gkDh ghDk th BjhI ;[ e dk. wfjz r hnK dtkJhnK s I puD bJhdtkJh dk ez w eodk j? . fJj sK nBw b w s h j? i T{ F kgkB fJZ e pj[ s jh tXhnK gq : r j? . fJ; Bkbn;kBh Bkb fwbdk j?. ;t/o/ idI n;hI T[md/ jK sK pj[ s ;ko/ o r mhe j[ z d / d/ y / rJ/ jB. ;wki ftZ u;kv/ ;oho dk nzr nzr tZyoh Fesh dh ekwBk eodk ofjD tkb/ ;ko/ tor d/ fJ;soh g[oy T{FkgkB Bkbj?. fJj ekwBk s/ Fesh gkDh d/ okjhI nk;kBh Bkb bkG T[ m k ;ed/ jB. fJ;d/ nBz s bkGK ~ t/ y e/g{ o h j[ z d h j? . id n;hI oks Go rfjoh BhI d ;" I e/ fJ; ~ n;hI uwsekoh fufes;k th efj ;ed/ jK.T[md/ jK sk bko (fJe gqeko dk gkuB o; i bf;ek Gkosh foFhnK d[nkok ehsh rJh yi T{FkgkB ~rq z E hnK ftu I fBeb e/ G i B ~ j}w eoB ftZ u nZi d/ ftfrnkBhnK B/ nfsnzs T[g:rh f;ZX ehsk j?;jkfJsk eodk j?) rkVQh j e/ ;kv/ w{zj ftZu fJeZmh s/ T[ ; ~ tkNo E? o / g h Bkw d/ e/ T[ i kro ehsk j? . (22)
  23. 23. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012T[jBK B/ fJj f;ZX ehsk j? fe F{ro, pbZv gq?Fo, iVK f}nkdk bkG j[ z d k j? . fJZ e tko i/ Bk ghsk ikt/ sKdk dod, f;o dod, dwk, r? ; wkf;e Xow dk 5-10 fwz N pkd o[ e e/ gh b? D k ukjhdk j? . F[ o { ftZ u;w/I f;o BK nkT[DK, fdb d/ or, wNkgk, NhHphH, tks i/ f}nkdk gkDh ghDk ;zGt Bk j ;e/ sK o} j"bh j"bhfgZs, ec or, beohnK (gqdo) tkb or, uwVh or, wksok tXkJh ikt/, id sZe fBoXkos wksok sZe BKep}h ftZu fJj pj[s jh bkGdkfJe j?. fJ;d/ Bkb gj[ z u ikJ/ .jh T{ F kgkB gkuB-;z ; EkB ~ F[ X eoe/ o r K s I ;k~ oks ftZu ;oho dh jbub iK ;oho ftZu gkDhpukT[Idk j? s/ fJ;d/ Bkb y{B dh F[Xsk, y{B dk tZXDK dh rsh Bkb irQ k irQ k ;oho ftZ u ftF? b / gdkoEs/ nzsVQhnK dh ;kckJh th jD brdh j?. T{FkgkB d/ fJeZ m / j iKd/ jB. ;t/ o / ikrd/ jh ;oho ftZ u ;jhpkd ehsk frnk pq/eck;N dk ;tkd jh tZX ikJ/rk. wksok ftZ u gkDh gj[ z u D Bkb ;oho d/ nz d o{ B hGiB guD :r j ikJ/rk. nB[Gt s/ siofpnK Bkb fjf;nK dh ;ckJh j iKdh j? fJ; bJh ;oho ftZ u IfJj f;Z N k fBefbnk j? fe T{ F kgkB Bkb j/ m fby/ ;fji/ jh ftF?b/ gdkoE fBebD ftZu n;kBh j iKdh;w/ I ftZ u jo soQ K d/ o r d{ o iK pj[ s xZ N j iKd/ j? s/ fBeb th iKd/ jB. i/ fJj gkdoE BjhI fBebd/jB - sK swkw o r K dk fJj jh ekoB pDd/ jB.1- sBkn ( Hypertension) fJe wjhB/ ftZ u T{FkgkB pk;h w{zj eoB dk fB:w j?. w{zj ftuI2- tk:{ fteko ( Gastric) 15 fdB ftZ u ;"Id/ ;w/I e[M ;ohoe ftF - (}fjohb/ gkdoE) (wkT{mk3- ep} - 15 fdBK ftZ u gkJ/ iz;) dh gos izw iKdh j? fJe tko ekch wksok4- F{ r o - fsz B wjhfBnk ftZ u ftZu gkDh ghD Bkb pj[s ;kok jbek xb ;oho ftZu5- e? I ; o - S/ wjhfBnK ftZ u gj[zudk j?, i @t?e;hB# dk ezw eodk j?. T[;d/ gqGkt6- sgfde - fsz B wjhB/ ftZ u Bkb ;oho ftZ u T[ j BK ftfFnk ~ ysw eoB tkb/7- g/ N d/ o r - fJe wjhB/ ftZ u n?IN?pkfJNh} fsnko jD brd/ jB. fJ; Bkb ;oho8- i V K dk dod - fsz B wjhfBnK ftZ u dh or oXe ;woZEk dk ftek; j[zdk j?. ; ;t/o d/9- w N kgB - 6 wjhfBnK ftZ u ;w/I fpBK u{Zbh ehs/ T{FkgkB eoB dh nkds gkT[Dh10- f;o dod - fJe wjhB/ ftZ u ukjhdh j?. fJj gkDh s/ w{zj dh bko dtk dk ezw eo/11- nZ y K dh phwkoh - fJe wjhB/ ftZ u rh ns/ ;oho d/ nzdo jD tkb/ orK sI S[Nekok fwb12- jo phwkohnK ftZu bkG S/ wjhfBnK ftZu j[zdk ikt/rk. fJ;dk ckfJdk n"os, wod, pZu/, p[ZY/ iK fe;/j? . th Xow d/ be T[mk ;ed/ jB. fJ; bJh n;hI efj fJ; ftZ u ;tk bhNo T{ F kgkB Bkb pj[ s bkG ;ed/ jK fe T{FkgkB szdo[;sh dh ez[ih j?. fJj gq:rfwbdk j?. fJj f;ZX gkfJnk frnk j? fe fJ; T{FkgkB fJe dw ;kdk s/ ;ob j? . fJ; ftu fJe th g? ; kBkb S[ghnK jJhnK jo phwkohnK th mhe j iKdhnK you BjhI j[zdk. ;kv/ d/F d/ beK fpBK you s/ fpBKjB. dtkJh d/ no r sk gq k gs eoB dk fJj uwsekoh oks ~ d/o Bkb ;"D d/ ekoB i be ;t/o/ ibdh ftfrnkBh gq : r j? . j[ D ftd/ F h b e th fJ;d/(T{ F kekb) BK T[ m ;eD, T[ j id I ikrD T[ d I jh nDfrDs bkG d/ y e/ fJ; ~ ngBkT[ D bZ r / jB.fJ;dh tos I eoB. nZ i s I s[ ; hI th ngDkU. fejk th frnk j? - gkDh p/m e/ jh ghDk ukjhdk j?. i/ oks ~ sKp/ nB/ e o r K dk fJZ e jh T[ g uko. T{ F kgkB d{ o eo/d/ posB ftZ u ofynk frnk gkDh j t / sK T[ ; Bkb dod j}ko.. - : r h Gz t o bkb p? d , i? g [ o (23)
  24. 24. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 f;Zy Xkowe gqFBIsohgq F B L T[j fejVk ftnesh ;h fi; B/ ;G sI gfjbK gq F B L T[; ftnesh dk BKn dZ; fi; B/ r[o{ rfpzd r[o{ BkBe d/t ih dh ;yFhns ftuI r[o{ jD f;zx dh c"i ftZu Fkwb j e/ nkgD/ d g[Zso dh gfjukD ehsh < Fjhd eotkJ/ ns/ r[o{ ih dk ed/ th ;kE BkT[ Z s o L b X h pz ; dk GZ N h w[ ; bwkB okJ/ p[ b ko. SZ f vnk <gq F B L iZ r ~ skoB dh w[ f jz w ftZ u r[ o { BkBe d/ t T[ Z s o L nzpkbk d/ B/V/ ;Y"ok fgzv dk ;Jhnd gho pZ[X{ ih dk gfjbk ;kEh e" D ;h <T[ Z s o L w[;bwkB fwok;h GkJh wodkBk i 54 ;kb r[o{ Fkj. Gz r kDh d/ :[ Z X ftu T[ j nkgD/ 700 ih d/ Bkb fojk. w[ohdK Bkb r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih Bkb wY/ Bkbgq F B L T[ j fejVk gfjbk ftnesh ;h fi; ~ f;Z y wYk iV e/ bfVnk, nkgD/ 2 g[Zso ns/ fJe Xow ftZ u GkJh j D dk o[ s pk fwfbnk < Gok Fjhd eokfJnk. fJ; sI fpBK gho ih d/T[ Z s o L wodkBk. jo pj[s ;ko/ w[ohd th fJ;/ izr ftZu Fjhdgq F B L Gkosh ;kfjs ftu @fjzd[;skB# Fpd dh ;G j J / . s I gfjbh tos I fe; B/ ehsh ns/ feZ E / < gq F B L r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih gho p[ZX{ Fkj dofwnkBT[ Z s o L r[ o { BkBe d/ t ih B/ pkpo d/ jwb/ ;w/ I fJbkjh fgnko ~ do;kT[Idh eJh xNBk dZ;< nkgD/ fJZ e Fpd ftZ u ehsh i ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftZ u fJT[ I doi j? L T[ Z s o L r[o{ ih gho ih tbI n"y/ ;w/I ehsh wdd sI p/ @@y[ o k;kB y;wkBk ehnk fjz d [ ; skB vokfJnk. jZd y[F ;B. T[j gho ih ~ p/F[wko sjfcnk nkg? d ; [ B d/ J h eosk iw efo w[ r b[ uVkfJnk. Bkb bZ d d/ D k ukj[ z d / ;B. go id I r[ o { ih J/ s h wko gJh e[ o bkD? s? eh dod B nkfJnk..## nkgD/ ezx/ Bkb e/; tkj oj/ ;B sK gho p[X{gq F B L r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp B/ pkpo dh c"i ~ eh BKn Fkj B/ r[o{ ih ~ ezxk s/ d;sko s/ feogkB fdZ s k < sjc/ tiI wzrh. r[o{ ih B/ fdb d/ ;ko/ fgnkoT[ Z s o L gkg eh iz M Bkb fJj s j c/ gho ih ~ d/ fds/ i gho ihgq F B L gzikp ftZu r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp d/ BKn s/ pDh d/ gfotko B/ ;fseko Bkb ;KG/ j J / jB. :{ B htof;Nh feE/ j? < gq F B L fjz d { Xow d/ w N / w N / f;XKs fejV/ jB <T[ Z s o L nz f wq s ;o ftZ u .gq F B L T[ j fejVK ftnesh ;h fi; B/ f;yK d/ T[ Z s o L t/dK, T[gfBFdK f;woshnK ftZu ftFtkF, iBw ;otT[ u Xkofwe n;EkB dopko ;kfjp dh nXkfos toD tz v ftZ u ftFtkF, w{ o sh g{ i k BhI j oZ y h < ftZ u ftFtkF ns/ ;z ; feq s d/ d/ t GkFk ftuT[ Z s o L w[ ; bwkB ;[ c h ceho ;KJh whnK who. j D dk ftFtk;.gq F B L pz d k f;z x pjkdo Bkb Fjhd j D tkb/ j o gq F B L eh f;Z y Xow dk T[ g o e s f;XksK Bkb e J h fez B / f;z x ;B < tk;sk j? <T[ Z s o L pzdk f;zx pjkdo Bkb 700 sI T[go f;zxK B/ T[ s o L d{o dk th tk;sk BjhI. jK f;y ;ko/ XowK d/ Fjhdh fdsh, s;hj/ MZ b / ns/ fJZ e th f;z x Xkofwe rq z E K s/ oj[ o hsK dh nk}kdh d/ w"s sI xpokfJnk BjhI, vfonk BjhI. fJ; dh fJfsjk;e rtkjh nz r o/ } K B/ fdZ s h j? . nbz p odko jB. (24)
  25. 25. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012gq F B L idI f;ZyK dk tZvk fjZ;k fjzd{nK ftuI nkfJnk w[;bwkBK dh okyh dk ezw ykb;k gzE B/ y[d j? sK fco f;Z y Xow ~ fjz d { Xow dh Fky ;zGkfbnk ns/ fJe th w[;bwkB dk ikBh iK efjD ftZ u eh jo} j? < wkbh B[ e ;kB BjhI j D fdZ s k. nZ i thT[ Z s o L 1) fJ;kJh Xow d/ b e :j{ d hnK ftu I nkJ/ w[;bwkB fJ;/ Ffjo ftZu ;[yh ;Kdh tZ;d/ jB jB. eh n;hI ed/ fJ;kJhnK ~ :j{ d h Xow ns/ wb/ o e N bk n;? I p bh jbe/ s I ;dk dh Fky efjzd/ jK < dt/I Xow tZyo/ tZyo/ Xow w[ ; bwkB n? w Hn? b HJ/ H jh fiZ s dk j? . d/ s" o s/ ikD/ iKd/ jB. gq F B L d[BhnK dk fJe-fJe T[j fejVK Xkofwe rqzE 2) Gkos ftZu 2 eoV sI T[Zgo fJ;kJh ofjzd/ j? fi; ftZ u tZ y tZ y XowK d/ wz B D tkb/ jB. T[j ;ko/ d/ ;ko/ fjzd{nK ftuI nkJ/ jB. wjKg[oF d/ ebkw ~ pokpo dh EK s/ ;fseko eh T[BQK ~ ed/ fjzd{ Xow dh Fky fejk frnk. fdZ s k frnk < 3) Gkos ftZu 12 eoV sI T[go w[;bwkB th ofjz d / jB. fJj pj[ s tZ v h frDsh ftZ u T[ Z s o L ;q h r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ih, fi; ftZ u fjz d { n K, fjz d { n K ftu I nkJ/ jB . eh fJBQ K w[ ; bwkBK w[;bwkBK s/ dfbs FDhnK Bkb ;pzXs wjkB ~ ed/ fjz d { Xow dh Fky fejk frnk j? < GrsK dh gftZso pkDh Fkwb j?.gq F B L eh f;Z y Xow fjz d { dh Fky j? < r[od[nkfonK ftZu fJ;/ wjkB rqzE dk gqekFT[ Z s o L fJj rZ b th f;Z y e" w s/ f;Z y Xow dk x o j[zdk j? fi; ~ nkgDk r[o{ wzB e/ ;w[uk f;Zy fBokdo eoB d/ pokpo j? . fJj rZ b eoB gzE ;h; fBtkT[Idk j? ns/ fJ;/ rqzE sI ykb;k tkb/ iK sK fJfsjk; s/ Xow d/ v{zx/ ;zebgK gz E dh uVQ d h ebk ns/ ;opZ s d/ Gb/ dhnK s I e o / jB, iK wub/ ns/ iK fco fJe frDh d[ n ktk wz r dk j? . fwEh ;kf}; d/ nXhB fJj rZ b K ehshnk ik gq F B L d[BhnK Go dhnK ;fGnsktK dhnK T[sokJhnK ojhnK jB. s/ uVQkJhnK dh v{zxh sI v{zxh dk;skB efjD f;Z y Xow fJZ e ;[ s z s o Xow j? . fJ; dk tkbk ;z;ko gqf;ZX fJfsjk;eko fejVk j? < nkgDk wkB wZsk fJfsjk; j?. fJ; dk nkgDk TZ [ s o L nz r o/ } fJfsjk;eko nkoBbv NkfJBph. Xkofwe rqzE j? ns/ nkgDk Xkofwe e/Ido j?. ( Arnold Joseph Toyanbee : 1889-1975) ) fJ; dhnK nkgDhnK oj[ ohsK th jB. fJ; gq F B L r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp s/ f;Z y Xow pko/ T[ ; B/ eh jehes ~ ;z;ko gqf;ZX ftdtkBK B/ pkekfJdk GftZypkDh ehsh < wkBsk fdZ s h j? . T[ Z s o L @@wB[Zy dk Xkofwe Gfty X[zdbk j? go fco thgq F B L f;Z y gz E B/ F/ o w[ j z w d ykB d/ ;fseko ftZ u fJ; d/ pkti{d fJe uh} d/yh ik ;edh j? fe eh ehsk < fiT[ I d / ikrd/ s/ T[ u hnK wz } bK tkb/ XowTZ [ s o L ykb;k gz E B/ F/ o wj[ z w d ykB dh :kd ftZ u gfjbK dh fB;ps j[D fJe d{i/ d/ tX/o/ B/V/ wb/oeNbk fty/ @jkn dk Bknok# r[od[nkok nk oj/ jB HHHHHH Gfty ftu XowK ftueko jD pDkfJnk. csfjrVQ ;kfjp ftZ u Fjhdh tkbh ftuko uouk ftu f;y Xow ns/ r[ o { n;EkB fty/ fJZ e r/ N dk BKn @F/ o w[ j z w d rqzE ;kfjp dh pkDh eb e[ZM n?;h ftF/; rZb ykB r/N# oZfynk ns/ fjzd-gkfe tzv ;w/I 1947 }o{o j? i pkeh ;koh d[BhnK ~ dZ;h ik ;edh ftZ u wb/ o e N b/ dh i{ j ftZ u tZ ; D tkb/ j? . ## (25)
  26. 26. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø é¶ éò¶º ÃËéÅ î°ÖÆ òܯº ÕîÅé çíÅñÆ éòƺ ÇçµñÆ, (¶ܧÃÆÁź)-Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø ÜÅäÕÅðÆ î°ÔµÂÆÁÅ ÕðòÅÀ°ºç¶ Ãé¢ Çìz׶âÆÁð ç¶é¶ ÃËéÅ î°ÖÆ ç¶ ð±ê ÒÚ ÁÅêäÅ ÁÔ°çŠçíÅñ ÇñÁÅ¢ ð±ê ÒÚ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ê¶éÇÃñòÅéÆÁÅ ÃÇæåÜéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø é¶ Üéðñ òÆ. Õ¶. ÇÃ§Ø çÅ ï±éÅÇÂÇàâ Ãà¶à ÁÅðîÆ òÅð ÕÅñÜ ÒÚ íÅ× ñËä ç¶ÃæÅé ÇñÁÅ ÇÜé·Åº çÅ ÃËéÅ î°ÖÆ ç¶ éÅñ ÔÆ Ã§ï°Õå ðÅôàð çÆÁź ç¯ð± ê ÒÚ BF îÔÆé¶ çÅ ÕÅðÜÕÅñ î°ÇÔ§îź ÒÚ òÆ Õ§î ÕÆåÅ¢ ÜéðñÇòòÅçź ÒÚ ÇØÇðÁÅ ÇðÔÅ¢ ÃËéÅ î°ÖÆ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø çÅ ÇòÁÅÔ Ã°ðÜÆå Õ½ðç¶ ð±ê ÒÚ EI ÃÅñÅ Üéðñ ÇìÕðî éÅñ Ô¯ÇÂÁÅ å¶ À°é·Åº ç¶ ç¯ ìµÚ¶ Ôé¢ÇÃ§Ø çÅ ÕÅðÜÕÅñ ç¯ ÃÅñ å¶ Çå§é ç±Ü¶ êÅö ÃËéÅ î°ÖÆ ç¶ ð±ê ÒÚ ÁÅêä¶îÔÆÇéÁź ñÂÆ Ô¯ò¶×Å¢ ÃËéÅ î°ÖÆ ç¶ ÇòòÅç×zÃå ÕÅðÜÕÅñ ç¶ ìÅÁçð±ê ÒÚ Çéï°ÕåÆ å¯º êÇÔñź Üéðñ öòÅ î°Õå Ô¯ä òÅñ¶ Üéðñ òÆ. Õ¶.ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø Õ¯ñÕÅåÅ ÃÇæå ÃËéÅ çÆ ê±ðìÆ ÕîÅé ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ÁµÜ ÇÕÔÅ ÇÕ BF îÔÆé¶ ç¶ À°é·Åº ç¶ ÕÅðÜÕÅñçíÅñ ðÔ¶ Ãé¢ Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ÁµåòÅç ç½ðÅé ÃËéÅ çÆ Á§çð±éÆ ÃÇæåÆ ÇìÔåð Ô¯ÂÆ ÔË¢ FBÇòð¯èÆ î°ÇÔ§î òÅñ¶ Ö¶åðź ÒÚ ÕÂÆ îÔµåòê±ðé ÃÅñÅ Üéðñ òÆ. Õ¶. ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ÇÂæ¶ ÁÅêäÆ ÇòçÅÂÆÁÔ°ÇçÁź Òå¶ Õ§î ÕÆåÅ¢ ÇÂà ÇòÚ ÃzÆé×ð ÃÇæå ×Åðâ ÁÅë ÁÅéð ç¶ ìÅÁç ÇÕÔÅ ÇÕ À°Ô À°Ã ØàéÅAE Õ¯ð ç¶ Õ¯ð Õîźâð å¶ ÁÖé±ð ÃÇæå A@òƺ 鱧 ñË Õ¶ ÇÚ§åå Ãé ÇÜà ÇòÚ ÇÂÕ î¶Üð é¶ ÇÂÕÇâòÆ÷é çÅ î¶Üð Üéðñ çÅ ÁÔ°çÅ ôÅÇîñ ÔË¢ Üéðñ ëðÜÆ î°ÕÅìñ¶ çÆ ÇôÕÅÇÂå ÕÆåÆ ÃÆ å¶ ñËëàÆé˺àÇÃ§Ø ÁÅêä¶ ç¯Ãåź ÒÚ ÇòµÕÆ éźÁ éÅñ îôÔ±ð Ôé¢ çñìÆð ÇÃ§Ø Ã°ÔÅ× çÆ Á×òÅÂÆ òÅñÆ åÆÜÆ Õ¯ð À°é·Åº é¶ ÃéîÅÇéå íÅðåÆ ÃËéÅ ÁÕÅçîÆ òñ¯º Õ¯ÂÆ ÜÅºÚ éÔƺ ÕðòÅÂÆ ×ÂÆ¢ íÅðå ç¶ ÃÅìÕÅ(ÁÅÂÆ. ÁËî. ¶.) 寺 ÇéÕñä ç¶ ìÅÁç ÇÃµÖ ñÅÂÆà ø½Ü î°ÖÆ Üéðñ ܶ. ܶ. ÇÃ§Ø å¯º ìÅÁç ÇÂà ÁÔ°ç¶ÇÂéë˺àðÆ ðË÷Æî˺à ÒÚ CA îÂÆ AIGB 鱧 ÕÇîôé åµÕ ê°µÜä òÅñ¶ Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø ç±Ü¶ ÇõÖêzÅêå ÕÆåÅ¢ ÁÅÂÆ. ÁËî. ¶. ÒÚ À°é·Åº 鱧 ÒðäéÆåÆ ÁÇèÕÅðÆ Ôé¢ 31 îÂÆ ç°êÇÔð¶ ðµÇÖÁÅ î§åðÅñ¶ ÒÚå¶ Á×òÅÂÆÒ ñÂÆ Ü§î±-ÕôîÆð ðÅÂÆëñà ïé å×îÅ ø½Ü î°ÖÆ ç¶ Õîð¶ ÒÚ Üéðñ òÆ. Õ¶. ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ÁÅêä¶å¶ ÃzÆ×ä¶ô àzÅëÆ êzçÅé ÕÆåÆ ×ÂÆ¢ ÇÂéë˺àðÆ ÃÕ±ñ À°µåðÅÇèÕÅðÆ Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø é±§ ø½Ü çÆ ÕîÅéÒÚ é½ÜòÅé ÁÇèÕÅðÆ ç¶ ð±ê ÒÚ ÇÃÖñÅÂÆ ç½ðÅé ýºêÆ¢ Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø ê±ðìÆ ÕîÅé 寺 ë½Ü î°ÖÆÀ°é·Åº 鱧 ÒÕîź⯠âË×ðÒ å¶ ÒìËÃà ÇÂé àËÕÇàÕÃÒ àzÅëÆ åµÕ ê°µÜä òÅñ¶ ê§Üò¶º ÁÇèÕÅðÆ Ôé, Üéðñ òÆ.êzçÅé ÕÆåÆ ×ÂÆ¢ Üéðñ ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ìËñ×Åî ÃÇæå Õ¶. ÇÃ§Ø òÆ ê±ðìÆ ÕîÅé ç¶ ÔÆ Õîźâð Ãé¢ ÃðÕÅðÆÇÂéë˺àðÆ ÃÕ±ñ ç¶ Õîź⯠Çò§× ç¶ ÇõÇÖÁÕ ç¶ ð±ê ÃËÇéÕ ÃîÅÚÅð 鱧 ǧàðÇòÀ± ç½ðÅé Üéðñ ÇìÕðîÒÚ ÒÚ òÆ Õ§î ÕÆåÅ¢ Üéðñ ÇìÕðî ÇÃ§Ø ÕÅðÇ×ñ ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ÇÕÔÅ ÇÕ À°Ô ø½Ü çÆ ÇÕö òÆ Ú°ä½åÆ ñÂÆï°µè ç½ðÅé ÃËéÅ çÅ ÇÚÔðÅ Ãé ÇÕÀ°ºÇÕ À°Ã Ã À°Ô ÇåÁÅð Ôé å¶ Çå§éÅ ÃËéÅòź ÒÚ åÅñî¶ñ òèÅÀ°äÃËéÅ î°ÇÔ§î âÅÇÂðËÕà¯ð¶à ÒÚ Õ§î Õðç¶ Ãé å¶ À°Ô Òå¶ òÆ À°é·Åº çÅ ÷¯ð Ô¯ò¶×Å¢ À°é·Åº 鱧 êðî òÇôôàíÅðåÆ Ö¶åð 寺 ç°ôîä ç¶ ÃËÇéÕź 鱧 Öç¶óé ñÂÆ Ã¶òÅ, À°µåî ï°µè öòÅ, ÁÇå òôÇôà öòÅ å¶ ÃËéÅÃËéÅ ç¶ Áµ×¶ òèä ìÅð¶ îÆâÆÁŠ鱧 ÇéïÇîå îËâñ éÅñ òÆ ÃéîÅÇéå ÕÆåÅ ÜÅ Ú°µÕÅ ÔË¢ (26)
  27. 27. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012gz i kph ;[ w B dh Bz t h ;z g kdeh Nhw Xz B Xz B Xz B iB[ nkfJnk byBT{, byBT{, wksk e"bK ih GbkJh e/Ido e/ gqteskf;Zy ;wk} d/ ;opihs f;zx d/ nB[;ko e?w dh wjkB ;yf;:s GkJhT[Zu eNh d/ ;kfjp GkJh r[ o fJepkb f;z x B/ 22 i{ B s I 24 i{ Bp[Xihth, ;qh r[o{ se :{0gh0 dk 3 o}k dok eoe/ byBT{, eoB?brzi,rfpzd f;zx rvk ns/ pjokJhu dhnK ;zrsK ~ r[opkDh ehosB;NVh ;oeb d/ ns/ r[opkDh ftukok Bkb fBjkb ehsk. ;ko/ ;wkrwKf J z N o B / F B b ;0 pqfizdo gkb f;zx ;0 joGiB f;zx ih ftZu ;zrsk dh jkioh Gog{o ojh. r[od[nkok BkekeKT[;b d/ uhc norBkJh}o, ;0 pqfizdo gkb f;zx fjvIbk ftZu frnkBh ;zs f;zx w;ehB n?e/vwh d/ 6ns/ f;Zy :zr w?IB} n?;fFJ/;B byBT{ d/ ;ogoFs t/I ;kbkBk ;wkrw ftZu GkJh ;kfjp B/ 23 i{B dh Fkww? I p o ;0 joGiB f;z x B/ fJ; gsoek d/ ;z g kdeh wBjo ehosB ehsk ns/ wksk e"Ibk ih GbkJh e/Ido;bkjeko d/ o{g ftZu ;ogoFsh gotkB eo bJh j? dhnK 11 ftXtk phphnK ~ ;{ N G/ I N ehs/ . 24 i{ B ~fJ; sI gfjbK ;qh ;[ywBh ;kfjp ;/tk ;[;kfJNh Bkb ;t/o/ 5 ti/ F[o{ jJ/ ;qh ;[ywBh ;kfjp ;/tk ;[;kfJNhi[ V e/ f;Z y Xkofwe gq F B s oh ns/ ;/ t k f;woB ;ko d/ gq r okw ftZ u fjZ ; k fbnk ns/ ;[ y wBh ;kfjp dkdh ;/tk eo u[e/ Bfozdo f;zx wIrk B/ gzikph ;[wB d/ gkm, ehosB ns/ d g fjo ftZ u 11 s I 1 ti/ se;z g kde dk ez w F[ o { eo fdZ s k j? . frnkBh ;z s f;z x w;ehB n? e / v wh d/ gq r okw ftZ u d[ p kok ehosB ns/ r[ o pkDh ftuko Bkb ;z r sK ~ gz i kph ebk;K ifVnk. fJ; ;ko/ gqrokw ftZu fBogkb f;zx gkbh, byBT{, ;qh ;[ywBh ;kfjp ;/tk ;[;kfJNh tZbI ns/ wBwhs f;zx pzNh dk Gog{o :rdkB fojk. GkJhrowh dhnK S[ZNhnK ftu 6 ;/INoK s/ r[od[nkok Bkek ;kfjp 3 ti/ cbkJhN s/ Fqh nfwqs;o tkg; ub/ rJ/.fjzvbk, r[od[nkok nkdoF Bro, r[od[nkok f;zrkoBro, r[od[nkok rfpzd Bro, r[od[nkok fJzdok Brons/ r[od[nkok BkBe fgnkU, n?b0vh0n?0 ekbBh fty/ g? o / I N b eKT[ ; fbz r ns/e[b 332 pZfunK ~ r[ow[yh ns/ Xkofwe ftZfdnk dhf;fynk fdZ s h rJh/ . ;ko/ pZ f unK ~ ;wkgB ;wkrw pZ f unk dk ;BwkBeoke/ fJBkwK Bkb fBtkfink rfJnk. fJjBK ;/INok byBT{, fJ;zNhN:{N nkc f;Zy ;Nvh} byBT{s/ ;[ ; kfJNh d/ w/ I p oK ;0 s/ i gkb f;z x , ;0 i? g kb u/gNo tZbI 28 i{B 2012 ~ r[od[nkok nkbwpkr ftZy/f;z x , ;0 ox[ p ho f;z x , phph irBhs e" o , ;0 e/ 0 10 thI ns/ 12 thI ebk; ftZ u 80 ch;dh s I finkdki/ 0 n? ; 0 Grs, ns/ phph ;opihs e" o B/ ;/ I N ok d/w[Zyh dh ;/tk ehsh. ;ko/ ;/INoK d/ g{o/ fJzsikw dh fiZw/ Bzpo fbnkT[D tkb/ ;ko/ r[of;Zy pZu/ ns/ pZuhnK ~tkoh Bfoz d o f;z x w I r k B/ ;z G kbh. fJBkwK Bkb ;BwkBs eoD dk T[gokbk ehsk frnk byBT{ , f;Z y :z r w? I B } n? ; f ;n? F B byBT{ j?. NNb 90 ch;dh tkb/ pZu/ ns/ pZuhnK ~ pb/}otZ b I rowh dhnK S[ N hnK ftZ u ngB/ dcso ;q h r[ o { ns/ fJZ e ftF/ ftZ u 100 ch;dh Bz p o fbnkT[ D tkb/s/r pjkdo GtB uzdo Bro ftZy/ gzikph ebk;K bk pZ u / ns/ pZ u hnK ~ N/ p b/ N ghH;hH fJBkw ftZ u fds/e/ 68 pZfunK ~ r[ow[yh ns/ Xkofwe ftZfdnk fdsh, ikDr/. fJ; gqrokw ftZu g?o/INb eKT[;fbzr th ehshfi; ftZ u ;0 nihs f;z x ns/ ;0 ;[ o ihs f;z x ik ojh j? fi; ftZ u wK fgT[ ~ pZ u / ns/ pZ u hnK dhokigkb B/ Gog{o ;/tk ehsh. 17 i{B 2012 ~ ebk;Kd/ ;wkgB ftZ u pZ f unk ~ fJBkwK Bkb fBtkfink gVkJh fet/I ns/ fe; ftF/ ftZu eokfJn/ dh ;bkj thfrnk. fdZ s h ikJ/ r h. (27)
  28. 28. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e i[bkJh 2012 ;[ w B gj/ b h - 01!15 sohe se fwbD tkb/ ;jh itkb s/ 500 o{ 0 fJBkw fdZ s / ikDr/ . fJe s I finkdk ;jh itkp jD s/ fJBkw pokpo-pokpo tzfvnk ikJ/rk. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 BK HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH gskHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHc B $w 0 HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH G/ i D dk gsk L gz i kph ;[ w B, 215$295 e, ;[ G kF wkor, d[ r ktK, byBT{ T[ Z s I fEZ b / L- yZ p / s i ;Z i / L- 1- r[o{ HHHHHHHHHih fiBQK w;fid pBtkJh. 5 3- S/th gksFkjh HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH ;{owk . 5 2- pb 3 4- ftFB{. 4 3- doFB 3 5- Xz B ;z g dk. 3 8- e{ V hI n k ~ fdZ s k iKdk j? . 2 6- ;kuh ;kyh d/ b/ y e. 5 9- B e o. 2 7- wjkB Fjhd. 4 10- we V k. 2 9- ;yh ;kEB. 3 12- y{ B trdk j? . 2 11- ftnkj eoB ufbnk 2 14- otkp. 2 12- :{ X 2 15- Grs ih i byBT{ ftZ u g? d k j J / . 5 13- jb{nk pDdk j?. 2 16- fdZ b h ftu j? . 4 17- emh, wekB. 3 18- fgnko eoBk. 5 20- uwVh. 2 19- w{ ; / oz r V ~ ; f Xnk. 4 22- n? e kT[ I N . 2 21- wjkB f;Z y eth i pjkdo Fkj ~ gVkT[ I d / ;B.4 ;B.4 24- gVB tkb/ . 3 23- tkik i d;w gkfsFkj tikT[zd/ ;B. 3 25- ;w{ j . 2 24- f;Z y BjhI yKd/ . 2 26- ;e{ b . 3 27- noEk ;fjs. 3 28- fiBK fdZbh fish ;odko HHHHHHHHHHf;zx 3 (28)

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