August 2012

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August 2012

  1. 1. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 R.N.I. NO. UPPUN/2008/25934 gzikph ;[wB gz i kph wkf;e;kb 5 nz e 4 nr;s 2012 BkBeFkjh ;ktD$Gkd I sseok ;z g kde ;z g kdeh 3 11 wkou, 1783 dk ;[GkrkHHHHHHHHHHH 4 ;0 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk e-mail ;fsr[o{ ~ HHHHHHHHH 5 ;zgkdeh ;bkjeko r[ o { BkBe d/ t L oZ p h dhdko d/ Ghye HHHHHHHH 5 ;0 pqfizdo gkb f;zx r[ o { BkBe d/ t L oZ p ih dh ;op HHHHHHHH 5 ;0 joGiB f;zx r[ o { BkBe d/ t L oZ p ih d/ p[ b ko/ HHHHHHHH 5 ftfrnkgB ns/ ftsoD gqpzXe gkme fbyd/ jB HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH 6 ypoBkwK ns/ ;orowhnK HHHHHHHHHHH 7 ;0 wBwjB f;zx ggbh d/F dh nk}kdh ftu f;Zyk dk :rdkB HHHHHHHH 10 ;zgkdeh dcso nebhI ehu? dkB HHHHHHHHH 11 215$295 @e# ;[GkF wkor d[rktK byBT{ - 226004 r[ o { BkBe sg;EkB-g/ w F [ p { (no[ D kub)HHHHHHHH 13 cB L 91-522-4047893 iksK-gksK d/ Bkw s/ r[ o d[ n ko/ e w HHHHHHHHHHH 15 Email : office@punjabisuman.com Gkos d/ ;[ s z s q s k-;z r okw ftZ u HHHHHHHHHH 16 http://www.punjabisuman.com nk}kdh HHHHHHHHHHH 19 gzikph ;[wB v[ p Z d h p/ V Q h HHHHHHHH 19gqthB e/;otkBh fgqzNo, gpfbFo s/ ;k~ f;Zy jD s/ wkD j? go HHHHHHHHHHHHH 20wkbe B/ nkc;/N fJzvhnk, 182$4, GkJh r[odk; ih dhnK tkoK ftZu HHHHHHHHHH 21bZb{wb ov, wFerzi, byBT{ sISgtk e/ dcso gzikph ;[wB 215$295 ikDekohHH22 r[ o { rq z E ;kfjp ftu nkJ/ okrK pko/ ikDekohHH 22@e# ;[GkF wkor d[rktK byBT{ sI pZ u / g[ Z S d/ jB HHHHHHHHH 23gqekfFs ehsk. ;zgkde GkJh sko{ f;zx HHHHHHHHHH 23 ;0 Bfozdo f;zx wIrk ezuB ek:k ;[wB HHHHHHHHHHH 24 b/yeK d/ ftukoK Bkb ;zgkde dk f;Z y Xkowe gq F BI s ohHHHHHHHHHH 26 ;fjws jDk }o{oh BjhI j?. iatkch lqeu ;[wB tor gj/bh HHHHHHHHHHHH 28LoRokf/kdkjh] izdkkd] eqnzd izohu dsljokuh }kjk foFs/ HHHHHHHHHHHHHH 29vkQlsV bf.M;k] 182@4] yYywey jksM] ekdxat nkU gzikph f;yhJ/ HHHHHHHHHHHH 30y[kuÅ ls eqfnzr ,oa 215@295 d] lqHkk"k ekxZ]nqxkok¡] y[kuÅ ls izdkfkr fd;kA gzikph gV, gzikph fby, gzikph pb. lEiknd % l0 ujsUnz flag eksaxk (1)
  2. 2. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 BkBeFkjh ;zws - 544 bwrh mwhw mWJ gurpurb Bwduie Brim BulwxIAw dUjY lgw hyqu] lK sM p U r nqw idvs sR I gu r U gR M Q swihb jI 30 AgsqsIgwr bxwieAw kwrij nwhI kyqu] ijqu idin dyh pihlw pR k wS sR I gu r U gR M Q swihb jI 1 sqMbribnssI iqqu vy l Y khsin pR y q u ] pkiV clwiein dU qjm iksY n dynI Byqu] Cif KVoqy iKnY mwih ijn ieiqhwsk idhwVyisau lgw hyqu] hQ mroVY qnu kpy isAwhhu hoAw mo r cw gu r U kw bwg 8 Agsqsyqu] jyhw bIjY so luxY krmw sMdVw Kyqu] nwnk pRB jo V my l w bwbw bkwlw swihb 2 AgsqsrxwgqI crx bo i hQ pR B dy q u ] sy Bwdu i e nrik n ShIdI sM q hrcM d isM G jI lO N go v wl 20 AgsqpweIAih guru rKx vwlw hyqu]7] Gkt L- fit/I g?bh ftu i e[M phihJ/ T[jh c;b tZY srkwrI Cu`tIAW qy hor idhwVy;ehdh j?, fst/I fJ; ;oho dh okjhI fij fij/ eow wB[Zy SR I ikR S n jnm-AStmI 10 Agsqeodk j? T[j fij/ ;z;eko T[; d/ wB ftu fJeZm/ j[d/ iKd/ AzwdI idvs z 15 AgsqjB. ;, d[BhnK d/ Bk;tzs gdkoEK Bkb gkfJnk jfJnk eId-aul-i&qr (eId) 20 Agsqfgnko wB[y ~ ;koh T[wo e[okj/ gkJh oydk j?, s/, fJjBK Z Please visit for Punjabi Suman ongdkoEK tkbk ;kE Gh nk]o w[e iKdk j?. r[o{ dh FoB www.punjabisuman.comg? e/ yZfNnk jfJnk gqG-uoBK dk fgnko jh n;b ;kEh j?, for with Sikh Religious Questionnaire {s/ ;[ydkJh j?. & Listen Live Gurbani Kirtan (2)
  3. 3. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 r[ o d[ n kfonK dk gq p z X f;nk;s dh gqkgsh bJh gVQh BjhI nk}kdh fwbD t/b/ fJe feZ;k gqubs ;h fe fJe ;odko ;kfjp sI fjzd{,w[;bwkB d;sK B/ ;tkb ehsQK fe sozr/ dk fJe ozr fjzd{nK dk j?, d{ik jok ozr Bfoz d o f;z x w I r kw[;bwkBK dk, uZeo ns/ fuZNk ozr pXhnK ns/ fJ;kJhnK d/ jD, s[jk~ s[jkvhe[opkDhnK dk eh fwfbnk. ;odko ;kfjp dk itkp ;h, fJ; Mzv/ ftu bZrh jJh vkzr eh s[jkv/ fgT[ dh j?,fJj vkzr ;kvQh j?. nk}kdh d/ pkd ;kvQh wjobhnk eskoK d/ B/sk oki;h skes d/ pikJ/, r[od[tkfonK dhgqpXeh bJh nkgDh f;nk;s dh ekpfbns dk fJ;s/wkb eoD ftZu o[M rJ/ fi; dk Bshik fJj jfJnk eh zT[j BK uzr/ oki B/sk pD/ s/ Bk jh gqpzXe. BshiK fJj jfJnk fe ;kvQh vKr ;kvQ/ s/ y[; rJh s/ ;kv/ B/skr[od[tkfonK dh gqpXeh bJh nkg; ftu jh bVd/ oj/ ns/ oki;h y/so ftu ;kv/ B/sktK dh s;tho ukgb{;K ziK nDwZshnK d/ jZE oki;h fyvfDnK dh pB e/ ofj rJh. d{i/ gk;/ tX fojk gfss g[Dk th ;kvQ/ ewh B/sktKdh Xkowe Bkekpfbns dh ejkDh efj fojk j?. iB rD wB nfXBk:e i? j? Gkos Gkr ftXksk, gzikp, f;ZX,r[ioks wokmk HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH ok;No rhs d/ ou?sk oftzdo BkE N/ro B/ gzikp ~ ;kfonK ;{fpnK dh esko ftZu gfjbk ;EkB d/ e/ i wkB fdZsk ;h T[; ~ ;KG e/ oyDk ;kvQh io{os j?. ;qh r[o{ jforfpzd ;kfjp ih B/ Xow ns/ f;nk;s ~ eZfmnK io{o ehsk ;h go fJ; dk Gkt fJj jofriBjhI ;h fe n;h Xow ~ f;nk;s d/ nXhB oy e/ s[ohJ/. f;nk;s Xow dh okyh bJh ;h ns/ n;K Xow dhnkV ftu f;nk;h bkG ~ nkgD/ ihtB dk nkXko pDk fbnk. ;kv/Q nkr{nK B/ gzE d/ eoVK o{g? you eoe/ehs/ ik oj/ Xkowe fJeZmK, ibf;nK, ib{;K sI uDK fiZsD dk nkXko Gb/ pDk fbnk jt/ go ew dk eJh GbkBjhI j ;Zfenk. fBs tX ofjnk gfssg[Dk ns/ nkgD/ fto;/ sI tX ojh d{oh fJ; dk gqwkD j?. gkoNhgkbhfNZe; B/ p/Vk roe eo fdZsk j?. pV/ nc;; dh rZb j? fe ;N/iK s/ rZbK n;h d/F dhnK, f;Zyh dhnK,gzE dhnK ns/ Xow gquko dhnK eod/ jK go fBFkBK ;kvQk e[M jo jh j[dk j?. ;Zu pbd/ BjhI fe ;Zu pfbnK zB wkfJnk fwbDh j? s/ B f;ogkU ns/ ;fseko. n;h 15 nr;s ~ nrq}k sI nkikdh dh to/rY wBk e/ y[F I/ zjd/ jK go ed/ ;funk fe n;K fi; ;[nkoE eoe/ r[bkwh ;j/Vh ;h eh T[; ;tkoE sI nk}kd j rJ/ jK fi;bG d/ ekoB nkgD/ ;wki ns/ d/F sI rZdkoh j[zdh j? fe T[; sI nk}kdh fwb rJh j?. fJe Bo?D dk; sI r[oXkw w[es eokT[D bJh eJhnK B/ FjhdhnK fdshnK. ni ;kv/ nkr[nK dh feqgkBkb fezBQ/ Bo?D dk; Ekg/ rJ/ jB. nc;; fJ; rb dk j? fe gzE w{e doFe pD e/ ;G e[M d/y fojk j?.T[BKQ FjhdK dhnK o{jK ebgdhnK jDrhnK fiBK e[opkBhnK d/ e/ r[o{xoK ~ nk}kd eokfJnk. ;oeko T[dIth v/odkoK, w;zdk d/ jZe ftu ;h s/ nZi th v/odkoK ns/ gqpXe o{gh w;zdk ~ ;oeko ns/ okiBhse gkoNhnK / / zdh ;ogq;sh jk;b j?. fJjBK gqpXek, v/odkoK B/ eh bfjQDk j?, gzE ewio jdk j? s/ jt. nZi oki ;Zsk d/ z / I /G[y/ f;Zy bhvoK eoe/ f;Zy v/fonK dh Gowko j ojh j?, r[od[nkok bfjo f;co j rJh j?. f;Zy ;wki dh nr[tkJh Ztk;s/ v/o/dko nk rJ/ jB. v/o/dkoK d/ Grs wzsoh ns/ tNK wzrD tk;s/ ;zs ;wki. ;wki dh ;/tk eoDtkb/ dk eJh w[b BjhI. gqpXeK dh w/jo Bkb gzE dk g?;k r[oxoK sI eZmk je/ v/odkoK dh ;zgsh ftZu spdhb Z z { /j fojk j?. v/odkoK dh nopK dh ;zgsh fJ; dh rtkj j?. gzE dh nwkBs fJj XzB ;zgdk ;EkBe s"o s/ be / ZGbkJh ftZu fJ;s/wkb jIdh s/ mhe ;h. (3)
  4. 4. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 fiZBQK f;nk;s dk ngokXheoD ysoBke j?, T[BQK jh v/fonK dk f;nk;heoD. jkbs fJsB/ ftrVrJ/ jB fe v/odkfonK sI f;ZyK dhnK T[Zusw ;z;EktK th BjhI puhnK. v/odkoK s/ r[o{xoK ftu gfssK ns/ / /nDwshnK ~ f;og/ ns/ ;Zu/ ofjstkB f;ZyK ~ XZe/ ns/ ngwkB oi dh rZb j?. r[od[nkfonK ftZu r[o{ dhwZs d/D tkb/ gqukoeK r[o{ d/ tihoK dh j?f;ns gqpXeK d/ fBih BeoK sI finkdk BjhI j?. r[o{ e/ tiho f;og/ zd/ e/ gqpzXeK d/ f;nk;h fjsK ~ g{ok eod/ jB skfe gqpzXe f;nk;h y/so ftZu ;cbsk gk ;eD. nZSk j[zdki/ r[o{ e/ tiho f;oc s/ f;oc nzfwqsXkoh ofjstkB r[of;ZyK ~ jh f;og? d/d. skeh e[gksoK ~ r[o{ wjkoki I /tZbI ;zwkB gqkgs B j[dk. fJfsjk; rtkj j? fe fgqEh uzd B/ r[o{ noiB d/t ih dh fybkcs bJh f;Zy fJfsjk; zftu gfjbh tkoQh fJe oki;h Fesh ;{bjh ykB ~ T[; d/ ;EkB s/ ik e/ r[o{ xo tbI f;ogK G/N ehsk ;h nZi I;kv/ nkr{ ns/ r[od[nkfonK d/ gqpXe, oki;h bkG tk;s/ fgqEh uzd d/ g{ofBnk s/ ubd/ jJ/ f;og/ ns/ feogkBK zr[o{ xo dh G/N efje/ okiB/sktK ~ tzvQ tzvQ e/ ukgb{;h ftu ew dk f;o BhItk eo oj/ jB. gzE dyh nDwZshJ/ Ioki;h B/sktK dhnK emhnK s/ ;kv/ nysh nkr{ f;og/ b?e/ gj{u iKd/ jB. fJBQK ~ B nkgDh fJiZs dk fynkbj?, s/ B jh gzE ns/ r[o{ xo dh. r?o f;nk;h nkdoF bhvofFg bJh gzE ~ ftuko eoBk io{oh j? skeh r[o{XkwK sI e/tb r[owfs dh;/X gqkgs jt/ s/ ;zrs r[o{ Bkb i[V ;e/ ;zrs dk f;nk;h fyvQDK pDBk mhe BjhI. nkT[ gzE dodhn nZr/tX, ;u s/ nkr{nK ~ ;jh okj fdykU. 11 wkou, 1783 dk ;[ G krk fdjkVk, fi; fdB ykb;/ B/ fdZ b h d/ bkb feb/ T[ Z s / ep}k eoe/ e/ ; oh fBFkB M[ b kJ/ cotoh 1783, ftu ;0 iZ;k f;zx nkjb{tkfbnk d/ Bkb fwb e/ rkihnkpkd, p[bzd Ffjo, nbhrVns/ fFejkpkd ~ fisD wro ;0 px/b f;zx B/ 8 wkou 1783 ~ 40 jiko ci Bkb fdZbh sI 16 febI whNod{o p[okVh xkN fty/ v/ok bk fbnk. T[BQK B/ fdZbh d/ eJh pkjob/ fJbke/ ;pih wzvh nkd T[Zs/ jwb/ehs/. fJ; Bkb fdZbh Ffjo ftZu jcVk dcVh wZu rJh. 9 wkou ~ ;0 px/b f;zx B/ fdZbh dh ukodhtkohftZu woh eoe/ gqt/F ehsk. T[j EK nZi th woh r/N eoe/ gqf;X j?. ;0 iZ;k f;zx i fj;ko ftZu ;B, T[Zjth fdZbh gj[{zu rJ/. 11 wkou 1783 dk fdB f;Zy fJfsjk; ftu pj[s ;[Gkrk ns/ d[obZG fdjkVk ;h. fJ;fdB ykb;/ B/ bkb feb/Q s/ ep}k eoe/ e/;oh fBFkB M[bkJ/. ;0 iZ;k f;zx okwrVhJ/ B/ fJe gZEo dh f;bfi; T[s/ pkdFkjK dh sk}gFh ehsh iKdh ;h, fi; f;b T[s/ s]s ;Ekgs eoe/ pkdFkj n"ori/p B/ Bth gksFkjh Z Z z I;qh r[o{ s/| pjkdo ;kfjp ih ~ Fjhd eoB dk j[ew fdZsk ;h T[; 6#— 4# - 0H75## nkeko tkbh f;b ~fdZbh sI ;qh nzfwqs;o ;kfjp gj{uk fdZsk. fJ; f;b ~ fJfsjk;e okwrVhnk p[r/ ftZu g{oh ;zGkb Bkb ;Ekgs z zehsk frnk skfe f;Zy e"w d/ fJfsjk;e ekoBkw/ dh :kd, nkT{D tkbhnK ghVQhnK bJh ;dk bJh F[ofynsoj/. fdZbh dk woh r/N fiZEI fdZbh dh ukodhtkoh ftu woh eoe/ ;0 px/b f;zx ns/ T[jBK dhnK cik B/ IfdZbh cfsj bJh fdZbh ftZu gqtF ehsk, shj jikoh eoN tkbk ;EkB fiZE/ ;0 px/b f;zx B/ nkgDh shj jiko /ci d/ fNeD bJh SktDh pBkJh ns/ fdZbh d/ fJfsjk;e r[o{ ;EkB r[0 Fh;rzi, r[0 pzrbk ;kfjp, r[0oekprzi, r[0 wksk ;zdoh ih ns/ wksk ;kfjp e"o ih d/ nzrhm/ tkb/ ;EkB, r[odnkok pkbk ;kfjp, r[0 wi~ [ [dk Nhbk, r[0 wsh pkr, fiBQK dh yi eoe/ ;0 px/b f;zx ih B/ T[;koh eokJh f;Zyh d/ FkBdko fto;/ s/fJfsjk; ~ ;dk jh doFkT[d/ ofjDr/. XBQ XBQ ;0 px/b f;zx ih fiBQK oki syZs d/ w[ekpb/ nkgD/ r[o{nK Id/ ;ZwkB fBfwZs fJfsjk;e ;EkBK dh T[;koh ~ finkdk sZoihj fdZsh. (4)
  5. 5. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 r[o{ BkBe d/t L oZph dhdko d/ Ghye e-mail Guru Nanak Dev : Beggar of Lords Vision ;fsr[o{ ~ GT[ s/ o k GKr, ybVh w/ o k uhs[ , w? d/ t kBk GfJnk nshs[ , eo ek;k do;B eh G{y,gow g{iBh: pkpk BkBe ih, w? dfo wkrT[ Bhsk Bhs, nkg ih dh ngko feqgk ;dek okih ][Fh jK ih. sT[ do;B eh eoT[ ;wkfJ,nkg ih dh okih ][Fh eh g[SK, nkg ih sK y[d jh nBzd w? dfo wkrs[ Ghfynk gkfJ, Z fsbz r , 721 Your fear, O God, is my hemp-drugd/ ;w/ j. fJj d[Bhnkth ;[y-d[y d/ r/V ftu sK n;hI br and my mind is the leather pouch which holds it.jh c;/ jK. I have turned mad through this intoxication and have become an anchorite. pkpk ih, nZr/ p/Bsh fJIUI j? eh ! nkg ih d/ to;J/ With my hands as the begging bowl,f;Zy nkoEe ns/ ;wkie gZyI uVdhnK ebK ftu jB. jo I hunger for nothing but your sight door. which I beg, day after day, at YoursoQK d/ ;[y-nkokw d/ wkbe jB (Nkt/-Nkt/I ~ SZv e/). Bless me Lord with Your gracious glance InfXnkswe gZyI uVdh ebk fes/ ftob/ jh fdZ;dh j?. t?;/ as I call like a beggar at Yourme. Pray dole out this chairty to portal. Tilang, 721f;ZyK d/ Xkowe iF ns/ T[sFkj ftu eJh ewh BjhI j?. r[o{ BkBe d/t L oZp ih dh ;op-fi; dk gqsy gqwkD r[od[nko/ dhnK nkbhFkB fpbfvzrK, Zbzro, r[og[ot, ns/ gqGksc/ohnK ftu t/fynk ik ;edk ftnkgesk d/ ftFtkFh Guru Nanak Dev : Believer in Lords Immanencej?. d{ f o B ikBk, nz s fo wkBk, n?;k BjhI eh f;Zy s[jkvhnK rZbK BjhI wzBd/. wzBd/ jfo ek wjb[ gSkBk, s[ykoh, 1108s/ jB, go Bkb-Bkb fpgoB dhnK ohsK, nB-wshJ/ I know that You are not far away.fsUjko th ohMK Bkb wBkT[d/ jB. fit/I eV/ d/ Bkb-Bkb I believe that You are within I and I know Your mansion too. Tukhari, 1108jZE ftu bkb Xkrk (w"bh) pzfBQnk nkw fd; g?dk j?. FkfJd s{ z ;GBh EkJh, fiE? jT[ ikJh, IfJj ;ud/ jB eh - ;kuk f;oiDjko[ ihT[ , nk;k, 438 @@w: Gh w:ykB/ w/I ghU, uzdk Gh w;fid w/ d. You exist everywhere. y[dk Gh ][F oj/, n"o F?skB Gh ntk}ko B j..## Wherever I go I find You, O our True Creator ! Asa, 438 Gkt - d p/VhnK ftu bZsK gkJh p?m/ jB. pkpkih ! s[;hI sK nzsoikwh j. xZN-xZN dh ikDd/ j go w?I r[o{ BkBe d/t L oZp ih d/ p[bko/ Guru Nanak Dev : Spokesman of The LordT[; gzikph nykD tKr @@nkyK Xh ~##, @;[DktK ~j ~## i? ; h w? nkt? y;w eh pkDh,d/ nkF/ Bkb ;w/-;w/I s/ fuZmh okjhI jkbks dZ;D dk :sB s? ; Vk eoh frnkB[ , t/ bkb ! I fsbz r , 722eodk ojKrk sK i FkfJd ;ZN yk e/ eJh G[bV nkg ih As the word of the Lord descends to me. Zd/ dZ;/ okj s/ s[o gJ/. So I make it known, O Lalo ! Tilang, 722 G[bK uZ[eK dh fyZwk. sk w? efjnk ejD[ , nkg ih dk g[Zso ik s[ M ? ejkfJnk tvjz ; , 566 @feow# I spoke only what You, O God, inspired me to speak. Wadhans, 566w/ok e-mail gsk L- briji.kiram@gmail.com Translation - Dr. Harnam Singh (5)
  6. 6. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 toskT[D d/ n;EkB bJh tosI ns/ ;[doheoD d/ z gkme fbyd/ jB HHHHHHHHH T[gokb/ dk eh jfJnk < byBT{ ftZ u ;q h r[ o { BkBe d/ t ih dk 6H nkoHvhHn?;Hn"H r[od[nko/ d/ Bkb dh Bio{bh iwhB s/ jJ/ epi/ s/ gqpzXeK B/ eh edw u[Zfenk < fJfsjk;e ;EkB nkT[ ;zrsK Bkb ;ztkd eo ;zrsK ftu ftFtk; fJfsjk;e ;EkBK dk toDB gfVnK y[Fh jJh. fe ekfJw eo.wjkB eF d/ ouBjko GkJh ekjB f;zx BkGk ih B/ GkJh T[Zuh ;Zuh ;jh ofjB[wkJh, fJe i[ZNsk,god[wB f;zx pZd sI ;B 1923 sI 1925 se g{o/ fjzd;skB Z [ d{odfo;Nh ;w/I dh io{os j?.d/ r[od[nkfonK dk we/ s/ ike/ ;ot/ eokfJnk fi; dk g{ok ofjB[wkT[I nkgD/ ~ ;zrsK Bkb iV oZy,youk wjkokik BkGk B/ T[mkfJnk ;h. GkJh god[wB f;zx Z sjk~ th ;zrsK dh io{os j?..dh ;ot/ fogoN w[skfpe T[jBK B/ byBT{ ftu ;B 1924-25 ftZu fsB ;EkBK d/ doFB ehs/, fJe Bth ns/ d;thI I - i;tz s f;z x ez X koh, byBT{gksFkjh dk ;EkB, d{;ok ;qh r[o{ BkBe d/t ih dk ;EkB tXkJh gfsqek pj[s gFzd nkJh, bZy-bZy tXkJh. gzikpns/ sh;ok f;zx ;Gk r[od[nkok fi;dh T[; t/b/ oBe nZSh sI pkjo nkgD/ Ffjo ftZu fJsBh nZSh gzikph gfsqek dh;h, doi ehsk j?. o/bt/ ;N/FB dh th skohc fbZyh j?. ;qh F[onks Fbkxk:r j?. - FKsh pZrk, gN/b bro ByBT{ {r[o{ BkBe d/t ih d/ byBT{ :ksok dk ;EkB, fi;d/ ;B tXkJh1924-25 ftu GkJh god[wD f;zx B/ doFB ehs/ ;B ~ gfsq e k gFz d nkJh, tXkJh. ypoBkwK ns/nk}kdh sI gfjbK d/ byBT{ ftu ofj oj/ gqtkoK d/ ;fj:r ;orowhnK d/ g/i xN jD. r[o{nK dh cN SkgDk mheBkb ns/ ;oekoh foekovK dh gVub eoe/ g[ysk ;p{sK BjhI. - okigkb f;zx, byBT{Bkb T[ikro eoe/ r[o{ wjkoki ih dh :kd ;Ekgs eoBk nZ S h e f FF;kvk coi j?. owkBhnK, :og ns/ nwohek ftu r[o{ nZ S h e f FF j? , tkfjr[ o { pb pyF/ . gz E d/;kfjp d/ :ksok fuBQ T[ikro j oj/ jD n;h nkgD/ d/F toswkB nkr{nK ~ r[o{ wjkoki ;/X pyFD.ftu nkgD/ Ffjo ftu r[o{ ;kfjp d/ ;EkB sI ikD{ BjhI jK, - ntsko f;z x , ekBg[ o;kvQ/ bJh Fow dh rZb j?. fwFB ikoh oZ y ofwzdo e"o, byBT{ fjwZs Bkb nkgDk fwFB ikoh oZy, tos oj/ e{VQ gq p z X eK gq s h p/ B sh d/ ftoX bJh T[m yVs/ gzE dodhnK dh frBsh ftZu fJe Z w?I byBT{ dhnK ;zrsK tZb w[yh gqpzXe ;iDK jo tkXk j frnk. - jopz; f;zx, b[fXnkDknZr/ jZE iV e/ p/Bsh eodk jK fe T[j ;zrsK ~ oFBh ;{ M ktgkT[D fe L- ;0 Bfozdo f;zx ih, n?vhNo gzikph ;[wB, s[jkvk1H r[o{ BkBe d/t ih d/ 500 ;kbk gqekF T[s;t s/ i[bkJh 2012 dk nze gfVQnk pj[s uzrk brk. fJ; ftubk byBT{ :{Bhtof;Nh ftu r[o{ BkBe u/:o ;Ekgs w?No ns/ SgkJh pj[s tXhnK ;h w[y gzB/ s/ ;qh r[o{ jfo eoD d/ tkd/ dk eh jfJnk. rfpzd ;kfjp dh s;tho jo th uzrh bZrh. ;g?fbzr ftZu2H r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih d/ 300 ;kbk gqekF T[s;t s/ e[M rbshnK jB, go{c ohfvzr tb fXnkB d/D dh bV j?. ykb;k fvroh ekb/i tk;s/ iwhB yohdh rJh, w?~ pj{s y[Fh jJh j? fe nkg ih B/ fJj ;/tk ;zGkbh j?, fvroh ekb/} ns/ T[; dh iwhB dk eh jfJnk < w/oh sK ;koh T[wo jh gsoekoh ftu phs rJh j? s/ nZi3H pk; wzvh d/ uokj/ s/ ykb;k u"e dh wzioh ~ gqpXeK { z th ;qh r[o{ s/r pjkdo ;kfjp ih dh nkgko feqgk ;dek B/ uokjk SNk efje/ m[eok fdZsk b/feB fe;h tZvQ/ gzikp d/ tZv/ o}kBk nihs, oikBk ;ge;w?B, gfjo/dko, uokj/ s/ ykb;k u"e feT[I BjhI pD ;fenK. gzikph ikroD, irpkDh gzikp e/;oh ns/ gzikph NofpT[B4H n?bHvhHn?H ekbBh ekBg[o ov dk BK r[o{ s/| ftu jo jcs/ dk; d/ b/y Sgd/ jB. nkg th fjzws Bkb pjkdo Bro oyD dk T[ g okbk j f Jnk go i[N/ oj tkfjr[o{ ih nkgd/ nzr ;zr ofjDr/ ;[uZih BNhfce/FB jkbh se feT[I BjhI j ;fenK. gsoekoh th ew ~ d/D jz[dh j?. fJe b/y G/i fojk jK.5H uzdo Bro r[od[nko/ d/ Bkb tkbh irQk d/ bzro jodhg f;zx fBwkDk, nfwqs;o (6)
  7. 7. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012i?ekfonK dh r{zi ftZu T[bzfge d/F d/ Bt/I okFNogshwFkb d"V, 101 ;kbk pkpk c"ik f;z x B/ d" V ftZ u fbnk fjZ ; k ;qh gqDkp w[yoih ñ§çé, BA Ü°ñÅÂÆ (¶ܧÃÆÁź)-A@A ÃÅñÅ ìÅìÅë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø é¶ B@AB ñ§çé À°ñ§ÇêÕ Ö¶âź î½Õ¶ À°ñ§ÇêÕîôÅñ 鱧 ÇéÀ°ÔËî ÇòÖ¶ Ú°µÇÕÁŧ ÇÜà ç½ðÅé ÖÅñÃÅÂÆ ÃzÆ êzäÅì î°ÖðÜÆ é¶ ç¶ô ç¶ ACò¶º ðÅôàðêåÆ òܯº ÃÔ°§ Ú°µÕÆ ¢ð§× ÒÚ ð§Ç×ÁÅ Ç×ÁÅ ê±ðÅ ÇÂñÅÕÅ¢ ê§ÜÅì ÒÚ Üéî¶ì÷°ð× ç½óÅÕ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ñ§çé À°ñ§ÇêÕ çÆ À°ñ§ÇêÕ ÒÇÂÇåÔÅÃÕ ÃîÅºÒ ÕðÅð ÇçµåÅ¢ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø Áµá ÃÅñîôÅñ ç½óÅÕź ÒÚ Ãí 寺 òµâÆ À°îð ç¶ îôÅñ ç½óÅÕ êÇÔñź ¶æé÷ ÒÚ Ô¯ÂÆÁÅ À°ñ§ÇêÕ Ö¶âź ÒÚ òÆ À°ñ§ÇêÕÔ¯ä çÅ îÅä êzÅêå ÕÆåÅ¢ À°ñ§ÇêÕ ç¶ å×îŠܶå±Áź îôÅñ ñË Õ¶ ç½ó¶ Ãé å¶ Ô°ä À°é·Åº ǵÛÅ êz×à ÕÆåÆ ÔËå¶ Ô¯ð Çòôò êzÇõè ôÖÃÆÁåź é¶ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø çÆ îôÅñ ÇÕ À°Ô B@AF ÒÚ Ô¯ä òÅñÆÁź À°ñ§ÇêÕ Ö¶âź 寺 êÇÔñźç½ó çÅ ìÔ°å ÔÆ îÅä ÃéîÅé éÅñ ÃòÅ×å ÕÆåÅ¢ A@E ÃÅñ çÆ À°îð ÒÚ îôÅñ ñË Õ¶ ç½óé¢ ÇÂà î½Õ¶ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø Üç À°ñ§ÇêÕ çÆ îôÅñ ñË Õ¶ ç½ó ðÔ¶ Ãé åź ×ðÆéÚ êÅðÕ å¯º ñË Õ¶ ÇòñæËî ë½ÇðÃà åÕ C@ îÆñ ç¶Ãí À°é·Åº 鱧 ò¶Ö Õ¶ ÔËðÅé Ô¯ ðÔ¶ Ãé¢ A@A ÃÅñÅ ê§ÜÅìÆ ñ§î¶ Ãëð ç½ðÅé ÇõÖź òñ¯º òµÖ òµÖ æÅòź Òå¶ ñ§×ðì÷°ð× çÆ ÇÂà ç½ó 鱧 ò¶Öä ñÂÆ ñ¯Õź çÅ íÅðÆ ÇÂÕµá ñÅÇÂÁÅ Ô¯ÇÂÁÅ ÃÆ¢ ÇÂà À°ñ§ÇêÕ îôÅñ ç½ó ÒÚ ÕÂÆÃÆ¢ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø ç¶ Ã˺ÕóÅ êz¶îÆ êƵñ¶ ð§× çÆÁź ê°ôÅÕź ÃÅìÕÅ À°ñ§ÇêÁé òÆ ôÅÇîñ ԯ¶¢ ÇÂà ç½ó ÒÚ Ãí 寺êÇÔé¶ Ô¯Â¶ À°é·Åº ç¶ éÅñ ç½ó¶¢ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø ç¶ êzô§ÃÕ ÇÂà صà À°îð ç¶ îôÅñ ç½óÅÕ éåÅôÅ ÇÃéÔÅ(AE) Ãé å¶ì÷°ð× ç½óÅÕ éÅñ À°é·Åº ç¶ åËÁ ð±à åÕ éÅñ-éÅñ Ãí 寺 òµâÆ À°îð ç¶ ç½óÅÕ ê§ÜÅìÆÁź ç¶ îÅä ë½ÜÅç½ó¶¢ A@A ÃÅñÅ ç½óÅÕ ì÷°ð× ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ÁÅêäÆ ÇÃ§Ø Ãé¢ C@ îÆñ ç¶ ÇÂà Ãëð ç½ðÅé ï±éÅÂÆÇàâÇÚµàÆ ç½óÅÕź òÅñÆ ê°ôÅÕ éÅñ Çڵචð§× çÆ çÃåÅð ÇõÖà çÆ Á×òÅÂÆ ÇòÚ òµÖ-òµÖ ×°ð± Øðź Áå¶ÃÜÅÂÆ Ô¯ÂÆ ÃÆ¢ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø çÅ Üéî AIAA ÒÚ Ô¯ÇÂÁÅ¢ ç×åź é¶ ñ§×ð ñ×Ŷ ÇÜà çÅ Ô÷Åðź òµÖ-òµÖ èðîźÇ÷Õðï¯× ÔË ÇÕ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø é¶ HF ÃÅñ çÆ À°îð ÒÚ ç¶ ñ¯Õź é¶ Áé§ç îÅÇäÁÅ¢ ìÅìÅ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø é±§ ÁÅêä¶ç½óéÅ ô°ð± ÕÆåÅ å¶ Ãí 寺 òµâÆ À°îð ç¶ ì÷°ð× ç½óÅÕ ÜÆòé ÕÅñ ç½ðÅé ÇÂÔ ç±ÜÅ î½ÕÅ ÇîÇñÁÅ Ü篺 À°é·ÅºÔ¯ä çÅ îÅä êzÅêå ÕÆåÅ¢ ë½ÜÅ ÇÃ§Ø é¶ ÁÅêäÆ À°îð À°ñ§ÇêÕ îôÅñ Ú°µÕÆ ÔË¢ ÇÂà î½Õ¶ ×ðÆéÚ êÅðÕ å¯º ñËç¶ ñ¯Õź ÒÚ ìÔ°å ÇðÕÅðâ ìäŶ Ôé¢À°Ô ñ§âé çÆÁź Õ¶ ÇòñæËî ë½ÇðÃà åµÕ C@ îÆñ ç¶ ñ§î¶ Ãëð ç½ðÅéÛ¶ îËðÅæÅé ç½óź, ç¯ ÕËé¶âÆÁé îËðÅæÅé å¶ ÇéÀ±ïÅðÕ ÇõÖź çÆ E@@ ÃÅñ ê°ðÅäÆ ðÆå ñ§×ð ÚñÅÇÂÁÅîËðÅæÅé ÒÚ ÇÔµÃÅ ñË Ú°µÕ¶ Ôé¢ ÇÂà îôÅñ ç½ó ÒÚ ÇÔµÃÅ Ô¯ÇÂÁÅ ÃÆ Áå¶ Ö°ôÆ ÇòÚ ÇÃµÖ Ã§×åź ì¯ñ¶ ï ÇéÔÅññËä òÅÇñÁź ìÅÕÆ îôÔ±ð ÔÃåÆÁź é¶ ÇÂà Ã 鱧 ç¶ ÜËÕÅð¶ Ûµâ ðÔÆÁź Ãé¢ (7)
  8. 8. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 wkfgnK dh pfunK ~ ;jh ;/ X d/ D dh ekpfbns d/ ftek; (Parential Skill Development) bJh ekoFkbk ns/ nZ S / Bz p oK Bkb gk; j J / pfunK dk ;Z w kB byBT{, 28 i{B 2012 ~ nkgD/ fwZE/ gqrokw r[o{ s/r pjkd[o fBtk; dk T[dxkNBw[skpe fJ;NhN:{N nkZc f;Zy ;NZvh byBT{ u/gNo B/ ;qh nfwqs;o ;kfjp, fwsh 24 i{B 2012 ~ ;ehw Bz0r[od[nkok nkbwpkr fty/, c?wbh ekT[I;fbzr d/ wkfjo 62, Fk;soh Bro bko/; ov ftu fdZbh r[od[nkok gqpXe I zgq;BkbhNh nkoehN/eN e?gNB nG? f;zx dk fJe gqrokwehsk fi; ftZu fsB ; sI finkdk pZu/ ns/ T[jBK d/ wkfgnK ew/Nh d/ T[gokb/ ;Zdek ;qh nfwqs;o nkT[D tkb/ XkoweB/ w"id je/ pj[wbk bkG T[mkfJnk. e?gNB f;zx B/ gVQB { [Z :ksqhnK bJh fBowkD eokJ/ rJ/ fojkfJ;h ;[ftXk d/ ;[ui/Ztkb/ pfunK bJh gqc/FBb f;fynK ~ nfXnksw Bkb gqpX tkb/ :ksoh fBtk; dk T[dxkNB fdZbh dh w[y wzsoh z ZiVBk ;w/I dh io{os dZf;nK skeh pZu/ T[uh ;Zuh ;u d/ Bkb Z [ Fhbk dhefFs B/ ehsk. fJ; we/ s/ fdZbh d/ wzsoh ;0;wki ns/ nkgD/ fwZE/ y/so ftZu T[Zuk wospk gqkgs eo noftzdo f;zx btbh fdZbh r[od[nkok gqpzXe ew/Nh d/;eD. T[jBK, wkfgnK ~ whvhnk ns/ nkJhHNhH y/so d/ gqXkB ;0 gowihs f;zx ;oBk ns/ jo n"jd/dko th w"id {gqGkt ekoD pZfunK gqsh g/F nk ojhnK u[BshnK sI BfiZmB ;B. gfsqek d/ ftfrnkgB ns/ ftsoD gqpXe ;0 wBwjB zbJh pj[wb/ ;[Mk fdZs. fJ; sI pkd gqfsGktkB pZu/ fizBQk [Z / f;zx ggbh B/ r[o{ s/r pjkd[o fBtk; ftu y[d o[e eo10thI ns/ 12 thI ftZu uzr/ Bzpo gqkgs ehs/ jB ns/ fe;h fJzsikw ns/ ;[ftXktK ~ skohc d/ ekfpb dZf;nk j?.fJe ftF/ ftu ; ch;dh Bzpo gqkgs eoB tkb/ pfunK ~ ;q h r[ o { jfor f pz d ;kfjp dkpj[ frDsh ftu N?pbN ghH;hH, p?bio f;wqsh fuBQ,z Xkowe /g[;seK, Brd fJBkw ns/ gqwkD gZso d/ e/ ;BwkBs ehsk. gq e kF T[ s ;tjkJh eoN d/ foNk:o ;hfBno i;fN; ;odko e/0 n?;0 byBT{ , fwsh 4 ns/ 5 i[ b kJh ~ r[ o d[ n kokokyVk B/ gqrokw dh ;dkos ehsh ns/ w[y nfsEh d/ o{g njhnkrzi fty/ S/thI gksFkjh dk gqekF T[s;t wBkfJnkftu ;odkoBh rfpzd eo B/ pZfunK dh j;bk nkc}kJh frnk fi; ftZu o[dog[o sI nkJ/ Gk0 r[owhs f;zx ns/ ji{oh Zehsh. okrh Gk0 tho f;zx d/ okrh iZE/ B/ nkgD/ wX{o ns/ (8)
  9. 9. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012;[nkdb/ ehosB Bkb ;zrsk ~ fBjkb ehsk. 5 i[bkJh dh Bro, ;do, f;zrko Bro, fBFksrzi, BkBefgnkUFkw ~ r[od[nkok Bkek fjzvbk fty/ th gqekF T[s;t n?bHvhHJ/ ekbBh, bkbe{nK ns/ pkpk p[Yk ih fNe?s okJ/wBkfJnk frnk fi; ftu w[y o{g ftu ;0 fpqfizdo gkb skbkp fty/ wBkfJnk frnk. eZEk ns/ ehosB dopko ;i/f;zx B/ gqGktFkbh ftynkB d[nkok ;zrsk ~ fJfsjk; sI ns/ r[o{ ek bzro nN[N tofsnk. r[od[nkok fJzdok Bro ZikD{ eokfJnk. frnkBh fteqwihs f;zx B/ th r[owfs fty/ jJ/ ;wkrw ftu byBT{ d/ w/:o fdB/F Fowk B/ thftukoK ns/ GkJh okfizdo f;zx B/ ehosB Bkb fBjkb jkioh Go e/ r[o{ wjkoki dk nkFhotkd gqkgs ehsk.ehsk. fwsh 8 i[bkJh ~ r[od[nkok nkoHvhHn?;HnH fty/ thS/thI gksFkjh dk gqekF T[s;t wBkfJnk frnk. Bro fBrw byBT{ d/ gzikph ;Gk;d Bro fBrw byBT{ d/GkJh wBh f;z x ih dk Fjhdh fdjkVk tkov Bz0 55 sI ;[fozdo f;zx byBT{, fwsh 9 i[bkJh 2012 ~ r[od[nkok Bkek (oki{ rKXh) ns/ tkov Bz0 72fjzvbk fty/ nwo Fjhd ;opz; ~ fBSkto eoB tkb/, pzd- s I bZ y ftz d o gkb f;z x dpzd eNke/ Fjhd jD tkb/ GkJh wBh f;zx ih dk Fjhdh gz i kph ;Gk;d u[ D / rJ/ .fdjkVk Fkw d/ dhtkB ftu wBkfJnk frnk fi; ftu gfsqek ;[fozdo f;zx bZyftzdo gzikph ;Gk;dK ~ T[BKQ dh fisd/ ;bkjeko ;0 fpqfizdo gkb f;zx B/ nkgDh ftdtsk (oki{ rKXh) gkb f;zx bJh @gzikph ;[wB# tZb tXkJh.g{oD F?bh ftu ;zrsK ~ bk;kBh Fjhdh fJfsjk; BkbifVnk. r[od[nkok njhnkrzi fty/ th d/jokd{B sI nkJ/frnkBh tfozdo gkb f;zx B/ GkJh wBh f;zx dh Fjkdspko/ ;zrsK ~ ikD{ eokfJnk ns/ GkJh tho f;zx B/ r[opkDhehosB d[nkok ;zrsK ~ fBjkb ehsk.whoh ghoh fdt; ~ ;wogs wksk ebK GbkJh e/ I d o tb I ;kbkBk ;wkrw byBT{, fwsh 20, 21 ns/ 22 i[bkJh, wksk eIbkGbkJh e/Ido byBT{ pqKu tbI nkgDk ;kbkBk ;wkrwwBkfJnk frnk fi; ftu ftF/F so s/ GkJh nwBdhg f;zxih B/ byBT[ gXko e/ fwsh 20 i[bkJh Fkw r[od[nkoknfjnkrzi, 21 i[bkJh ;t/o/ r[od[nkok uzdo Bro, 21i[bkJh Fkw r[od[nkok Bkek fjzvbk, 22 i[bkJh nfwqst/b/ r[od[nkok Bkek fjzvbk ns/ ;t/o/ 8 sI 10 pi/ ser[od[nkok fJzdok Bro fty/ ehosB ftfynkB eoe/ ;zrsK~ fBjkb ehsk. r[o{ ek bzro ;ko/ r[odtkfonK ftZu nN[NZtoskfJnk frnk. Fqh r[o{ jfo feqFB ;kfjp ih dk gq e kF T[ s ;t byBT{, fwsh 23 i[bkJh, nmthI gksFkjh ;qh r[o{jfofeq F B ;kfjp ih dk gq e kF T[ s ;t, r[ o d[ n koknfjnkrzi, Bkek fjzvbk, nkbwpkr, wkB;oto, fJzdok (9)
  10. 10. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 d/F dh nk}kdh ftu f;Zyk dk :rdkB ;0 joGiB f;z x jo ;kb 15 nr;s ~ nk}kdh fdt; wBkfJnk frnk fe ibzXo d/ fvgNh efwFBo B/ ;oeko ~ ;ktXkBiKdk j?. ;e{bK$ekbiK, ;oekoh fJwkosK s/ sozr/ Mzv/ ehsk fe fi wjkoki f;zx ~ frqcsko Bk ehsk frnk sKbfjokJ/ iKd/ jB. ;oekoh so s/ jo gqdF dh okiXkBh / ;koh iBsk fJe w[m j e/ T[; d/ wro T[m s[orh. ;odko /ftZu T[EI d/ rtoBo$w[y wzshq Mzvk bfjokB dh o;w ndk Z wjkoki f;zx geV/ rJ/ ns/ T[BQK ~ ;ys s;hj/ d/ e/eod/ jB. ;ko/ d/F ftZu ;oekoh S[Nh j[dh j? ns/ beK ~ Z z Fjhd ehsk frnk.ns/ ;e{bh pfunK ~ :kd eokfJnk iKdk j? fe 15 nr;s BkwXkoh$e{ekbfjo L- GkJh wjkoki f;zx dh1947 ~ ;kvk d/F Gkos nk}kd jfJnk ;h. Fjhdh sI e/tb S? ;kb pkd jh pkpk okw f;zx B/ BkwXkoh fJ; sI ;k gsk brdk j? fe 15 nr;s 1947 sI nEtk e{ek bfjo ~ iBw fdZsk fi; dk fBFkBk nzro/iKgfjbK ;kvk d/F r[bkw (go nXhB) ;h. jK ;kvk d/F ~ d/F sI pkjo eoBk ;h fJBQK B/ je{ws d/ fybkc Non-Co-nzro}k dk r[bkw ;h. nzro/iK B/ ;kv/ d/; s/ 150-175 ;kb q/ operation movement ubk fdZsh fJj bfjo }o cVB broki ehsk. fJe tgko eodh ezgBh East India ezgBh d/ o{g gJh nzro/iK ~ jZEk g?oK dh g? rJh. frocskohnK F[o{ jftZu pzrkb ftZu nkJh ns/ jb/ jb/ nkgDh f;nkBg, go rJhnK pkpk okw f;zx ~ frqocsko eoe/ ozrB G/i fdsk {e[Nb Bhsh Bkb ;ko/ Gkos ~ nkgD/ epi/ ftu eo fbnk frnk. 68 e{fenK ~ sgK d/ w{j nr/ pD e/ T[vk fdsk;tkJ/ gzikp d/ fiE/ wjkokik oDihs f;zx dk oki ;h fi; frnk.~ f;ZyK dk oki th fejk iKdk ;h. 1907 ftZu gzikp ftZu fJe jo ipod;s nzdbB nzro/} ;B 1800 se gzikp ~ Sv, eohp eohp B/ iBw fbnk fi; ~ fe;kB nzdbB dk Bkw fdsk frnk. ;ko/ Gkos s/ ekp} j u[e/ ;B. j[D T[Bk dh nZy gzikp s/ fJ; d/ ;zukbe d/F Grs ;0 nihs f;zx ns/ bkbk bkigs;h, wjkokik oDihs f;zx 1839 ftu ;[ortkF j rJ/. okJ/ ;B. fJ; nzdbB B/ pVh ikrqsh fbnKdh. nzro/}nzro/iK tk;s/ fJj fJe ;[Bfjoh wek ;h. nkgDhnK e[Nb je{ws d/ fybkc iBsk ikr gJh. fJ; gkoNh dk rhs iBhshnK Bkb, wjkokik oDihs f;zx d/ vro/ wzsqhnK ns/ xo xo rkfJnk iKdk ;h L-jo nj[ddkoK ~ bkbu d/ e/ nkgD/ Bkb fwbk fbnk ns/ / grVh ;zGkb U iZNk, grVh ;zGkb T[J/.5-6 ;kb d/ nzdo jh eJh ;k};K eok e/ nzro/iK B/ gzikp cozrh B/ bZ[N yfVnk s/ok XB wkb T[J/th nkgD/ nXhB eo fbnk. grVh ;zGkb iZNk, grVh ;zGkb TJ/.. f;nkB/, rzGho ns/ ;{MtkB f;ZyK tk;s/ fJj fJe rdo bfjo ns/ ekwk rkNk wko{ ijk} dk d[yKsrfjoh uN ;h f;Zy ew bJh fJe n;fj rb ;h fe f;Zy fJ;/ nk}kdh dh bfjo dk fjZ;k ;B.oki ysw eo fdsk frnk j?. fJj oki fe; soK nzro/iK ifbnK tkbk pkr dh xNBk L- ;B 1919 Jh0 ftZuB/ e[Nb Bhsh ns/ rzdhnK ukbk$;k};K d[nkok ysw ehsk ifbnK tkbk pkr ;qh nfwqs;o dh xNBk B/ ;ko/ d/F ~frnk, fJ; sI ikD{ j u[e/ ;B ns/ nzro/}k ftZo[X o; SziV e/ oy fdsk.GVeBk F[o{ j frnk ;h ns/ gzikp ftu nk}kdh tkg; b?D 1920-21 ftZu ;[Xko bfjo ns/ ukphnK dk woukbJh uzfrnkohnK wu u[ehnK ;B. th n}kdh dh bfjo dk fjZ;k pDhnK. ukphnK d/ wou/ dh gzikp ftZu nzro/}k sI nk}kdh gqkgs eoB dh ;bsk sI pknd wjkswk rKXh B/ pkpk yVe f;zx ~ fJebVkJh dk w[Y f;ZyK ns/ nzro/}k ftueko bVhnk rJhnK sko okjhI tXkJh fdZsh ;h fi; ftu T[BK fbfynk ;h,bVkJhnK sI jh ;wfMnk ikDk ukjhdk j? idI Fkw f;zx @@fjzd{;skB dh nk}kdh dh gfjbh bVkJh fiZsh rJh j? -nNkohtkbk, ;0 uso f;zx, ;0 F/o f;zx, dhtkB w{b oki, tXkJh**.wjkrBh fizdk ns/ GkJh wjkoki f;zx B/ nzro/iK ~ d/F Grs f;zx ns/ T[;d/ ;kEhnK oki r[o{, ;[y d/t,@sI# eY d/D bJh f;o XV dh pk}h brk fdZsh ;h. Bork z :;gkb, uzdo F/yo nk}kd, i?;/ BinkBK dhnK eopkBhnK [d/ GkJh wjkoki f;zx dk ftoX nzdbB fJsBk gquzv j (pkeh ;ck 12 g/i s/) (10)
  11. 11. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 nebhI ehu? dkB frnkBh irihs f;z x @ikue# dkB fJe n?;k F[yd nfj;k; j? i dkB sI pkd wB dkB wzrD bJh sp/b/ ftu jh nk rJ/ s/ wzr ehsh. oki/ B/~ jh BjhI pbfe nkswk ~ th ;[y nB{Gt eokT[dk j?. dkB I nkfynk dkB dk ;wK fBeb frnk j? s[;h eb nkT[Dk. foFhd/D sI pknd ewkJh d/ ;cb jD dk nfj;k; th j[dk j? dkB z ih B/ nkfynk ;kX fi; do sI ykbh w[V ikD fco edh T[;d/D sI pknd nkgD/ ekw:kp jD dk ;zes th fwbdk j? dkB / do s/ BjhI nkT[d. oki/ B/ fJ; ftZu nkgDk ngwkB ;wfMnk I /eoB T[gozs ;wki ftu e[M eoB dh bkb;k th iBw bI?dh ns/ xV/ dh fJe w[m fbZd d/ e/ nfynk w/o/ eb fJ; t/b/ fJ;j? dkB d/D sI pkd ngDk ns/ ngDh e"w dk f;o T[uZk jD sI nbktK jo e[M BjhI foFh ih y[Fh Bkb dkB ftu fdZsh fbZddk nfj;k; th j[zdk j?. dkB eoB sI pkd ;fseko, fJiZs, b?e/ nk rJ/ s/ nkFqw d/ fgS/ oy fdZsh oki/ dk fdZsk dkB;BwkB fwbD dh rkozNh th j iKdh j? dkB eoB sI pknd tfXnk s/ fbZd dk Y/o tXdk frnk. fFeko y/vdk okik fJee[M SN/ wN/ e[eow th T[; fds/ dkB j/m dp e/ ofj iKd/ fdB T[; foFh ih d/ nkFqw eb r[io fojk ;h fbZd dkjB. dkB d/D sI pknd gobe ftZu fJ; (fdZs/ jJ/ dkB) d/ Y/o d/y e/ ;funk eJh ftoXh c"i dh N[eVh xfVnk ;w/spdb/ eJh r[Dk Return fwbD dh nk; th j[zdh j?. Bk o[eh jt/ gsk eoB s/ foFh ih B/ df;nk okiB fJj s/ok BkBe nr? ; fwb? fi yN/ xkb/ d/ f J.. fdsk dkB j? i fdB pfdB tXdk ik fojk j? gobe ftu fJj (nk;k eh tko) s?~ fwb/rk. oki/ ~ pVh fuzsk jJh g[fSnk eJh fJbki < sK fi; eow ftu fJsBh ;kohnK y{phnK jD T; eow wjkfoFh efjD br/ fJj fbZd s?~ ykDh gt/rh iK fJ; d/~ fJB;kB pko pko eoBk ukj/rk ns/ eodk nkfJnk j? s/ pdb/ ;kok Bro s/oh fBzdk eo/. oki/ B/ jkEh s/ ;tko je/FkfJd eodk th oj/rk feT[eh e[M dkBhnK d/ Bkw fJzB/ gqf;X ;ko/ ;fjo ftzu e[M wzd/ eow ehs/ oki ftZu T[; dh fiIT[ fiIT[jB fe G[bkfJnK BjhI G[bd/. okik johFuzdo fi; B/ nkgD/ fBzdk F[o{ jJh T[j fbZd (dkB) dk Y/o xNdk frnk. tkg;gfotko s/ nkgD/ nkg ~ t/u e/ dkB ehsk (;kyh sI nkg ikD{z nke/ oki/ B/ d/fynk fiBk e[ T[; B/ dkB ftZu fdZsh ;h TzBhj ; ft;sko BjhI eoKrk) dkB tho eoD fi; B/ ngD/ fbZd puh gJh ;h oki/ B/ foFh eb g[fSnk fJ;dk th eJhihtB d/ ;[ o fynk d/ todkB etu ns/ ez [ v b dkB eo fJbki sK foFh efjD br/ fJj s?~ ykDh jh gt/rh feT[Iehfds/. y?o dkBhnK dk fJzBQK bzwk fJfsjk; Gfonk j? fe eJh s/o/ oki ftu fe;/ fJe gqG{ d/ fgnko/ B/ s/oh fBzdk BjhI ehshrqzE T[jBK d/ BKtk Bkb jh Go ;ed/ jB. sK nkgD/ eow ~ G[rsfdnK okik ni? ~ T[j fbZd ykDh go r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp wjkoki dh fJj gktB gzesh gJh -gV e/ ;uDk gt/rk fe dkB fet/ eohJ/ FkfJd fJ;/ bJh wjkoki B/ pkDh ftu fJj gktB nebh ;kfjp ;/thn? nebh gkJhn? wkB.. puB fby/ jB L nebh ehu? dkB. ;Gk dh ykso wB[y ni nebh gV e? p[ M hn? . . nebh ehu? dkB.. th dkB eodk j? feT[Ieh T[; wB ftu fJj fynkb nkTI[dk gowkswk ~ th neb Bkb ;/tDk - neb Bkb jh j? i pkDh ftu wjkoki B/ fbfynk j?.wkB (fJiZs) gqkgs eohdk j? neb Bkb jh gV e/ ;wM d/ d/ wz r fj ;j;k r[ D k ; G eo/ ;z ; ko..nkTI[dh j? ns/ neb Bkb jh dkB eoBk ukjhdk j?. fJe (nk;k eh tko)SNh fijh ;kyh dk ;jkok btKrk rb g{oh eoB bJh r[o{ ;kok ;z;ko w/oh ;Gk eo/ fJ; tk;s/ fJB;kB dkBBkBe ;kfjp wjkoki dk fJe gktB tke j? wkM eh tko ftu g[zB eodk j? w/o/ efjD sI Gkt fJj Bk fbnk ikt/ fe dkBni? ;[ ot? Ghfynk ykfJ.. n?;h dorj fwb? ;ikfJ.. pzd eo fdsk ikt/ dk; dk we;d s/ p; fJsBk j? fe nebh okik ni? d;oE ih d/ fgsk, ;qh okw ih d/ dkdk ;B ehu? dkB.;{oi uVd/ ;ko dkB eoBk T[jBK dh fBs fefonk ;h T[; byBT{ dh ;zrs T[Zs/ wkbe B/ pVh ofjws ehshsI pkd ngD/ n;spb ftZu iKd/ ns/ nkgD/ xfVnK dh 1984 d/ ;ke/ sI pknd seohpB 90 ch;dh be ni 28 ;kbKd/y o/y nkgD/ ;kjwD/ eokT[d/I ;B. ;zir Bkb fJe foFh pknd nkofEe szrh sI T[po rJ/ jB wjkoki ;qh r[o{ s/r (11)
  12. 12. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012pjkdo ;kfjp ih B/ ;fjo tk;hnK s/ B fBfXnK (B gqeko bJh s[jkvh nrbh s/ fgSbh ghVh (wksk fgsk$pZu/) bJhd/ yikB/) dh n?;h pkfoF ehsh fe ni eJh Bkwto gqtko jt/rk. fi; dk g{ok bkG s[jkv/ ngfDnK ~ jt/rk.ekch ;woEk tkB pD rJ/ jB ns/ i nkgDh B/e ewkJh d[finK d/ ekbi bJh bZyK dkB d/ e/ i/ nkgD/;cb eoB dk T[gokbk eod/ jB. fJ; T[gokb/ ftZu T[j pfunK d/ n?vwhFB bJh sob/ s/ f;ckoFk eoBhnK g?D fcobyBT{ sI pkjo ub oj/ ekbi, j;gskb, r[owfs ndko/, r[o{ wjkoki sK fJj efjDr/ jh fe L nebh ehu? dkB.;/tk e/Ido nkfde ftZu Gkoh oew G/id/ jB. i/ d{ihnK ;oktK bJh eJh ewo/ pDtk fds/ jD go p; fJ;/ gfjb{ s/ dk; nkg ;G ~ r[o{ wjkoki dk fco TZ[E/ ik e/ s[jkv/ nkgfDnK ~ ofjD bJh eJh ewok BkfJj puB :kd eotkT[Dk ukj[zdk j? nebh ehu? dkB jo fwb/ fco wjkoki fJj efjDr/ fe L nebh ehu? dkB.;kb byBT{ dh ;zrs dk brGr 50 sI 70 bZy o[gJ/ (bzro idI T[so gqd/F sI pkjo d/ ekbi ftZu gV/ pfunKyou s fJbktK) pso d;tzX pkjo dhnK ;z;EktK ~ ubk ~ :{0gh0 ;oeko Beoh Bk d/t/ s/ T[; ekbi ~ s[;h nkgDkiKdk j? fJ; b/y pko/ ftuko pDkT[D sI gfjbk p; e[M gfjb{ bZyK dk dkB fdsk jt/ s/ wjkoki efjDr/ fe L nebh ehu?io{o ftuko btI L- dkB.& nro fJj ;kok d;tzX 5 ;kb bJh iwK eo fbnk fJe nkyoh rb efje/ wkch ukjKrk. wz r e/ikt/ s/ byBT{ ftu jh fJe tZvk fJzihB:fozr ekbi, iK eJh wkfJnk b?D tkfbnk BkbI @@fBFekwh## finkdk Gqfws eod/pj[s tZvk j;gskb ubkfJnk ik ;edk j?. jB ;zir d/y fizBK fJe nkw ;wkrw s/ you j[zdk j? T[BQK- byBT{ ftZu jh pj[s tZvk r[owfs ;zrhs ndkok fBFekwhnK dk jtkJh you ns/ ofjD ;fjD dk j iKdk j?.yfbnk ik ;edk j?. ;kv/ xo edh r[o{ rqE ;kfjp nkT[D s/ n;h gkmhnK z- byBT{ ftu jh pj[s tZvk nBkE nkFow$fpoX ~ tkofBzr d/ e/ ibdh p[bkT[Id/ jK, 5 f;zx g{o/ eoB bJhnk;ow iK ftXtk nkFow yfbnk ik ;edk j?. ns/ i/ eJh gqf;X ftnesh nkt/ s/ T[;d/ bJh ;ko/ Ffjo ~- byBT{ ftZu jh tZvk e?ohno ekT[;fbzr efuzr p[bktk G/i d/Dk T[j th wfjzr/ c[bK d/ jko b?e/ s/ T[jBK dhnK;/INo yfbnk ik ;edh j?. cN[nk tkb/ fJ;fsjko rvhnK s/ brk e/ r[o{ s/ @@pzd## ftZu /- :{0 gh0 ftZu f;yK dh ngDh eJh :{Bhtof;Nh BjhI fJzBK tvk ftseok eoKr/ s/ r[otke j? fi; dh ftuko nrb/j? fJ; pko/ th ;funk ik ;edk j?. nze ftZu jt/rh. e{M th ehsk ik ;e/rk ns/ i th jt/rk T[j s[jkv/ Bdfo T[ g mh i/ eo/ . d/F dh nk}kdh ftu f;Zyk HHHHHHHHHHHHHHH dk pkeh;dek d/F dh nk}kdh d/ nzdbB ~ jo pb fwfbnK. fJ;soK jb/ jb/ ;ko/ d/F ftu nk}kdh nzdbB io geVdkfrnk fi; B/ gquzv o{g Xko fbnk. e[M nzsokFNqh jkbks th n?;/ j rJ/ fe nzro/ik~ Gkos SVB bJh wip{o jDk fgnk ns/ 15 nr;s 1947~ Gkos ~ nk}kd xfFs ehsk frnk. d/F dh nk}kdh dh bVkJh ftu f;ZyK dk :rdkBp/fw;kb j?. d/F dh nkikdh ftZu f;Zyk dh frDsh e/tb 2%j? go d/F bJh fJBQK dhnK e[opkDhnK 80% jB j/m fby/;oekoh nzeV/ fJ; sZE dh rtkjh God/ jB L- f;Zy |?o f;Zy e[bcK;h fwbh 93 28 121T[wo e?d 2147 499 2646ifbnK tkbkpkr d/ Fjhd 799 501 1300e[ek bfjo d/ Fjhd 91 0 91 (12)
  13. 13. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 r[o{ BkBe sg;EkB-g/wF[p{ (no[Dkub) (fiZE/ r[o{ BkBe d/t ih B/ c[bK dh tkdh ftu sg ehsk) - eoBb vk0 dbftdo f;z x rq / t kb wz u { y K s I Gkt no r sk pyFD tkbk ib. fJE/ dh jo r[ck ftu r[o{ BkBe d/t ih dh w{osh dh g{ik:korgu{ dfonk d/ ezY/ tf;nk fJj SNk fijk Bro fsZps j[dh j?. zsI T[iV e/ nkJ/ eowkgk gzE dk tk;k j?. fsZps dh jZd sI Z r[o{ BkBe d/t ih fsZps sI ;kfwnk wZm j[zd/ jJ/20 febwhNo fgZS/ j?. fJj wZX-T[soh no[Dkub gqdF d/ Z / wzuyK ftu gj[u/ ;B fiE/ T[BKQ B/ c[bK dh tkdh ftu ofje/ { zgZSwhI nb"r f}b/Q dh sfj;hb dk dcso th j?. gzdoK e[ sgZf;nk ehsh ;h. c[bK dh tkdh ftu jh n;hI r[od[nkokSN-SN/ M[rhnK ftZu t;/ fgzvK ftueko tf;nk wzuyk fJ; / Z { ;kfjp pBkT[D dk ftuko pDkfJnk ;h. c[bK dh tkdh sgtkdh sI jtkJh o;s/ pkjo ikD bJh fJe-fJe okj gqdkB eoB bJh fesBh ;[jktDh, owDhe, FKs, ;torh s/ Y[ethIeodk j?. g?db ikD bJh fJ; tkdh ftuI pkjo fBebD j? fJj T[; EK gj[fz unk jh gsk brdk j?. c[bK dk g;kokykso T[u-TZu/ gopsK ~ gko eoBk g?dk j?. f}bQk dcso Z / I u[co d{o d{o sZe c?fbnk jfJnk j?. /gj[uD bJh ;Zs fdBK dk iyI Gfonk wkor sfj eoB bJh z r[o{ BkBe d/t ih dk sg J/E/ d/ foZS th Gzr Bkd d fdB fsnkohnK j[dhnK ofjzdhnK jB. z eo ;e/, J/;/ ~ ;ue/ w?I fJ; ro[d[nkok ;kfjp dk Bkw pkjoI o;d gkDh s/ nktkikJh dk w[y ;kXB jtkJh Z r[od[tkok sg ;EkB oZyD dk c?;bk eo fbnk.;kXB jtkJh ;?Bk d/ j?bhekgNo ns/ J/Hn?BH 32 jtkJh BkBe bkwk d/ FoXkb{ e[M pXh soykDK B/ izrbijk} jB fiBQK bJh fJj }o{oh j? fe w";w ;kc jt. wZX- / ftuI ;;s/ Gkn fszB e[ wekBK d/ cZN/ uho fds/ w/o/ itkBKngqb sI wZX-nr;s sZe fJj tkdh pZdbK Bkb g{oh fxoh ? B/ ;/rKr sI g/wFp{ se, ;kok ;kwkB pVh y[Fh s/ ukn Bkb ofjzdh j? s/ jtkJh ijk} okjhI iK j?bhekgNo ed/ edkJhI YfJnk. fi; o;s/ gfjbK ;k~ ;zxDhnK izrbh MkVhnKjh nk ;ed/ jB. nr;s sI wkou sZe w";w e[M mhe eZNDhnK gJhnK ;B s/ fiE/ ;ZgK-uhfsnk dk tk;k ;h T[E/ofjzdk j?. fJjh fdB jB id nk;kw d/ wjBpkVh }ojkN j[D fJe uzrk uyk o;sk pD frnk ;h.jtkJh nzfvnK sI okFB-o;d fJE/ g{o/ ;kb bJh gj[ukJ/ z w?I nkgD/ ;?fBe ezwK sI ftjbk j e/ o} g/wFp{iKd/ jB. iKdk s/ ezw dh d/y o/y eodk fojk s/ seohpB fszB w?I id J/E/ g[jfz unk ;K sK 1986 dk ;szpo wjhBk wjhfBnK ftu n;hI fszB ewo/ fsnko eo bJ/ fJe ewo/;h. w/o/ Bkb w/oh ewkB EZb/ sgykB/ dh p?Noh ;h s/ w?I ftu ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp dh ;EkgBk, d{;o/ ftu bzro s/wjko oiw?N dh pNkbhnB dh wZdd bJh J/E/ s?Bks jfJnk I sh;o/ ftu rqzEh d/ ofjD dk pzdp;s ;h.;K. w/ok nkgDk fNekDk wzuyk sI 8 febwhNo d{o ;/rKr { wekB pBkT[D ftu pVhnK emBkJhnK th nkJhnK.Bk dh EK s/ ;h i g?db xzN/ sI tZX dk ;co ;h s/ fiEI w?I fJE/ ;ko/ xo cfNnK d/ iK gZEoK d/ j[zd/ jB fiBQK T[gojo d{i-shi/ fdB wzu{yk nkT[dk ofjzdk ;K. / I fNB-FhNK iK sogkbK gkJhnK j[zdhnK jB. cZN/ sK n;hI ;/rKr d/ bkw/ B/ w?~ r[o{ BkBe d/ J/; tkdh ftu fJeZm/ eo bJ/ go SZs bJh NhB-;hNK (;hHihHnkJhH) sKnkT[D pko/ df;nk ;h s/ w?I g/wFp{ dh :ksok sI fgSI T[; I nk;kw sI nkT[DhnK ;B fiBQK bJh j?bekgNo iK jtkJhEK r[od[nkok pDkT[D dk fJokdk Xko fbnk ;h. Bkb Bkb ijk} dh wdd dh }o{os ;h. go j?bhekgNo iK jtkJhr[o{ BkBe d/t ih dh J/E/ :ksok pko/ jo yi eoB ftu ijk} sK T[sBK jh ;kwkB fbnk ;ed/ ;B fiBK e[ T[jBQKbZr frnk. fJ; ;zpX ftu wzuyk d/ p}[orK s/ T[EI d/ n?w z { I ~ r"ofwzN tZbI bv-N/pb s/ fdsk iKdk ;h. fJ; ezw ftZun?bHJ/H B/ w/oh pVh wZdd ehsh. e[M gkJhbNK B/ w/oh pVh wdd ehsh. r[o{ BkBe wzuyk ftu seohpB 15 e[ fdB oj/ dZ;/ { w/oh gsBh r[ouoB fJ; t/b/ pZfunK Bkb nk;kwrJ/ s/ fJj th dZf;nk frnk fe wzu{yK tkdh d/ gfjb/ ftu fszB;[yhnK eb fdBikB Bk d/ ;EkB s/ ;h. T[; ~ BNtk;hnK ~ J/E/ fbnkT[D tkb/ th r[o{ BkBe d/t ih ;B. fby G/fink oZp ;pZph T[dI w/o/ p?Ie-nekT[IN ftu ekchg/wFp{ ns/ wzuyK eb fJe febwhNo bzph r[ck ftu r[o{ { J/ohno th gj[u rJ/ ;B. r[ouoB B/ e[M c"ihnK ~ p/Bsh zBkBe d/t ih B/ sg ehsk i :korgu{ dfonk d/ gko j? (13)
  14. 14. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012eoe/ fNB FhNK s/ jo ;wkB, feZbK, nko/, e[jkV/ nkfd fJe gZek oBt/ pDB Bkb T[soD tkb/ jtkJh ijk}K dhyohd e/ wjBpkVh jtkJh nZv/ sZe G/iD dk pzdp;s eo frDsh tX rJh ;h. fJe jtkJh ijk} okjhI w? T[; tkdhfdsk. gkJhbN fJ; ;wkB ~ EVk EVk eoe/ wjpkVh sI ftu fJe ihg s/ fJe tZvh rZvh b? nkfJnk ;koh tkdh ;kvhwzu{yk fbnkT[d/ oj/ fiEI w/o/ itkB fJ; ~ f;oK T[go Y I ihg t/yD nkT[dh feT[fI e T[E/ ed/ th ihg iK tB-NB BjhI Ie/ g/w;[p{ gj[zukT[d/ oj/. I ;B nkJ/. fJ; tkdh d/ jo xoK tKr n;hI r[od[nkok ;kfjp 22 sI 24 wkou ~ r[o{ BkBe ;kfjp d/ nkTD dhdh fJwkos th bZeVh ns/ fNB-FhNK dh pDk bJh i pVh :kd ftu J/EI/ d/ tk;h fJe tZvk w/bk bkT[d/ jB i g/wFp{ I [;bkjh rJh. w/o/ Bkb fJ; ezw ftu wdd eoB bJh 542 ftu brdk j?. fJziBhno oiwI?N s/ w/oh p?Noh d/ itkBKchbv p?Noh d/ itkBK dh fiBh Fbkxk ehsh ikt/ EVh j?. B/ fwbe/ ;koh tkdh d/ t;BheK ~ r[o{ BkBe sg n;EkBjfonkD/ d/ fJj njho nkgD/ g{o/ nehd/ Bkb ;kok ezw dh EK s/ bzro SekfJnk. fco 13 ngqb dh ft;kyh nkJh ?eod/ oj/. ;/rKr dk rkT[I p{Vk s/ tkdh d/ bkfwnk B/ th i r[od[nkok ;kfjp ftu wBkJh rJh sK fJj izrb ftuw/oh pVh wdd ehsh. ftu-ftu w/io phHn?;H frb th wzrb bZrD ;wkB ;h. r[o{ BkBe d/t ih dh uoB S{jw/o/ Bkb Gko tzvKT[d/ oj/. T[j id th nb"r sI e[M fdBK I Bkb fJj ;EkB ;[jkDk pD frnk s/ ;koh ;zrs bJhbJh nkT[d/ e[M Bk e[M wkfJne Gko tzvk iKd/. fJ; fJe I :kdrkoh pD frnk.fJe jo f;zx dk w?~ pVk ;jkok fojk. ;wK gk e/ n;hI J/E/ se nb"r sI ;Ve wB}{o id fszB ewo/ seohpB seohpB fsnko j rJ/ eotkT[D ftu th ekw:kp jJ. fJ; ;Ve d/ w[ewb jD / zsK w?I j?bhekgNo oKjh fdBikB d/ c"ih r[od[nkok ;kfjp Bkb i ;co sfj eoB bJh ;Zs fdB brd/ ;B T[j e[MsI ;qh r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ih dh phV b? nkfJnk s/ T[;dk xzfNnK ftu g{ok j iKdk j?. fJ; ;Ve ~ pDB bJh ;sr[od[nkok ;kfjp ftu gqekF ehsk. o} ;t/o/ Fkw 16 ;kb bZr/ jB s/ j[D Gkos tk;h ;Ve d/ o;s/ wzuyK gj[u[ zfebwhNo dk ;co sfj eoe/ fBsB/w dk ekoi fBGkT[dk I ;ed/ jB go ;Ve ni/ g{oh soK gZeh BK jD eoe/fojk fJe bkw/ ~ tke b?Dk th f;yK fdsk sK fe w/oh r?o nfVuDk nkT[dhnK jB. Ijkioh ftu T[j r[od[nkok ;kfjp dh d/y Gkb eo ;e/. J/E/ se gj[uD bJh ;G sI tXhnk s/ nk;kB o;sk zT[; ~ w?I wkfJe s"o s/ wdd fdzdk fojk s/ T[j r[od[nkok wjBpkVh sI jtkJh ijk} iK j?bhekgNo okjhI wzu[yK;kfjp dh d/y Gkb ftu ih ikB Bkb i[fNnk fojk. T[soB dk j?. wzu{yK sI nZr/ 16 febwhNo g?db o;sk j? fJe Fkw pqhr/v ewKvo fJz;g?eFB ~ nkJ/ sK fi;~ seohpB fszB xzN/ brd/ jB. no[DKub gqdF ikD /yokp w";w eoe/ tkfg; Bk ik ;e/. w?I T[BKQ ~ r[od[nkok bJh no[DKub ;oeko s/ Gkosh c"ih j?ve[nkNo fdZbh sI;kfjp pko/ df;nk sK T[j pV/ gqGkfts jJ/ s/ :ksok th fJikis b?Dh g?dh j?. fi; EK s/ w?I ed/ th fenk; BjhI ehsk Iehsh. pkovo d/ pj[s B/V/ jD eoe/ T[BKQ ~ c"ih gZyI fJjBK ;h fe fJe r[od[nkok ;kfjp pD ;e/rk ni T[j r[o{ BkBegjkVhnK dh wjZssk th pVh bZrh. T[EI sgykBk th pVk d/t ih dh fwjo ;edk o"DeK dk ;EkB j?.;jkJh j ;edk ;h go nZr/ o;sk Bk jD eoe/ sgK b? e/ikDk n;zGt ;h. pqhr/vhno ;kfjp fJ; fJbke/ ~ ftef;seoB dh gbkB pDke/ tkfg; gos/. e[M fdBK pkndfJBc?Noh pNkbhnB dh fJe ezgBh T[; fJbke/ ftu s?Bksj rJh s/ T[BKQ bJh o;sk pDkT[D ykso fJe fJzihBhnoezgBh th T[skoh rJh. fJj ezgBh pzrkb fJzihBhno dh;h i f;Zy ;B. f;ZyK d/ fJE/ gj[uD Bkb w?~ pVk T[sFkj z Ifwfbnk. gfjbK i ezw w?~ eoBk g?dk ;h T[j fJ; ezgBh Id/ itkBk B/ nkgD/ jZE ftu b? fbnk. brksko gkm th F[o{j frnk s/ r[od[nkok ;kfjp dh d/y o/y th tXh. fi;ocsko s/ c[osh Bkb fJziBhno oiw?N d/ fJBQK itkBK B/ I16 febwhNo bzpk o;sk pDkfJnk T[j fJe ewkb dh rZb;h. fJ;/ soQK wzuyK ftu jtkJh ijk}K d/ T[soB bJh { (14)
  15. 15. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 iksK-gksK d/ Bkw s/ r[ o d[ n ko/ e w ~ tz v oj/ jB ;q h nekb s]s ;kfjp ns/ gz i kph d/ nypko fJ; ftu tZ v k o b ndk eo ;ed/ jB. dFw fgsk d/ ;z d / F T[ Z g o nwb dh b V . jodhg f;z x fBwkDk 1699 JhH ft;kyh tkb/ fdB ;kfjp ;qh r[o{ rfpzd sI ezw b?e/ ;w[uh f;Zy e"w ~ ;qh nekb s]s ;kfjp sIf;zx ih wjkoki B/ ykb;k gzE dh ;kiBk eoe/ ;wkBsk ns/ j[ e wBkwk ikoh eoe/ fe iksK-gksK d/ Bkw s/ pD/fJefwe jD dh pyFF ehsh ;h s/ fJZe pkN/ ftuI nzfwqs dh r[od[nkfonK ~ fJe gqG{ gqwkswk d/ BktK Bkb ikfDnK ikBkgj[b d/ e/ ns/ fJe eVkj/ ftZu eVkj gqFkd dh d/r Seke/ ukjhdk j? s/ r[od[nkfonK T[go }ksK-gksK d/ Bkw fwNkT{u Bhu dk G/d Gkt fwNk fdsk ;h s/ fejk ;h fe eJh }ks- I d/D/ ukjhd/ jB sK fe d;w gksFkj ;kfjp ;qh r[o{ rfpzdgks BjhI, eJh SNk s/ tZvk BjhI j?, eJh BhItk s/ T[uk Bjh< Z f;zx ih wjkoki tbI fdZs/ rJ/ ;wkBsk d/ ;zdF T[go nwb /eJh iZN iK w}ph BjhI j?, eJh pkbwheh iK oftdk;hnK ehsk ik ;e/. fJ; ;pzXh iZEdko ;kfjp ;qh nekb s]s /BjhI j? ;G pokpo d/ fJB;kB jB i gqG{ gqwkswk B/ g?dk ;kfjp ~ ;ihIdrh ns/ tZvh gXo s/ c?;bk b?Dk jtrk sKfe /ehs/ jB fJj ekoB ;h fe idI Xow:[X wou/ brd/ ;B i j[ewBkwK ;qh nekb s]s ;kfjp sI ikoh jt/ T[; T[gosK wou/ ftu }kD tkb/ f;zx f;zxDhnK g[fb; gk; nkgD/ ;w{uh f;Zy e"w fdqVsk ns/ ;zihdrh Bkb gfjok d/t. /Bkw gs/ fJzi fbytKd/ ;B, fgsk ;qh r[o{ rfpzd f;zx ih wksk ;qh nekb s]s ;kfjp sI pkd e[M fXok jo th jB;kfjp e"o ih iBw n;EkB e/FrV ;kfjp ns/ tk;h ;qh fijVhnK fJ; ;ekoswe ob ~ ndk eo ;edhnK jB,nBzdg[o ;kfjp jh fbytkJ/ iKd/ ;B (w?~ ni th ebQ dh fJe fXo j? gzikph ftu SgdhnK nypkoK fijVhnK nkgDhsoQK :kd j? fe 1960 d/ gzikph ;{pk wou/ ftu ikD b/yDh ftu th f;Zy ;zrsK ~ fJ; gk;/ tb gqo ;edhnK jB /;w/I th fJj wksk fgsk ns/ gsk fbfytkfJnk ;h). fe ;k~ }ks-gks ns/ fGzB-G/d sI T[go TZm e/ ;wkBsk ns/ [ nZi j eh fojk j? fe f;Zy }ksK-gksK ftu tzv/ rJ/ pokpoh ekfJw oyDh ukjhdh j?. d{ih fXo j? r[od[nkfonKjB jo f;Zy s/ f;yDh nkgD/ Bkw nZr/ iks-rs fbyD ftu d/ gqpzXe ns/ f;nkD/ p[Xhihth tor d/ be, fgqzf;gb,cyo wfj;{; eod/ jB, jo sK jo FqwDh r[od[nkok gqpXe z gqc?;o, iZi, tehb, b/ye ns/ fJfsjk;eko be, fijBKew/Nh fijVh f;yK dh fwzBh gkobhfwzN wzBh iKdh j? d/ gqXkB B/ nkgDh ebw Bkb e"w dk fJfsjk; f;oiDk j[dk j?. z;kfjp ;0 ntsko f;zx th nkgD/ Bkw nZr/ ngDh iks nzs ftu p[XhihthnK ns/ gzikph d/ nypkoK d/weZV fbyd/ jB sK pkehnK ~ s[;h eh nkyr. fidI tkV / ;[fjod f;nkD/ ;zgkdeK ~ p/Bsh fe fit/I p/pkeh Bkb joy/s ykD br gJh sK T[; y/s dh okyh eD eo/rk. ;ukJh w;b/ T[mKd/ jB T[;/ soK fJj w;bK th T[mkD feT[fI e nisK fJj j? fe n;hI fiE/ nkg; ftu iksK-gksK ftu tzv/ jK fJj ;w/I dh tZvh bV j? i/eo nfijk j frnk sK ;wki ftuIT[E/ r[od[nkfonk d/ Bkw th n;h iksK-gksK d/ nkXko s/ Z }ks-gks ns/ ftseo/ Go/ MrV/ ysw j ikDr/, fi; BkboyD/ F[o{ eo fds/ jB. d/F jh BjhI ftd/FK ftu th pj[s ;wkBsk ns/ ;wo;sk nk ikt/rh. fJj e"w dh tvw[bh;ko/ r[od[nko/ jB fijBK d/ Bkw iksK-gksK T[go oy/ rJ/ ;/tk j? fi; Bkb ;wki ftu J/esk GkJhukok ns/ wB[yskjB. dh GktBk g?dk j ;edh j?. b[fXnkD/ ftu @iZNK dk r[od[nkok#, byBT{ fty/ okwrVQhnK dk r[od[nkok, eJh EktK s/ okwdk;hnK dkr[od[nkok, oftdk;hnK dk r[od[nkok. fJzrb?Iv ftuokwrVhnK dk r[od[nkok, GkNfVnK dk r[od[nkok, iZNkdk r[od[nkok, nwohek ftZu r[od[nkok wyD Fkj b[pkDk.fJ;/ soK dhnK jo pj[s ;kohnK EktK T[go }ks-gks d/Bkw r[od[nko/ T[;ko/ rJ/ jB, T[go sK fJe tzBrh j?fijVh nyhI t/yh j?. pkeh sK pj[s e[M j?. j[D ;tkb g?dk j[zdk j? fe fJ; br ojh Ykj ~fet/I ofenk ik ;edk j? < w/oh s[S ijh ;wM nB[;ko fJ;dk jb ;qh nekb s]s ;kfjp sI jh j? ;edk j?, i/eoiZEdko nekb s]s ;kfjp nkgDh d{o nzdFh ns/ ;{M-p{M / / (15)
  16. 16. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 Gkos d/ ;[ssqsk-;zrokw ftZu f;ZyK dk fjZ;k z ;0 dkB f;z x @e w b# (1847 JhL sI 1947 JhL sZe);zB ;zskbh ftu Gkos nk}kd jfJnk, T[ j d/ T[ Z s / th T[ j BK dh nZ y j? ; h, ifonK ftZ u / ftZ u r[ Z ; / ~ ]kb;/ B/ ,fJe ;" ;kb nk}kdh bJh xb eoe/. n? g o F/ f o gz i kp ;h nkeh fJZ e . n? g o nDy w[ e kJh Bk ik ;Z e h. n? t / I BjhI ;h nz r q / } ~ fgnk ikDk, T[ j d/ wro I coz r hnK iz r S/ V h, d/ F -GrsK s/ I , ;dk |[ b kw ofje/ , J/ E I p o hnk fp;sok r b eoe/ . b? e/ tZ v k jfEnko ubkeh fJZ e . f}z d rh j o fpskJh Bk ik ;Z e h.wz { j I w{ z j fJfsjk; fgnk p b dk j? , iz r fiZ s e/ jkohnK f;Z y c" i K, fBeb frnk nihs f;z x d/F ftuI,;[ D ez B k ~ osk e[ e b eoe/ . wko rJh ;h p/ - fJsckeh-fJZ e . fe;/ soQK nwohek ftu g[Zfink ;h. fe;B/ gkfJnk nk}kdh ftu tZX fjZ;k < mkoK ;" ;z s kbh #u rfonK B/ , nkU t/ y hJ/ }ok gVu b eoe/ . nZ v k ftZ u gz i kp ;wk fbnk ;h.Gkt/I fjzd d/ jo goKs ftuI, mkoK ;" T[ f Dz i k ftu eo ep}k,ikBK tkohnK fjz d [ ; skBhnK B/ . eZ [ b Gkos |bkw pDk fbnk ;h. fco th tXe/ ;kfonK fjz d hnK #u I , mkok ; ;stz i k d/ |do fgS I , jJhnK f;ZyK d/ tZbI e[opkBhnK B/. uVQ wZ u h ;h r o / tgkohnK dh.fjz d gfjbK th }/ o ;h w[ | bK d/ , T[jBK ehshnK ;yshnK fjzd nzdo,f;Z y Ud I s I jh eod/ ukj nkJ/ . ikB ckjh ;h d/ F g[ i kohnK dh. ;0 nihs f;zx pkpk ;jB f;zx GeBk ;jDk Gkos fJj ;kvk nk}kd jt/, pkpk okw f;z x B/ Ud I pD nkr{ , pkpk ;jD f;zx GeBk d/ Bkb fwbe/, sB I wB I j e/ bkT[ I d / tkj nkJ/ . g? d k bfjo ehsh BkwXkohnK dh. jodw ftu gq u ko d/ oZ [ f Mnk ;h.;dk ;yshnK ikBK s/ oj/ iod/ , fJzrfbF t;s{nK dk pkJhekN eoe/, Gkos toF nk}kd eokT[ D ]kso,bGd/ ;dk nk}kdh dh okj nkJ/ . ehsh edo d/ F h uh}k ;kohnK dh. |do gkoNh UE/ pDkJh rJh ;h. d[ZyK-;[ZyK sI p/ - gotkj j e/ , BthI bhj ubkJh gquko eoe/ , skes Bkb ;[ s z s osk bJh ikt/ , d/ F Xow dh eod/ gotkj nkJ/ . Bkno/ d/F-nk}kdh d/ bkJ/ rJ/ ;B. jo EK J/j jh Bhsh ngDkJh rJh ;h. n?go dF p|kts dk bk e/ s/ b z v B ftu d;w/ F T[ s ;Z t T[ s / , Bkb sgK d/ @@e{ e / # # T[vkJ/ rJ/ ;B. Ud I f;Z y h ;fgoN irkJh rJh ;h. jKr eKr, eB? v k s/ :{ H n? ; H J/ H , jo EK brB nk}kdh dh bkJh rJh ;h. eZm/ j j e/ f;Zy ;ud/ ;B, ns/ ghI j d/ nz r o/ } s/ dz d hnK ;B. nz s ikD bJh r[ o { - d[ n kfonK #u ;zs f;gkjh GkJh wjkoki f;zx pkpk okw f;zx BkwXkoh bkJhnK f;ZyK s/ rJhnK gkpzdhnK ;B.T[ j BK o e / ;h okj npdkbhnK d/ , e{ek bfjo Fjhdh ;kek sVch nkswk pkpk r[ofdZs f;zx dh,dz d ehs/ ;h yZ N / d[ Z o kBhnK d/ . T[ j B/ nkfynk T[ Z u h nktk} eoe/ . bVd/ wod/ e[ o pkBhnK oj/ eod/ , Gkt/ I bfjo nk}kdh dh o[ e h T[ d I , u[ g fojK BjhI fjz d nk}kd j D K, jJ/ BjhI ;h |[bkw nrkBhnK d/. n? g o w{ b I dpkJh Bk ik ;Z e h. ez w uZ b Dk BjhI fbjk} eoe/ .ep}k ehsk nz r q / } K B/ fjz d T[ s / , dZph rJh uzfrnkVh, Bk GVe ;Zeh, fjz d nkD dh T[ j BK ;bkj ehsh,pZ ; fojk gz i kp ;h pkeh fJZ e . n? g o T[ Z e h p[ M kJh Bk ik ;Z e h. Bkb d/ F GrsK ;k}-pk} eoe/ . (16)
  17. 17. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 go Bk fe;/ ijk} B/ EK fdZ s h, @@B" i tkB ;okGk eosko f;z x ## B/, pfj rJ/ u[g eoe/, r[ZMk ok} eoe/. Ud I pz p pDkT[ D dk :sB ehsk.nz s t/ u hnK T[ j BK B/ ikfJdkdK, eZ m / eo eo e/ fJBebkphnK ~,fwb e/ tsB bJh ;ko/ fsnko j rJ/. T[jB/ |do wukT[D dk :sB ehsk. fJe ikgkBh ijk} yohd e/ s/ , d/ F -Grs ;G ftZ u ;tko j rJ/ .UXo s[fonk @@r[o{ BkBe ijk}## nkyo,b? e/ fsz B ;" fSjZ s o ;tkohnK ~. pZpo nekbh J/ X o ikoh jdkfJsK j rJhnK, J/ d K tys nz r o/ } ~ gk SZ f vnk, yk; yk; g b h;-nfXekohnK ~. e[ M gz i kp d/ f;z x K nDyhfbnK B/ . pkpk r[ofdZs f;zx Fjhd eosko f;zx ;okGk n? g o, c[ Z N B/ n? ; k popkd ehsk, fe;ws fjzd dh ;Vh dh ;Vh ofj rJh. T[ j B/ fwb e/ c" i d/ d;fsnK @u fdbK ftu nk}kdh dh o{ g -o/ y k, fJBebkp fbnkT[D dk :sB ehsk. U;/ soQK jh xVh dh xVh ofj rJh. r o k-Fkjh dk fjz d [ ; skB ftu I , J/ E / pZ ; BjhI goik s/ r f onK B/ , T[jB/ s]s T[bNkT[D dk :sB ehsk. j o ;ysh d/ s/ } jfEnko ehs/ . ekwk rkNk wko{ y[ZbQk G/s p|kts Bk j ;eh, d/ e/ Ffj wjzsK g[ikohnK ~, ;wK yz [ f MnK, X D / Bk X ;fenk. }[bw f;ZyK s/ p/-F[wko ehs/.@@pi pi xkN## ebeZs/ ijk} bZrk, cfVnk frnk ;w/ s T[ j ;kEhnK d/ , Ykjh ezX r[od[nkok @oekp rz i # dh,fgZ ; { gJ/ ro/ - eowukohnK ~. ojh wB ftu, ;cb Bk j ;fenk. f;Z y Xow T[ s / , f;Z X / tko ehs/ . T[ j BK pkjo ijk} #u eZ Y e/ s/ , fijbK ftu ;oeko B/ vZ e fdZ s / , @@ifbQ n K tkb/ # # @u rbh ubk e/ s/, x/ o fbnk ;h d/ F -fjsekohnK ~. Bk w[ e Z d wk, Bk jh tehb e J h. fdb y b Q e/ s/ nfsnkuko ehs/ . nkJh ikrosh T[ f mnk d/ F ;Z [ s k,fe;/ gk;/ Bk T[ j BK ~ ikD fdZ s k, jo fJZ e FZ e h ~ J/ B k ;h sz r ehsk, jo EK d/F-nk}kdh dh bfjo uZbh.wko wko e/ r b hnK G[ z B fdZ s / . j ;fenk fizBk }bhb eJh. fijV/ pu rJ/ T[ j frq c sko eoe/ , e[M ek~B ;g?Fb pDk fdZs/, ekb-e m ohnK #u I T[ j BK s[ z B fdZ s / . fiBQ K nZ r / Bk uZ b h dbhb e J h.|do gkoNh d/ yk; yk; w? I p o, @@ekb/ gkDh## iK w" s ;}k fdZ s h,pZ u c/ o th e[ M Bk e[ M rJ/ ;h. ;[ D h rJh Bk Ud I nghb e J h. fijV/ ;D/ jh @@pkpk r[ofds f;zx# d/,## eJh d/F ftuI ibktsB jJ/, fe;/ soQ K gz i kp ftu g[ Z i rJ/ ;h. cK;h uVQ / s/ ykXhnK r b hnK ;B.nkg nkgD/ fgz v K ftu ik e/ s/ , T[ w o e? d eZ N h ekb/ gkDhnK dh,;ko/ ftu ;orowhnK o[ Z M rJ/ ;h. ikBK d/ F s I tkohnK x b hnK ;B. ifbnK tkbk pkr fJTI i f s nk}kdh dh ojh irdh, Ud I ij/ e[ M c" i #u nkJ/ f;Z y K, nekbh## Ud I @@bfjo nekbh# d/ Bk EZ b / , Gkt/I dhg eJh xoK d/ p[ZM rJ/ ;h. s/ d[ n kp/ d/ e[ M jmhfbnk B/ . @@r[od[nkok-;[Xko## dh bfjo uZbh.Bkb/ T[ Z B h ;" u" d K dh iz r wro I , bfjo @@pZ p o nekbh## ubk e/ s/, Bk-fwbtosB dh @@rKXh## B/ bfjo soh,r o / ehs/ fJeokoK s I w[ Z e o/ ;B. ;X/ eJh |Z d ko iFhfbnK B/ . T[jdk Bknok ;h gfjbK ngDkfJnk f;ZyK. fJ; bJh r[ Z ; / s/ o j d/ U; t/ b / , bkJh oZ y h nz r o/ } d/ Bkb NZ e o, fjZ ; k T[ j d/ #u fbnk nekbhnK B/ , BeF/ b e K d/ fdbK s/ T[ Z e o/ ;B. fwb e/ B"itkBK eJh ozrhfbnK B/. fJT[I T[j~ ;h ;cb pDkfJnk f;ZyK. (17)
  18. 18. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012i? s ftu s/ r [ o { e / p k r nz d o, @@yVe f;zx pkpk## fojk yVedk ;h,iZ E / G/ i e/ w o uk bkfJnk f;Z y K. jZ e K bJh T[ j ;dk jh x[ f bnk ;h. yk e/ vKrK s/ r b hnK fpZ f bnK ~, @@skok f;z x wk;No## bkJ/ wou/ ;h, FKswJh d/ Bkb M[ e kfJnk f;Z y K. fijbK ftu fBZ v o T[ j o[ f bnk ;h. Fjhd T[Xw f;zx Fjhd eosko f;zx pdbk fbnk GoktK dk vkfJo ebI, nkg ik tbkfJs d/ ftZ u T[ j B/ . s/oK ;" ;B e[Zb Fjhd jJ?, pkpk yVe f;zx wk;No skok f;zx ifbQ n K tkb/ d/ pk| ftu Ek s/ jh. Fjhdh ;kek BkBekDk ;kfjp r[ o d[ n ko/ nk}kd eokT[ D ykso fiZ E / f;Z y K e[ o pkBhnK ehshnK ;B. UE/ d/ F nk}kdh ;z r okw nz d o, T[jBK nogD itkBhnK ehshnK ;B. ehsh xZ N Bk pkfpnK d/ F -GrsK, |doh-izrK n?bkBhnK ehshnK ;B. ]sw eoB bJh oki coz r hnK dk, g?dk T[jBK fBFkBhnK ehshnK ;B. ;?b[bo i/b goN pb/:o i?s dk wouk M b h-u[ Z e K s/ fgZ m { n K Bkb fwb e/ , ;Z s ;" T[ D Z s o dh T[ j BK ftZ u I , Bkb gkfb;h rJ/ nz r q / } pud/ . frDsh j J h ;h f;Z y K d/ Bk s/ jh. wjKokfinK ns/ ikrohdkoK, fJZ e ;" s/ fJZ e h ;B e[ Z b pz d / , Bkb fwbe/ oj/ nzrq/} pud/. fijV/ cK;h d/ T[s/ bNekJ/ rJ/ ;B. Grs f;z x |[ b kw Bk ofj ;fenk, T[ j BK ftu nmkJh ;B e[ Z b fjz d { , ehsk pVk nz r q / } ~ fiZ u T[ j B/ . pkeh fsokBt/I f;Zy frDkJ/ rJ/ ;B. SZ p h ;" s/ u" j m ;B fiBQ K skJhI , d/F fBekb/ d/ j[ew ;[DkJ/ rJ/ ;B. fJZ e h ;" ;z s kbh sK f;Z y jh ;B, ;0 feFB f;zx ibktsB i Ud I eokJ/ rJ/ ;B. jKreKr, wbkfJnk, nk;kw, powk, jo EK f;Z y K B/ , f}z d rh dkB ehsh. iZ E / p z d n k } k d f j z d c " i eoe/ , Fjhd Grs f;zx iBob w j B f;z x nkg ewkB ehsh. Bknok fJBebkp dk bk e/ s/ , ;z B ;z s kbh ftu gJh i ;Z N tZ v h, oZ ; k cK;h dk ;wfMnk fNZ u T[ j B/ . T[ j th jZ ; e/ f;oK s/ ioh f;Z y K. ifbnK tkb/ ftu t/ y FjkdsK ~, @@jDk fjzd sI tZy BjhI @gke# tkr{z##, Fjhdh ;kek gzik ;kfjp @@T[Xw f;zx## ofJnK ykXh fyZu TjB/. ejh rZ b nz r o/ } ~ yoh f;Z y K. (18)
  19. 19. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012XB, wekB, }whBK, r[ o Xkw y[ Z ; / , v[ Z b Q k UXo FjhdK dk y{ z B gfjbK,ikB d/ F bJh sbh s/ Xoh f;Z y K. Mz v k c/ o nk}kdh dk M[ Z f bnk ;h. J/ d K feFs nyhobh skoe/ s/ , fJj th FZe BjhI fe fjzd[;skBhnK #uI ehws e[ Z b nk}kdh dh Goh f;Z y K. ehsh tZ X e[ o pkBh gz i kphnK B/ . sK th tX e/ e[ Z b gz i kphnK #u I , xkbh xkb f;Z y K fJBebkphnK B/ . ;[Zs/ fjzd ~ M{D irk fdZsk, fsozrk fgnkok nk wM?bK, wbtJhnK d[nkphnK B/. d/ F ykso FjhdhnK gk bJhnK, f;Z y K ijh BjhI fes/ fw;kb fwbdh, sd/ edw u[ z w / ekw:kphnK B/ . izr-fJfsjk; d/ fe;/ go;zr nzdo. nkyoeko e[ o pkBh ;h oz r bkJh, ;G s I tZ X e[ o pkBh j? ouh j J h, ehsk fjz d nk}kd ;z r okwhnK ;h. f;Z y K-;{ f onK d/ nz r nz r nz d o. g{ok iKdk gzikp pukn nZXk fto;k fiBQK ~ fwfbnk FjkdsK dk, T[jBk-yZN bJhnK B/e-BkwhnK ;h. fJBebkp d/ T[ j iz w / ikJ/ B/ f;Z y . fjZ ; k gkfJnk j? f;Z y K B/ tZ X e/ s/ , fe;/ gZ y I th @e w b# ih goy t/ y , iBob wjB f;zx bz w h d/ F -nk}kdh dh iz r nz d o. jo w?dkB ftu nZr/ jh nkJ/ B/ f;Zy.gmjko, j}kok, gF"o T[s/, bVd/ oj/ B/ d/F ftd/F nzdo Xow gq u ko ew/ N h ;q h nz f wq s ;o dhMZ g V J/ B k popkdh dk M[ Z f bnk ;h. ;ko/ nkgD/ nkgD/ oz r nz d o. gq e kf;s g[ ; se @@fto;k ykb;/ dk## ftu I nk}kdh v[pZdh p/VQh (15 nr;s 1947 gq s h fFetk) -fsqbuB f;zx uzB Bfozdo f;zx wIrk w0 9415469266 rZbK d/ fJj vkY/ wkfjo Bh nk}kdhJ/. fdzd/ bzp/ bkoQ/ be. nk}kdhJ/, y{B dhJ/ ftfdnk ukBD tzvd/ fcod/ eJhnK y{B fdsk s?~ gkD ykso. frnkD jhD jzeko/ be. Bh nk}kdhJ/. T[sI fuZN/ ftuI ekb/ tkdhJ/, w"s dhJ/ pDd/ B/I ;[fEnko/ be. eJhnK ikB tkoh s/oh FkB ykso.. whnK fwZm{ B/ fJj B/sk nkBk tkbhJ/ ! j[D ;[D EZe/ jko/ be. tkbhJ/ irs dhJ/ gb y[b u[eh j? fJBQK dh s/o/ bJh eJh nkg/ ~ tko s[o rJ/. FkBk tkbhJ/, BjhI FowKd/ fJj ;ko/ be. tkbhJ/ e"w dhJ/ g/F B iKdh wib{wK dh s/o/ bJh eJh tko, gfotko s[o rJ/.. jwkw ftu Bzr/ ;ko/ be. Gkt/ n?Bk e[M eoB s/ j? nkT[dhI wid{o jJ/ jo wi/ sI d{o eo d/dhJ/ go nkpkd nk e/. I w}K b?D Gq;fNnko/ be. feT[ fco @@uB## jJ/ yN/ B/ Gkr ;kY/ uZg{ p/VQh dk eh dF eo fds Jh gzikp popkd nk e/.. wZbkjK d/ wko/ be. (19)
  20. 20. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 ÃÅù ÇÃ¼Ö Ô¯ä å¶ îÅä ÔË êð...... ¸ìñç¶ò ÇÿØA. Ô¼æ ܯóç¶ éÔÄ, î³ÈÔ å¯º òÅÇÔ×¹ðÈ À°ÚÅðç¶ éÔÄÍ ì¶ô¼Õ ç¯ ì¼ÇÚÁ» çÅ ìÅê ÔÆ ÇÕÀ°º éÅ Ô¯ò», ÃÅù Ô¼æ ñàÕ»ç¶ Ô¯Â¶ ñËëà-ðÅÂÆà Õðç¶ Ô¯Â¶ ×¹ðç¹ÁÅð¶ ÕÅðàÈé ìäéÅ Ú¿×Å ñ×çÅ ÔË (ÇÜà éÅñ ñ¯ÕÄ ×¹ðÈ ç¶ ÃÅÔîä¶ ÔÅ÷ð Ô¹¿ç¶ Ô»Í îÖ½ñ À°âÅ ÃÕä), ÃðçÅð ìäéÅ Ú¿×Å éÔÄB. î¼æÅ à¶Õ Õ¶ ×¹ðÈ ÜÆ Õ¯ñ ê³Ü Çî³à òÆ éÔÄ ìËáç¶ ñ×çÅÍ Ô»Í ÁÃÄ ×¹ðÈ ç¶ çðôé Õðé éÔÄ, ÁÅêä¶ çðôé A@. ÁÃÄ éÅ å» ×¹ðÈ çÆ Õ¯ÂÆ ×¼ñ ì¼ÇÚÁ» ù ùäÅÀ°ºç¶ ç¶ä ñÂÆ ×¹ðç¹ÁÅð¶ Ü»ç¶ Ô»Í Ô», éÅ À°é·» éÅñ ÁÅêäÆ î»-ì¯ñÆ ÇòÚ ×¼ñC. ÚÅÔ¶ ÁðçÅà Թ¿çÆ Ô¯ò¶, Ü» ×¹ðÈ ÜÆ çÅ Ô¹Õî ÁÅ Õðç¶ Ô»Í ×¹ðìÅäÆ çÆ ×¼ñ å» Õðç¶ ÔÆ éÔÄÍ ÇðÔÅ Ô¯ò¶, ÃÅù ÕÆ îåñì? ÁÃÄ éÔÄ áÇÔðç¶, AA. Á³ÇîÌå ò¶ñ¶ À°µáä çÅ ÕÆ ñÅí? Çéåé¶î çÅ ÕÆ ÃÅⶠկñ òÕå éÔÄ ÔËÍ ñÅí? À°ò¶º ÔÆ Ú¿×Å íñÅ Ú¼ñ ÇðÔÅ ÔËÍ Ü¶ ÷ðÈðåD. ×¹ðç¹ÁÅðÅ ÔÅñ ÇòÚ ÁÃÄ Ú¹¼ê éÔÄ ìËáç¶Í ÇÂÕ êÂÆ å» ×¹ðç¹ÁÅð¶ ÜÅ Õ¶ ÁðçÅà ÕðÅ ñò»×¶Í çÈܶ çÅ ÔÅñ-ÚÅñ ê¹¼Ûä çÅ ÇÂÔ À°µåî ÁÃæÅé AB. ÇÂÕ Ãî» ÃÆ, ìÆìÆÁ» ÇÂÕ Ô¼æ ¦îŠس¹â Õ¼ãçÆÁ» ÔËÍ ÃéÍ ×¹ðÈ ÃÅÇÔì ÜÆ é¶ Ø³¹â Õ¼ã䯺 îé·» ÕðE. ÁðçÅà Ã òÆ ÁÃÄ Ô¼æ ܯó Õ¶ ÇÃ¼è¶ éÔÄ Öñ¯ºç¶, Çç¼åÅÍ Ô¹ä ìÆìÆÁ» é¶ ç¹ê¼àÅ ñËäÅ ÔÆ ì¿ç Õð À°º×ñ» ÇòÚ À°º×ñ» ëÃÅ Õ¶ Öñ¯ºç¶ Ô»Í ÇÂà åð·» Çç¼åÅ ÔËÍ Ü¶ Õ¯ÂÆ ñ˺çÆ òÆ ÔË å» ×ñ ÇòÚ êÅ ÁÅðÅî ÇîñçÅ ÔËÍ Õ¶Í Õ°Þ ìÆìÆÁ» å» ÁËö êÇÔðÅò¶ ÇòÚ ×¹ðç¹ÁÅð¶F. ܶÕð ÁÃÄ ðÅ×Æ ÇÃ¿Ø Ô» å» ÁÃÄ ÕÆðåé Õðé ÁÅÀ°ºçÆÁ» Ôé ÇÕ ñ¯Õ» çÆ é÷ð òÅð-òÅð 寺 ìÅÁç ÿ×å ÇòÚ éÔÄ ìËáäÅ, ÇÕÀ°ºÇÕ ÃÅâÅ À°Ôé» Óå¶ Ü»çÆ ÔËÍ îåñì êÈðÅ Ô¯ Ú¹¼ÕÅ Ô¹¿çÅ ÔËÍ ÕÆðåé 寺 ìÅÁç AC. ÃÅⶠկ ñ îÅÇÂÁÅ ÔË , ÃÌ Æ ÁÖ³ â êÅá ÁÃÄ ÁðçÅà ܻ Ô¹ÕîéÅî¶ éÅñ ÃÅù Õ¯ÂÆ îåñì ×¹ðç¹ÁÅð¶ ÇòÚ ÕðòÅÀ°ºç¶ Ô»Í ÁÅð¿í Ô¯ä Óå¶ éÔÄÍ ÁÃÄ ê³Ü êÀ°óÆÁ» çÅ êÅá ùä Õ¶ Øð Úñ¶ Ü»ç¶G. êËð è¯òé òÅñ¶ Ú¹ì¼Ú¶ ÓÚ¯º Üñ çÆ Ú¹ñÆ íð Õ¶ Ô»Í ÃÅðÅ êÅá êÅáÆ ÇÃ¿Ø ÁÅê ÔÆ êó·ç¶ å¶ ÁÅê êÆäÆ ÔË, êð ֳⶠçÆ êÅÔ¹ñ éÔÄ ÛÕäÆÍ ÁÅêäÆ ÔÆ Ã¹äç¶ ÔéÍ ÃîÅêåÆ çÅ Ãî» ÁÅ Ü»çÅ ÔË, êð îéîÇå ÕðéÆ ÔËÍ ÁÃÄ ×¹ðç¹ÁÅð¶ éÔÄ ìÔ¹óç¶Í Ô¹ä êÅáÆ ÇÿØH. ÁðçÅÃ ç¶ ç½ðÅé ÔÆ ÁÃÄ ×Ì¿æÆ ÇÃ¿Ø ù îÅÇÂÁÅ ÇòÚÅð¶ ÕÆ Õðé, Ô½ñÆ-Ô½ñÆ ÇÂÕ-ÇÂÕ Á¼Öð ëóÅÀ°äÆ ÔË, ÇÜà éÅñ ÿ×å ÃÅâÅ ÇÚÔðÅ ç¶Ö ÕðÕ¶ êó·ç¶ ÔéÍ ðÅ×îÅñÅ ô¹ðÈ Ô¯ Ü»çÆ ÔË å» ÃÕ¶Í êÇÔñ» ëóÅÀ°ä éÅñ ÕÆ ëÅÇÂçÅ? ÇÕå¶ í¼Üç¶-ç½ó¶ ԯ¶ êÔ¹¿Úç¶ Ô»Í è¿é ÇüÖƸè¿éI. ÇÃð Óå¶ ñÆð (Õ¼êó¶ çÅ à¹ÕóÅ) ÔÆ ì¿é·äÆ ÔË, ×¹ðÈ ç¶ ÇüÖ! -f;Z y c[ b tkVh s I XBtkd ;fjs (20)
  21. 21. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012feqFB iBwkFNwh s/ ftF/F GkJh r[ o dk; ih dhnK tkoK ftZ u ;qh feqFB ih dk toDB dogsh ;q h feq F B ih dk pfXe jZ E I nz s 1 nz d fo ;Gk d[ ; k;D? wE/ t kfb dq g sh nKdh. ikfJ ;[sk goGk; 24 ftfu rv/ T[s/ g?o g;ko/. d{ s k B c[ o wkfJnk Bz r h eoj[ gz u kbh 2 pKdh. uoD etb ftfu gdw[ j? fMbfwb Mbe/ tKrh sko/. gzi/ gKv t/yd/ nT[xfN 3 o[Xh 4 Bkfo fiBk dh. pXe[25 nkfJnk Gkbdk fwor? ikfD pkD[ b? wko/. nyh whN fXnkB[ Xfo jk jk feq;B eo? fpbbKdh. do;B fvm;[ ikfJ e? 26eoD gbkt eo/ g[eko/. egV eN[ T[;kfoUB[ Ee/ d{s B gkfo t;Kdh. rfb ftfu bhsk feqFB ih ntr[D[ ehsk jfo B fusko/. jE woVfB 5f;o[ X[DfB gSskfB eofB ikfj iKdh. efo feogk ;zsfynk gfss T[XkoD[ fpod[ phuko/. xfo nkJh mke[o fwb/ g?i ojh pb/ FowKdh. Gb/ Gb/ efo wzBhnfB p[fonK d/ jfo eki ;tko/. BkE nBkEK pkfD X[oK dh..8.. gkg eo/Id/ gfss T[Xko/..23..10.. (tko 10, gT[ V h 8) (tko 10, gT[ V h 23) ;[dkwk Grs feqFB uzdqktsko 6 7 8 fpg[ ;[dkwk dkfbdh pkb ;ykJh fwsq ;dkJ/. fe;B b?nk ntsko[ ifr wjwk 27d;w ;ezX[ tykD?. bkr{9 jJh ;kwQDh fwfb irdh; dfbdq rtkJ/. bhbk ubs nuoi efo ir[ Gr[ o; obhnk wkD?. ufbnk rDdk rNhnK10 feT[ efo ikJhn? eT[D[ fwbkJ/. *wjkGkoE[ eotkfJUB[ e? o gkv efo j? o kD? . gj[sk Brfo d[nkoek f;zx d[nkfo11 ybsk ikJ/. 28 fJzdkq fde pqjwkfdek wfjwk fwfs fwoikd B ikD?. d{oj[ d/fy vzvT[fs efo Sfv f;zxk;D[ jfo ih nkJ/. fwbhnk Njbk tzfv e? 29ifr oki;{ oki/ okD?. gfjb/ d/ godyDk g? o h g? e/ b? rfb bkJ/ . wzr bJh jfo** Njb 30J/j g?o XfJ uoDde[ wkD?. uoD d e[ b? g? o X f J f;z x k;D[ T[ s / p? m kJ/ . ;kX;zrfs r[o ;pd[ f;RkD?..9.. g[S/ e[;b[12 fgnko[ efo r[o ;/tk dh eEk ;[DkJ/. (tko 23, gT[ V h 9) b? e/ szd[b13 ufpUB[ ftdk eo/ nr? gj[ukJ/. ukfo gdkoE ;[efu gmkJ/..9.. 1 f;o d/ e/;K sI geV e/. 2 gzukb d/F d/ okik dh g[sqh . 3 n"yh Z (tko 10, gT[ V h 9) xVh. 4 c;h. 5 nc;; Bkb f;o X[Dd/ jB. 6 pqkjwD. 7 g{sBk dfbZdoh. 8 pugB dk fwZso. 8 wro gJh. 19 frDshnK (Gkt- nkJh gkgfD g{sBk d[jh EDh ftj[ bkfJ tj/bh14. ftukoK) eodk. 11 oki d[nko #go. 12 ;[y FKfs. 13 uktb. 14 ftGukoBh. 15 BthI itkBh tkbh fJ;sqh. 16 uzubsk Gfonk fgnkok. nkfJ p?mh gotko ftfu B/jz[ bkfJ 15BtjkfD Bt/bh. 17 uko nzrK ftu gqXkB (cZc/ e[NDh). 18 fJ;sqh. 19 feqFB. 20 e[SfV bJ/ rftzd okfJ efo u/Ne[16 us[or17 wj/bh18. z rq;h jJh. 21 s/oK skbD, Gkt pj[s ukbke. 22 uzub. 23 d[yh. 19 20 wjD[ wzw/ gkfJUB[ pkjfo nkJh rop rj/bh . 24 dZyDh Gkos ftu dPkoktsh Broh bkr/ ;w[dqh ezY/ #s/ fjzd{nK z d/j tXkfJ T[ukfJnB[ 21fsj ufonkfo Bkfo nfmy/bh22. dk gqGk; Bkwh fJe shoE fi; dk BK ;w shoE th j?. :kdttzF fsj[z bnK dk Gko[ d/ uzpfVnk rfb jfJ d[jbh23. / ;fjs ;qh feqFB ih dk nzs fJ;/ ;EkB #go jfJnk ;h. 25 fFekoh . 26 ehoB/, ftobkg. 27 Gkrts dk d;tK ;ezX eEB eodk j?. ykfJ gSkV gjkV tKfr ikfJ gJh T[ikfV Xe/bh. 28 fJzdo, pqjwk nkfde B/ T[; dh wfjwk s/ wo:kdk dk nzs BjhI ehsh wkT[ s[fb ;j/bh..22.. ikfDnk. 29 :[fXFNo d/ oki;{ :Zr fty/. 30 g?o X e/ uoBkfwqs (tko 10, gT[ V h 22) dk nBzd jh wkDKrk.* tZvk izr (:[ZX).** ;qh feqFB ih. (21)
  22. 22. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012r[o{ rqzE ;kfjp ftu nkJ/ okrK pko/ ikDekoh5H okr[ r{ i oh @@r{ i oh ikfs rtkfo ik ;j[ gkJ/ nkgDk r[ o e? ;pfd thukfo nBfdB[ jfo ig[ ikgDk.## (w-3, gzBk 516) d[gfjo t/b/ rkT[D tkbk fJj okr ekh be gqhn s/ g[okDk okr j? i T[Zso s/ wX Gkos ftu pj[s tX/o/jowB fgnkok jD ekoB rkfJnk iKdk j?. tzBrh L- jfo e/ iB ;fsr[o ;sg[oyk jT[ fpBT[ eoT[ r[o gkf; jw eho/ feow ;fsr[o ;oDkJh efo dfJnk Bkw[ gorkf;HHHHHHH (gzBk 492) fJj okr fJt/I rkfJnk iKdk j? L- noj L ; o[ r[ w/ X[ Bh ;I ntoj L ;I Bh X[ w/ ;[ o[, r[ o[ ; tkdh L X[ ;ztkdh o[ w[y nzr L ; X[, w/ X[, Bh ;I, Bh X[ w/ r[ o[, r[ o[ ;.6H okr[ d/ t rz X koh (gzBk - 527 sI 536 sZe) r[o{ rqE ;kfjp ftu pj[s EVhQ pkDh okr[ d/t rzXkoh ftu fbyh fwbdh j?. fJ; d/ rkT[D dk ;wK uko xVh zfdB uVQ/ j? Gkt fdB dk d{ik gfjo. GkJh ekjB f;zx BkGk nB[;ko fJj fpbktb mkN dh ;zg{oB okfrBh j?. fJ;ftu ;ko/ F[X ;[o jB. fJe Fpd okr d/t rzXko ftu th rkfJnk frnk j?.tzBrh L nzfwqsk fgqn puB s[jko/ nfs ;z[do wBwjB fgnko/ ;G j{ wfX fBoko/ - ojkT[ oki[ B ukjT[ w[efs B ukjT[ wfB gqhfs uoB ewbko/ HHHHHHHHHHHHHH (gzBk 534)fJ; okr dh pDso fJ; goeko j?? L-noj L ; o w g X ;ntoj L ;I Bh X g, w g, X[ B[h X[ g, w r o ;.tkdh L w ;ztkdh L ;w[y nzr L X[ B[h X[ g, w r, ;k o w, r ; o r ;. (22)
  23. 23. gzikph ;[wB wkf;e nr;s 2012 pZu/ g[ZSd/ jB SIKH HELPING SIKHS To Know SHS pZfunk d/ ;kbkBk fJwfsjkB ysw jD sI pknd e[M Please visit :;wK ftjbk j[zdk j?. mhe fJ; ;w/I jh ;kbkBk Xkofwe www.sikhshelpingsikhs.comftfdnk ns/ r[ow[yh fbfg dhnK ebk;K ftu f;Zy ofjs Email : js_uppal@hotmail.comwo:kdk tkbh g[;se gVQB sI pknd fJe pZu/ B/ ;[nkb Organisations that are part of this visionehsk fe FqwDh r[od[nkok gqpzXe ew/Nh tbI, Skgh rJh SUKRIT TRUSTofjs wo:kdk ftu sK fJj dZf;nk jfJnk j? fe @@;zrs Contact : Jaswinder Singh Khalsaftu fJe tes fJe rZb jDh ukjhdh j?, ehosB iK eEk, website : www.sukrit.orgftfynkB iK gkm go nkgD/ Ffjo d/ r[od[nkok ;kfjp ftu E-mail sukritrust@gmail.comsK gkmh f;zx skfpnk p?mk gkm th eo fojk j[zdk s/ fJ; SATNAM SARAB KALYAN TRUSTd/ Bkb jh ehosBh iZEk ;gheo bk e/ ehosB th. eh fJj Contact : Harkirat Singhofjs wo:kdk nkgD/ Ffjo d/ r[od[nkok ;kfjp #s/ bkr{ Email sskt39@rediffmail.comBjhI j[dh iK gqpXe ew/Nh d/ w?poK ~ fJ; pko/ ikDekoh z z I Affliated websitesjh BjhI. www.saveoursikhs.com d{;o/ fdB fJe jo pZu/ B/ fi; B/ fJe nzfwqsXkoh www.sehajpaath.comokrh f;zx ~, fi; dh dkVQh ozrh jJh ;h, nBzd ;z;eko www.sikhbusinesspages.com;w/I bktK dk gkm gVQd/ d/fynk ;h, ;[nkb ehsk fe i f;Zyj e/ e/; iK dkVQh eNtkT[Idk j? T[j sK gfss j? ns/ i Please visit for Punjabi Suman onnzfwqs Se e/ dkVQh ozr e/ joBK ~ T[gd/F fdzdk j?, T[j www.punjabisuman.comeh jfJnk < brdk j? ;kv/ gqpXe jh n;bh ofjs wo:kdk zs I nDikD jB iK fJBK ftu nkgDk fjs iK GkJh YOUNG SIKH LEADERSGshiktkd tfVnk jfJnk j?. nfijhnK uZb ojhnKgozgoktK ~ e"D oe ;e/rk < fJjBK gqFBK d/ i[nkp ;kvk Young Sikh Leaders (YSL) is socio-GftZy, ;w[uh e"w d/ pZu/ g[Sd/ jB. feT[fI e fJjBK pZfunk Z Z religious net work of enlightenedd/ th dkVQhnK nkT[DhnK jB ns/ fJjBK B/ r[od[nkfonK professionals who have proven their worth in their respective fields and are makingd/ gqpX ;zGkbD/ jB. z all out efforts for the upliftment of Sikh GkJh sko{ f;z x youth through career counseling, Entrepreneurship development and soft -;q h oftz d o BkE N? r o skills development programs. It has w?~ s/oh Goh itkBh s/ ofjw nkT[dk j? I 6000(+) members spread all over India ikj w?I p]Fdk jK s/oh ikB and abroad. It is linked with many pZ; fJ; d/ fJt} ftu w?~ s{z fJe sjk d/ ik International networking organizations like ikD bZfrnK Sikh RI of USA and young Sikh sjk d/ ik nkgD/ y{p;{os bzw/ tkb Association of Singapore (YSAS). wB}{o j? pkdFkj, GkJh sko{ f;zx B/ fejk, Membership to YSL is free. s{z th eh eo/rk :kd H.O. G-2 Janak House, Antop Hill fe;/ f;Zy ebI e[M wzfrnk ;h Road, Wadala(E), Mumbai 400037 Please join the YSL team by registering at d/ iktKrk s?~ nkgD/ ;jD/ bzw/ tkb www.youngsikhleaders.org go fJeZb/ tkb BjhI nkgDk f;o th d/ e/ iktKrk Bkb. Please visit for Punjabi Suman on gz i kph nB[ t kd L iz r pjkdo r f Jb www.punjabisuman.com (23)

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