Vedic Management & Ayurveda Education in India


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This is an enlightening article by the scholar Dr. N. Gopalakrishnan about how our scriptures guide us with the best Management lessons. (Article published in Punarnava Ayurveda's Rishikesh Conference Souvenir)

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Vedic Management & Ayurveda Education in India

  1. 1. THE PRINCIPLES AND MESSAGES OF VEDIC MANAGEMENT Dr. N. Gopalakrishnan February 2008 This Article is a Free Download. Any tampering with or misuse of a part or whole of information produced herein will not be entertained. The contents of this article can be accessed, printed and downloaded in an unaltered form with copyright acknowledged for a non-commercial use and not for a direct commercial use. 1 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,
  2. 2. THE PRINCIPLES AND MESSAGES OF VEDIC MANAGEMENT Vedic management principles are neither religious nor spiritual. They are given in Vedas and vedic related literature including Vedas, Upanishads, Darsanas, Puranas and Itihasas. They are based on individual, social, national and universal principles and are always complimenting and never contradicting. They are coordinating and never conflicting. They are meant for revolutionary and violent internal changes and evolutionary and silent external changes. These messages are applicable to everyone in the world whatever may be their without the barrier of religion, caste, language, nation of origin, race or age and sex. Integration of science and spirituality, ancient and modern, old and new, experiencable and experimentable knowledge, spiritual and physical comforts, can be clearly observed in vedic messages. These messages never say only my pathway / goal / book / vision /method / teachers /teachings… are correct and perfect. They advocate to take good from everywhere including all religious and non religious books like Gita /Bible / Quran /Communism /Capitalism / any book /any country /any language /any type of writings. They pray for co existence and sharing. The Vedas consider human being as one group among the family members of the living and non living beings on the globe earth. The messages are based on satya- dharma –jnana - ahimsa and so on. The messages always focus on the iccha sakti, jnaana sakti and kriya sakti. Vedic messages focus on Dharma (dharmic way of living); Artha (acquiring prosperity through dharmic way); Kaama (fulfilling the expectations through dharmic ways) and Mosksha (Getting detached). These are the four principles for making the life fruitful and purposeful known as purusharthas ! The vedas inform us that how long we are living is not important , but how we are living is important !. All these messages, which are integrated messages, are important for a manager. Books on Vedic management Four Vedas, Upanishads, dharma saastras, puranas, itihasaas and so on are the general reference books. Bhishma upadesa, Vidura upadesa, Bharathopadesa, Lakshmanopadesa, Vibhishanopadesa, Uddhavopadesa, Bharthruhari’s upadesa sathaka, Bharthruhari’s neethi 2 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,
  3. 3. sataka, Chanakya neetisaara, Chanakya’s artha saastra, sukra neetisaara, Bhagavath Geeta, yoga vaasishta, Subhashitas (written as separate collections by many scholars) and so on are the specific books on integrated management. Foundation principles of Vedic management Vedas and Vedic knowledge always consider human being as the manifestation and manipulation of the divinity. So the Vedic scholars say * Prajnaanam brahma: inherent, intrinsic awareness and consciousness are the divinity in all living beings. That awareness is in me/us. Hence Vedas say * aham brahmaasmi. It is present in you too, hence * thathwam asi. It is present as the soul in all living being; hence * ayam aathmaa brahma. Divinity is present in an atom * anoraneeyaan and in the universe * mahato maheeyaan and in all living beings * aathma guhaayaam nihithoasya janthoo: Human beings are considered as the children of immortality: * srunvanthu viswe amruthasya putraa. Vedic messages declare that there are three pathways for anyone to opt 1st one is (the pathway of) * brahmajnaana prayaanam, 2nd *dharma jnaana prayaanam and the 3rd karmajnaana prayaanam. Of which a manager has to opt for second and the third, i.e. doing the karma without a hidden agenda but with dharmic values. Vedas observe divinity in all natural resources like, soil, air, water, oushadhee, animals, plants, forest, earth, Sun, and so on. Hence over utilization and exploitation of anything are objected with strong words. Vedas consider their existence is for the mutual benefit and welfare. Hence Vedic messages are for the past, present and future generations. Practical Principles of Vedic management given as quotations! * Asatho maa sat gamaya: lead us from bad to good * Thamaso maa jyothir gamaya: lead us from darkness to light * Mruthyormaa amrutham gamaya: lead us from the pains to happiness * Saha naa vavatu: let us exist together * Saha now bhunaktu: let us share the result (food) of the work together * Saha veeryam karavaavahai: let us work together * Thejaswinaa vadheethamastu: let us all get enlightened * Maa vidwishaa vahai: let us not have hatred towards anybody 3 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,
  4. 4. * Aano bhadraa krathavo yanthu viswatha: let noble thoughts come towards us from all over the world. * Satyam vada dharmam chara : tell the truth, practice the dharma * Swaadhyaayaan maa pramadaa: never deviate from learning * Satyaan na pramadithavyam: never deviate from the path of truth * Dharmaan na pramadithavyam: never deviate from the dharmic pathway * Kusalaan na pramadithavyam: never deviate from building social relations * Bhoothyai na pramadithavyam: never deviate from leading a prosperous life * Swadhyaaya pravachanaabhyaam na pramadithavyam: never deviate from learning and teaching (for making the life of the manager successful) * Utthishtathaa jaagratha praapya varaanibhodhathaa: Arise, awake, stop not till the goal is achieved. * Kshurasya dhaara nisithaa durathyayaa durgam pathasthath kavayo vadanthi: the dharmic pathway for a successful (management) is like walking on a sharp knife says the experts and scholars. * Bhadram karnebhi srunuyaama deva: let us (the managers) listen to the glorious messages through our ears (for improvement). * Bhadram pasyema akshabhir yajathraa: let us (managers) see the glorious positives through our eyes ( for implementing in their work). * Sthirairangai: thushtuvaamsa sthanubhir vyasema deva hitam yadaayu: Let us all (enjoy) do good and divine work with this body composed of healthy organs, as long as we live. * Aapyaayanthu mamaangaani vaak praana chakshu srothra balamindriayaani cha sarvaani: For undertaking all the missions let our (managers’) words, soul, eyes, ears, functional organs become strong. * Vaang me manasi prathishtithaa: words are founded in the mind * Manoo me vaachi prathishtithaa: the mind is established on the words. * Aaviraaveermaa edhi : let they exist together (let what is told and what is thought not get contradicted). 4 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,
  5. 5. *Srutham me maa atheethena ahoraatraan sandhadhaami: let us remember/recollect what all heard/learned throughout the days and nights * Vaang me madhu matthamaa: let our words be as sweet as honey. * Mana eva manushyaanam kaaranam bhandha mokshayo: mind (of the manager) is the only cause for attachment and detachment *Bhandhaaya vishaayaasaktham muktham nirvishayam smrutham: there should not be something which is binding Us (the manager) with selfish interest and get detached without getting attracted towards sensational matters * Sathyameva jayathey naanrutham: truth only will triumph and never the lie. * Sathyena pantha vithatho deva yaana: truth is the only pathway to glory. * Thyagenaike amruthathwa maanasu: only through relinquishing /thyaagam, one (Manager) can attain happiness and immortality (attain glory). * Thejoasi thejo mayee dhehi: you are fiery spirit; make me (manager) like that * Veeryamasi veeryam mayi dehi: you are vigor, give me vigour in my actions * Balamasi balam mayee dehi: you are powerful, make me also powerful * Ojosi ojomayee dhehi: you are energetic, make me energetic * sahosi saho mayee dehi: you are the conquering, might give me the same (Rigvedic aikamathya sooktham - for unity among workers) * Sangacchandwam samvadadwam samvo manaamsi jaanathaam: let us progress together, let us discuss together, let us keep the same mental attitude * Devaa bhaagam yathaa poorve sanjaanaano upaasathey: It is known for ever that the gods accept the offerings if we give together with unity. * Samaano mantra samaano samithi samaanaa mana saha chittha mesham : Let our mantra be the same , let our gathering have same purpose, let our mind also remain same, let all our thoughts may become one and the same. 5 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,
  6. 6. * Samaanam mantramabhi mantraeva smaanenana vo havishaa juhomi : Let me offer this havis to the agni, with all our mantra becoming unanimously the same and the goals and pathways become the same. * Smaaneeva akoothi samaana hrudayaani va: Let all our mission and also our hearts become one with each other * Samaanamasthu vo mano yathaa va: susahaasati: let us pray for our mind becoming united and let us all live happily together enjoying the life. * (Six qualifications needed for manager) Uddhyamam saahasam dhairyam bhuddhi sakti paraakramam shadethey yathra varthanthey daivam thathra prakaasayeth: where the six qualifications of entrepreneurship - facing any challenges, courage, wisdom, power, capacity to thrash out the obstacles exist, the blessings of the divine power will automatically be there. (Dharma sastra) * (Ten qualifications for a manager) Ahimsa sathyam astheyam brahmachryam aparigraham soucham santhosham sthapa swaadhyaaya eeswara pranidhaanam: Non violence, understanding the truth/fact/essence, non stealing, knowing the ultimate purpose of life, self reliance, cleanliness, pleasant happy vision, mission oriented work, acquiring the knowledge on the subject of work, faith in divinity. (Yama and niyama from Patanjali’s yoga saastra) * Uddhareth athmanaathmaanam na athmaanam avasaadhayeth athmaivahyaathmano bandhu: athamaiva ripu raathmana: (Every manager should) Get ourselves elevated and never denigrate ourselves, we (the managers) ourselves are our relatives and we ourselves (can become) are our own enemies. (Bhagavat Gita) * Jnaanam vijnaana sahitham yad jnaathwaa mokshyathey asubhaath: A manager should scientifically analyze everything to get rid of superstitions and misunderstandings. (Bhagavat Gita) * Dukheshu anudvigna manaa: sukheshu vigatha spruhaa; veetha raga bhaya krodha sthithadheer muniruchyathe: never (a manager should) get upset nor dejected during sorrow, never get attached beyond a limit with happiness,. He should never get over attachment-fear- anger and should keep a vision of stabilized muni. (Bhagavat Gita) 6 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,
  7. 7. * Lokesmin dwividhaa nishtaa puraa prokthaa mayaanakhaa. Jnaana yogena saankhyaanaam karma yogena yoginaam: there are two options ( for a manager) for us to select an option either through learning and teaching like the jnaana yogis or undertaking manual/ technical work as karma yogis.(Bhagavat gita) * Hato vaa prapsyathi swargam jithwaa vaa bhokshyase maheem: if you are failed in your endeavours even after the best level of input consider that you have done your dharma, and if you are successful enjoy the result and reward. * Swadharmo nidhanam sreya paradharmo bhayaavaha: It is meritorious (for a manager) to concentrate in our own dharma instead of penetrating into others, which can be dangerous. (Bhagavat Gita) * Aacharyaath paadam adatthey paadam sishya swamedhayaa paadam sa brahma charibhya sesham kaalakramena cha: acquire one quarter of the knowledge (of management) from teacher, one quarter from self experience, one quarter from the colleagues and friends and the last one quarter during the process of living (by addition, deletion, modification and corrections- Never depend only on books or teachers- Dharma saastra) * Amanthra maksharam naasthi naasthi moolam anoushadham: there is no letter (aksharam) which cannot be used for making a manthra and no roots which cannot be used for making a medicinal preparation * Ayogya purusho naasthi yojaka thathra durlabha: there is none who can be labeled as useless fellow. What is lacking is the coordinators who can make the manthra from the letters (aksharas), the medicinal preparation using appropriate roots, and getting the work done using the efficient workers are scanty (or absent).(Know how to use the resources properly - Dharma saastra) * Gamyathaam artha laabhaaya kshemaaya vijayaaya cha satru vamsa vinaasaaya punarsandarsanaaya cha: Hey Lakshmana! go to the vanavaasa (forest) for prosperity, for making a comfortable situation, for undertaking a successful mission, for defeating the enemies and make it a point to return happily to see me.(Aim of all ventures -Ramayana) 7 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,
  8. 8. * Raamam dasaratham viddhi maam viddhi janakaathmajaam ayodhyaam ataveem viddhi gaccha thaatha yathaa sukham: Hey Lakshmanaa, consider Rama in place of Dasaratha, consider Sita as your mother and the forest itself is your Ayodhya and go happily to the forest and come back successfully. (Make all limitations favorable to us - Ramayana) *Karyatheshy avasa karma sarva prakruthijair gunai: you are the product of environment, whatever mission you have undertaken; you have no option but to fulfill them. (Bhagavat Gita) * Ultimate aims of management should be Lokaa: samasthaa: sukhino bhavanthu: let everyone become happy and prosperous. * Sarvey bhavanthu sukhina: let all become happy * Sarve santhu niraamaya: let all become healthy * Sarve bhadraani pasyanthu: let all be seen in glory * Maa kaschith dukhabhaag bhaveth: let not anyone face sorrow. *saptha dweepa nivaaseenaam praneenaam akshayam upathishtau: Let all living being in all the seven continents become happy and prosperous. *Vedic messages always advise and guide for the unity of the cosmic consciousness, social consciousness and individual consciousness as it mentions through Om saanthi: saanthi: saanthi:. Let there be adhyaathma saanthi (peace for self) aadhiboudhika saanthika (peace around us) Adhidevatha saanthi (peace in the universe). 8 * PUNARNAVA AYURVEDA TRUST * International Conference on “Ayurveda & Yoga: Where Science Meets Consciousness” ,