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A tiitanic crisis to be watered down

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A tiitanic crisis to be watered down

  1. 1. “ Many people have lived without love , but none without water.” A few simple ways to be the change we want to see around us :
  2. 2. A slow dripping tap can waste up to 20 liters of water a day! Get all leaks fixed right away. Until then, bucket the leak.
  3. 3. Run the water tap with minimal force, only when needed. Keep it closed while <ul><li>Brushing </li></ul><ul><li>Shaving </li></ul><ul><li>Soaping hands </li></ul><ul><li>Scrubbing vessels </li></ul>Remember: &quot; 1 billion people (already) lack enough water to simply meet their basic needs!&quot; - WHO
  4. 4. E.g., a dual flush system can operate at half the tank capacity. Flush very judiciously. Get a low flush toilet that lets you regulate the water outflow. * Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toilets_in_Japan#Squat_toilet Indian squat toilets : Water efficient and hygienic! * Don’t use the toilet as a wastebasket ! upto 16 liters of potable water Every time you flush, goes down the drain! Source : “Hunting Down Water”, an award-winning documentary
  5. 5. Choose a restrained bucket bath , over a prolonged shower bath . Bath tubs are a great deal worse.
  6. 6. to cool the house exteriors , etc.! Why pour water where a wet cloth would do? Water is too scarce a resource to be splashed about Delhi alone guzzles 4.5 crore liters every day for car washing! * * Source : “Hunting Down Water”, an award-winning documentary Make sure to infuse these tips into your maid/helper too.
  7. 7. The hand-washing of cloths is not only greener, Prefer semi automatic . It lets you reduce the cycle time and reuse the water for another load. <ul><li>Must choose an automatic one? Go for front loading , then. </li></ul>Can’t somehow avoid a washing machine? <ul><li>Lower the washing frequency . </li></ul><ul><li>Running the machine only at full load saves energy + water. </li></ul>it can also generate extra income for maids .
  8. 8. An RO (Reverse Osmosis) filter discards double the quantity of water it purifies. * Employ it only when unavoidable. Can’t do away with RO? Bucket the outgoing water; Reuse it in cleaning, washing cloths, etc. Yet another practical way to reuse water : Wash fruits/veggies in a bowl (& utilize that water elsewhere). * Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Disadvantages Efficiency needs to be extended to water too!
  9. 9. Rainwater harvesting Storing the rain falling on your house also prevents the flooding of streets , apart from groundwater recharge. Catch me when you can! “ By 2025, ~ 60% of India’s groundwater blocks will be in a critical condition.” – World Bank
  10. 10. The next world war will not be fought over land or oil , but over water ! - Serageldin, former VP, World Bank (among other experts) Plenty of water overflows away (invisibly). Why? We don’t know when exactly to turn off the motor ! Invest in an automatic water motor controller . It also saves power by auto-closing when the water in-flow stops.
  11. 11. [1] http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/earthglacier.html [2] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090119210532.htm Climate change severely aggravates our water plight. <ul><li>Glaciers store ~75% of the world's freshwater. [1] </li></ul><ul><li>Gravely many glaciers are receding, thanks to global warming. </li></ul>&quot;Scientists agree human-induced global warming is real, survey says”. [2]
  12. 12. Just a minor temperature rise? Not quite! [1] www.washprofile.org/en/node/3381 [2] Centre for Science and Environment [3] National Crime Records Bureau Climate change perturbs the entire weather cycle! Between 1973 and 1982, ~ 1500 natural disasters occurred, while from 1993 to 2002, they increased to as many as 6000 ! [1] the right amount (not less, not more), at the right time . [2] 1.84 lakh Indian farmers committed suicide between 1995 & 2007. [3] 68% of our farmers need rain :
  13. 13. <ul><li>Floodwater contains infectious organisms , along with </li></ul><ul><li>chemical & other waste. </li></ul><ul><li>Grossly inadequate mechanisms to store rainwater before </li></ul><ul><li>it hits the drains/oceans. </li></ul>How come floods & (safe) water crisis rise together?
  14. 14. Thankfully, the climatic crisis too can be conquered… but only if each of us upholds Individual Environmental Responsibility : <ul><li>‘ Deadly dozen’ diseases could stem from global warming. [1] </li></ul>[1] http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/10/081007-climate-diseases.html [2] http://business.rediff.com/slide-show/2009/dec/10/slide-show-1-countries-worst-hit-by-climate-change.htm <ul><li>India is one of the 10 countries worst hit by climate change. [2] </li></ul><ul><li>A great deal of eco problems originate locally , so passing the </li></ul><ul><li>buck to the developed nations is just flawed escapism . </li></ul>
  15. 15. Enormous air & water pollution ; Massive depletion of oil / trees , water , energy & fuel ; in production + transportation + disposal! [1] EPI: http://www.earth-policy.org [2] ToI, Bangalore, dated 30-8-08 1500 plastic bottles end up as garbage, every second ! [1] Just (re)use, don’t throw ! Huge waste burning, gigantic landfills & now ocean-fills too! In place of multiple Tissue papers Disposable cups Plastic bags Disposable bottles Use one Handkerchief Mug/glass Jute/cloth bag Reusable bottle Many Indian offices consume 60000 paper cups in ~ 2 weeks ! [2] Quite a few companies (e.g., TI, McAfee) have already phased out paper cups for steel/ceramic mugs ! [2]
  16. 16. A myth: Recycling magically fixes all evils of consumerism ! <ul><li>Most paper cups contain a plastic resin, making them </li></ul><ul><li>non-biodegradable , non-recyclable. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They end up in a landfill, emitting methane . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Only 6.8% of all plastics were recycled in 2007. [1] </li></ul>[1] Environmental Protection Agency [2] ToI, Bangalore, dated 30-8-08 Recyling is useful, but limited. First reuse ; then recycle! <ul><li>Recycling (when possible) guzzles 12 trees, 26k liters of water </li></ul><ul><li>& sizable energy/oil – for 60k cups! [2] </li></ul>
  17. 17. Buying from local markets - as opposed to malls – curbs the hefty emissions tied to transportation and flashy publicity . Exception : the local stuff that lacks energy-efficiency Farming is exceedingly water intensive. Eliminate food wastage . Hand-made products are greener and create more jobs ! Purchase products with minimal/reusable packaging.
  18. 18. “ Nothing will benefit human health and increase chances of survival as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet .” Animal products account for 51 % of the world's total emissions! - “ Livestock and Climate Change” by Goodland and Anhang, World Bank environmental advisers <ul><li>Substituting every kg of chicken with veggies saves </li></ul><ul><li>a mammoth 7000+ liters of water in India! </li></ul><ul><li>– Using stats from National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee </li></ul>Albert Einstein : Killing an animal yields few meals once ; Cut down on meat as much as possible. <ul><li>Humongous depletion of land (fodder), water (fodder, drinking, </li></ul><ul><li>bathing), energy (cooling/transport) </li></ul>Raising it takes months of daily meals !
  19. 19. Increasing reliance on diesel generators Skyrocketing energy consumption Dangerous levels of damaging pollutants (including Black Carbon & Nitrogen Oxides ) Escalating power cuts A one-time investment in solar systems ( heating, lighting ) fetches recurring environmental & monetary savings.
  20. 20. Configure power options such that the monitor closes after an idle time of few minutes, & the CPU/laptop hibernates after half an hour, automatically. Suspend or hibernate it for breaks >= ½ hour. Turn off the CPU/laptop at the end of the day. A screen saver saves nothing & burns energy. Why not switch off the monitor every time we leave the desk for few minutes or more?
  21. 21. 30% of Bangalore’s kids are asthmatic! * Choked roads? Where?! buses! Just 2 * Source : http://www.rediff.com/news/2007/nov/06asthma.htm
  22. 22. Prefer Non-motorized [Cycle, Cycle Rickshaws] & Mass transport [Bus, Train, Shared autos, Vehicle pooling] It’s also good for the body and light on the wallet! Minimize the use of individual autos & personal vehicles . Flying less (and light) saves tremendous fuel/emissions. Sir Albert Einstein Promote Green Employment
  23. 23. Long walks/rides are as pleasurable as long drives, & healthy too! * Source : Bharat Petroleum {http://www.bharatpetroleum.com/YourCorner/petrozine/quart2_2008/index.html} If and when you must drive a motorized vehicle, Electric cars do pollute (via the coal-based power they run on), <ul><li>Keep the tyres fully filled (for increased mileage). </li></ul><ul><li>Turn off the engine at the signal when </li></ul><ul><li>the waiting time is > 15 seconds. * </li></ul>but less.
  24. 24. Consider mileage/energy more than looks/comfort while buying vehicles and appliances. E.g., pay up a bit extra and buy a higher BEE * starred (say) fridge to save on power & money on a monthly basis. efficient as CRT! Replace Tube lights by LED lights or CFLs of lower Watts (if LED infeasible). * Bureau of Energy Efficiency , Government of India power that desktops do! LCD {TV, Monitor} is ~ twice as Laptops consume < half the
  25. 25. <ul><li>Print only what’s necessary . </li></ul><ul><li>Print two-sided . </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize all available space in </li></ul><ul><li>notebooks (& unwanted print-outs). </li></ul>* Source : http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_many_trees_do_you_save_with_one_ton_of_recycled_paper A 200-member company, with a daily average of only 2 print-outs per person, eats away 1 full tree in just ~ 20 days ! *
  26. 26. At home & in the car [ More desirable : Curtail the car usage!] Favour stairs to elevators whenever possible. Why lose power , instead of gaining health ?! Curtail the AC usage; Raise its temperature : Check the use of coolers (consuming loads of water), too.
  27. 27. Help prevent small kids from working in awfully unhealthy & unsafe confines of fire cracker factories. We have a right to celebrate, but at what cost? Compost the kitchen waste [ dailydump.org ] . In the very least, throw it to the plants/garden. Segregate waste : bio-degradable (kitchen, paper) & otherwise. Sell as much waste as possible (plastic, paper) to scrap dealers for recycling/reusing . Clichéd, but crucial: Plant & protect trees ! Celebrate special days by funding tree plantations ( treesforfree.org ).
  28. 28. Only after the last tree has been cut off, and the last river poisoned, will we realize that we can’t eat money! Thank you! Email : pulkitparikh@gmail.com

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