Salvage & Overhaul Presentation


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Written by David England (Georgetown Fire Department / Weir Fire Department)

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Salvage & Overhaul Presentation

  1. 1. Salvage & Overhaul S.F.F.M.A. Basic - 6 hours
  2. 2. Class Objectives - Salvage <ul><li>5-1.1 The firefighter shall identify the purpose of salvage, and its value to the public and the fire department. </li></ul><ul><li>5-1.2 The firefighter, as an individual and as a member of a team, shall demonstrate folds and rolls of salvage covers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Class Objectives - Salvage <ul><li>5-1.3 The firefighter, as an individual and as a member of a team, shall demonstrate salvage cover throws. </li></ul><ul><li>5-1.4 The firefighter shall demonstrate the techniques of inspection, cleaning, and maintaining salvage equipment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Class Objectives - Overhaul <ul><li>5-1.5 The firefighter shall identify the purpose of overhaul. </li></ul><ul><li>5-1.6 The firefighter shall demonstrate searching for hidden fires. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Class Objectives - Overhaul <ul><li>5-1.7 The firefighter shall demonstrate exposure of hidden fires by opening ceilings, walls, floors, and pulling apart burned materials. </li></ul><ul><li>5-1.8 The firefighter shall demonstrate how to separate and remove charred material from unburned material. </li></ul><ul><li>5-1.9 The firefighter shall define duties of firefighters left at the scene for fire and security surveillance. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Salvage <ul><li>Salvage operations consist of those methods and operating procedures allied to fire fighting that aid in reducing fire, water, and smoke damage during and after fires. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why Salvage? <ul><li>Saving property. That is why we are here! </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing fire loss. </li></ul><ul><li>Contents often have more value than the building components. </li></ul><ul><li>Monetary & sentimental value. </li></ul><ul><li>Some items can never be replaced. </li></ul><ul><li>Outstanding public relations. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Great public relations!
  9. 9. Great public relations!
  10. 10. Great public relations!
  11. 11. Tools of the trade <ul><li>Full PPE, CO monitor, Eye protection, </li></ul><ul><li>Savage covers, floor runners, Squeegees. </li></ul><ul><li>Water scoops, mops, mop wringer with bucket, water vacuum, sub-pump, sponges, rags, chamois, </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic sprinkler kit </li></ul><ul><li>Roofing supplies, pad lock & hasp, nails, screws, stapler & staples, tools, power tools. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Maintenance of equipment <ul><li>When done clean equipment with mild soap and water. </li></ul><ul><li>Most tarps are plastic and disposable. </li></ul><ul><li>The old canvas tarp took more maintenance. They were heavier – durable. </li></ul><ul><li>Put all equipment back better than you found it. </li></ul>
  13. 14. How and when <ul><li>Salvage can be performed before extinguishment or as it is occurring. </li></ul><ul><li>Command might delay fire attack until salvage is occurring or complete. We need more manpower for this to happen. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is an attic fire or fire on a second story, get a salvage crew in on the first floor or basement. </li></ul><ul><li>Move all furniture into middle of room, put everything else on top of couch & chairs, then cover it all with tarps. </li></ul>
  14. 15. How and when <ul><li>Roll up area rugs </li></ul><ul><li>Often we remove items if they are far enough away from the fire area. </li></ul><ul><li>If necessary place tarp on top of everything, then place loose items on bed to protect the bed and dresser while attack operations are taking place. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Overhaul <ul><li>Overhaul is the practice of searching a fire scene to detect hidden fires or sparks which may rekindle and to note the possible point of origin and cause of fire. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Tools needed <ul><li>Full PPE & eye protection </li></ul><ul><li>CO monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal camera </li></ul><ul><li>Pike poles </li></ul><ul><li>Plaster hooks </li></ul><ul><li>Trash hooks </li></ul><ul><li>Axe & prying tools </li></ul><ul><li>Carryall, buckets, tubs </li></ul><ul><li>Shovels, hooks, forks. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Tools needed
  18. 19. What to watch out for <ul><li>Weakened floors and walls. </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete that has spalled due to heat. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakened steel roof members. </li></ul><ul><li>Walls offset due to elongation of steel roof supports. </li></ul><ul><li>Weakened roof trusses due to burn-through of key members. </li></ul>
  19. 20. What to look for <ul><li>Discoloration of materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Peeling paint. </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke emissions from cracks. </li></ul><ul><li>Cracked plaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Dried wallpaper. </li></ul><ul><li>Feel the walls with the back of your hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen for popping and cracking. </li></ul><ul><li>Use Thermal camera or heat detectors to find hot spots. </li></ul>
  20. 21. What to look for
  21. 22. Overhaul time! <ul><li>Get rehab and put your PPE back on. </li></ul><ul><li>Expose all hot spots and make sure ALL of the fire is out. </li></ul><ul><li>There should be nothing hot when companies clear the scene. </li></ul><ul><li>Use caution not to disturb any possible evidence for the investigators. </li></ul><ul><li>Properly identify any evidence. </li></ul><ul><li>Smoldering contents can be removed for overhaul </li></ul>
  22. 23. Overhaul time! <ul><li>Hang hose out the window while overhauling to reduce damage to building. </li></ul><ul><li>Use smaller lines for this operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Check window sills, door frames…places where fire might hide. </li></ul><ul><li>Thoroughly check insulation, remove if needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Load bearing members should not be disturbed. </li></ul><ul><li>Post a lookout for firefighter safety. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Related pictures
  24. 25. Related pictures
  25. 26. Time to practice rolls & throws!