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1. searching & reporting earlier and recent definitions of de

  1. 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101Dr. Alaa SadikInstructional & Learning Technologies DepartmentIman Bait Said 89815Asma Baqi 90761www.alaasadik.netalaasadik@squ.edu.om
  2. 2. Distance Educationand the InternetTECH4101Lecture One (Week 2)DefiningDistance Education Interactive Presentation
  3. 3. Defining Distance EducationBackground:The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century →Developments in various fields of technology →Offered new solutions for delivering instruction →Learners’ interests were enhanced →Increase in the subject areas offered by distanceeducation →Became one of the formal means of education.
  4. 4. Defining Distance EducationWhat is distance education ordistance learning?Defining the meaning of distance education may provide agood starting point to recognise its elements.Use Google to search for:define:distance education
  5. 5. Defining Distance Education Distance Education is a relatively modern education methods. Its basic concept depends on theexistence of the learner in a place different from the source, who may be a bookor a teacher or even a group of students.A transfer point of an educational program from its position on the campus of aneducational institution to geographically dispersed locations. It aims to attractstudents who not under normal circumstances to continue their learning.
  6. 6. Defining Distance EducationWhat is distance education or distancelearning?Distance education is often defined as simply a form ofeducation in which the learner and instructor areseparated during the majority of instruction.
  7. 7. Defining Distance EducationDistance education or distance learning?Regarding the terms "education" or "learning", A review of the literatureshowed that the two terms distance education and distance learning havebeen used almost interchangeably and there is an overlap between them.However, many educators (Moore, 1973; Holmberg, 1977; Rumble, 1989;Moore and Kearsley, 1996) used the term ‘distance education’ to mean asystematic approach involving the distance learning environment,educators and separated learners.
  8. 8. Defining Distance EducationDistance education or distance learning?Distance education because it is general more in term and function. distanceeducation consider as larger term including DL and DT processes with theintegrated technology also the learning process is included as a part of theeducation. It also defined as A mode of education in which students enrolled in acourse do not attend the institution, but study off - campus and may submitassignments by email.
  9. 9. Defining Distance EducationHistory of distance education and technology (old technology)1.The beginning in the 1850’s, the united states postal system wasinstrumental in the first distance education courses.2.In the late 1800’s, the university of chicago created the first post-secondarydistance learning program.3.In the 1920’s that technology became associated with distance educationbecause the invention of the radio4.In 1934, the university of IOWA became the first institution to broadcastcourses by television5. In the 1960’s, the FCC created the instructional television fixed service.6.In 1971, The radical changes in distance education began with thedevelopment of the microprocessor by INTEL.7.In the 1980’s. The technological revolution gained momentum when satelliterelay of information became affordable.
  10. 10. Defining Distance EducationHistory of distance education andtechnology (modern technology)Today the internet has become thesuperhighway of informationdissemination and other technologiessuch as videoconferencing, webconferencing, LMS.Virtual classrooms and so on.
  11. 11. Defining Distance EducationIn conclusion, many key features characterizedistance education: 1. The separation of teacher and learner; 2. The separation among learners; 3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and 4. The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  12. 12. The development in the definition of distanceeducation. There have been many definitions : Greenberg (1998) defines contemporary distance learning as “a planned teaching/learning experience that uses a wide spectrum of technologies to reach learners at a distance and is designed to encourage learner interaction and certification of learning” (pg. 36). Teaster and Blieszner (1999) say “the term distance learning has been applied to many instructional methods: however, its primary distinction is that the teacher and the learner are separate in space and possibly time” (pg. 741). Desmond Keegan (1995) gives the most thorough definition. He says that distance education and training result from the technological separation of teacher and learner which frees the student from the necessity of traveling to “a fixed place, at a fixed time, to meet a fixed person, in order to be trained” (pg. 7).
  13. 13. The development in the definition of distanceeducation, with the advances in technology. From these definitions we can see that the student and teacher are separated by space, but not necessarily by time. This would include compressed video, which is delivered in real time. As stated earlier, this type of live video instruction is the fastest growing means of distance learning today. Because of this, much of the discussion here will be dedicated to the promises and problems of this technology.
  14. 14. The EndQuestions & Discussions