Statistics in Journalism. University of Sheffield 2014

Data Visualization in Journalism
New ways of explaining and storyt...
Zettabyte Era…

The results from International Data Corporation annual Digital
Universe study published their key findings...
Zettabyte Era…
Cisco estimates that by 2015 global internet traffic will reach the zettabyte threshold annually.
http://ww...
Data Visualization…

Understand and convey this information (which grows
exponentially) through the use of new sensors, de...
http://www.good.is/posts/the-world-of-data-we-re-creating-on-the-internet
Data Visualization… It isn´t something new

London Underground Map 1908.
Underground Map, Henry Charles Beck 1933.
Subway ...
Data Visualization… Interdisciplinary and collaborative work

• It is appropriate to highlight the fundamental qualities o...
Data Visualization… Why I like it

Jonathan Harris
He studied computer science at Princeton University. Combining elements...
Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism

• Data Visualization has become an important part of the actual Data Journ...
Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism

• Data Journalism, being focus on the social and human events, is a contem...
Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism

• Data Journalism has been always a base of the classic Investigate Journa...
Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism

• Statistics is the base on which a great story unfolds in different forma...
Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism

• New digital devices require new ways of storytelling to take advantage o...
Data Visualization… From the side of the citizen/user

• Political Activism, associated to Citizen Journalism, is looking ...
Data Visualization… From the side of the citizen/user
Citizen Journalism – Open Data, The idea behind citizen journalism i...
Data Visualization… Challenges

The Challenge of Data
•
•
•

How is the data collected?
Statistical significance
Causality...
Data Visualization… New ways of explaining and storytelling

In summary
Data Journalism – Data Visualization
• Data Visual...
Thanks for your attention
edelcampo@umh.es
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Statistics in Journalism Sheffield 2014

  1. 1. Statistics in Journalism. University of Sheffield 2014 Data Visualization in Journalism New ways of explaining and storytelling Elpidio del Campo - Miguel Hernández University, Spain
  2. 2. Zettabyte Era… The results from International Data Corporation annual Digital Universe study published their key findings on just how much information we're all creating and using. 2011 we're forecasted to generate and consume 1.8 zettabytes of information as a society. with a forecasted 35 zettabytes by the end of this decade. 1 Zettabyte = 103 Exabyte = 106 Petabytes = 109 Terabytes = 1012 Terabytes = 1015 Mb = 1018 kB = 1021 Bytes http://chucksblog.emc.com/chucks_blog/2011/06/2011-idc-digital-universe-study-big-data-is-here-now-what.html To understand the Powers of Ten http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0fKBhvDjuy0
  3. 3. Zettabyte Era… Cisco estimates that by 2015 global internet traffic will reach the zettabyte threshold annually. http://www.neowin.net/news/internet-traffic-to-reach-zettabyte-by-2015 There is only one size larger than the zettabyte, and that is the, yottabyte (103 Zettabyte) but the figure is so astronomically high it would be impossible to even attempt to convey it in human terms. Assuming you saved a yottabyte's worth of information to 64GB microSD cards, the stack of microSDs would weigh just under 4,000,000 tons; roughly two thirds of the Great Pyramid of Giza's weight. Micro SD 64 Gb Use in mobile phones Make Great Pyramid of Giza out of 64GB microSD cards and you're close.
  4. 4. Data Visualization… Understand and convey this information (which grows exponentially) through the use of new sensors, devices and networks is one of the reasons for Data Visualization. Data Visualization is a discipline that uses the communicative power of images to convey meaning extracted from large masses of data generated by social processes.
  5. 5. http://www.good.is/posts/the-world-of-data-we-re-creating-on-the-internet
  6. 6. Data Visualization… It isn´t something new London Underground Map 1908. Underground Map, Henry Charles Beck 1933. Subway lines overlap and correspond to a geographical scale map. TUFTE, Edward R. (2001). The Visual Display of Quantitative Information. Graphics Press. USA.
  7. 7. Data Visualization… Interdisciplinary and collaborative work • It is appropriate to highlight the fundamental qualities on which pivots the discipline of data visualization: interdisciplinary and collaborative work. Being undoubtedly the science, art and design the three basic pillars that data visualization is built. So, its essence is opposed to the establishment of borders or boundaries. • Data Visualization particular focus on the social and human events, is a contemporary paradigm of interconnections between different areas of knowledge. Science Design Art
  8. 8. Data Visualization… Why I like it Jonathan Harris He studied computer science at Princeton University. Combining elements of computer science, anthropology, visual art and storytelling, Jonathan Harris designs systems to explore and explain the human world. Art We Feel Fine Visual Storytelling We Feel Fine is an exploration of human emotion on a global scale. Since August 2005, We Feel Fine has been harvesting human feelings from a large number of weblogs. Every few minutes, the system searches the world's newly posted blog entries for occurrences of the phrases "I feel" and "I am feeling". When it finds such a phrase, it records the full sentence, up to the period, and identifies the "feeling" expressed in that sentence (e.g. sad, happy, depressed, etc.) http://www.wefeelfine.org/
  9. 9. Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism • Data Visualization has become an important part of the actual Data Journalism. Because of the use of image is necessary to communicate meaning in big data. • Professional Journalism, the most advanced media have developed specialized departments in Data Journalism, Multimedia and Interactive Graphics. The Guardian How riot rumours spread on Twitter The Seattle Times Journalism Methadona and the Politics of Pain. Professional Media The New York Times How Many Households Are Like Yours? Reuters Connected China
  10. 10. Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism • Data Journalism, being focus on the social and human events, is a contemporary paradigm of interconnections between different areas of knowledge. The Guardian How riot rumours spread on Twitter (2011) Guardian Interactive team, Rob Procter, Farida Vis and Alex Voss Visual Journalism Working together: Data Visualization and Storytelling (Award 2012) Informatics-Social Science http://www.theguardian.com/uk/interactive/2011/dec/07/london-riotstwitter - With help from an interdisciplinary team of researchers at the Universities of Manchester, St Andrews and Leicester, we distilled the overall corpus down to a series of subsets related to each rumour. - With this work underway, developers Martin Shuttleworth and Robin Beitra built an interactive timeline that would allow each rumour to be replayed like a video http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2011/dec/08/twitter-riots-interactive
  11. 11. Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism • Data Journalism has been always a base of the classic Investigate Journalism. Asking to the numbers is one the best ways to find the key of the story. • Now the tools for working with numbers and statistics are more powerful and easy to use. The Seattle Times Methadona and the Politics of Pain. (2012) Investigative Journalism Data Journalism Data driven Investigation (Award 2012) http://seattletimes.com/flatpages/specialreports/methadone/methadonea ndthepoliticsofpain.html Source Documents Graphics Text Reportage Video
  12. 12. Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism • Statistics is the base on which a great story unfolds in different formats. • Numbers needs the Letters to been explained, even when graphics communicate meaning easily. The New York Times Interactive How Many Households Are Like Yours? “Total” Journalism Graphic and Multimedia: The Traditional Family Gives Way to an Array of All media used in their best Configurations way to build the story http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2011/06/17/nyregion/maps-of-familytypes.html?ref=nyregion Articles/Report http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/19/nyregion/an-american-family-momsperm-donor-lover-child.html In the Family. Series on Individual New York Families http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/nyregion/in-the-family.html
  13. 13. Data Visualization… in Professional Journalism • New digital devices require new ways of storytelling to take advantage of all their capacities. Reuters Future Journalism Looking to the Tablet Connected China Data driven Investigation (Award 2012) http://connectedchina.reuters.com/ An introductory video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m-Eaz6F6M0o
  14. 14. Data Visualization… From the side of the citizen/user • Political Activism, associated to Citizen Journalism, is looking for Data that usually governments don´t leave open. The movement of Open Data is connected directly with the Independent Journalism. Demonocracy.info Let's skip the political bickering farce and just look at the numbers Citizen or Independent Journalism Political/Social Activism National Debt of the United States On December 12, 2013, debt held by the public was approximately $12.312 trillion http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/us_debt/us_debt.html US Presidential Elections - For sale to highest bidder http://demonocracy.info/infographics/usa/political_spending/2012_elections.html Source: http://www.opensecrets.org/about/
  15. 15. Data Visualization… From the side of the citizen/user Citizen Journalism – Open Data, The idea behind citizen journalism is that people without professional journalism training can use the tools of modern technology and the global distribution of the Internet to create, augment or fact-check media on their own or in collaboration with others. http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2006/09/your-guide-to-citizen-journalism270/ ProPublica Citizen or Independent Journalism Political/Social Activism ProPublica is an independent, non-profit newsroom that produces investigative journalism in the public interest. Al Shaw, Kim Barker and Justin Elliott, Who’sMaking Money From All This Campaign Spending? Article Campaign Spending Shows Political Ties, Self-Dealing http://www.propublica.org/article/campaign-spending-shows-political-ties-selfdealing The Source http://developer.nytimes.com/docs/read/campaign_finance_api
  16. 16. Data Visualization… Challenges The Challenge of Data • • • How is the data collected? Statistical significance Causality • • • Number are not the truth Raw data is an oxymoron Data has politics Scientific Aspects True / False Essence of the numbers The Challenge of Data Journalism From the point of view of the readers • http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_PUBLIC/311122013-AP/EN/3-11122013-AP-EN.PDF Data Journalism http://www.elperiodico.com/es/noticias/educacion/hijospadres-baja-educacion-2923291 Make graphics that people (readers) can understand.
  17. 17. Data Visualization… New ways of explaining and storytelling In summary Data Journalism – Data Visualization • Data Visualization is the best way to work with large amounts of data (Big Data) and display it in a meaningful way to the reader. • Despite its many forms and techniques that Data Visualization has, it is appropriate to consider exploiting its potential in the network or over the new digital devices as it is distributed massively and allows interactivity with the data and graphics. • Nowadays the movement of Open Data is an essential because is demanding to the governments the public access to the data bases. This is the source which usually works the Data Journalism. • It´s important remember that numbers are just a tool to investigate and it´s necessary that journalist use them with ethics and don´t put on them the “truth”.
  18. 18. Thanks for your attention edelcampo@umh.es

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